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On the 7th of April was performed a April 15th, Mr. Kemble made his first new opera, under the title of the Noble appearance this season in the Stranger, Qutlaw, which had na pretensions to ori- and was received with every mark of roginality, being chiefly iaken from one of spect which could possibly be manifested the plays of Beaumont and Fletcher. upon the return of an old favourite, and, The outline of the story is briefly this :- in many respects, unrivalled performer. Don Cynthio, an outlaw in the disguise It has always been the great praise of of a friar, falls into the hands of his in- Mr. Kemble, in his delineation of the veterate enemy the Prince Zerbino, from Stranger, that he combines, in a higher which he is extricated by the address of degree than any other actor by whom the bio mistress Donna Orynthia. Many character has been attempted, the harsh difficulties and embarrassments succeed, and suspicious melancholy of the mise and finally the prince obtains the out- anthrope with the polish and refinement law's pardon, and bestows on him the of the gentleman. Miss O'Neill was the hand of the lady. Mr Sinclair as the Mrs. Haller of the evening, and for the outlaw, and Miss Stephens in Donna first time in London performed with Mr. Orynthia, had many beautiful airs. Kemble. We have already paid our Prince Zerbino, a part of small compass, tribute to the merit displayed by that was sustained by Mr. Conway; and Miss accomplished actress in this character; S. Booth, in Astuto, was a page full of and it is no mean compliment to assert, life and spirit. The music and decora- that her professional reputation is not tions constituted the chief merit of the likely to suffer by her appearance on the · piece, which, after two repetitions, was same boards with the first male performer consigned to oblivion.

of the age.

NEW PATENTS:

(From the Repertory of Arts, No. 155.) Ralph Dood and GEORGE STEPHEN ELIZABETI BEVERINGE, Hatton-garson, Killingworth, Northumberland, en- den; for an improved bedstead. gineers; for various improvements in March 14. the construction of locomotive engines. JOIN MILLS, Holywell-street, Strand, Dated Feb. 28, 1815.

stay and corset-maker; for an improved SAMUEL Brown, Mark-lane, comman- elastic stays for women and children, der in the royal navy; for a rudder, and and also to give relief to women in á certain apparatus connected therewith, for state of pregnancy.--March 14. governing ships and vessels of all descrip ROBERT DICKENSON, Great Queentions with much more certainty and ef- street, esg.; for improvements in the fect, and for producing various advan- making of sundry tools, implements, or tages not hitherto practised or known. articles, used in various arts or manipu-Feb. 28.

látions, or the ordinary occasions of life. DUDLEY Adams, Fleet-street, optician - March 14. and mathematical instrument-maker; William Bell, Edinburgh, writer to for certain improvements in the con the signct; for improvements in the apstruction of paper-vellum tubes for teles- paratus for copying manuscripts, or other copes, and other optical parts for teles- writings or designs.-March 14. copes.-March 7.

JONATHAN RIDGEWAY, Manchester, Thomas Deakin, Ludgate-hill, fur- plumber; for a method of casting and nishing ironmonger; for a portable kit- fixing at the same time metallic types on chen.March 7.

the surface of metallic cylinders or meWM. MITCHELL, Glasgow, watch-mak- tallic rollers, or any cylinders or rollers er, and Joun Lawton, King-street, having metallic surfaces, or on blocks of Snow-hill, manufacturer; for a lock and metal, or on blocks having metallic surkey applicable to various purposes.- faces, or on fat metallic plates, for the March 7.

purpose of printing patterns on cloth WM. Wood, Shadwell, shipwright; made of cotton or linen, or both. for the manufacture of materials, and March 14. the application thereof to the more Thomas Potts, Rickmansworth, halfeffectually making water-tight and sea- stuff manufacturer; for combining and worthy ships, and all other vessels ; applying principles already known, for which he denominates adhesive felts. the purpose of producing pure fresh air, March 9.

and of such mode or means of combina

364
Proceedings of Buonaparte.

[May 1, tion and application of principles already of discharging the air, or air and corknown, to such purposes as aforesaid.- deosed steam, from pipes used for the March 14.

conveyance of steam, for the purposes HENRY HOULDSWORTIT, Anderston, of heating buildings or other places. Glasgow, civil engineer; for a method March 18.

DIGEST OF POLITICAL EVENTS.

FRANCE.

the persuasion of Mortier, the governor, We gave in our last number a brief to whom an order had been sent unstatement of the events which, seconded known to his majesty, to arrest him and by the most criminal indifference, and all the princes, le proceeded to Ostend, the most atrocious treason, have once and thence to Ghent, where he resides inore enabled Buonaparte to usurp the for the present. supreme authority over France. The

It would appear that Buonaparte felt universal defection of the regular troops himself so secure of ultimate success, that from the rsyal cause, and their attach- during his stay in Lyons, be issued vaspent to a monster by whom their blood rious decrees annulling every measure has been so prodigally wasted, are phe- which had been adopted since his abdinomena' which unthing but that univer- cation. The principal of these enjoin sal demoralization resulting from the the dissolution of the two chambers of le. French revolution is capable of ex. gislation; the proscription of the house plaining.

of Bourbon and its emigrant adherents; $o early as the 13th of March, the the sequestration of all property restored arch-traitor Ney, who but a few days be- to the ancient families; the suppression fore had assured Louis XVIII, that “ if of all feudal titles and honorary distinche should subdue the enemy of his Ma- tions excepting the order of the Legion jesty of France, he would bring him pri- of Honour, as it stood previously to the soner in an iron cage,” issued a procla- return of Louis XVIII. to France. He mation announcing to his troops, that announced also his determination to con“ the legitimate dynasty was about to vene the members of the Electoral Colascend the throne," and that “ he was leges in May, to“ remodel the constitulcading them to join that immortal pha- tion according to the interests and tbe lanx with which the Emperor Napoleon will of the nation, and to be present was approaching Paris.” The news of at the coronation of the Empress and the this perfidy spread terror through the King of Rome.” departmenis nearest to the capital; the The usurper, after passing the night of troops in Paris were infected with the the 19th at Fontainebleau, arrived in the contagious disloyalty, and the only course evening of the following day at the Tuilewhich the king could pursue, was to re- ries. His first care was to provide himtire with the housebold troops, on whose self with ministers suitable to his purfidelity alone he could rely. His majes. poses. Caulaincourt, the chief agent in ty, who had sent the Duke of Bourbon to the murder of the Duke of Enghien, the western departments, and had trans was appointed minister for foreign af mitted to the Duke of Angouleme, then fairs; Davoust, notorious for his atrociat Bourdeaux, the powers necessary for ties at Hamburgh, minister at war; Cararıning the southern provinces, thought not, the incorrigible Jacobio, inin ister of it advisable to repair to the departments the interior, with the title of Count; of the north, with a view to preserve the Fouche, minister of general police; Mafortresses in that quarter. He accord- ret, secretary of state ; and that grorelingly left Paris on the night of the 19th of ling glutton Cambaceres, minister of jusMarch, as we have already stated, fol- tice. Addresses, couched in the most, Jowed by bis military household under fulsume language, were immediately the conduct of Monsieur, the Duke of poured forth from all quarters by the de Berri, ang Marshals Berthier, Macdo- graded people of France, hailing the re, pald, Marmont, and Mortier. His ma turn of their beloved and much-injured jesty proceeded by the way of Abbeville sovereign to that throne, to wbich the to Lille, with the intention of fixing his wishes of the whole nation had called quarters there, but the defection of the him! garrison of that fortress compelled the At no period of his life has this wily Ling to relinquish that intention, and by Italian proved himself a more complete

1815.] Reasons assigned for his Return to France, &c. 365 master of dissimulation. He, for wbose child from him; the plots against his ambition the world was once too small, life, instigated and encouraged, as he as. now publicly declares his determination serts, by the French government; the to abide by the treaty of Paris

, not to non-fulfilment of the articles stipulating interfere wich the affairs of foreign na that Parma and Placentia should be tions,” and that he has “ renounced the given to Maria Louisa, and a suitable idea of the great empire, of which for fif- establishment to Eugene Beauharnois ; teen years he was but laying the founda- the sequestration of the property of his tions." He, who, trampling on all rights family; the refusal of the late governhuman and divine, acted as though the ment of France to pay his pension; and whole race of man had been expressly the resolution taken by Congress to recreated for obsequious instruments of move him from Elba to St. Lucia or St. his will and pleasure, now promul. Helena. In regard to France, says this gates the doctrine, that princes were report, she has been treated by the Bourmade for the people, and not the people bons as a conquered country in the imfor princes, who are but the first citizens position of a charter by the royal authoof a state.--Such, too, is the spirit which rity alone, in the dismemberinent and the impostor assumes in a letter which he degradation of the army, the restoration has addressed to each of the sovereigns of feudal distinctions, the spoliation of of Europe, but which, in most cases by the possessors of national property, the the stoppage of the messengers, has not abolition of the liberties of the Gallican reached its destination.

church, and the suppression of the ConAmong the most prominent of the de- cordat, the revived intolerance of an excrees since passed by him, are those for the clusive form of worship, and the dominasuppression of the censorship of the press, tion of the noblesse over a people accusand for the abolition of the slave trade in tomed to equality. France and her colonies; and a third, The samne number of the Moniteur in granting an amnesty to all those func- which this document was inserted, contionaries, civil and military, who assisted tained also a report from Caulaincourt, in his dethronement, with the exception the new minister for foreign affairs, on of Talleyrand and the Abbè de Montes- the armaments of the various European quiou, Marmont, the Counts de Bournon- powers, which concluded with calling the ville, Jaucourt, and Lynch, the Duke de attention of Buonaparte and his Council Dalberg, Alexis de Noailles, and some to such measures of defence as may be other persons of inferior note. A fourth deemed necessary in France. To this decree, dated March the 25th, and like report were attached several important the preceding, not made public for some documents, including the letter written time afterwards, enacts, that the laws of on the 4th of April by the usurper to his the national assemblies against the Bour. brother sovereigns, in which he insults bons shall be put in force against such them with declaring, that “ the re-estamembers of that unfortunate family as blishment of the imperial throne was neshall be found on the territory of France; cessary for the happiness of the French;" and banishes to the distance of 30 leagues and with all the sincerity for which he from Paris all persons who held rniniste, has ever been characterized, assures rial functions, or formed part of the mi- them, that the invariable principles of litary or civil household of Louis XVIII. his policy shall be the most absolute re or the Princes.

spect for the independence of other No public notice was taken of the im-, nations." portant declaration of the allied powers Meanwhile no means are left untried of the 13th March for a whole month. by him to inflame the passions, and ex. It was read on the 29th in a council cite the enthusiasm, of France in his of Buonaparte's ministers, and referred favour; and at the very moment when 10 & committee, who made a report he is disclaiming all interference with on the subject on the 2d of April. In other states, he or his tools are boasting this document, which may be consi- that he has but to show himself, and all dered as Buonaparte's manifesto in juse the inhabitants of Belgium would join tification of his return to France, it is his standard, and that Germany is full contended, that the allies and Louis of his partizans. As another source of XVIII. had violated the treaty of Fon- strength, he is labouring to revive the tainebleau, and eight distinct cases of in republican spirit of the revolution. Merfraction in regard to himself and family lin of Douay, the old conventionalist, is are alleged. The principal of these are, called from his obscurity, and appointthe forcible separation of his wife and ed minister of justice; and Lucien Buo

GERMANY.

366
Declaration of Congress.

[May 1, naparte, lately dubbed Prince of Canino, the defence of the frontiers, including again comes forward in the prominent all males between 20 and 60, is calcucharacter of minister of the interior in lated to produce 2,255,000 men, the room of Carnot, who is to be minister at war.

No sooner was the escape of BuonaIf the capital, however, was given up parte known at Vienna, than the sovewithout resistance, it was some time reigns assembled there in congress debefore Bourdeaux, Marseilles, and other termined to employ the most energetic towns, acknowledged the imperial autho means to crush this new atteinpt of the rity. In the former place the Duchess grand disturber of the world: and they of Angoulême, seconded by Lainé, pre: immediately published the following insident of the Chamber of Deputies, and portant Lynch, the mayor, exerted herself with

Declaration. a spirit and energy worthy of a grand The Powers who signed the Treaty of daughter of Maria Theresa, but the Paris, assembled at the Congress at Vienna, troops were not to be persuaded to op- being informed of the escape of Napoleon pose their old master. She accordingly Buonaparte, and of his entrance into France embarked with a few faithful adherents with an armed force, owe it to their own on the 1st of April, and the following dignity, and the interest of social order, to day General Clausel took possession of make a solemn declaration of the sentiments the city for Buonaparte. The princess which this event has excited in them first sailed to Bilboa in Spain, and has

By thus breaking the convention which since arrived in England.

has established him in the island of Elba, The Duke i'Angoulême vas mean

Buonaparte destroys the only Irgai nile on

which his existence depen led; by appearing while engaged in an attempt to rouse the flame of loyalty in the southern de- and disorder, he has de prived himself of the

again in France, with projects of cnfusion partments. He collected a small force, protection of the laws, and has manifested composed partly of troops of the line, to the universe that there can be neither and partly of national guards and volun- peace nor truce with him. teers. Deserted by the former, his royal The Powers consequently declare, that highness was obliged to capitulate on the Napoleon Buonaparte has placed himself 8th of Avril to General Grouchy, who without the pale of civil and social relations, had been ordered to march against him and that, as an enemy and disturber of the from Lyons, but upon condition that he tranquillity of the world, he has rendered should be embarked at Cette: Grouchy, himselt liable to public vengeance. however, artfully avoided signing the They declare, at the same time, that firmcapitulation, and thus obtained a pre

ly resolved to maintain entire the Treaty of tence for causing the duke to be detained Paris, of 30th May, 1814, and the disposiby a party of national guards. By such tions sanctioned by that treaty, and those perfidious means the 'arch-juggler, his which they have resolved on, orosball hereinaster, was furnished with an opportu- it, they will employ all their means, and

after resolve on, to complete and consolidate nity of displaying his magnanimity, by will unite all their efforts, that the general an order for the release of the royal peace, the object of the wishes of Europe

, prisoner, but not without directions to and the constant purpose of their labouts

, extort from him a promise that the

may not again be troubled, and to guarantee crown jewels, removed by the king from it against every attempt which shall threaten France, shall be given up. In conse to replunge the world into the disorders and quence of this event Marseilles, the last miseries of revolution. city that adhered to the cause of the And although entirely persuaded that all Bourbons, hoisted on the 12th the tri- France, rallying round its legitimate sovecoloured flag, and the submission of the reign, will immediately annihilate this last whole of the south to Buonaparte was attempt of a criminal and impotent delirium, announced at Paris, on the 16th, by the all the sovereigns of Europe, animated by discharge of 101 guos.

the same sentiments, and guided by the The French papers begin to notice the same principles, declare, that if, contrary preparations making by Buonaparte for this event any real danger, they will be

to all calculations, there should result from the defence of his regained authority. ready to give the King of France and the They state the force of the army of ob- French nation, or to any other government servation assembled before Lisle, and to that shall be attacked, as soon as they shall be commanded by Ney, at 60,000. Other be called upon, all the assistance requisite to armies are to assemble in the vicinity of restore public tranquillity, and to make a Buningen, Chambery, and Antibes; and contmon cause against all those who should the new levy of the national guards for undertake to compromise it.

1815.]

Treaty of Vienna.

367

The present declaration, inserted in the importo defend them against every atRegister of the Congress, assembled at Vio tack, and especially against the projects of enna, on the 13th of March, 1815, shall Napoleon Buonaparte. Towards this end be made public.

they bind themselves, should the king of Done and attested by the Plenipotentiaries France desire it, and in the spirit of the deof the High Powers who signed the Treaty claration issued on the 13th of March, with of Paris, ai Vienna, March 13, 1915. common consent and mutual agreement, to

Here follow the signatures, in the alpha- bring to justice all such as may have already betic order of the Courts :

joined, or shall hereafter join the party of Austria, Prince METTERNICH, Napoleon, in order to compel him to relin

Baron WEISSEMBERG. quish his projects, and to render him incapa-
Spain (Espagne) P. GOMEZ LABRADOR. ble in future of disturbing the tranquillity of
France, Prince TALLEYRAND. Europe, and the general peace, under the

The Duke of DALBERG. Protection of which the rights, the freedom,
LATOUR DU Pın. and the independence of nations bave been
Count ALEXIS DE No. established and secured.
AILLES

2. Although so great and salutary an obGreat Britain, WELLINGTON. ject does not permit that the means destined CLANCARTY.

to its attainment should be limited, and alCATHCART

though the high contracting powers have reSTEWART.

solved to devote to this object all such re Portugal, Count PaLMELA

sources as they can in their respective situaSALDANHA.

tions dispose of; yet they have nevertheless LOBO.

agreed, that every one of them shall conPrussia, Prince HARDENBERG, stantly have in the field 150,000 men com. Baron HUMBOLDT.

plete, of whom at least one-tenth shall be Russia, Count RASUMOWSKY, cavalry, with a proportionate artillery (not

Count STACKELBERG, reckoning garrisons), and to employ them in

Count NESSELRODE. active and united service against the com• Sweden, LOEWENAIELM.

mon enemy. This declaration was followed up by 3. The High Contracting Parties solemnly a treaty concluded at Vienna on the engage not to lay down their arms but in 25th, to this effect :

agreement with each other, nor until the In the name of the Holy and Undivided object of the war, assigned in the 1st article Trinity

of the present treaty, shall have been attain Their Majesties the Emperor of All the ed; nor until Buona parte shall be wholly Russias, the Emperor of Austria, the King and completely deprived of the power of exof Prussia, and the King of the United King- citing disturbances, and of being able to redom of Great Britain and Ireland, consider- new his attempts to obtain the chief power ing the consequences which the entrance of in France. Buonaparte into France, and the present 4. As the present Treaty principally relates situation of that kingdom may have with

to the present circumstances, the engagerespect to the security of Europe, have deter ments in the Treaty of Chaumont, and parmined, in these weighty circumstances, to ticularly that contained in the 16th article, carry into effect the principles consecrated shall again recover their full force, as soon in the Treaty of Chaumont. They have as the present object shall be attained. therefore agreed, by a solemn treaty, mutu. 5. Every thing relating to the command ally signed by each of the four powers, to of the Allied Armies, the maintenance of the renew the engagement that they will defend same, &c. shall be regulated by a special the order of things so happily restored in convention. Europe against all violation, and to adopt 6. The High Contracting Parties shall the most effectual measures for carrying the have the right reciprocally, to accredit with engagement into effect, and also to give it the generals, commanders of their armies, that necessary extension which existing cir- officers, who shall be allowed the liberty of cumstances imperiously demand.

corresponding with their governments, in [Here follow the appointments, in the order to inform them of the military events, usual form, of the different Plenipotentiaries and of all that relates to the operations of whose names are undersigned.]

the armies, Art. 1. The high contracting Powers so 7. As the engagements entered into by lemnly engage to unite the resources of their the present Treaty have for object to maina respective States, for the maintenance of the tain the general peace, the High Contracting Treaty of Peace concluded at Paris on the Powers agree to invite all the powers of EuBoth of May, 1914, as well as that of the rope to accede to them. Congress of Vienna---to carry into full effect . 8. As the present Treaty is simply and the dispositions contained in these treaties - solely entered into with a view to support inviolably to observe their ratified and sub- France, and every other threatened country, scribed agreements, according to their full against the attempts of Buonaparte and his

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