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Enemy property-Continued
United States—Continued
Holding of enemy property as se-

curity for Allied property in
enemy hands, U.S. refusal,

274–277, 278-279, 290-291
Expatriation : U.S. policy, 823–826, 827–

828; British attitude, 826-827

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Finnish relief :
Appeals for aid:

Finnish, 572–574
Scandinavian joint representa-

tions, 582–583; British reply,

584; U.S. reply, 585
Provision of foodstuffs :
Attitude of France, 585–586; Great

Britain, 574–575, 584; United
States, 574, 575–576, 581-582,

583-584, 585, 586-587, 587–588
Recommendations, 577, 578–580,

580–581, 587
Tentative arrangements, 574, 576–

577, 580, 588
France:
Alsatians and Lorrainers, special

treatment in United States, 204–

205, 206-210
American forces in Europe, ar range-

ments with United States re-

garding-
Desertion: agreement by exchange

of notes, 718-719, 745-747 ;
modification of agreement,
749–751 ; proposals of France,

738-739, 740-741
Marriages : French suggestions for

U.S. measures regarding, 761–
764, 765–767, 769-770, 771-773,
777, 779; U.S. attitude and
measures, 764–765, 767-769,

770771, 773777, 777778, 779
Penal military jurisdiction : agree-

ment proposed by France, 734-
735; exchange of notes, 718
719, 735–737; extension of

agreement, 754–755, 756
Belgian relief, financial arrange-

ments with United States and
Allied Powers, 461-462, 466–467,

469-472, 486, 488 489, 490, 492
Finnish relief, attitude toward pro-

vision of foodstuffs, 585-586
Military service convention with

United States (Sept. 3):
Arrangements for conclusion, 718–

719; text, 723–726
Proposals: French, 691-693, 696–

697, U.S., 648-650, 662-664,

677-679, 702–704
Prisoners of war, facilitation of

transit of correspondence and

parcels, 27-28
Radio communication, arrangement

with United States, 836-844

Treaties with United States cited :

(Bavaria, 1845), 309; (Prussia,
1785), 4, 162, 163, 164-165, 296,
308; (Prussia, 1799), 4, 55-56,
57–58, 59, 86, 102, 160-161, 162
165, 169-171, 296, 308, 318;
(Prussia, 1828), 55–56, 59, 162,

164-165, 296, 308, 309, 318
Warfare, protests against illegal and

inhumane methods, 785, 788–
789; American attitude, 785–
786; reply to protests of Inter-
national Committee of Red
Cross, 787–788; reply to U.S.

protest, 791
Great Britain:
American forces in Europe, negotia-

tions with United States regard-

ing-
Desertion : proposals of Great

Britain, 733-734, 743; United

States, 739
Penal military jurisdiction : pro-

posals and attitude of Great
Britain, 733-734, 737-738, 741-
745, 751–752, 753–754, 759–760;
United States, 739–740, 745,
748–749, 752, 753, 755–756,

759, 760
Belgian relief: financial arrange-

ments with United States and
Allied Powers, 461-462, 466 467,
469 472, 486, 488 489, 490, 492;
provision of tonnage in coopera-
tion with United States, 459

460, 467-468, 475-485
Censorship, application, 645, 646;

U.S. attitude, 646, 647
Enemy aliens, treatment, 229-231
Finnish relief, attitude toward provi-

sion of foodstuffs, 574-575, 584

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Haiti:

Enemy aliens, treatment, 89
Enemy property: treatment, 89, 362-

363; U.S. recommendations, 361-

362
Honduras :

Enemy aliens, treatment, 89
Enemy property, treatment. See un-

der Enemy property.

Great Britain-Continued
Military service convention with

United States (June 3). See
under Military service conyen-

tions.
Polish relief, attitude toward-

Appeals for aid, 510
Provision of food for children,

515, 516, 518, 534-535, 537
Transmission of funds, 500, 503–

504, 509, 517–518, 518-519,

521-522
Prisoners of war, relief for British, 5
Russian relief, attitude toward-
Proposal for exchange of prison-

ers, 640
U.S. tentative plans for assistance,

628-629, 640-641, 642-643,

643–644, 645
Serbian relief, attitude toward U.S.

financial assistance, 601-602,

609
Turkish territories, attitude toward

transmission of funds for relief
in, 550-551; transportation of

supplies, 548
Warfare, attitude toward charges by

International Committee of Red
Cross of illegal and inhumane

methods, 783-784
Greece:
Military service convention with

United States (Aug. 30): ar-
rangements for conclusion, 707-

708, 719–720; text, 729_732
Proposal for recruiting in United

States, 707-708; U.S. attitude,

719_720
Guatemala :

Enemy aliens, treatment, 89
Enemy property: treatment, 365,

366, 368, 369-370, 370-371, 372;
U.S. recommendations, 366-368,
370, 371, 372

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Hague Conventions cited :
II (1899) and IV (1907), respecting

laws and customs of war on

land, 3, 7, 21, 32, 54, 61
V (1907), respecting the rights and

duties of neutral powers and
persons in case of war on land,

28
VI (1907), respecting the status of

enemy merchant ships at the out-

break of hostilities, 162
III (1899) and X (1907), adapting

to maritime warfare the princi-
ples of the Geneva Convention,

46–49, 50
XI (1907), restricting the right of

capture in naval war, 162, 224,
225-226

Military service conventions, U.S.

negotiations and agreements

with-
Belgium, U.S. proposal, 648-650
Canada :
Convention of June 3: arrange-

ments for conclusion, 700-701,

706-707 ; text, 714 717
Proposals: Canadian, 683, 699;

U.S., 648-650, 666-669, 698
Provisions of British-American

agreement, 655-656, 657-658,
659, 660-661, 663, 664-665,
667, 675, 676, 682, 683, 686,

710-711
Unratified convention, 683-684,

687-690, 700
France:
Convention of Sept. 3: arrange-

ments for conclusion, 718-

719; text, 723–726
Proposals: French, 691-693, 696

697; U.S., 648-650, 662-664,
677-679, 702–704

Military service conventions, etc.-Con., Passport and visa regulations, U.S.
Great Britain :

war measures :
Convention of June 3: arrange Executive order of May 11, 1917,
ments for conclusion, 700-

amending Consular Regulations,
701, 706–707; text, 708–714

791-792
General certificate of exemption Instructions of May 29, 1917, to
of U.S. citizens in Great Brit-

diplomatic and consular officers,
ain outside age limits, 717-

793
718

Instructions of June 5, 1917, to
Proposals: British, 650-653, 656-

steamship lines engaged in for-
659, 664–665, 669, 671, 674

eign passenger service, 793–794
676, 681-683, 698-699; U.S.,

Instructions of July 26, 1917, to
648-650, 653-656, 659-664,

diplomatic and consular officers,
665-668, 670-671, 676-677,

794-807
697-698

Proclamation of Aug. 8, 1918, regu-
Special provision for Canadians,

lating issuance of passports and
655-656, 657-658, 659, 660-661,

granting of permits to depart
663, 664-665, 667, 675, 676, 682,

from and enter United States,
683, 686, 710-711 ; Irish, ques-

807-810
tion of, 659, 660, 665-666, 675, Executive order of Aug. 8, 1918, pre-
676, 697-698, 699

scribing regulations governing
Unratified convention, 683–687,

issuance of permits to enter and
690-691, 700

leave United States, 810-822
Greece, convention of Aug. 30: ar- | Persian relief:
rangements for conclusion, 707–

Conflict between Christians and
708, 719–720; text, 729-732

Moslems, U.S. efforts to discour-
Italy:

age, 565, 566; Persian attitude,
Convention of Aug. 24: Italian

570-571
viewpoint toward, 722–723; Reports on conditions and requests
text, 726–729

for aid, 563–565, 566-567, 569–
Proposals, Italian, 671-673, 693,

570, 571
695, 704–706, 721-722; U.S.,

U.S. assistance: American Commit-
648-650, 662-664, 679–681, 693–

tee for Armenian and Syrian Re-
695, 701-702, 720_721

lief, mission to Persia, 568-569,
Russia, U.S. proposal, 648-650

569-570, 571-572; MacCallum
Serbia, U.S. proposal, 648-650

mission, 565–566, 567; relief for

Jews, 566-567, 567-568
National Alien Enemy Relief Commit-

Peru, treatment of enemy property,
tee in Cooperation with the Lega-

400_401, 402-403, 405-406, 407-408,
tions of Sweden and Switzerland

410-411: U.S. recommendations,
and with the Approval of the Gov-

401-402, 403-404, 406–407, 408 410,
ernment of the United States, 197–

411
198
National Catholic War Council, 91

Poles, special treatment in United
Netherlands, facilitation of transit of

States, 205-206, 210-213, 215
correspondence and parcels for

Polish relief:
prisoners of war, 22

Clothing, projected transmittal, 529,

533
Nicaragua :
Enemy aliens, treatment, 89

Food for children, provision by
Enemy property: treatment, 89, 371;

United States, 509–513, 516_517,
U.S. recommendations, 367, 372

519–521, 523-524, 531-532, 534,

535-536, 537-538; British atti-
Palestine, relief. See Turkish terri-

tude, 515, 516, 518, 534-535, 537
tories, relief.

Lithuania, relief for, 505-506, 530-
Panama:

531, 532, 534
Enemy aliens, treatment, 232–236, Polish appeals for aid, 504–505, 512-
239-244; attitude of Germany,

513; attitude of Great Britain,
84, 92, 235; United States, 87–

510; Russia, 508; United States,
88, 93–94, 96; Swedish protests,

510-512
233-234, 240-241

Refugees in Russia, relief for, 532-
Enemy property, U.S. recommenda-

533; U.S. attitude, 536
tions, 396-399

Transmission of funds:
Treaty with United States cited, 240, Attitude of Great Britain, 500, 503-
242-243

504, 509, 517-519, 521-522;
Panama Canal Zone, exclusion of

United States, 511-512, 514
enemy aliens, 182

515, 517, 522–523, 524–529, 533

Polish relief-Continued

| Prisoners of war-Continued
Transmission of funds-Continued Invalid prisoners, discussions con-
Utilization of commercial organi-

cerning repatriation or intern-
zations, 507–508; diplomatic

ment, 76–77, 78-81; provisions
channels, 498 499, 501-502, of Nov. 11 agreement, 104-109,
513-514, 515-516, 523; General

142–145
Polish Relief Committee, 500–

Medical treatment, provisions of
501, 502-503, 506-507, 524;

Nov. 11 agreement, 117–118
Polish Victims' Relief Fund, Naturalized citizens, treatment, 94,
502-503, 506-507

100, 103
Ukrainians, relief for, 507

Officers :
Polish Victims' Relief Fund, 502-503,

Camps, provisions of Nov. 11
506-507

agreement, 111-112, 146-149

Payment: arrangements between
Prisoners of war:

United States and Germany,
Agreement of Nov. 11 between United

39-45, 98, 101-102; provisions
States and Germany concerning

of Nov. 11 agreement, 129-131
prisoners of war, sanitary per-

Punishment, provisions of Nov. 11
sonnel, and civilians, 103-157

agreement, 153-154
American-Austro-Hungarian confer Recognition of rank, provisions of
ence, proposed, 157–159

Nov. 11 agreement, 131
American-German conference:

Powers of attorney and wills, pro-
Arrangements, 77-78, 81

visions of Nov. 11 agreement, 122
Commissioners, 85, 86-87

Protecting power:
Informal agreement: desirability, Communication with prisoners,
60-64, 67; U.S. efforts to se-

provisions of Nov. 11 agree-
cure, 64-68, 77-78; U.S. pro-

ment, 127
posed arrangement, 68-76

Visits of inspection: in Germany
Instructions, 86, 87-91, 93-94, 95,

by Spain, 8-9, 13-14, 14–15,
96-97, 98, 101-102

20, 23; in United States by
Negotiations, 91-103

Switzerland, 3-4, 10-11, 15,

23, 25; provisions of Nov. 11
Camps:

agreement, 127-129
Camp Help Committees, provisions

Punishment of American prisoners
of Nov. 11 agreement, 122-124

in Germany, 24, 31-32; German
Establishment and regulations:

prisoners in United States, 24
German, 26, 30, 34–35, 36–37;

25; provisions of Nov. 11 agree-
U.S., 12--13, 58; provisions of ment, 118-121, 153-155
Nov. 11 agreement, 111-112, Rations, provisions of Nov. 11 agree-
146-153

ment, 114-115
Transfers of prisoners to other Relief activities for-

camps, provisions of Nov. 11 American and German prisoners,
agreement, 131

provisions of Nov. 11 agree.
Capture:

ment, 131-132
Notification by Germany, 20-21; American prisoners in Germany,
United States, 23; provisions

1-2, 4-10, 11, 13, 14, 16, 17,
of Nov. 11 agreement, 110–111

18, 21-22, 25–26, 26–29, 30,
Protection following, 35, 36-37;

32-34, 60-64, 91
provisions of Nov. 11 agree-

British prisoners held by Central
ment, 110

Powers, 5

German
Correspondence and parcels, facili-

prisoners in United
tation of transit by Denmark, 18,

States, 3-4, 6, 7, 191; else-
21-22; France, 4-7, 13, 14, 18,

where, 18-19
27–28; Great Britain, 18; Neth-

Rumanian prisoners: proposed,
erlands, 18, 22; Switzerland,

626-627; attitude of Great
4-5, 6-7, 14, 18, 22; United

Britain, 628, 644; United
States, 1, 11, 15-16; provisions

States, 645
of Nov. 11 agreement, 125-127

Russian prisoners. See under

Russia.
Deaths and accidents, provisions of

Serbian prisoners. See under
Nov. 11 agreement, 121-122

Serbia.
Exercise, provisions of Nov. 11 agree Sanitary personnel, proposed re-
ment, 116, 147, 149, 151, 153

patriation: German attitude,
Intellectual occupation and divine

45-48; U.S. attitude, 45, 48-51;
services, provisions of Nov. 11

provisions of Nov. 11 agree-
agreement, 116-117

ment, 132–134

89

Prisoners of war-Continued

Russia-Continued
Submarine personnel : special treat | Prisoners of war—Continued

ment, 88, 92; provisions of Nov. Copenhagen Red Cross Confer-
11 agreement, 107

ence Continued
Transfer to United States of pris-

Proposal for exchange of pris-
oners captured by American

oners, 635-636, 643 ; attitude
forces, discussions, 51-60, 100-

of Great Britain, 640; Rus-
101, 102

sia, 639-640; United States,
Treatment:

637, 641
Protests:

Reports on conditions and requests
German, 35–36; U.S. reply, 37–

for aid, 610, 624-626, 630–
38

632, 633, 634, 644
United States, 14-15, 17, 19-21, U.S. assistance, tentative plans
22–23, 31, 34-35, 38; Ger-

for. 8. 626-627, 629, 633, 634,
man replies, 19, 36-37

636-639; British attitude, 628–
Provisions of Nov. 11 agreement,

629, 640, 641, 642-643, 643-644,
109–132

645; recommendations, 630
Valid prisoners, discussions regard-

631, 633, 640; suspension and
ing internment or repatriation,

termination of relief, 641,
88–89, 90-91, 92, 93, 94-95 ; pro-

643, 645, 646-647
visions of Nov. 11 agreement,
103–104, 107-109

Salvador, treatment of enemy aliens,
War correspondents, provisions of
Nov. 11 agreement, 132

Salvation Army, 91
Work: arrangements for, 183–185; | Serbia :

provisions of Nov. 11 agreement, Military service convention with
112-114

United States, U.S. proposal,
Prisoners of War Relief Society, 172

648-650
173, 188–189

Prisoners of war (see also infra un-
Provisional Executive Committee for

der Relief operations), U.S.
General Zionist Affairs, 547-548,

transmittal of Serbian protests
548–550

at treatment, 615–616, 618; Bul-
Public ships: U.S. attitude toward im-

garian reply, 622-624; state-
munity from local jurisdiction,

ment of U.S. consul general,
831-834, 835; Argentine attitude,

620-622
829-831, 834-835

Relief operations :

Reports on conditions and re-
Radio communications: U.S. arrange-

quests for aid, 588-593, 594-
ment with France, 836–844; U.S.

596, 598, 599–600, 602-604,
protocol with Italy (Mar. 27),

606, 609-610, 613-614, 616,
844-849

618-619, 619-620
Relief operations. See Belgium: Re-

U.S. assistance:
lief operations; Finnish relief;

Agricultural Unit of American
Persian relief; Polish relief; Pris-
oners of war: Relief activities;

Red Cross, 616-617

Loan:
Russia : Prisoners of war; Serbia :
Relief operations; and Turkish

Arrangements, 590, 591-599,
territories, relief.

602-604, 606; British at-
Repatriation, U.S. policy, 822, 824-826

titude, 601-602
Rumanian nationals and prisoners of

Assistance to prisoners of war
war, proposed relief for, 626-627;

and interned nationals:
attitude of Great Britain, 628,

attitude of France, 610–
644; United States, 553, 645

611, 612-613; Great Brit-
Russia:

ain, 599, 601-602, 609,
Military service convention with

628; United States, 8, 597,
United States, U.S. proposal,

600, 605, 606-607, 608,
648-650

611, 615-616, 619, 624,

626-627, 633
Polish relief, attitude toward, 508

Assistance to Serbians in en-
Prisoners of war:

emy - occupied territory,
Copenhagen Red Cross Confer-

592, 594-595, 613-614; at-
ence:

titude of Great Britain,
Convocation, 630-632; U.S. at-

601, 605-606, 614; United
titude toward participation,

States, 607-609, 614
634

Ships, public. See Public ships.

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