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Ma. Sugar, my child', is made from the juice of a plan known by the name of sugar cane'. It grows in the East and West Indies', and in the southern parts of America'.
Jane. I expect', Ma', I have seen pieces of the sugar cane in casks of sugar opened for sale`. Does it not grow high, like the reed'; and has it not', like that plant', alternate joints"?
Ma. It usually grows to the height of a man's head'; the bark, or skin is soft', and the inner parts', of a spungeous, pulpy nature', resembling, altogether, a very large corn stalk`. It sometimes grows an inch in diameter. What then must be its circumference?
Mary. In that casc', the diameter means through or across its centre'; and circumference, the girth or circle of it.
Jane. You are right sister; and the ratio of the circumference, to the diameter of any circle', is nearly as three to one'; hence', if the diameter is one inch', the circumference must be a fraction more than three inches'.
Ma. Very handsomely answered', my daughters'. The joints or knots of the sugar cane', are about eighteen inches apart; and near the top, several long, broad, green leaves shoot out', in the centre of which', rises a handsome blossom'. When the cane is about a year old', it becomes ripe'; the leaves are then pulled off, and the cane cut and taken to a rudle mill where they are crushed, and the juice pressed from them'; this is carried, by a pipe, into the sugar house to be boiled`. ARITHMETIC.-LESSON 47.
Exercises in the application of Mixed Numbers.
1. What is the difference between 6 times 25 and 9 times 191?
2. Which is the most, the sum of 476 and 5623; or 13721? 3. From Utica, N. Y. to Washington, D. C. is 512; A. rode on that route 12 days at the rate of 343 miles a day; how far was he from Utica?
4. Joseph bought 152 reams of paper, at the rate of 3371 cents a ream; to what did it amount?
5. In a ream of paper, there are 20 quires, and 24 sheets in each quire; how many sheets had Joseph, and what was the cost of each?
6. James bought 362 quarts of nuts, at 64 cents a quart, and sold 28 quarts at 83 a cts. quart, and ate the rest; what was his loss or gain in the transaction?
6. If 134% be taken from 1342, and the difference be divided by 15, what will be the quotient?
Of the Interjection.
An Interjection is a part of speech used to express, a feeling, an emotion, or a passion of the mind. They are of several kinds, and consist generally of insulated words, as: oh! ah! alas! &c. They sometimes extend to some length; and are then called interjectional phrases, as: oh! what matchless love!
Thy tomb, sweet robin, shall my bosom prove;
Wak'd it to life!
NOTE. Interjections, appear to have little or no graramatical relations or connexion with the other parts of speech, except in one or two instances, it requires a certain case of the pronoun to follow it
Hence, in parsing an interjection, merely say it is an interjection, indicative of joy, or grief, or fear, &c. as the case may be.
Questions on the 20th Chapter.
Les. 2. What the subject? What is Mary's remark on jelly? Ma's caution? Enquiry? Mary's reply? Jane's remark? Mary's answer? Ma's confirmation? Mary's remark? Ma's instruction?
Les. 6. Subject? Mary's observation? Ma's reply? Mary's answer? Jane's remark? Mary's question? Ma's reply? Jane's question? Ma's reply? The concluding remarks?
Les. 10. Subject? Ma's order? Mary's reply? Ma's inquiry? Mary's answer? Ma's inquiry? Mary's reply? Ma's question? Mary's answer? Ma's remark? Old Nurse's precept?
Les. 14. Subject? Jane's remark? Ma's reply? Jane's observation? Ma's reply? Mary's remark? Ma's? Jane's? Ma's? Jane's request? Ma's refusal? Mary's reply?
Les. 18. Subject? Ma's remark? Mary's answer? Jane's reply? Mary's rejoinder? Jane's question? Ma's answer? Jane's question? Mary's answer? Ma's reply? Jane's reInark?
Les. 22. Subject? Mary's remark? a's reply? Mary's confession? Ma's reply? Jane's request? Ma's answer? Jane's confession? Ma's remark? Mary's question? Jane's answer? Ma's remark? Mary's inquiry? Ma's answer? Mary's confession? Ma's reply?
Les. 26. Subject? Ma's remark? Jane's remark? Ma's
reply? Jane's remark of salt? Ma's reply? Mary's request? Ma's answer? Jane's question? Ma's answer.
Les. 30. Subject? Mary's request? Ma's reply? Jane's remark? Ma's remark? Jane's question? Ma's answer? Mary's question? Ma's reply? Mary's remark? Ma's answer? Mary's remark?
Les. 34. Subject? Mary's question? Ma's answer? Janc's remark: Ma's reply? Jane's observation? Ma's remark?
Les. 38. Mary's question? Ma's answer? Jane's question? Ma's reply? Jane's question? Ma's answer? Mary's question? Ma's answer? Mary's question? Ma's reply?
Les. 42. Subject? Mary's question? Ma's answer? Jane's remark? Ma's reply? Jane's question? Ma's answer? Mary's question? Ma's answer?
Les. 46. Subject? Mary's inquiry? Ma's reply? Jane's remark? Ma's remark? Mary's answer? Jane's answer? Ma's observation?
Les. 3. What is the 1st step in the 4th rule for multiplying compound terms? What the 2d? What the 3d? What the 4th? What the 5th? What the 6th? What the example? How worked?
Les. 11. What is the 1st step in the of compound terms? What the 2d? the example? What the proof?
Les. 15. What are the provisions of the 2d rule? What example and proof?
Les. 19. What the provisions of the 3d rule? What example and note?
1st rule for the Division What the 3d? What
Les. 27. What and whence are fractions? &c. expressed? What is a mixed number? term? What the lower? How read?
Les. 31. What is the rule for the addition of mixed numbers? What the observation?
Les. 35. What the rule for subtraction of mixed numbers? Les. 39. What the 1st rule for the multiplication of mixed terms? What the 2d?
Les. 43. What the rule for the division of mixed numbers?
Les. 4. What of the adjective pronouns? How classed? Describe possessive adjective pronoun. What of the obs.? Describe the distributive adjective pronoun.
How are 1, 1, 3,
Les. 8. Describe the demonstrative adjective pronoun. Describe the indefinite adjective pronoun. What the obs. Les. 12. What the 9th rule? Example? Illustration? Obs.? Les. 16. What the 10th rule? Example? Illustration? Observation?
Les. 24. Describe relative pronouns. Describe the Interrogative pronouns.
Les. 28. What is the 11th rule? Example? Illustration? Les. 32. What the 12th rule? Example? Illustration?
Les. 36. What of the observation? How is which, applied? How is that applied? How is what applied?
Les. 40. What of conjunctions? How many kinds? What examples? Which the copulative conjunctions? What of the disjunctive conjunctions? What examples? Which the disjunctive conjunctions?
Les. 44. What the 13th rule? Examples? Illustration? Observation?
Les. 48. Describe the Interjection? Application? Note?
READING. LESSON 2.
Mary. In describing the process of making sugar', you said the juice of the cane was boiled'.
Ma. Yes, it is first mixed however with lime and pot ash, which causes the oily parts to separate in the form of a thick scum, which is skimmed off the syrup'. The juice is boiled, until completely cleansed from all its impurities', and then it is sugared off; that is, boiled down to a thick consistency', which', when cool has a course sandy grit`; this we call brown sugar'.
Jane. And from the brown sugar', the loaf sugar is manufactured'; is it not ma'?
Ma. Yes'; It is again melted, however, and again clarified with bullock's blood', or the white of eggs', and then formed into loaves for market.
Mary. Bullock's blood, ma'! how filthy!
Ma. And yet you will continue to be fond of sweetmeats'! The blood', from its gummy qualities', being well stirred into the syrup, cleaves to every impurity and then rises with it to the surface where it is removed', and the syrup left pure'.
Mary. O! that is different from what I thought.
Ma. I beg', my child', that you will guard against an expression of your views, until you are perfectly acquainted with the subject in question, in all its parts, and under all its aspects'.
DEF. Reduction exhibits a method by which numbers and quantities are changed from one name to another, without ef fecting their absolute value.
Reduction is of two kinds, that by which high names are brought to low names, cailed Reduction Descending, and that by which low names are brought to high names, called Reduction Ascending.
The two kinds are respectively the precise converse of each other, and mutually prove each other.
RULE 1. When a high name is to be brought into a lower, then multiply the highest term by as many of the next lower, as will make one in that higher, and bring the next lower into the product; and so on until all the terms are respectively brought in.