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The conjunction? The preposition? The Interjection? Which part of speech appears the most familiar? Which the easiest understood? Which the most important? Which the least inviting.

Les. 20. Point out the several parts of speech marked with figures, as arranged in the sentence. Is the saine word always the same part of speech? What induces an exchange of office? When is this to be illustrated? What advice is submitted to the pupil? Is he capable of following it?


Easy words of two syllables;the accent on the first, vowels short. ăn-thăm băg'-pipe










The visible works of God.

1. The study of nature', the handy works of God', is one of the highest', the noblest', the richest', and most delightful employments that can engage the attention of human beings'.

2. To him whose taste is formed for this sublime pursuit'; whose mind is seasoned with the spice of nature's beauties', and nature's wonders', this study is as his bread when hungry', or his drink when thirsty'.


















băsh ́-fûl






3. The vast but distant glowing worlds', which he nightly sees above his head', wheeling their course in empty space;' and the more minute, less brilliant, though not less curious, objects which meet his eye as he casts a look along the earth', are so many proofs, to his mind', that there is a God;-the builder of worlds', and the author of lif`.

4. At the silent watch of night', he lifts his eyes to the star spangled vault', and lo! the distat rising clouds', the lightning's vivid flash', and thunder's hoarse roar, passing, in grandeur, through the nocturnal arch, potit him to a God',

"Who rides upon the stormy skies',
And whispers in the breeze."


The rules which have been previously introduced, are termed simple, because their operations have been confined to whole numbers. They are capable however, of being applied to compound numbers and fractional parts, whether vulgar or decimal.

Compound numbers refer to the terms used in money, weights, measures, &c.

The currency of the United States, is called Federal money, and the terms by which it is known, are eagles, dollars, dimes, cents and mills. Eagles and dimes are not often used; the first being blended with dollars, and the other with cents. These terms have a decimal relation, the same as whole numbers, hence the same rules may be applied to them.

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1 cent (ct)
1 dime (di)
1 dollar (dol or $)
1 eagle (E)


RULE. 1. Place the given sums under each other, and let dollars come under dollars, cents under cents, and mills under mills.

2. Add and carry as in addition of whole numbers, keeping the terms separate by dots.

3. Proof, as in addition of whole numbers.

Thus: (1) 12.213 4 (2)

34.26 5

53.35 8

165.82 7

25.14 5 (3) 56.19 3

42.36 6

112.72 5

19.42 5

76.12 9 246.65 6

24.55 4

$375 58 4 Ans.

$375.58 4 (5) $7628.15 6

426.92 6

1992.96 2

533.78 8

5001. 4 0

226.55 6

6000. 2 1

(6) $162.5713 3 60215.00 0

7623.77 1 333.34 5


Of Nouns and their properties.

Nouns or names have four distinct properties which distinguish them from every other part of speech. These are,

1st, Person; 2d, Number; 3d, Gender, 4th, Case. PERSONS. Nouns have two persons, termed the second, and third. When you speak to a person or thing, the name by which it is called, is in the second person; but when you speak of or about a person or thing, then the noun is in the third person: As: Mary, your copy is ready. Here, Mary, is spoken to, and is in the second person, and copy, is spoken of, and is in the third


Names or Nouns are also of two kinds, proper and common. A proper name is that which is given to one person or thing; as, Mary, Thomas, Washington, America, Ohio, Boston, London, Thames. A common name is that which is given to many things of the same sort; as, book, pen, knife, tree, man, animal, fear, hope, love, joy, pain, pleasure, &c.


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5. At early dawn, and through the busy day, the pupil of nature, contemplates the vast machine of worlds. He views the peerless sun', rising in strength', and spreading forth his glory over half the globe. With steady, sturdy march', he sees him climb the hill of moon', and shed a kindly warmth on man' and beast', on shrub` and tree', and on the watery waste`.

6. He then beholds him, verging down the western sky', until he hides his splendours in the shades of night`.

"Soon as the Evening shades prevail',
The Moon takes up the wond'rous tale`."

These glorious objects, point his enquiring mind to their still more glorious Author', and manifest his goodness' and his power'.

7. The varied year', Nature's gay patch work', opened with blushing spring', advanced by ripening summer', folded in gathering autumn'; and closed with consuming winter', pre

sent to his acceptance, a volume of many leaves, full of knowledge', and full of truth'.

He reads God's glorious name inscrib'd on high',
In golden letters marshall'd round the sky`.



RULE. 1. Write the lesser sum under the greater, with dollars under dollars, cents under cents, and mills under mills.

2. Subtract as in whole numbers, and separate the parts by dots. Proof, as in addition of whole numbers.

Thus: (1) From $53.36 5 (2) $123.19 6 (3) $362.41 3 Take 26.57 8 65.23 7 176.63 5

Ans. 26.78 7

Proof 53.36 5

(4) $6123.14 6 (5)
1661.66 7

$3000.060 (6) $1.0.0
0.1 1

(7) $100.00 (8) $1000.10 1 (9) $100.00 0
10.10 9
99.99 9

0.0 1


NUMBER. In Grammar, number has reference to one or more objects that have names. Hence, names or nouns have two numbers; the singular number, and the plural number. When the noun is the name of but one object, it is of the singular number; but when it is the name of two or more objects, then it is of the plural number.

The single noun is made plural, generally, by the addition of s or es.

Thus: John, bring me the books.

In this example, John is a noun proper, for it is the name appropriated to an individual; first person, for he is spoken to; and of the singular number, for it means but one. But books is a noun common, because it is applied to many of the same kind; third person, because it is spoken of; and the plural number, because the term expresses more than one; it is formed from the singular, book, by the addition of 8. books.

Mary has the pens. Ann has a new shawl. The boys bring apples. The girls get lessons. The man writes a letter.

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8. The pupil of nature', casts his eyes abroad on the earth', and feasts his senses with the rich variety which her variegated carpet presents to his view'. The forest' and the field, the garden and the grove', pour out their united sweets', and regale him with full draughts of sober delight'.

9. On his right', expands the silver lake', upon whose glassy bosom', scudding before the breeze', the little sail boat laves her thirsty sides'. Beyond the distant shore', the lofty mountain', rears its shrubless head above the clouds of heaven.

10. And on his left', the foaming cataract pours its unwasted wave', adown the giddy steep', with thundering roar, into the deep abyss', whence rises clouds of spray, upon whose front the gorgeous rainbow stretches out its arch', and spreads its vivid hues.

11. These wake his fancy', elevate his views, feast his enquiring mind', and fill his soul with strong emotions of what is truly grand', and purely sublime'. These also point him to God', the source of the sublime', whose temple is this vast creation'.



RULE. 1. Write the multiplier under the multiplicand, as in whole numbers.

2. Begin with the units place, and work as in the multiplication of whole numbers, except the points between the parts. The proof is by division.

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