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measures of the results of agriculture, for the information of the commercial world, for the use of legislators, Federal and State Departments of Agriculture, State colleges of agriculture and extension services, county agents, State and local associations of farmers and live-stock growers, and others.

Inasmuch as the Government crop and live stock reports and estimates depend for their economic value to producers, distributors, and consumers, on their timeliness and their prompt and widespread distribution, and as the value of much information, especially such as relates to sudden crop damage, is lost by 'withholding it for the monthly publication, and as estimates of perishable crop production, such as fruit and truck crops, are desired at short intervals, it is recommended that the Monthly Crop Reporter be continued and issued weekly after June 30, 1919, under the title “ Weekly Crop Reporter." The need for a weekly publication was not urgent until the Bureau of Crop Estimates undertook and developed a crop reporting service, especially for commercial fruit production and for truck-crop production in 1915 and 1916, and established a Weekly Truck Crop News in 1918. The Weekly Truck Crop News is issued in multigraph form at greater expense than would be the cost of printing. The service to the public, especially producers, would be greatly enhanced in timeliness and value by the weekly publication of crop and live-stock estimates.

SEED REPORTER.

use.

1. Name of publication: Seed Reporter. 2. Issued monthly.

3. Issued by the Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets Seed Reporting Service.

4. Authorized by the Secretary of Agriculture under the food production act (sec. 2 of Public, No. 40, 65th Cong.).

5. Date of first issue: November, 1917.
6. Printed by the Tucker-Kenworthy Co., Chicago.
7. Number of copies printed of last issue: 25,000.

8. Distribution: Approximately 5,000 copies are for official distribution to governmental and State agencies; 20,000 for free public

9. Annual receipts from subscriptions: None.

10. Annual expense of printing and issuing: Approximately $4,500.

11. Indirectly the larger amount expended by the Seed Reporting Service might be charged to the printing of the Seed Reporter, but inasmuch as much material is not published, it is thought best to give an estimate of the direct cost of preparing the publication for printing, which is approximately $3,000.

12. Total annual cost of publication: Estimated to be $7,500.

13. Inasmuch as the Seed Reporting Service is a field service and has for its object the dissemination of seed information as economically and efficiently as possible, it is urgently necessary that the Seed Reporter be printed at some point where the distribution will be synchronized as much as possible. Because of the central location and excellent mail service at Chicago, that city was selected at which to

print the Seed Reporter. The Seed Reporter is mailed on the first
Saturday after the 4th of the month, and by being distributed from
Chicago it reaches the readers in over 90 per cent of the important
field seed markets on Monday morning. Because much of the infor-
mation contained in the Seed Reporter is especially valuable only
when new, it is obvious that a minimum amount of time should be
consumed in printing and distributing each issue.

14. The Seed Reporter does not duplicate the work of any other
Government publication. The Monthly Crop Report relates to pro-
duction of many kinds of crops, among which are a few crops used
for planting purposes. The Seed Reporter relates to marketing of
seeds that are used primarily for planting purposes, and goes into
production only when that subject is very closely associated with
marketing activities and is not covered in sufficient detail by the
Bureau of Crop Estimates.

15. The Seed Reporter has filled a long-felt want, affording infor-
mation to many growers, dealers, and important consumers of seeds.

There is no governmental or commercial agency that gives the infor-
mation the Seed Reporting Service gives through the columns of the
Seed Reporter, and makes it available to the farmer. The Bureau
of Crop Estimates regularly obtains some data concerning the pro-
duction of clover seed and sugar-beet seed, and the Seed Trade
Reporting Bureau of Chicago furnishes, during the fall, some infor-
mation concerning seed crop conditions and movement to those
dealers (about 50 to 75 in number) who consider it of any value
and can afford to purchase it at a cost of about $100. It is the
purpose of the department to discontinue the Seed Reporter and
Food Surveys at the end of the fiscal year 1919, and to publish in
the Market Reporter, to be issued thereafter, such information on
seed stocks and food supplies as may be needed.

FOOD SURVEYS.

1. Name of publication: Food Surveys.

2. Issued monthly, and in addition approximately 10 special issues
during the year.

3. Íssued by the Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Markets,
food survey section.

4. Authorized by the Secretary of Agriculture under the food pro-
duction act. (Sec. 8, Public, No. 40, 65th Cong.)

5. Date of first issue: April 29, 1918.
6. Printed by Industrial Printing Co., Baltimore, Md.

7. Number of copies printed of last issue: 18,000 copies printed of
last regular monthly issue.

8. Distribution: Official circulation, 9,000 copies; free public cir-
culation, 9,000 copies.

9. Annual receipts from subscriptions: None.

10. Annual expense of printing and issuing: Estimated cost dur-
ing fiscal year 1919, $27,162.20.

11. Annual cost of preparing publication for printing: Estimated
cost of preliminary preparation of material for press, not including
the cost of tabulating returns, $6,000.

12. Total annual cost of publication: Estimated $33,162.20.

13. This publication has been printed by a Baltimore firm because
during the war emergency the Government Printing Office was un-
able to deliver it quickly enough to make it of value to the Food Ad-
ministration and other agencies interested in the conservation of
food. This firm has made delivery within three days after return
of proof and has rendered excellent service.

14. The publication is not a duplication, in whole or in part, of
any other Government publication, and it does not relate to work
which any other branch of the Government service has undertaken
or is authorized by law to perform.

15. It is desired to continue the publication of Food Surveys until
July 1, 1919, when the appropriation for this work expires, for the
following reasons:

(a) The information now being secured under the specific au-
thority of Congress would be of little value if not presented to the
public through Food Surveys.

(6) Over 8,000 persons have made specific requests that their
names be placed on the mailing list to receive the regular monthly
issues. Several thousand of these requests have been received during
the last 60 days.

(c) The May and June reports will afford an interesting basis of
comparison in connection with the corresponding numbers for 1918
(First number issued Apr. 29, 1918.)

(d) It is the purpose of the department to discontinue the Food
Surveys and the Seed Reporter at the end of the fiscal year 1919 and
to publish in the Market Reporter, thereafter to be issued, such infor
mation on food supplies and seed stocks as may be needed.

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1 See pp. 30–46 for exhibits.
All of the publications issued by the Weather Bureau have the
authority of law under the following acts of Congress:

Act of October 1, 1890, c. 1266, 26 Stat., p. 653, which is the organic act creat
ing the Weather Bureau by transfer from the Signal Corps of the United State
Army and broadly defining its duties.

Act of January 12, 1893, c. 23, 28 Stat., p. 613, authorizing the report of the
chief of the bureau, and c. 23, pp. 622 and 623, of the same act which authorized

the printing of maps, charts, bulletins, and minor reports of the Weather Bureau in such numbers as the Secretary of Agriculture may deem for the best interests of the Government.

Act making appropriation for the Weather Bureau, Agricultural bill, public, 219, 65th Cong., approved October 1, 1918, which appropriates funds and positions for printers, pressmen, and other necessary employees both in Washington and the field necessary for the printing and dissemination of the information contained in the publications. This act also specifically provides for the maintenance by the Weather Bureau of a printing office in Washington.

Sundry civil act, approved July 1, 1918, containing provisions for public printing and binding, which appropriates not to exceed $47,000 for the Weather Bureau.

The work of the Weather Bureau is individual in character, and its publications are not duplicated by any other branch of the Government service. Each and every report is essential, is in demand, and its discontinuance would be a serious loss to the public that is served thereby. On account of the limited funds, the exigencies created by the war, and the necessity for the strictest economy, the question of printing has received my serious consideration for many months past. Nothing that is not considered essential is being published, and lists have been purged from time to time in order to keep the issues at a minimum, save paper, and avoid waste.

A large part of the work of the Weather Bureau is peculiar, inasmuch as the value of most of its publications is based upon current data and must be issued to the public immediately. For this reason it is necessary to maintain a printing plant at the Weather Bureau office in Washington and small presses at all important field stations. At a number of these stations where the volume of printing work is comparatively large printers are employed who are specifically provided for by Congress in our statutory roll. At many other stations where the amount of printing is limited the work is done by assistant observers and apprentices in addition to their meteorological duties.

Practically all the reports in the field are printed in the Weather Bureau offices. The only work done by contract is the Monthly Climatological Data reports issued for the Hawaiian Island and Alaska. On account of distance, this work can not be done other than locally, because the transmission of copy and proof in the mails would involve such delay as to seriously affect the value of the reports. As no weather maps are issued from these centers, the installation of printing presses would not be justified. The work can be done far more economically by contract. The annual cost of the contract printing for the Hawaiian reports is $647.

The only new publication for which authority to print is requested is the bulletin relating to the work of volcanology, which was authorized by specific language in the appropriations for the Weather Bureau as contained in the act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, and $10,000 was made available therefor. This work has been in operation for two months only at the Volcano Kileuau, on the Hawaiian Islands. The investigations were formerly conducted by the Hawaiian Research Association, and the result of the observations and records made at Kileuau and notes pertaining to investigations in volcanology were printed monthly. It is necessary that the Weather Bureau continue these reports, but the exact form has not been determined. A copy of the report issued by the Hawaiian Research Association is furnished herewith. The report to be issued by the Weather Bureau will follow similar lines. Authority for its publication is requested. The work will be done by contract at Honolulu at an estimated cost of about $600. It is not feasible to have it done at the Government Printing Office in Washington, because of the distance and the great delay that would result.

Accompanying this report are detailed reports in the form of exhibits accompanying each of the publications.

THE MARKET REPORTER.

1. Name of publication: The Market Reporter.

It is proposed to include in this publication such information that is now being printed in the Seed Reporter and Food Surveys as will continue to be secured under the authority of the regular appropriations for the Bureau of Markets. This publication will also make permanently available certain information now being collected by the Market News Service on fruits and vegetables, live stock and meats, dairy and poultry products, and grain and hay, and sent out in mimeographed form. It will be utilized also in making permanently available other marketing information collected by the Bureau of Markets, such as the stocks of and consumption of wool, stocks of hides and skins, animal hair, etc., which information is now being issued as soon as compiled in mimeographed form. It will also be used as the medium for publishing information regarding foreign markets for agricultural products that is of special interest to producers at this time. It is not intended, however, to take the place of such market news service reports as must be sent out within a few hours after they are compiled.

2. It will be issued weekly with occasional other issues giving special information that needs timely distribution in order to be of immediate service.

3. The Market Reporter will be issued by the Bureau of Markets, United States Department of Agriculture.

4. Authority to continue printing until June 30, 1919, the Seed Reporter and Food Surveys has been requested of the Joint Committee on Printing in accompanying memoranda. Authority to print the Market Reporter in lieu of the Seed Reporter and Food Surveys after July 1, 1919, is hereby requested. Authority for collecting the information that would be published in the Market Reporter is contained in the following extracts from the Agricultural appropriation act for 1919 (Public, 219, 65th Cong.):

For acquiring and diffusing among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with the marketing and distributing of farm and nonmanufactured food products and the purchasing of farm supplies, independently and in cooperation with other branches of the department, State agencies, purchasing and consuming organizations, and persons engaged in the transportation, marketing, and distributing of farm and food products, $292.240.

For collecting and distributing, by telegraph, mail, and otherwise, timely information on the supply, commercial movement, disposition, and market prices of fruits and vegetables, $196,660.

To enable the Secretary of Agriculture to gather from stockmen, live-stock associations, State live-stock and agricultural boards, common carriers, stockyards, commission firms, live-stock exchanges, slaughtering and meat-packing companies, and others information relative to the number of different classes

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