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against theorque ; ab septembe

to blame for reckless navigation. Certificate suspended for three months.

411. Lady of the Lake, schooner ; lost at sea, July 30, 1879. Inquiry held at Sydney, August 11, 1879. No evidence on which to found a charge against the master.

412. Emily Mc Laren, barque ; abandoned at sea, August 16, 1879. Naval Court held at Valparaiso, September, 1879. Abandonment justifiable.

413. Ananda, s.s. ; boiler burst, May 28, 1879, off Palo Jerajah. Inquiry held September 4, 1879, at Penang. Master and officers found in default, and were punished as follows :Master's certificate suspended for three months; chief officer's certificate suspended for three months ; chief engineer's certificate suspended for six months; second engineer's certificate cancelled.

414. Windward, schooner; stranded on the Three Hummock island, July 2, 1879. Inquiry held at Stanley, July 24, 1879. Master guilty of want of caution. Certificate suspended for three months.

415. Charlotte Gladstone, ship; abandoned at sea. Inquiry held at Cape Town, September 5, 1879. Abandonment justifiable. Master's certificate returned.

418. Urania, s.s. ; Naval Court held at Gijon, October 11, 1879, to inquire into the alleged unseaworthiness of the vessel. Court held that she was only sufficiently seaworthy to return to England in ballast for repairs. Owner condemned in costs of inquiry.

419. Chefoo, S.s.; grounded off Ochsen island, August 19, 1879. Naval Court held September 1, 1879. Master guilty of an error of judgment, and was reprimanded.

420. Clifford, brigantine; lost on the island of Gracioza, September 23, 1879. Inquiry held at Fayal, October 13, 1879. Chief mate to blame (uncertificated); ordered to pay costs of inquiry.

SOUTH AFRICA, WEST COAST.

[WE publish for the information of mariners navigating the South West Coast of South Africa the following important information which has been officially forwarded to us.] Commodore RICHARDS, R.N., to Governor Sir H. B. E. FRERE,

Bart., G.C.B., G.C.S.I.

Boadicea, in Simon's Bay, 2nd October, 1879. SIR,—I have the honour to forward herewith for your Excellency's information, a copy of a letter with Track Chart from Commander Caffin, R.N., reporting having experienced a strong indraught between Cape Hanglip and Danger Point, on his passage from Simon's Town to Durban in the hired transport Natal, on the 19th ult., which appears to be of sufficient importance to warrant its publication in the Government Gazette for the information of masters of vessels.--I have the honour to be,

Your Excellency's most obedient servant,

(Signed) FRED. W. RICHARDS, To His Excellency

Commodore. The Right Hon. Sir BARTLE FRERE, Bart., G.C.B., &c., &c.

HYDROGRAPHIC INFORMATION REPORTING STRONG INDRAUGHT BETWEEN CAPE HANGLIP AND DANGER POINT, CAPE COLONY,

H.M.'s Hired Transport, Natal,

Durban, 24th September, 1879. Captain Guy 0. Twiss, R.N.,

Principal Transport Officer, Durban. Sir,—I have the honour to report that at 7 a.m. on the morning of the 19th instant, I passed Cape Hanglip, bearing E. by N. N. (mag.) four miles distant and shaped S.S.E. course (mag.) to pass seven miles outside the Birkenhead Rock, off Danger Point, but shortly afterwards it became very thick and raining, and prevented the land being seen until a sudden change at 9.30 enabled our position to be obtained by cross bearings, when we found we had experienced an easterly set of four miles in the two hours and a half, and had we continued in the same course, experiencing the same rate of set, we should have barely cleared the “ Birkenhead” Rock. The wind at the time was west, force 4, with a long S.W., swell, ship steaming with fore-and-aft sails set, at the rate of seven knots. I was quite satisfied that the deviation of compass was correct, and having been on deck very frequently, had satisfied myself that the course was correctly steered. I consider it most important that this should be made known, as in all probability the Birkenhead, Clyde and Celt owe their loss to the same indraught. Again Captain Gilbert, master of this ship, reports to me that on the 11th May he passed Danger Point, distant four miles, in daylight, and a smooth sea, no wind, and shaped a course S.E. by 8. (mag.) to pass the Quoin Point the same distance, and after an hour and a half, ship steaming at the rate of eight knots an hour, he was astonished to find the low land off Quoin Point nearly a-head.

I have the honour to be, Sir, your obedient servant, (Signed) CRAWFORD CAFFIN,

Comm. R.N. and Transport Officer Afloat. Naval Transport Office, Durban, 25th September, 1879.

ROYAL NAVAL RESERVES.—We have to notify the fact that Rear-Admiral H.R.H, the Duke of Edinburgh, K.G., has relieved Vice-Admiral Phillimore as Superintendent of the Royal Naval Reserves, and that Captain Whyte, late Flag-Captain at Plymouth, is appointed as Flag-Captain to His Royal Highness to carry on business at the office in Spring Gardens, while the Superintendent is absent on inspecting duty. The despatch vessel Lively is being fitted for service as the Admiral's tender, in lieu of the Hawk hitherto employed. We do not know whether this appointment has any special significance, but we may anticipate that the Duke will, with that thoroughness which has characterised his naval service, introduce some necessary reforms in regard to the coastguard, and further the development of the Royal Naval Reserve establishment, so as to bring into closer relations the Royal and Mercantile Marine Services. His Royal Highness's important position as Master of the Trinity House would seem to point to this as an appropriate tield for his labours.

INDEX TO VOL. XLVIII.

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PAGE
Action of Screw-Propellers 420,

490, 529, 608
Admeasurement of Tonnage ...

299
Amplitude of a Heavenly Body, To

find the ... ... ... 597,
Anglo-Saxon Inquiry ...
Apparent and True Direction of

Wind when Sailing ...
Arbutus, The Case of the ... ...
Arctic Expedition, Swedish 400,

522, 856, 941
Armour Plates, Iron and Steel 312, 388
Aspect of Trade, Improved ... 1012
Atlantic, Tracks Across the ... 144
Atmospheric Circulation 13, 163,

203, 392
Atmospherical Depressions, Nature

and Motions of... ... 203,
Australian Colonies, Naval Reserve 233

728

PAGE
Chilian Waters, Quarantine in ... 455
China, Route from in S.W. Monsoon 696
Chinese Maritime Customs, The

738, 832
Circulation in the Atmosphere,

Causes of ..
Coal Cargoes... 514, 680, 843, 1017
Collisions at Sea, New Regulations 870
Colonial Certificates of Competency 244
Colonial Naval Reserve ... ... 233
Columbus, The Remains of 457, 934,
Combustion, Spontaneous. — Coal

Cargoes... ...514, 680, 813, 1017
Commercial Route to British North

America, Proposed ...
Commercial Voyages to Obi and

Yenisei Rivers ... ... ... 218
Compass Errors ...

697
Compasses of Iron Ships, Com.

pensation ...
Compensation by Magnets for Com.

passes of Iron Ships ... ... 102
Compulsory Pilotage ...
Compulsory Surveys and State
Prosecutions ...

749
Constantinople, British Seamen's

Hospital
Contribution from an Old Friend 780, 1029
Corea, A Trip to Quelpart... ... 321
Court of Survey ...
Crews, New Mode of Discharging... 677
Custom Houses ... ... ... 413

392

650

Balmoral, Case of the ... 421, 507
Banks of Newfoundland, Shoal

Patches ... 959, 1038, 1042
Board of Trade and Shipowners ... 476
British North America, Route via

Hudson's Bay ... ... ... 728
British Seamen's Hospital, Con.

stantinople ...
Bulkheads, Watertight ... 197, 961
Burial-place of Christopher Colum.

bus ... ... ... 457, 934
Buoys, Illuminated ... ... ... 140
Bywell Castle and Princess Alice

Collision 44, 700, 803, 888, 1040, 1043

.. 273

Calcutta, Storm Signals at ... 912
Canada, The Shipping of ... ... 296
Canal Across Isthmus of Panama... 566
Canal Projected Across Florida
Peninsula ...

613
Capture of the Huascar, The 1001
Cardiff, Shipping of Seamen
Case of William Mullens ... .. 228
Casaalties at Sea, 1877–8 ... ... 576
Character of Seamen on Discharge 702
Chart Incorrect ...

... 85
Chatham Islands, South Pacific ... 426
Chief Mate's Duties .. 780, 1029
Chili and Peru, War between 593, 1001

Danish Vessels, Tonnage of ... 108
Depression of Trade, The ... ... 382
Depressions, Atmospherical 203, 392
Discharges, Seamen's ... ... 702
Discharging Crews, New System... 677
Discipline on Board Merchant Ships 795
Dispensary for Seamen, Liverpool 763
Distressed Seamen, Wages of ... 768
Distress Signals ...

599
Doors, Watertight Bulkhead

961
Dora, Case of the ... ... 421, 476
Double Altitudes ... ... 131, 161
Dove, Death of Professor ... ... 436
Dublin Ballast ...

141
Duties of Chief Officer on board

Ship ... ... ... 780, 1029

PAGE
Eddystone Lighthouse, The ...

820
Edinburgh, EL.R.H. the Duke of ... 1074
Electric Light as Adapted for

Maritime Purposes ... ... 373
Errors in Compasses ...
Examination for Extra Master ... 609
Examination of Seamen ...

819
Explosions of Coal Cargoes, 514,

680, 843, 1017

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589

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79

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Fees for Shipping and Discharge... 54
Fiji Islands, The ...

456
Fisheries of Norway, The ... ... 422
Fishing Vessels, Lights of ... ...

880
Fiume, Port of ...

962
Flag of Government of Victoria,
Australia

246
Florida Peninsula, Projected Canal
Across ... ..

613
Free Trade versus Protection ... 189
French Ports, Log-books to be pro-

duced ... ... ... 911
Galatea, The Case of the ... ...
General Average ...

135
Geologic Strata and Atmospheric
Circulation ..

163
German Courts of Inquiry... ... 31
Gray, Mr. Thomas ... ...

228

*
Greenwich Hospital
Gulf of St. Lawrence, Telegraphic
Communication

248
Ganboats, Sir William Armstrong's 771

PAGE
Lights of Pilot Vessels ...

407
Lights on Board Ship

56
Liverpool Labour Dispute ...

238
Liverpool Seamen's Dispensary 763
Lloyd's Yacht Register ... 1007
Log.books to be Produced in French

Ports ....
Loss of Life at Sea, 1877-8 ..
Maintenance of International Sea
Lights ... ...

913
Marine Inventions, 70, 173, 251, 351,

436, 533, 618, 720, 805, 890, 974, 1052
Marine Life-saving Apparatus ... 335
Master, Extra, Examination for ... 609
Mercantile Fleet, Our ... ...
Mercantile Marine Legislation
Mercantile Marine of Italy
Mercantile Marine, Scurvy in the... 668
Merchant Vessels, Their Use for

War Parposes ... ...
Meteorology, Atmospherical De.
pressions ...

392
Meteorology, Atmospheric Circula.
tion ...

*** ***
Mild

*.1, 849, 939
Movement in Shipbuilding, The ... 1022
Mullens, Case of William ... ... 228
Naval Reserve in the Colonies ... 233
Naval Reserves-Admiral Superin-

tendent ... ... .. .
Naval Tactics

. 553
Navigation, On Certain Short

Methods in ... ... 130, 241
Newfoundland, Shoal Patches on

Great Bank ... 959, 1038, 1042
North-East Passage, The 400, 522,

856, 941
Norway, The Fisheries of ... ...
Obi and Yenesei Rivers, Commercial

Voyages to
Ordnance on Board Ship, Plan for

Traversing and Training
Oar Mercantile Fleet ... ... 37

13

Steel

857

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Havre, Port of ... ... ... 409
Health of Seamen 273, 559, 763, 1041
Heavenly Body, To find the Ampli.
tude, &c.

...
...

... 597, 958
Helm Signals

c. 148, 166
How do Storms Originate ... ... 687
Huascar, Capture of the ... ... 1001
Hudson's Bay Route to British

North America... ... ... 728
Illuminated Buoy, An .. ... 140
Improved Aspect of Trade, The ... 1012
Indraught on W. Coast of S. Africa 1073
Inquiries into Wrecks ... 31, 57
International Lighthouses...

913
Iron and Steel Armour-plates 312, 388
Iron Ships' Compasses ...

102
Italian Mercantile Marine ...

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692

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Panama Canal, The Proposed
Peru and Chili, War Between 593, 1001
Pilotage, Compulsory
Pilot Regalations, Japan ...

787
Pilot Vessels' Lights
Port of Fiume, The...
Port of Le Havre ...
“Port” and “Starboard," The

Terms 24, 212, 339, 343, 426, 697
Princess Alice and Buuell Castle
Collision 44, 700, 803, 888,

1010, 1043

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