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SPELLING.-LESSON 53. pearl-y perle pert-ly pěrt'lē pig-eon pădj'in peas-ant pěz/zent pert-ness pērt'nės pig-my pig'inē peb-ble pěb'bl pes-ter pěs'tūr pil-fer pilfur peb-bly pěb'blē pes-tle pěs't1 pil-lage pillidje ped-ant pēd'dant pet-ty pět'te pil-lar pilslur ped-dle pēd'di phal-anx fălănks pill-ion pil'yŭn ped-ler pēd'dlur phan-tom făn'tīm pil-low pillo pel-let pěl lit pheas-ant fez'zant pim-ple pim'pl pen-ance pěn'nănse filter fil'tūr pin-case pin'kāse pen-cil pěn'sil phos-phor fos'für pin'cers pin'sūrz pen-non pěn'nun ' phren-sy frěnʼzē | pin-ion pin'yun pen-ny pěn'nē phys-ick fiz' zik

pin-niace pin's pen-sion pěn'shũn pick-axe pik’ăks pin-ner pin'nŭr pen-sive pěn'sīv pick-back pik'băk pitch-er pitsh'ur pep.per pep'pur pick-er pik’kūr pitch-y pitsh'ē pep-tick pep'tik pick-le pik'kl pit-coal pitkõle per-fect pěr'fékt pick-lock pik lõk pith-less pit'h'lės per-ry pěr'rē

pic-ture pik'tslıūre pith-y pit' h’ē per-son për'sn

READING.-LESSON 54. Brown Holland, Irish Linen, Flax, dic. Mary. Now we are on the subject of cloths', do, Ma.' favour us with an account of Brown Holland', and Irish Linen'.

Ma. Those articles are manufactured from a beautiful grass green plant', called flax'.

Jane. We saw a field of it last summer', Ma'; it bears a delicate flower of a soft blue cast'. The whole 'field was in bloom.

Ma. You are right', my child'. When the flax is ripe', all the blossoms have decayed, and in their places, little bowls or close cups are formed to secure the seed'. It is then pulled', and the seed stripped off"; after which it is spread thin in a field where the rain', the dew', and the sun', rot the stalks'; or, it is put under water', for a while', where it undergoes the same process

Mary. What is the object of rotting it', Ma? It seems to me it wonld tend to spoil it'.

Ma. It is rotted for the purpose of making the stalk break easily, and separate from the fibrous substance which is the only valuable part of it'. Subsequently', follows the breaking, dressing', and hickling'; then it goes to the spinners', who form the thread', and reel it off in skeins'; thence to the weavers', who make it into cloth', and', lastly', to the bleachers', who whiten it, and roll it up for market."

ARITHMETIC.-LESSON 55.

Reduction of Decimals. Note. The proof of the foregoing operation in the reduction of compound ferms, will furnish the means of reducing any given decimal to its proper value in the terms of an integer.

Rule. 1. Multiply the given decimal by that number which equals one, in the term next below that in which the decimal is given.

2. Point off to the right, as in multiplication of decimals, and then proceed to multiply the remainder by the number which equals one in the next lower term.

3. Thus continue to the end of all the terms, and the seve ral sums to the left of the points, will be the correct answer. 1. What is the value of .678125 of a £.

20

s. 13.562500

12

d. 6.750000

4

qr. 3.000000

Ans. £0 - 13 - 6 - 3. 2. What is the value of .0625 of one shilling? Ans. 3 qrs. 3. What is the value of .989583 of a £?

Ans. LO . 19 9 2. 4. What is the value of .3119375 of a pound?

Ans. Oz. 13 15 dr. 5. What is the value of .390873 of a Hhd.?

Ans. gal.24 2 1. NOTE. It may not be improper to observe that in the reduction of some decin mals, a remainder will continually occur; and although the further the ope. ration is extended, the nearer an approach is made to the true fraction, yet the exact decimal can never be reached. Five or six places, however, will suffice for ordinary purposes.

GRAMMAR. LESSON 56. Potential Mood.Present Time. qar Number.

Plural Number. I stipe. I may

We may be, 2d You may be,

You 3d v He, may be.

They may be.

[ocr errors]

be,

may be,

[ocr errors]

Imperfect Tüne.
Singular Number.

Plural Number : 1st per. I might be,

We might be, 2d'« You might be,

You might be, 3d She might be.

They might be.

Perfect Time.
Ist
per.

I
may

have been, We may have been, 20 You may have been, You may have been, 3d It

may

have been. They may have been.

Pluperfect Time. 1st per. I might have been, We might have been, 2d You might have beeu, You might have been, 3d It might bave been. They might have been.

SPELLING.-LESSON 57. pit-tance pit'tănse plun-der plūn'dŭt pref-ace prēffăs pit-y pit'tē plung-er plūnj'úr pres-age prěs'sadje piv-ot piv'vut pock-et põk'kit pres-ent prés’zent plac-id plăs'sid pock-y põkskē press-er prěs'ūr plan-et plăn’it pol-ish põllish press-ing préssing plan-tain plăn’tin pol-len pol'lin press-man près măn plant-er plăntúr pol-lock põlluk

press-ure prěs'shūre plash-y plăsh'ē pom-mel púm’mil pret-ty prět'tē plas-ter plăs'tūr pom-pous pom'pūs prick-le prik’kl plas-tick plăs'tik pon-der põn'děr prick-ly prikʻlē plat-ter plăt'tur pon-iard põn'yõrd prim-er prim'měr pleas-ant plěz'zănt pop-py pop'pē prim-rose prim'roze plen-ty plěn'të pos-ture pos'tshūre prince-ly prins'lē plev-in plěy'vin pot-herb põt'ěrb prince-ess prins'és plod-der plod'dúr pot-age põt'tidje print-er printer plot-ter plöt’tūr pot-ter poťter print-less print'lės plov-or pluv' vůr prac-tice prăk'tis pris-on priz'zn pluck-er plūkskúr prat-tle prăt't] priv-et priv'vit plump-y plūmp'ê pre-cious préshús priv-y priv-ē

READING.--LESSON 58.

Hemp, Hats.
Mary. Ma, is not hemp used also for making cloth'?

Ma. Yes'; hemp is a tall handsome plant', and rrows in large fields, the same as flax'; and it undergoes a : paration'. It has been known to grow twenty-fiv high'.

Jane. Is the hemp plant as pretty as the flax pla

Na. In some respects it is quite as pretty, b Çate! The finer kinds only are used for weaving cloth';

ir pre

ss deli

the coarser kinds are made into canvas', ropes', and cables. The linen made of hemp', is not so soft and delicate as that made of flax'; but it is stronger and more durable'.

Mary. I was this morning looking at Pa's hat'; pray how is that produced?

Ma. Hats, my child, are made of the hair and wool of sexeral animals!. The beaver', the goat', and the rabbit'; but the best hats are made of the beaver'.

Mary. That is quite new to me'; I thought hats were made 'of skins'.

Ma. The long and short hair of the above mentioned animals', are carefully shaved off the skins', and well mixed'; the whole is then beaten into one mass', from which the workman takes the quantity necessary for a hat'. This he mats together', rolls it', and forms the proper texture'; he then shapes it in a mould', and reduces it to the required fashion'. The hat then passes into the hands of the finisher', where it is trimmed' and made ready for use'.

REDUCTION OF DECIMALS. LESSON 66.

Exercisvs in the foregoing Rules. (1) What is the decimal of Fo? (2) What is the fraction of 1?

Ans. .025. (3) What is the decimal of ? Ans. .44444+. (4) Reduce £0 - 4 - 4 2 to the decimal of a £.

Ans. .21875. (5) Reduce ld 2q to the decimal of a dollar.

Ans. .15625. (6) Reduce 35 of a week to its integral parts.

Ans. ld 12h 12m. (7) What is the value of .1533421 of a ton?

Ans. 3cwt Oqr 71b7oz 13dr. (8) What is the value of .390837 of a hhd.?

Ans. 24g 3qts Ipt.
GRAMMAR.-LESSON 67.

Infinitive Mood.
Present Time.

Perfact Time.
To be,

To have been,
Imperative Mood.Present Time.
Singular Number.

Plural Number,
Bc you, or do you

be. Be you, or do you be.

Ans. .0138887360

Participles.
Present, Being.
Past, Been,

Compound, Having been. Note. From the foregoing questions, the Teacher will be enabled to frame his own, and mutiply them at pleasure.

CHAPTER 23.

SPELLING.–LESSON 1. proc-ess pros'sés pub-lic pnblik

pur-pose pūr'pūs prod-uce prod'dúse pud-dle pūd'di purs-er purs'ür prod-uct produkt puf-fer pūlfur pus-tule půs'tshule prof-fer prof'fur puf-fy pìf'fě put-ter pūt'tur prof-it prof'f it pul-let pūlʻlit puz-zle půz'zl prog-ress progʻgrès pul-ley půl’lē pig-my pig'mē pro-ject prod'jekt pelp-y púlp'è quar-rel kwór/ril pro-logue prol'log pum-ice pům'is

quar-ry kwór're prom-ise prom'mis punch-eon pūnsh'un quar-ter kwör'tur prompt-ly prompt'lē pun-gent pūn'jént quar-to kwórsto prop-er pro'pur pun-ish pun'nish quib-ble kwib'bl proph-et prof'fit pun-ster pủn'stur quick-en kwik'ku pros-pect pros'pěkt pup-pet púp'it

quick-ly kwik'lē. pros-per pros'păr pup-py pup'pē

quin-sy kwin'sē prox-y prõks'é pur-ger púr jūr quit-rent kwit'rěnt psalm-ist să m'ist pur-ple půr'pl quiv-er kwiv'věr

READING.-LESSON 2.

Spices, f.c. Mary. Ma', while you and Pa', were from home, last evening', we were observing how happily we had passed the afternoons of the "

gone by season, Ma. Not only happily', but I hope profitably'; for your attention has been directed to what is useful as well as amusing: I hope you will recall our chit-chat with improvement'.

Mary. We shall, Ma. no doubt'. We tried to think over all the things which you had not mentioned'; and I made sister a proposal'; it was to write a list of what we had forgotten', and ask you about them the first opportunity.

Ma. That was certainly a bright thought'. Where is your list'?

Jane. Here it is', Ma.;' I wrote it without much pains', and I fear you will not be able to read it.'

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