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SHIPBUILDING, 1878.

Dorts.

...

2,619

SAILING SHIPS. No. of Ships No. of Ships Gross Tonnage Gross Tonnage 1878. 1877. 1878.

1877. Aberdeen ... 3 ... 7

4,412 Banff ... 13 ... 14 ... 2,410 ... 2,415 Barrow ... 7 ... 6 ... 1,346 ... 2,124 Belfast ... 2 ... 8 ... 3,462

9,343 Bristol

16

614 Cowes

267

254 Dartmouth ...

3,336

4,494 Dandee ...

2,153

5,281 Faversham

1,155

1,194 Glasgow ...

46,190 54,439 Greenock ...

3,707

6,049 Grimsby ...

1,894

3,486 Hartlepool

1,543

2,740 Hull ...

2,458

3,301 Jersey ...

328

525 Liverpool ...

12,665 23,035 London ...

2,090

1,647 Lowestoft ...

541 Middlesbro'...

3,089 Newcastle ...

182

83 Plymouth ... 18

848 Port Glasgow

6,781 10,674 Portsmouth

309

843 Rochester ...

656

966 1,198

1,129 Southampton

3,588

11,175 Stockton ...

1,499

3,146 Sunderland

18,440 32,152 Whitehaven

3,526

3,424 Workington...

1,064

1,884 Yarmouth

42
1,689

1,817 Other Ports 165

18,011

19,137

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288

917

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Rye

177

Totals

596

724

145,787

212,661

SHIPBUILDING, 1878.

STEAMSHIPS.

1878.

15

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No. of Ships No. of Ships Gross Tonnage Gross Tonnage Ports. 1878. 1877.

1877. Glasgow ... 111 85 ... 99,846 ... 64,439 Greenock ... 19

... 18,837

9,621 Port Glasgow

12,760

7,678 Sunderland

81,716

69,287 Newcastle ...

96,979 76,039 North Shields 24

16,388

2,045 South Shields

7,474

9,801 Liverpool ...

9,995

14,068 Dundee

8,937

6,941 Hartlepool

38,218

84,535 Aberdeen

5,396 London

1,567 Belfast ...

1 8,673 Stockton ... ... 6 23,773

9,051 Middlesbro 12

13,725 23,875 Hull

... 3 10,800 5,874 Leith

... 2
1,345

216 Barrow

12 12,357 13,499 Whitby

10,573 7,071 Southampton

5,488

2,124 Whitehaven 1

1,273 Other Ports 32

5,395

3,142 Totals :Steamships 505

491,515 363,286 Sailing Ships 596 ... 724 ... 145,787 216,261

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Grand Total

1,101

1,128

637,302

579,547

From the above it will be seen that there is a good increase over 1877 in the number and tonnage of steamships built in 1878, but a decrease in the number of sailing vessels.

WEATHER FORECAST FOR FEBRUARY, 1879.

THE CURRENTS OR TENDENCY OF THE AIR OVER THE BRITISH ISLANDS

FOR THE Month OF FEBRUARY, 1879.

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E.N.E. 4 E. by N. 11 W. 9 W. by N. 8 W. N.W. 6 N.W. 6 N.N.W. 4 3 N. by W. 3 3 4 N. by E. 6 N.N.E. 9 E.N.E. 11 E. by N. 7 W. 5 W.N.W. 4 4 N.W. 3 N.N.W. 3 3 3 4 4 N.N.E.

N.E.

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2 m.
3 m.

9 a.
9 S.W.

9 a.

10 a. 11 w.8.w.

10 a.

6 m. 6 m. 8 m.

NOTE.—Current due to the Sun at first S. Easterly; then conflicting Currents or
Calms; and, towards end of month, S. Westerly.

REMARKS.
1. The Table indicates
Strong Westerly tendency from the 1st to the 5th inclusive.
Northerly

6th 13th
Easterly

14th 19th Sontherly

20th 26th Westerly

on the 27th and 28th.

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2. An examination of past weather would lead us to expect that

From the 3rd to the 11th would be the stormiest period.

, 12th , 20th anticyclonic (fine)

„ 21st , 28th changeable. Temperature probably low, as the Northerly and Easterly currents

are of the longest duration. 3. The Westerly and Easterly currents doubtless overlap each other to some extent, and if equally balanced will produce these calms, with their attendants, fogs and mist; but if unequally, storms. The change from the Westerly to the Easterly currents, stated in the Forecast as occurring about the 11th or 12th, will probably take place earlier in the North than in the South, while on the other hand the change from the Easterly to the Westerly, occurring about the 20th or 21st, will take place earlier in the South.

4. Whilst the Moon is going South, or from the 3rd to the 15th, the normal changes of wind are: East, backing to North and West, calm, changing at once to East, backing to North, and so on. Fine weather during this period, with winds Westerly in the North, drawing round through North to Easterly, in the South. Again, whilst the Moon is coming North, or from the 16th February to the 2nd of March, the normal changes are: West, backing to South and East, calm; changing at once to West backing to South, and so on. Fine weather during this period, with winds Easterly in the South, drawing through South to Westerly in the North.

D. D.

WATCH AND Watch.—In reference to the publication in our January number of the opinions held at certain ports on this subject, the statement as regards Hull, on page 87, requires modification, and should run as follows :-“That there appears to be no objection, legally or otherwise, to a competent third mate holding a second or higher grade certificate, taking charge of a watch or of the bridge in a steamship, if the Master approve the same."

QUICK PASSAGE FROM SYDNEY TO SAN FRANCISCO.—On a recent trip the steamer, City of Sydney, 3,000 tons, Captain Dearborn, made the fastest steaming time on record between Sydney and San Francisco. She was just 628 hours (26 days, 4 hours) en route, including stoppages, and landed the mails 2 days ahead of time. -New York Maritime Register.

TIDE TABLES FOR FEBRUARY, 1879.
Also Ports of Reference for the Constants in the next Table.
NORTII
DEVON

WESTONI
LEITH.

LIVER
PORT. DOVER. SUPER
SHIELDS

| GREEN JQUEENS- KINGS. LONDON.

POOL.
MARE.

OCK. TOWN TOWN. DERRY.
A.M. P.M. A.M. P.M. A.M. P.. A.M. P.M.A.M. P.M.A.M. P.M.A.M.P.M.A.M.P.M.A.M. P.M. P.M.

LONDON
BRIDGE

IIULL.

BREST.

WEEK

*AYE HLKOTO

DAY.

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0 8 82 0 29 1 8 10 8 10 41 8 56 9 85 11 33 - 5 8 5 42 0 19 0 555 19 6 05 59 6 86 11 21 -

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371 2 21 6 461 7 801 7 17 8 0 0 8 0 4cl 6 98 7 18 8 571 4 84 11 46 -
10 43 u 291 2 57 3 8 0 4 0 42 11 85 -

43 8 23/ 8
1 34 2 16 7 43 8 23 3 51 8 491 8 10 8 481 8 421 9 22 1 29 2 11 7 56 8 881 5

1 9
- 0 2 4 18 4 461 1 181 1 471 0 12 0 411 2 58 3 89/ 8 58 9 261 4 271 4 591 9 20 9 46 9 5510 22 2 40 3 14 9 7 9 866 2 6 26) i 42 2 9
31 1 8 5 12 5 84 2 11 3 83 1 5 1 28 4 10 4 8- 9 50 10 14 5 28 5 56/10 7 10 28 10 47 11 11 9 411 4 110 110 28 6 481 7 10 2
2 10 5 2 5 2010 87 10 59 6

49 11 10 11 34 11 564 28 4 49 10 42 11 17 82 7 63 3
6 87 6 5€ 3 82 851) 3

11 21 11 4 7 24 11 80 11 500 185 81 11 20 11 39 8 12 8 55 4 15
18 7 31 4 10 4 80
20 6 81
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85 4 51
581 8 11 4 501 5 10 3 45 4

26 O 48 8 22 8 41 0 30 0 50 1 181 1 38 6 31 6 51 0 18 0 889 24 9 42 5 13 5 32
10 1
8 38 8 58 5 501 4 24

9 19 1 9 1 28

1 19 10 110 20 5 51
8 9 18 9 38 6 16 32 5 6
8 511 1 2 13 9 88 9 56 1 48 2

2 587 51 8 11 1 40 10 4011 1 6 31 6 51
42 9 58 10 18 6 53 7 14 5 49 6 11 9 10 9 29 2 34 2 5610 18 10 29 2 28 2 46 88 8 30 8 49 2 22 11 2411 51 7 12 7 94
8 6 20 10 4011 ( 7 87 88 6 34 7 9 5010 12 3 16 3 8810 48 11 10 8 8 3

9 10 9 36 37 - 023 7 59 8 25 51 7 1811 381 - 8 35 9 10 7 30 8 710 3411 2 4 30 11 - 3 58 4

3 10 34 4 0

0 1 418 55 9 31 48 8 25 0 14 0 37 8 48 9 31 11 34 -75 1 5 390 0 51 5 8

16 - 5 14

28 3 1410 1411 4
9 58 1 35
10 1811 3 0 15 1 1 6 21 7

2 28 6 48 7 37 70 5 0 58 6 99 7 24 3 58 4 39 11
11 9 3 8 8 3 400 9 0 51 11 44 1 47 2 33 7 55 8 35 3 4 2 8 21 9 0 8 53 9 84 1 40 2 24 8 6 8 10 5 14 5 47 0 41
- 0 12 4 251 4 591

3 54 9 9 9 371 4 41 5 14) 9 31 9 5510 710 85) 2 59 3 281 9 19 9 48 6 11 6 35 1 54 2 20
0 46 1 12 5

2 42 1 23 4 49 10 1

17 10 37 10 58 11 20 3 51 4 14 10 11 10 30 6 57 7 19 2 1 85 1 57 6

17 5 11 5 3310

56 11 14 11 42

10 4811 6 7 39 7 583 22 3 40 2 17 2 34 6 431 7 87) 3 54)

32 11 49 0 2

11 22 11 39 8 15 8 30 2 50 3 7 18 7 34 101 4 26

6 27 6 44 0 1 7 41 7 57 - 0 0 0 881

11 55 - 8 45 8 59 31 4 46

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7 53 8 61 1 1 37 9 6 9 19 1 21 9 18 9 3 6 13 6 28

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40 9 58 10 11 2 18 2 7 18 7 40 6 15 6 86 9 15 9 81) 3 15 10 25 10 44 2 49

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