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Ma. Why', my daughters', here seems to be, a curious assemblage of things', with little or no connexion
Mary. Yes'., they are the odds' and ends'; we could not help making a strange mixture'. I hope', however, you will not therefore refuse to explain them'.
Ma. By no means'. Here are things of daily use', and of much importance'; therefore, they should be known to you'.
Jane. Shall I read the list', Ma'?
Mary. No', no', sister'; do let me read it'; I will name the things distinctly
Jane. Well, then', begin'.
Ma. Mary', I hope you notice the good temper with which your sister resigns her own wish to yours'.
Mary. That I do', Mamma', and I love her for it'.
Spices stand at the head of the list. Pray', Ma', what are nut-megs', cinnamon', cloves', mace', pepper', and allspice?
Ma. They are all vegetable productions --Nut-megs grow upon a tree, found in the East Indies', and are some what like il walnut', being closed in a similar fleshy shell or coat'; and when the shell is removed', a fine delicate net work appears'; this is mace'; next comes the hard shell'; then a spongy film'; and, lastly, the nut-meg'The tree grows large', and is one of the handsomest that adorns the eastern forests!
1.--LESSON 3. An easy method of Reducing the Currency of any Country to
Dollars, and back to the given Currency. RULE. 1. Reduce the given currency to its lowest or any convenient term, and reduce the dollar to the same term.
2. Divide by the term produced from the dollar, and the quotient will be dollars.
3. Add to the remainder, if any, one cypher for dimes, one for cents, and a third for mills, and continue the division.
A. has £86 - 6 - 5 4 New England money, and would convert it to dollars? 86 X 20+6=1726 X 12-+5=20717 X4+1=82869qr. And, 6X12=72X4=288qr.
Then; 82869--288=$287 plus 213, and 213X100=21300-288 =74 cents nearly.
Ans. $287.74. Obs. 1. The converse of this rule, will reduce dollars to £., that is, reduce the dollars to the term ef pence, or farthings, as the case may require, and divide by the pence in a £.
Change $287.74 to £s. $287.74 X6=1726.44X12= 20717.28
f1=20X12=240. Then, 20717.28;-240= £86 plus 77.28 X20-240=6s. plus 105.60 X 12--240=5d. plus 67.20 X4-240=lqr.
OBS. 2. Some particular cases may admit of shorter methods, but this will meet every possible case; hence, it is deemed better than to burthen the child's mind with a variety of rules applicable only to particular cases.
Exercises in Parsing. The son is taught by the madam. In this example, the noun, son, is the subject of the verb, is; the son is. Is, is an irregular neuter verb, conjugated, am, was, been, inflected, indicative mood, present tense, first person, singular number; I am, you are, he, or son is, and it agrees with the noun son, in the Third person, singular number; Rule 1; taught, is a past participle, and refers to the noun son.
The madam teaches the son. The brother protects the sister. The sister is protected by the brother. Houses are destroyed by fire. The fire destroys houses. Joseph works his farm well; his farm is well worked. It was well bought. She may have been at home; she must have been somewhere. Bid her be thoughtful; be thoughtful, Mary. Mary, do be thoughtful. If you are esteemed, be grateful; if happy, be thankful; if sick, patient.
SPELLING.--LESSON 5. rab-bit răb'bit rath-er răt'h'ur rib-ald rib'buld rab-ble răb'bl rat-tle răt'tl
rib-bon rib'bin rack-et răk'kit
rav-age ră v'vidje rich-es rītsh'iz rad-ish răd'dish ray-el răv'yl rich-ly rītsh'lē raf-fle răf'A
read-y rěd'de rich-ness rītsh'nės raf-ter răf'tur reck-less rěk'lės rick-ets rik'kits rag-ged răgʻgěd reck-on rek'kn rid-den rid'dn ral-ly răl lè
rec-tor rek'tūr rid-dle rid'dl yam-ble răm/b] red-den rěd'dn ridg-y ridj'ë ram-mer răm'mūr red-ness red'nės
rig-ging rìg'ing Tan-cid răn’sid ref-uge rěfsfūje rig-gish rig'ish ran-cour răng kŭr rel-ick rěl'ik rig-ed ridjid ran-dom rằndùm rel-ict rěl'ikt
rig-our rig gúr rank-ly răngkolẽ ren-ard rěn'nard rim-ple rim'p! ran-sack răn'sāk ren-der ren'dūr rip-per rip'púr ran-some răn’sum rent-er rent/ur
rip-ple rip'pl rant-er răntur
rep tile rép'til risk-er risk'úr rap-ine răp'in res-cue rēs'kū
riv-en riv'vn rap-per răp'pūr res-in rez'in
rap-ture răp'tshūre rest-less rěst'lės riv-et riv'ít
Cinnamon, Clores, and Pepper. Mary. Ma', you have answered two questions in one'; Nutmegs' and Mace'; both of which appear to be the fruit of the same tree!
The next is cinnamon'. Ma. Cinnamon is the dried bark of a tree which grows on the Island of Ceylon', in the Indian ocean'. The cinnamon tree does not grow very high', nor is it very handsome! The bark constitutes one of the staple articles of exportation from that Island'. I ought to inform you that there are two kinds of cinnamon tree', one of a very thick and inferior bark'; the other, thin and more fragrant'. The latter is the most valuable'.
Jane. Ma', I remember where the Island of Ceylon is'; it ties to the south of Asia', at the entrance of the bay of Bengal? The next, Ma. is Cloyes'.
Ma. Cloves are found in many parts of Asia', particularly in the East Indies'. They are the fruit of a tree that grows to a good size'. This also is an article of considerable commerce!.
Mary. The next in order', Ma'. is pepper'; which', by the bye', I do not like'; for it is too smart for me'.
Ma. Pepper is the fruit of a creeping kind of shrub, which also
grows in several parts of the East Indies', and in abundance on the Island of Sumatra'. The fruit hangs in clusters or bunches'; it is first green', then red', and finally black'. In the latter state', it is gathered and dried', and put up for market'. The black pepper may be steeped in sea water', and the rough skin rubbed off"'; it is then called white pepper', and is less pungent than the black.'
REDUCTION.LESSON 7. Exercises in the Exchange of Currencies. (1) In 9d 3qr New-England money, how many cents?
Ans. 10cts. 14 mills. (2) Change £17-1-6-2 Georgia money to dollars.
Ans. $73.225. (3) Change £117 - 16 - 6 N. england money to dollars.
(4) In $287.74; how many £. New England money?
Ans. £86 . 6 - 5 - 1. (5) B. of Boston owes D. of London, £762 - 14 - 6; how many dollars must he draw for to discharge the debt?
Ans. $3386.50. (6) A. in Canada, has an English shilling; for how many cents will it pass in Savannah? Ans. 22cts. 2mills.
(7) D. has two drafts, one for 134 Doubloons, and the other for £637 Sterling, which he sold to E. of Boston, at par; how many
dollars did he geti Ans. $5000.42. (8) Change 21d 2q N. Y. money, to Federal money.
Ans. 22cts 4mills. (9) Change £0 - 1 1 2 N. E. money, to cents.
Ans. 18cts 8 mills nearly. (10) Change .175 of a dollar, to New-York money.
Ans. £0 - 1 - 4 - 3 - .2. (11) Change .8753675 of a dollar to N. E. money.
Ans. £0 : 5
3 · 1+ (12) Change .53125 of a dollar into Penn. money.
Ans. £0 - 3 - 11 3 .25
Indicative Mood.-Present Time.
Plural Number. 1st per. I love apples,
We love apples, 2d do you love apples,
You love apples, 3d do He, she, or it, loves They love apples,
Imperfect Time. 1st per. I loved apples,
We loved apples, 20 do You loved apples,
You loved apples, 3d do He, she, or it, loved They loved apples.
apples. NOTE 1. Helping verbs are of great use in aiding the application of the principal verbs to the several moods and teoses. Four of the helping verbs, no, be, have and will, are often applied as principal verbs; but all the other's are used exclusively as helping verbs.
NOTE 2. The helping verbs must not be applied promiscuously, but, with particular reference to their import, and the idea conveyed by them in the respective moods and tenses.
May and might, imply, liberty or possibility; can and could, power; must, necessity; will promises and foretells; shall, foretells and declares.
SPELLING.LESSON 9. rock-er rök-kūr rup-ture rūp'tshūre sap-phire săf-fir rock-et rõk'kit rush-y răsh'ē
san-py sắp pẽ rock-rose rõk'roze rus-set rūs'sit wat-in săt'in rock-y rok/kẽ rus-tick rus'tik sat-urn sắt/turn ros-in roz'zin rus-tle rus's
sav-age să v'vidje rot-ten rot'tn rus-ty růs'tē
săsʻsidjde rough-cast rúf'kăst sab-ine săb'in
scab-by skāb'bē rough-ly ruf'le sack-but săk'būt scaf-fold skåf/fuld rough-ness rúf'něs sad-den săddn scal-lop skål lūp rub-ber rub'bur sad-die săd'dl
scam-per skăm'pūr rub-bage rūb'bidje sad-ly săd'lē scan-dal skă n'dul rud-der rud'dūr sad-ness săd'něs scant-ling skănt'ling rud-dock rúd'dūk saf-fron såf/furn
scant-ly skănt'lē rud-dy rud'de sal-ad săl lăd scat-ter skăt'tur ruf-fle ruf'fi
sal-ly săllē scent-less sent les rum-ble rūm'bl salm-on să m'un
scep-tre sẽp tục run-dle růn'di sal-vage săl'vidje scis-sion sishún l'und-let rundlit sam-ple să m'pl scis-sors siz' zurz run-ic rùn'nik sand-y sănd'ê scof-fer sköf für Tun-ner rūn'nur sap less săp'lē.
jūr READING.--LESSON 10.
Allspice and Ginger. Jane? Allspico', I suppose', is another kind of pepper', is it
Ma. You mean Pimento'. It has obtained the name of allspice', from the supposition that it possesses the flavour of all the spices! It grows in large quantities on most of the West India Islands'. The tree which yields this fruit', of the most beautiful in the world! Its leaves diffuse a most delightful perfume, and its large white flowers', which appear in rich profusion', send forth a fragrance that pervades the whole region of the neighbouring atmosphere'.
Jane. Oh Ma! what a lovely contrast it must form amid the dark green foliage of the deep summer wood'!
Mary. Jane', I do not see ginger in our list'; we overlooked it!
Ma. Ginger is the root of a plant', cultivated at Calicut, and some other places in Asia. The plant resembles the bull rush'; and its knotty root spreads in all directions! When it is fresh gathered', it is soft, and in the state', it is eaten by the Asiaties, as a sallad'; and, prepared with sugar, forms an excellent preserve: