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GAZETTE ER 1895**
THE UNITED STATES
A COPIOUS DESCRIPTION
STATES, TERRITORIES, COUNTIES, PARISHES, DISTRICTS, CITIES AND TOWNS-MOUN-
TURE, AND THE ARTS GENERALLY, OF THE UNITED STATES ;
THE EXTENT, BOUNDARIES, AND NATURAL PRODUCTIONS OF THE PRINCIPAL SUBDIVI
SIONS, THE LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE OF CITIES AND TOWNS, AND
THEIR BEARING AND DISTANCE FROM IMPORTANT PLACES ;
OTHER INTERESTING AND VALUABLE
GEOGRAPHICAL, HISTORICAL, POLITICAL, AND STATISTICAL INFORMATION ;
WITH THE POPULATION OF 1830.
BY WILLIAM DARBY
THEODORE DWIGHT, JR.
Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1832, by EDWARD HOPKINs, in the Clerk's office PREFACE.
of the District Court of Connecticut.
The collection, and arrangement of the materials for this Gazetteer, were commenced in April, 1830, and have been steadily continued to the present time, Nov. 1832. It must therefore be evident that great labour has been ex. pended upon the work-how satisfactory to the public the result of the under. taking will prove, remains to be decided. It is not with a view to enhance the value or importance of these labors, but to explain one of the principal causes of delay attendant upon the publication of this volume, that some remarks are introduced on the manner, and protracted time of publishing the census, which was not available until June of the current year, or about two years after it was taken; this fact, together with the confused, and utter want of arrangement in that document, renders unnecessary any farther apology for the delay to which we advert. Indeed as this document is published, it is to a convenient analysis of the population of the U. S., what stones in a quarry are to a building; and deserves to be estimated much as the material, on the ground where an edifice is to be erected. In every state, and territory, with the exception of the northern district of New.York, the eastern district of Pennsylvania, Dela. ware, Maryland, the western district of Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, the western district of Tennessee, and Ohio, an alphabetical arrange. ment of the census table was generally omitted, and of course to find any given county or town, required an examination of the whole mass. The inconven. ience of this arrangement may be estimated, when it is known that five hun. dred and thirty counties, with their towns, are thus defective in arrangement. Of some states, nothing is given but the aggregate of the counties ; and in Geor. gia, no city, town, or village is named ;--the returns of some other states are equally imperfect. These facts will account for numerous apparent defi. ciencies in population, and explain their true cause. The post offices, particu. larly in the middle, southern, southwestern, and western states, have been in. serted from the official list of 1831 ; and great pains have been taken, with the aid of the best maps, to locate the most obscure of them. The qualifying term, " post road” has been adopted, as by that the postage of letters, &c. is regula. ted, altho’ in innumerable cases these much exceed more direct routes. In re. gard to rivers, it may be doubted whether their extent should be estimated by ibe meanders of the streams, or by the length of their basins, or vallies. Ex. cept in New England, N. York, and N. Jersey, we have chosen to estimate them by the latter method, the length of the surface which they drain. Tanner's new and excellent map of the U. S., a proof sheet of which was early and obligingly forwarded to Mr. Darby, has been the guide generally followed in regard to geographical position ; with the aid of this, extensive additions have been made to the geography of the western country, particularly that of the states of Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana, and the territories of Michigan and Huron.
The extended plan of this Gazetteer, seemed at first to promise the compiler of that part of it embracing New York, New Jersey, and the New England states, an opportunity to introduce large details of the intellectual and moral institu
tions of the country; and the hope of accomplishing this object was one great inotive for his engaging in the work. Experiment however soon proved, that the prescribed limits, although large, would not allow the introduction of many such details, without excluding others more practically indispensable, in a work of this kind. He acknowledges his obligations to the authors of the following works, from some of which he has derived much statistical information ; Green. leaf's Survey and Map of Maine ; Tanner and Moore's Gazetteer of N. Hampshire ; Thompson's Gazetteer of Vermont; Spofford's Gazetteer of Massachu. setts ; Pease and Niles's Gazetteer of Connecticut and Rhode Island ; Spaf. ford's Gazetteer of New York, and Gordon's Map of New Jersey; with partic. ular gratitude he also acknowledges his obligations to James Parker, Esq. of Amboy, N. J., for valuable statistics of different parts of that state, which have been embodied in the work.
In the compilation of the Gazetteer of the U.S., numerous authorities beside those already mentioned, have been consulted; and accuracy has ever been a prominent object of its compilers. But some recent sources of information have been deficient;—the census was formerly an invaluable source of various statistical matter; that of 1830, however, has proved to be entirely useless on every subject other than population. Inconsistencies and contradictions in orthography, and in statistics of different kinds, found even in works of the highest rep, utation, may perhaps have induced some errors and omissions here. Indeed to say that such will not be found in the work, would be presumption ; from the very nature of it, perfect accuracy cannot reasonably be insisted on in every detail, by the reader. Such errors and omissions as have been discovered, on a rapid review of the work, have been noticed in the Appendix. We may say, however, what is undeniable, that much has been added to the geography of the country, in the present work ; that numerous new counties, and towns, have been embodied in it, and that it contains many and important corrections of some similar and respectable works. On the whole, as a convenient and safe book of reference, extended in its detail far beyond any work of the kind here. tofore published, and to a great extent original, we hope, and confidehtly be. lieve, that it will prove both useful, and valuable, to those who have occasion to consult its pages.
S. C.-South Carolina. mtn.-mountain.
pop.-population. Conn.-Connecticut. Miss.-Mississippi. U.S.-United States.
p-t.-post town. Dist. Col.-District of Co-N.C.-North Carolina. Va.–Virginia.
P-v.-post village. lumbja.
N. H.-New Hampshire. W. C.-Washington City. p-r.-post road.
8-p.-sea port. Ind.-Indiana. N. W. Ter.-North West co.--county.
sq. ms.-square miles. II.-Illinois.
st. jus.- seat of justice. Ky.-Kentucky, 0.-Ohio. isl.-island.
t.town, La.-Louisiana. Phil.-Philadelphia. lat.- latitude.
ter.-territory Mass-Massachusetts. Pa.-Pennsylvania. long.-longitude. tsp.--township. Md.-Maryland.
R. I.--Rhode Island. ms.-miles.
ABI AARONSBURG, P-v. Centre co. Penn. ; situa- | Staunton or Roanoke river, about 10 miles ted on one of the highest branches of Penn's above the influx of Dan river, and by post road, creek, 18 miles E. of Bellefonte, and by post 126 miles s. w. from Richmond, and 227 m. road 79 miles N. w. from Sunbury.
8. 8. w. from W. C. ABERDEEN, 2-1. Brown co. O.
ABBOTTSTOWN, p-v. Adams co. Penn.; si. ABBEVILLE, district of, South Carolina ; ex- tuated on almost the eastern line of the coun. ending along and from Savannah river ; ty, and on a branch of Conewago creek, 15 bounded N. w. by Anderson dist.; N. E. by Sa- miles N. E. by E. from Gettysburg, very near. luda river separating it from Laurens dist.; ly an equal distance s. w. by w. from the bo. 8. E. by Edgefield dist.; and s. w. by Savan- rough of York; and by post road 86 m. n. from nah river separating it from Lincoln and El. W.C. bert counties in Georgia. It lies in form very ABBOTT's Mills, and post office, Rutherford Dearly a square of 31 miles each side ; area co. Tenn. ; by post road, 40 miles southeast. 960 square miles. Extending in lat. from 33° ward from Nashville. 50 to 34° 28' n.; and in long. from 4° 56' to ABINGDON, p-v. Harford co. Md.; 22 miles 5° 42' w. from W. C. The southern and northeastward from Baltimore. central parts of Abbeville slope toward and ABINGDON, p-v. and seat of justice, Wash. are drained into Savannah river, with a south. ington co. Va.; situated at the southeastern er declination. A narrow zone along the side of a mountain ridge, about mid-distance northeastern border slopes to the southeast between the two main forks of Holston river ward towards the main stream of Saluda riv. and about 7 miles distant from each, also on er. By the census of 1820, this district con. the Great Valley road. According to Tan. tained a population of 23,167 ; but in the ner's map of the U. S. this place stands about ensuing ten years it had increased to 28,149. 8 miles northwardly from the northern bounOf the latter 7,680 were white males; 7,181 dary of Tennessee, n. lat. 36° 42', long. 40 white females, and the residue, 13,288, were 58' w. from W. C., by post road 385 miles s. people of color. Distributive population by w. by w. from W. C., and 309, a little s. of the census of 1830, was 30 to the square mile. w. from Richmond. Chief town Abbeville.
ABINGTON, P-t. Plymouth co. Mass. ; 22 ABBEVILLE, P-v. and seat of justice, Abbe- miles s. E. of Boston, contains 2 ponds, ono mille dist., S. C. ; situated near the centre of emptying into North river and the Atlantic the district, on one of the branches of Little ocean, the other into Taunton river and Nar. river, at n. lat. 34° 11'; long. w. from W. c. ragansett bay. Spirited resolutions against tho 50 20'; 63 miles n. N. w. from Augusta in right claimed by the British Parliament to tax Georgia, and by post road, 100 m. a very little the colonies were passed here, 1770. Pop. N. of w. from Columbia.
2,428. ABBEVILLE, or Abbeyville, p.v. Mecklen. ABINGTON, p-v. Windham co. Conn. burg co. Va. ; situated on the left bank of ABINGTON, p-v. Luzerné co. Penn. ; 15 m.