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PREFACE This Supplement to Foreign Relations is the last in the series relating to the World War. The period covered by the volume extends in general from April 6, 1917, when the United States entered the war, to November 11, 1918, the date of the armistice with Germany. The subjects treated were not included in Supplement 2 for 1917 and Supplement 1 for 1918, as they are best considered in their continuous development over the entire period of belligerency.
The general principles followed in compiling the volume are given in the preface to Foreign Relations, 1914, Supplement, pp. iii-iv.
Brackets, [ ], occurring in the text enclose editorial insertions. These are of two main types: (1) words or phrases, in ordinary type, supplied to fill in omissions or replace obviously garbled passages in telegrams; and (2) suggested corrections, in italics, following words or phrases which appear to be incorrect. When there is not sufficient evidence to indicate what has been omitted or garbled, or when the words which might be suggested would so seriously affect the sense of the document that supplying them would involve more than an editorial responsibility, notice is taken of defects in the text by the insertion, within brackets, of " omission," “garbled groups,” or “sic.” Insignificant words are corrected or inserted without distinguishing marks.
Parentheses, ( ), occurring in the text are in the documents themselves. Besides their ordinary use for punctuation, these marks were also employed, in the deciphering and decoding of telegrams, to enclose words or phrases suggested by the decoders as possibly the intended readings of garbled groups which yielded unintelligible or no results. When so employed they have been allowed to stand, unless comparison with other documents showed the suggested reading to have been obviously either correct or incorrect. In the latter case the text within parentheses has sometimes been replaced by an editorial insertion within brackets.
Translations as found in the files have been revised and corrected if found faulty by comparison with texts in the original language or other available versions, but care has been taken to avoid altering in any significant respect important texts that were acted upon or used as sources of information in their existing form.
The status in American ports of ships owned or requisitioned by for-
eign governments and engaged in commerce-
LIST OF PRINCIPAL PERSONS
AHLGREN, G., Swedish Counselor of Legation and Chargé d'Affaires in Turkey.
d'Affaires from April 25.
d'Affaires from July 30. BARTON, James L., Chairman of the American Committee for Armenian and
Syrian Relief. BELDEN, Perry, United States Secretary of Legation in Colombia; Chargé
d'Affaires. BELT, John W., United States Secretary of Legation in Honduras; Chargé
d'Affaires, January 18 to February 9. BERTRAND, Francisco, President of Honduras. BRUN, Constantin, Danish Minister at Washington. BURLESON, Albert S., Postmaster General of the United States. CALDWELL, John L., United States Minister to Persia. CALONDER, Felix L., President of the Swiss Confederation. CHAMORRO, Gen. Emiliano, President of Nicaragua. CLEMENCEAU, Georges, French Premier and Minister of War. CRAWFORD, Sir Richard, Commercial Adviser of the British Embassy at Wash
ington. CROSBY, Oscar T., Assistant Secretary of the Treasury of the United States;
President of the Inter-Allied Council on War Purchases and Finance. CURTIS, Charles B., United States Secretary of Legation in Honduras; Chargé
d'Affaires, February 9 to October 1. DA GAMA, Domicio, Brazilian Ambassador at Washington. DANIELS, Josephus, Secretary of the Navy of the United States. DAVIS, John W., Solicitor General of the United States to November 21; mem
ber of the American Commission to the American-German Prisoners of War Conference at Berne, September 24-November 11; United States
Ambassador to Great Britain from November 21. DAVIS, Norman H., United States Treasury representative at London and Paris. DAVISON, Henry P., Chairman of the War Council of the American Red Cross. DE BROQUEVILLE, Baron Charles, Belgian Prime Minister and Minister of Food
Supplies. DE CARTIER DE MARCHIENNE, E., Belgian Minister at Washington; Appointed
Ambassador from September 13, 1919. DE CHAMBRUN, Charles, French Counselor of Embassy at Washington; Chargé
d'Affaires, December, 1918, to June, 1919. DE IPANEMA MOREIRA, Alberto, Brazilian Counselor of Embassy at Washington;
Chargé d'Affaires from October 20.