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41. „A's family of 10 persons, use 6 bushels of malt in 2 months, how
many bushels will serve them, when the family is increased to 15 persons?
Ans. 9 bushels. 42. B. gives $6 for the use of $100 for 12 months, what must he give for the use of $357.82? Ans. $21.47 nearly.
43. If $100 in 12 months gain $6, what principal will gain the same in 8 months?
Ans. $150. GRAMMAR.-LESSON 43.
Exercises in Parsing. To flatter a wan, raises his vanity. To respect yourself, is to respect mankind. He knowing the fact, his pride was moved. If he is loved, let him return it in good faith. Should he seturn it, the object will be grateful. He has been at home these two hours, and was seen by the boy.
I tell you my friend, go on. To be candid, I bid.you go on. Having heard the cause, the court adjourned.' Pursuant to orders, he marched his men up the hill, on the south side, by the fort, near the summit. The ground was taken agreeably to orders. The sun rises, and it is day. The sun sets, and it is night.
SPELLING.--LESSON 1. Words of two syllables ; Accent on the second; Vowels short. a-board ă-börd' ad-vance ăd-vănse a-mass ă-măs' a-bove ă-băv' ad-vise ă d-vize' a-merce ă-měrs' a-breast ă-brěst' a f-fair ăf-fare
a-mong a-măng a-bridge ă-bridje' affect ăf-fēkt
a-muse a-mūze' a-broad ă-brâ wd' af-fix ăf-fiks' an-nex ăn-neks ab-scond åb-skond' af-flict ăf-fikt
an-noy ăn-noe ab-stain ăb-stāne af-fray ăf-frā! an-tique ăn-tēēk' a-buse ă-būze' af-fright ăf-frite
a-pace ă-påse' i-byss d-bis' af-front àf-front' a-peak ă-peke' ac-cede ăk-sēde' a-float ă-fote' ap-pal ăp-pall ac-cept ăk-sépt' a-foot ă-fût ap-peal ăp-pēle ac-cess åk-sěs' a-fraid ă-frāde'
ap-pear ăp-père ac-compt ăk-kòûnt' a-gain ă-gěn' ap-pease ăp-peze ac-cord ak-körd?
a-gainst ă-gěnst ap-pend õp-pěnd' ac-cost ăk-kost
ag-gress ăg-grēs ap-plaud ăp-plawd ac-count åk-kdunt a-ghast ă-găst' ap-ply ăp-pli' ac-crue ik-kro
a-gone ă-gon ap-praise «p-prazer ac-cuse åk-kūse' a-head å-hed'
ac-quaint åk-kwānt' a-lack ă-săk' a-right ă-riter acequire åk-kwire' al-cade ăl-kāde' a-rose ă-roze ac-quit ăk-kwit'
al-cove ăl-kõve' a-rouse ă-ròûze' a-cross å-kros' a-light ă-lite as-cend ăs-send a-cute ă-kūte'
al-lay ăl-la' as-cent ås-sent' ad-dict ăd-dikt' al-lege ăl-ledje as-cribe ăs-kribe' ad-duce ăd-duse' al-low ăl-lòû' a-skew ă-sků? a-dieu ă-dü' al-loy ăl-ldē'
a-squint ă-skwint" ad-journ ăd-jūra' al-ly al-li'
as-sail ăs-sāle' ad-mix ăd-miks' a-rise ă-rize
as-sault ăs-sâlt' a-do ă-dəô
a-main ă-māne' a-dread ă-dred'
Rules for Reading Verge. Rule 1. That sentence, or member of a sentence, which, in prose, requires the rising or falling inflections, adopts the same in verse. Thus:
When all nature 's' hush'd to sleep',
And wander o'er the works of men'. Rule 2. A pause, proportioned, in duration, to the intimate or remote connexion that subsists between the closing and commencing words in the lines of poetry, should be carefully observed. Thus:
discern another's mind'?
That thousands want what you enjoy! Obs. 1. When the lines break so as to part the article and its ngun, the adjective and its noun, or the preposition and its 20ung
is omitted. Thus:
When', on a sudden', open fly',
the verb grale.
RULE 3. Most kinds of verse, admit a short pause in ornear the middle of the line. The falling inflection may be applied to the middle pause of the penultimate line with great effect. Thus:
A little rule', a little sway',
Double Proportion. NATE. In Double Proportion, those questions may be stated and solved by one operation, which require two or more slutings and operations in single proportion.
In this rule, there are always five terms given in the question to find a sixtsi
The three first given terms are of the nature of supposition, and the other tuo, of a demand.
RULE. 1. Put that term which is of the same name and kind with the answer, in the third place.
2. Take one term from the supposition, and one from the démand, both of the same name and kind, and put them in the Ist and 2d places, as in single proportion.
3. Take the two remaining terms, and place each under its like in the 1st and 2d places.
4. Multiply the terms in the 2d place, and their product by the term in the 3d place for a dividend.
5. Multiply the terms in the 1st place for a divisor, and the quotient will be the sixth term, or answer. Thus:
(1) If 6 men eat 10lbs of bread in 8 days, how much vili' 12 men eat in 24 days?
1 2 3 6:12
: : 10' Then, 12X24=288X10=2880, divid'd: 8:24 6X8=48, divisor; and 2880:-48=60lbs., Ans.
ELLIPSIS.--LESSON 4. NOTE. Ellipsis implies the ómission of a word or words, by which unnecessary and disagreable repetitions are avoided, while the sense is rendered sufficiently obvious. Thus: - Instead of saying Joseph is a learned man, and Joseph is a wise man, and Joseph is a happy man, the repetition of the same terms becomes tedious and offensive;—this may be remedied by employing Ellipsis. Thus: Joseph is a learned, wise and happy man. Almost all compound sentences are more or less elliptical; but in parsing, the words must be supplied. Whenever the omission of words tends to weaken the strength of a sentence, or obscure its meaning, they should be supplied.
Thus;---Joseph will pardon who oppose his wishes—the ortission of the pronoun, him, after the verb, pardon, obscures the sense; A beautiful field and trees, is also improper; fór
a-way ă-wa' a-wry ă-ri'
conjunctions connect nouns in the same limitations; hence, by supplying the ellipsis, the sentence would read thus. 4 beautiful field, and a beautiful trees.
SPELLING.–LESSON 5. as-sign ăs-sine ca-noe kă-nôôn' con-sent kön-sënt' as-suage ăs-swāje' ca-rouse kă-ròûze' con-cern kön-sěrn' as-sure ăsh-shūre cash-ier băsh-ēēr con-cfse kõn-sise' a-stray ă-strā' ca-tarrh kă-tăr
con-cur kõn-kūr at-tach åt-tătsh' cha-mois shă-mòū' con-demn kõn-dem' at-tack åt-tăk' chas-tise tshăs-tize' con•dign kõn-dine' at-tain åt-tāne' cock-ade kök-kāde' con-dole kõn-dole' at-taint åt-tānt' col-late kol-late' con-duce kön-dūse' at-tract it-tral:t/ col-lect kol-lěkt' con-duct kõn-dukt a-vail ă-vale' com-bine kom-bine' con-fer kõn-fur a-vaunt ă-vânt' com-mit kom-mit' con-fess kõn-fěs' a-venge à-věnje comp-mix köm-miks' con-fide kõn-fide a-vow ă-vòû'
com-pare kom-páre' con-fine kõn-fine' a-wait ă-wāte
com-peer kõm-pēēr' con-firm kõn-firm a-wake ă-wāke' com-pel kõm-pěl' con flict kõn-fikt'
com-pile kõm-pile con-form kõn-fòrm
com-ply kom-pli' con-front kön-frunt ca-bal kă-băľ com-port kõm-port' con-fuse kõn-fuze ca-jole kă-jõle' com-press kõm-prēs'con-geal kön-jēēl ca-lash kă-lăsh' con-ceal kõn-sēle' con-join kon-join' ca-nal kă-năl' con-cede kon-sēde' con-jure kõn-jūre' ca-nine kå-nine' con-ceit kõn-sēte' con-nect kön-někt
To a knot of Daffodils.
You haste away so soon';-
Has not attained his noon'.
Has run but to the evening song';
We have as short a spring';
As you'; or any other thing!
Like summer's mid-day rain';
Or like the pearly drops of dew';
Ne'er to return again'.
DOUBLE PROPORTION.-LESSON 7. (2) If 4 men mow 48 acres in 12 days, how much can 8 men mow in 16
Ans. 128 acres. (3) If 18 horses eat 10 bushels of oats in 20 days, how many bushels will 60 horses eat in 36 days? Ans. 60bu.
(4) $4 pays 8 men for 3 days' work, how long must 20 men work for $40?
Ans. 12 days. (5) B. carries 200lbs. 40 miles for 40 cents; how far will he carry 20,200lbs. for $60.60?
Ans. 60 miles. Note. There is a method of contracting the operation: Thus;
(6) If 6 men eat 10lbs of bread in 8 days, what will serve 12 men for 24 days? 6 : 12
: : 10lbs.
and 3X2=6X10=60lbs., Ans. Nota. Here, I divide the two second terms by the two first respectively, and niultiply the product of the quotient by the third term, which produces the same answer as before.
EXERCISES IN PÄRSING.--LESSON 8. Note. In the following exercises, the same word becomes, in different relations, a different part of speech. The sun was pleasant, and the day was calm.
After a storm, comes a calm. He subdued passion and calmed it. A little, with content, is better than much with strife. Better is ? little, with peace, than a great deal with war. and dissolute think little of approaching misery. A little thought might set him right. He is out of danger, yet he still fears. Fair
far. The fair was held at Boston.
SPELLING.--LESSON 9. dif-fuse dif-füze' dis-solve diz-zõlv' en-large ěn-lărje? dis-arm dis'àrm' dis-train dis-trāne' en-light ěn lite' dis-burse dis-būrse dis-tress dis-trěs'
en-rage én-rāje dis-card dis-kard' ef-face čf-lase' en-rich ěn-ritsh' dis-cern dis-zěrn' ef-fect f-fěkt en-role ěn-rõle' dis-close dis-klõse' ef-fuse f-füze' en-sue én-sū dis-crete dis-krēte' em-balm ěn-bă m' con-nive kõn-nive dis-cuss dis-kus' em-boss em-bbs
con-sent kõn-sént dis-dain dis-dāne' em-brace ěm-brāse' con-sign kõn-sine' dis-ease dis-ēze' en-ploy ěm-pldē' con-sist kõn-sist' dis-gorge dis-gorje' en-act en-ěkt con-sole kõn-sole dis-grace dis-gräse' en-cage ěn-kāje' con-sult kõn-súlt' dis-guise diz-gyize' en-camp en-kămp contain kõn-täne