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KING RICHARD II.

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KING RICHARD THE SECOND.
EDMUND of LANGLEY, Duke of York, Uncles to the
JOHN of GAUNT, Duke of Lancaster,

King. HENRY, surnamed BOLINGBROKE, Duke of Hereford,

afterwards King Henry the Fourth, Son to John of Gaunt. DUKE of AUMERLE, now Albermarle, a Town in Nore

mandy, Son to the Duke of York.
MOWBRAY, Duke of Norfolk.
DUKE of SURREY.
EARL of SALISBURY.
LORD BERKLEY.
BUSHY,
BAGOT,

Creatures to KING RICHARD.
GREEN,
EARL of NORTHUMBERLAND,
PERCY, Son to NORTHUMBERLAND.
LORD ROSS, now Roos, one of the Duke of Rutland's Titles,
LORD WILLOUGHBY.
LORD FITZWATER.
BISHOP of CARLISLE.
SIR STEPHEN SCROOP.
LORD MARSHAL ; and another Lord.
ABBOT of WESTMINSTER.
SIR PIERCE of EXTON.
Captain of a Band of Welchmen.
QUEEN to KING RICHARD.
DUTCHESS of GLOSTER.
DUTCHESS of YORK.
Ladies, attending on the Queen.
Heralds, two Gardiners, Keeper, Messenger, Groom, and other

Attendants.

SCENE, - dispersedly, in ENGLAND and WALES.

This Play, like the former, was taken from our old English Historians, chiefly from Holirjhed, whofe very language, as well as arguments, Shakipeare sometimes adopts, with very small variation: It was written about the year 1597, and comprises little more than the transactions of idic two lait years of this Prince's reign.

THE

THE LIFE AND DEATH OF

KING

RICHARD II.

ACT I. SCENE I.

The Court.

Enter King Richard, John of Gaunt, with other nobles and

attendants.

:

K. Rich, Old John of Gaunt, time-honour'd Lancaster,
Haft thou, according to thy oath and · band,
Brought hither Henry Hereford thy bold son ;
Here to make good the boisterous late appeal,
Which then our leisure would not let us hear,
Against the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ?

Gaunt. I have, my liege.

K. Rich. Tell me moreover, haft thou founded him,
If he appeal the duke on ancient malice;
Or worthily, as a good subject should,
On some known ground of treachery in him?

Gaunt. As near as I could sift him on that argument,-
On some apparent danger seen in him,
Aim'd at your highness, no inveterate malice.

K. Rich. Then call them to our presence; face to face,
And frowning brow to brow, ourselves will hear
The accuser, and the accused, freely speak :-

* band, ]-bond, pledge.

appeal ]--accule.

High-stomach'd are they both, and full of ire,
In rage deaf as the sea, hasty as fire.

Enter Bolingbroke and Mowbray. Boling. May many years of happy days befal My gracious sovereign, my most loving liege !

Mowb. Each day still better other's happiness; Until the heavens, envying earth's good hap, Add an immortal title to your crown!

K. Rich. We thank you both: yet one but flatters us, As well appeareth by the cause you come ; Namely, to appeal each other of high treason.-Cousin of Hereford, what dost thou object Against the duke of Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray ?

Boling. First (heaven be the record to my speech!)
In the devotion of a subject's love,
Tendering the precious safety of my prince,
And free from other misbegotten hate,
Come I appellant to this princely presence.
Now, Thomas Mowbray, do I turn to thee,
And mark my greeting well; for what I speak,
My body shall make good upon this earth,
Or my divine soul answer it in heaven. .
Thou art a traitor, and a miscreant ;
Too good to be so, and too bad to live ;
Since, the more fair and cryftal is the sky,
The uglier seem the clouds that in it fly.
Once more, the more to aggravate the note,
With a foul traitor's name stuff I thy throat ;
And wish, (so please my sovereign) ere I move,
What my tongue speaks, my fright-drawn sword may

prove.
right-drawn)-drawn in a right, or just cause.

Mowb.

c

Mowb. Let not my cold words here accuse my zeal: Tis not the crial of a woman's wat, The bitter clamour of two eager tongues, Can arbitrate this cause betwixt us twain ; The blood is hot, that must be cool'd for this. Yet can I not of such tame patience boaft, As to be hush'd, and nought at all to say: First, the fair reverence of your highness curbs me, From giving reins and spurs to my free speech ; Which else would poft, until it had return'd These terms of treason doubled down his throat, Setting aside his high blood's royalty, And let him be no kinsman to my liege, I do defy him, and I fpit at him ; Call him—a Nanderous coward, and a villain ; Which to maintain, I would allow him odus; And meet him, were I ty'd to run a-foot Even to the froz:7 "ridges of the Alps, Or any other ground inhabitable Where 'ever Englishman durft set his foot. Mean time, let this defend my loyalty, — By all my hopes, most falsely doth he lie.

Boling. Pale trembling coward, there I throw my gage Disclaiming here the kindred of a king; And lay aside my high blood's royalty, Which fear, not reverence, makes thee to except: If guilty dread hath left thee so much strength, As to take up mine honour's pawn, then stoop; By that, and all the rites of knighthood else, Will I make good against thee, arm to arm, What I have spoken, or thou "canst devise.

ridges of the Alps, the Alps lying in ridges. e unbibitable.

fever)-never. gaga, ]---glove, gauntlet, carnest of challenging. cams score deste-imagine more infamous.

Mowb.

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