페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

STEPS—Continued

TIME INVOLVED—Continued 5. Public hearings.- No earlier The public hearings are held usuthan 30 days after publication of ally, over a 2 to 4 day period. A the draft environmental state- period of at least 45 days is ment, a public hearing is held in then provided during which the vicinity of the proposed sale. all comments can be received Notice of the hearings is published and studied. in the Federal Register, and a news release is issued. Environmental organizations, the academic community, Government representatives, industry, and the general public are invited to testify orally or in writing.

6. Final statement.-A final en- Preparation of the final environvironmental impact statement is mental statement may take prepared. This document provides from 2 to 4 months. During the a basis for deciding whether or not preparation and review of the to hold a sale, to delete particular environmental statements, getracts, or to place restrictions on ologists, geophysicists, and enspecific tracts. The final statement

gineers prepare detailed estiis made available to the public, mates of the value of each tract with notice of availability pub- being considered for sale. lished in the Federal Register and disseminated by news release. At this point the EPA may file a protest with CEQ if it feels that aspects of the final EIS are deficient.

7. Decision by the secretary.-A The Secretary of the Interior “Program Decision Option Docu- makes his decision no earlier ment,” prepared by BLM, outlines than 30 days after the submisthe various options available to the sion of the final environmental Secretary. The Secretary of the In- statement to the Council on Enterior decides whether the pro- vironmental Quality, and as posed sale will be held, based on all much as 4 months after. pertinent information available. If the decision is that a sale will be held, determinations are made concerning which tracts will be offered, and what the lease terms will be.

8. Notice of sale. If a decision The notice of sale is published at is made to hold a sale, a notice is least 30 days in advance. Notice published in the Federal Register may be given later concerning stating the date, place, and time all the particulars. that bids are to be opened, the tracts to be included in the sale, the terms under which the sale will be held, and any special stipulations that may be imposed on particular tracts.

STEPS

TIME INVOLVED 9. Lease sale.-Typically, leases A period of no more than 30 days are sold on the basis of a cash bo- is involved between the lease nus with a one-sixth fixed royalty. sale and an issuance of a lease The sale is publicly opened with a to a successful bidder. During reading of all sealed bids. After this time the USGS makes its the public reading, the bids are recommendations on the acceptchecked for technical and legal ance or rejection of the highest adequacy, and sufficient bonus, 20 bid. percent of which must accompany the bid. The Federal government reserves the right to reject any or all bids. Acceptance or rejection of bids is not made until after the post-sale evaluation. Leases are awarded to acceptable high bidders.

10. Oil and gas lease contract.- An oil and gas lease covers a comAn oil and gas mineral lease pact area not exceeding 5,760 grants the right to the lessee to acres, and the primary term is conduct necessary operations to 5 years, continuing thereafter search for, discover, and produce as long as oil and gas may be petroleum from OČS submerged produced in paying qualities or lands in accordance with environ- approved workover operations mental and safety regulations. The are conducted. Federal government reserves such rights as: leasing of other minerals, royalty in the amount or value of production, and the right to extract helium from all gas produced.

11. Exploratory drilling plan. The securing of initial permits After securing the necessary per

up

to 6 months. Submits from the Corps and EPA, mission of the exploratory the company submits an explora- drilling plan by a company tory drilling plan to USGS. After

may take up to 3 months. Preppreparing an environmental as- aration of an environmental sessment the permit to drill is is- assessment of the plan may take sued by USGS. Under the CZM from 1 to 12 months, and withAct, States with approved man- in 1 week of that assessment a agement plans have to certify that permit good for 6 months is isexploratory drilling plans are con- sued. A permit for each well is sistent with their management required. State objections could programs.

add 9 months to the time re

quired for permits. 12. Development plan.-Devel- The Governor has up to 60 days opment plans are first submitted to review and respond to the deto the Governor of the affected velopment plan. State objecStates. States with approved man- tions could add 9 months to the agement plans will again have to time required for permits. Govcertify consistency. The plan is ernmental review and approval

may take

STEPS—Continued

TIME INVOLVED—Continued then reviewed by Interior, where a of the development plan takes new EIS is required. After ap- between 6-12 months. proval a permit to install a platform is issued. Additional permits from the Corps, EPA and Coast Guard are required.

13. Permitting of development Industry construction and instalactivities.-Drilling permits are is- lation of platform takes from sued by USGS for each well. The one to several years depending pipeline permit request is reviewed on a number of variables. Drillby several agencies. Pipeline cor- ing permits are issued within ridor routes are reviewed. Pipe- 1 week to 1 month by USGS. permit is issued.

Since it is a new process, no estimates for pipeline permit

ting are available. 14. Commercial production be- Continued regulatory requiregins.

ments must be met, including monthly reports to USGS, approval for well modification or abandonment by USGS, inspection of pipelines by the Office of Pipeline Safety, and compliance with OSHA and other regulations.

IV. RECENT OCS DEVELOPMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES The United States Outer Continental Shelf

The total area of the Outer Continental Shelf is approximately onethird the size of the United States. However, only a small fraction (14.4 million acres or about 3 percent of the U.S. continental margin) has been leased for oil and gas development.

Practically all of the Federal OCS lease tracts which have been sold since 1954 are in the Gulf of Mexico, off the coasts of Louisiana and Texas. 185 tracts (988,170 acres) have been leased off Southern California, particularly in the Santa Barbara Channel area.

With the exception of certain portions of the Gulf of Mexico shelf off the shores of Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida, three other segments of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf comprise so-called “frontier” areas where no previous federal oil and gas leasing had occurred.

These areas are: the Alaskan continental shelf, consisting of the Gulf of Alaska, the Bering Sea, the Chukchi Sea, the Beaufort Sea, and Prudhoe Bay; the Southern California basins, as well as offshore Oregon and Washington; and the Atlantic shelf, including the Georges Bank off New England, the Baltimore Canyon Trough (off New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland), the Southeast Georgia Embayment from South Carolina to Florida, and the Blake Plateau off northern Florida and Georgia.

Figure 1 presents an overall view of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf. More detailed maps of OCS areas under consideration for leasing are shown in figures 2, 3, 4 and 5.25

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Bristol

south
Aleutian

Gulf
Alaska

Cook Inlet iz

» Source, Bureau of Land Management, Aug. 3, 1977.

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF AREAS UNDER CONSIDERATION FOR LEASING

GULF OF MEXICO REGION

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

New Orleans

Houston

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Tampa

Corpus Christi

281

St. Petersburg

EASTERN GULF

CENTRAL GULF

241

[ocr errors]

Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management

130°

73°

WESTERN GULF

Fort Meyers

Brownsville

FIGURE 2

+261

26°

***200

22°

[blocks in formation]
« 이전계속 »