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and money.

17. A. has 36 quills, B. 74, C. 102, E. 19, F. 27, G. 52, and H. 12 ; how many in all ?

Answer, 321. 18. K. and his two brothers went for nuts ; on their return, one had 306, the next 409, and the third had 520, how many had all the boys ?

Answer, 1234. 19. A. bought him a suit of clothes throughout; his hat and boots cost 16 dollars, his coat and vest, 39 dollars, and all the rest, 23 dollars; what is the amount ? Answer, 78.

20. B. bought 212 barrels of four in one lot, for 1060 dollars ; 320 barrels in another lot, for 1600 dollars; and 166 barrels in a third lot, for 830 dollars ; find the aimount of flour

Answer, 689 barrels --3490 dollars. 21. D. went out with bills to collect money; of one he got 56 dollars, of another, 49, of a third, 84, of a fourth, 33, and of a fifth, 65; what is the amount of D's collection?

Answer, 287 dollars. GRAMMAR.-LESSON 16.

The third part of Speech. The third part of speech, is the Verb; it expresses some action, or passion, or being, or the state of being, of some persen or thing, to the name of which it refers in agreeinent.

As, read, write, work, play, love, hate, rise, fall, is, have, &c. | as; the boys read, the girls write, men work, children play, parents love, waters rise, nations fall, Ann is kind, birds have wings.

Obs. 1. Now you will be able to know the verb ; for it expresses the action, passion, or being of some agent or name.

Obs. 2. You are now able to distinguish three parts of speech, the noun, the article, and the verb. Of these you can form a sentence, and determine the relation that exists belween them when combined. As: The hills rise. The rain falls. A bird flies. God is. Each of these assertions constitutes a complete sentence.

SPELLING.-LESSON 17. lē'-găl lin'-ing

mile'-stone ne'-gro lē'-vite lote'-treē mind'-ful pine'-tēén lēē'-ward lūke'-warm mod'-ish note'-bôôk li'-bil

lū'-ndr mô-dis nõt'-ěd li'-brate Jū'-rid

mo'-měnt nõ'-tùs lifer-like lüte'-string

mul'-ish *6'-bit life'-string mēēt'-ing mū'.răl

o'-měn life'-time mē'-grim

nā'-tăl o'-pål me'-mdir nā'-văl

Ö'-răl lime'-stone


READING.-LESSON 18. 4. Mary', however, had learned that most objects have a fair side, and a dark side'; and that while the one pleases the eye', the other should instruct the inind': Hence, the out side show of things, did not dazzle her senses'.

5. She naturally wished to please', and did not farl to do so': but she often felt hurt at the trash which the older scholars poured into her ears'. While stung by their flattery, she one day wrote the following lines and left them on her desk.

This body must die'; this frame must decay',
And the features you praise, must crumble to clay";
But the mind never dies'; releas'd from its load',

It mounts to the skies', and dwells with its God'. 6. Mary was at Pine Hill, four years'; and she always ranked with pupils much older than herself". Her whole frame was delicate', but her mind, quick' and acute'; and her memory, retentive'. On her return to her father's house', she was taken ill', and her parents concluded they would travel with her'.

ARITHMETIC.--LESSON 19. OBs. The second primary rule in Arithmetic is Subtraction.

Der. Subtraction teaches a method of taking a less number from a greater, and showing the difference.

The larger number is called the minuend; and the less, the subtrahend, and the difference between them, the remainder.

Rule 1. Write the larger given number first; then, the lesser given number under it, placing units under units, and tens under tens, &c. and draw a line.

2. Begin at the place of units, and take the lower figure from that which stands directly over it, and place the difference below the line, and under the lesser number.

Proof. Add the difference and lesser number together, and, if right, the amount will be equal to the greater number.


346 Minuend. 4325 64534 356428
234 Subtrehend. 3214 53322 135216

Thus (1)

112 Remainder,

346 Proof. Obs. It often happens that the lower figure is larger than the uper, but then it may be taken

from 10, and the difference may be added to the upper figure; the amount must be placed below the line for the true remainder. One, howerer, must be carried

to the next lower, left hand figure. This is called borrowing ten, and carrying one to pay it. Thus: (5) (6)

(8) 625468 83215678 45678902 374345268 434685 36547891 16598093 185656789



The fourth part of speech. The fourth part of speech, is the Pronoun; that is, a word used in the place of a noun. The pronoun holds the same relation to the verb which the noun holds, but it is not often limited by an article.

Thus: He, she, it, I, we, you, they, &c. are pronouns. As: John is a good boy, he loves his book; he keeps it clean. Ann writes well; she is a good child. The river flows; it is deep.

Obs. 1. John, Ann, and river, are nouns, and he, she, il, are pronouns.

Obs. 2. Hence, you will know the pronoun, because it stands for, or in place of, the noun.

SPELLING.LESSON 21. pā'-găn pē'-năl

po'-nent prē'-lude pa'-god


prē'-těxt paint'-ing pike-măn


pre'-tor pa'-păl pike'-stăff port'-ěd

pri'-mă] pa'-pist pīpe'-trēz


pri'-mäte på’-rent pip'-ing post'-date

pro'-băte pā'-těd pli-ănt

post'-tern pro'-nõun pāve?-měnt plū’-răl post-hòrse

pů'-pil pē'-dăl põl-ět post'-house pūl-tid pēēp'-hõle po'-làr põ’-těnt

pū'-trěd pēëv'-ish põle'-star

READING.--LESSON 22. going abroad', Mary found a number of books which the Doctor bought for her! Among others', were the writings of Cowper', Campbell', Montgomery', &c. She had always been fond of poetry', and the perusal of these authors', gave her mind a new spring! She', one day,' wrote the following lines to a fly.

8. Son of summer,' child of leisure',

Burn not thus about my form :

Little gilded speck of pleasure',

Tease me not',- for I am warm'.
9. It would grieve me sore to wound thee“,

my heart to do thee harm';
Keep not buzzing thus around me';

Tease me not',- for I am warm'.
10. Go and play on yonder ceiling,

Safe from every wayward storm';
Go and trust an honest feeling';
None will come to do thee harm'.

Little son of summer', go';
Prithee, do not tease me so'.

Exercises in Subtraction. 1. B. has 56 marbles, and A. has 19; now let B. give A. 12, and which will have the most? 19+12=31, A's marblės; and 56-12=44, B's marbles; and 44431=13.

Answer, B. has 13 the most. 2. D's basket has 107 apples in it, C's has only 39; what is the difference?

Answer, 68. 3. A. has 9612 dollars in the bank; and he drew out 201 for B. and 1147 for C.; how much has he left : Ans: 8264.

4. Columbus discovered America in 1492, and it is now 1827; how many years have elapsed ?

Answer. 335. 5. John has three purses; in one he has 217-cents, in another, 169, and in the third, 511; but Mark put his money, . 1059 cents, into one purse; which has the most?


The fifth part of speech. The fifth part of speech is the adjective ;-its office is to refer to the noun or name, and express some quality or property attached to it.

Thus : Good boys, fine girls, high hills, old pens, new books, blue sky, black clouds, tall trees, round balls, ripe plums, cold days, dark nights, old houses, red cows.

Obs. 1. The adjective is generally placed before the noun, but after the article. As: a sweet apple, an old book, the Nortlu River.

Obs. 2. Sometimes the adjective is placed after the noun; as river, long, wide, and deep; a man, old, grey, and siek.

Obs. 3. Now you will always know the adjective, for il expresses a quality or property, and refers to the noun in modification.

SPELLING.--LESSON 25, rāk'-ish sā'-trăp sheep'-föld snāke'-weed rā'-mus sāve'-all shēēp'-ish so'-fă rē -ăl săv'-ing sheep'-walk

so'-ho sēed'-time shrõve'-tide so'-làr rēs'-tiff

séē'-ing side'-long so'-lo rid'-ing

si'-lent spēëd'-well ri'-văl

sē'-nile si'-nus spike'-nàrd rô-măn sē'-rūm

si'-rěn shāme'-fal slāv'-ish

shäy'-ing slöth'-fül sa-tin sheep'-bite




sā'-go gā’-pòr




11. Toward fall, Mary and her parents returned home'. But the sick girl grew worse'; she was first confined to her room, and then to her bed'. The Doctors could not help her!. Her friends could render her no aid'. But all this did not trouble her!

12. She was, indeed, sorry to see them shed so many tears'; for she did not wish to give pain to any one. She knew her time was come', and she did not fear to die'.

13. In the midst of the conflict', she was calm and resigned'; she even tried to console her friends'; she told them', if her death was a loss to them, it was a gain to her; and she hoped they would be prepared to follow her'.

14. She died without a groan', and in the cold arms of deatlı a sweet smile sat on her icy lips'.

Her funeral was attended the next day', by all the pupils at Pine Hill School'.

15. Eight young men', dressed in white with a wreath of black crape on the left arm', bore the corpse to the grave,' while the pall was born by six young ladies', dressed in white, with black scarfs across their shoulders'. 16. At the grave, they sung the following lines'.

So fades the lovely, blooming flow'r',
Frail, smiling solace of an hour';
So soon' our transient comforts fly',
And pleasures only bloom to die.

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