« 이전계속 »
ments and resolutions were promulgated by the Atlantic coastal State Governors, the New England Governors of the New England Regional Commission, and the National Governors Conference, among others. The positions of the states generally called for greater participation for adjacent coastal States and communities in the Interior Department OCS decisionmaking, state and local access to more geological and geophysical data on oil and gas resources lying off their shores, a separation of exploration and development stages to access the potential impact of OCS activity onshore, and a sharing of Federal OCS revenues or a provision of federal assistance to aid states to plan for and ameliorate the negative effects of OCS activity.
January 15, 1975.—President Ford issued his state of the Union message in which he set forth national energy goals to "reduce oil imports by 1 million barrels of oil per day, to end vulnerability to economic disruption by foreign suppliers by 1986, and to *** have the ability to supply a significant share of the energy needs of the free world by the end of the century."
January 15, 1975.-Senator Ted Stevens of Alaska introduced S. 130, a bill which would distribute a portion of OCS revenues to States.
February 1975.—The House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Subcommittee on Public Lands, held hearings to determine whether or not the United States is getting maximum gas production from wells on public lands including the OCS.
February 1975.--The Interior Department conducted OCS lease sale No. 37 in south Texas. 626,585 acres were leased, and the total amount of the high bids accepted by the Department was $274,690,956.
February 1975.-The Interior Department extended, then later withdrew, an invitation to bid on OCS tracts off the Atlantic Coast. The Department promised the coastal States that it would wait until after a Supreme Court decision on ownership of offshore mineral resources (United States v. Maine).
February 3, 1975.--The administration asked Congress for an extra $3 million in supplementary funds for the Coastal Zone Management program. The money is to be granted to states for OCS-related planning efforts in conjunction with their coastal management work underway.
February 6, 1975.—The Interior Department held hearings in Beverly Hills, Calif., concerning their proposal to lease 1.6 million acres off the California coast. The testimony was generally against the proposal.
February 10, 1975.—Two counties and five towns on New York's Long Island sued the Interior Department to block its plans to sell 10 million acres of offshore tracts for oil and gas development.
February 21, 1975.— A draft environmental impact statement on the proposed 1.6 million acre California lease sale is released by the Interior Department for public review.
February 21, 1975.-New regulations were issued by the Interior Department which bar joint bidding among companies producing more than 1.6 million barrels.
February 24, 1975.—The United States Supreme Court began hearing argument on the cases related to the claims of States to the OCS (United States v. Maine).
March 14, 1975.--The Senate Interior Committee began joint hearings with the Commerce Committee's National Ocean Policy Study on OCS development.
March 26, 1975.—The Interior Department called for nominations of offshore tracts in the mid-Atlantic area.
April 1975.— The Interior Department proposed new regulations defining policies, procedures
and requirements for geological and geophysical exploration of the OCS.
April 17, 1975.—The Supreme Court rules in the United States v. Maine, et al, case that the U.S. Federal Government has the exclusive sovereign rights to the resources of the seabed and subsoil of the Atlantic Ocean seaward of the 3-mile limit.
April 21, 1975.- The House Appropriations Committee began hearings on OCS leasing.
April 22, 1975.—The House adopted H. Res. 412, which established the Ad Hoc Select Committee on the Outer Continental Shelf. The Select Committee is comprised of members from the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries, Judiciary, and Interior and Insular Affairs Committees. Congressman John M. Murphy of New York was appointed Chairman. H.R. 6218 was referred to the committee.
May 1975.-The Interior Department held lease sale No. 38. Tracts in the Central Gulf of Mexico, off Texas and Louisiana, totalling 406,942 acres were sold. High bids which totaled $232,916,050 were accepted by the Department of the Interior.
June 7, 1975.- The House Ad Hoc Select Committee on the OCS held its first public hearings in New Orleans.
June 9, 1975.—The House Select Committee was briefed on various aspects of OCS oil and gas development by the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress, the Office of Technology Assessment, the General Accounting Office, and the staffs of the National Ocean Policy Study and the Interior and Insular Affairs Committee of the Senate.
June 11, 1975.-The Interior Department announced that 20 oil and gas companies requested permission to tap petroleum and natural gas reserves from the Baltimore Canyon structure off New Jersey, New York, Delaware, and Maryland.
June 17, 1975.—The House Select Committee began 3 days of hearings in Washington, D.C.
June 27, 1975.—The House Select Committee left for a 7-day investigative trip to England, Scotland, and Norway for briefings on the offshore drilling experience in the North Sea.
July 9, 1975.—The Interior Department extended the public comment period on the Santa Barbara Channel draft environmental impact statement from July 31 to September 1, 1975.
July 1975.-The Interior Department held OCS lease sale No. 38a in the Central Gulf of Mexico. 336,301 acres off the coasts of Texas and Louisiana were leased with a high bid total of $163,214,006.
July 16, 1975.--The Senate passed S. 586 by a 73–15 vote. The bill would make substantial amendments to the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, including the establishment of an impact fund to assist coastal states to plan for and ameliorate the adverse effects of energy activities in the coastal zone.
July 17, 1975.—The Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Committee reported out favorably S. 521, a bill to amend the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act of 1953.
July 18, 1975. The House Select Committee began 2 days of hearings in New York City to discuss the exploration and development of the Baltimore Canyon trough and the impact of that activity on North Atlantic coastal States and communities.
July 25–26, 1975.—The House Select Committee held hearings in Ocean City, N.J. and Philadelphia, Pa. July 30, 1975.-The Senate passed S. 521 on a 67-19 vote.
August 1975. - The California State legislature passed, and the Governor signed into law, a ban on the laying of any pipelines across State waters to onshore facilities. The restriction extends to 1978 or until the State adopts a long-term coastal plan which is being developed by a State commission.
August 2, 1975.—The House Select Committee began a 7-day schedule of public hearings and investigatory trips to California and Alaska. Hearings were held in Los Angeles, and in San Francisco, in California, and Yakutat, Cordova, and Anchorage, in Alaska. Field investigations were conducted in the Santa Barbara Channel, The Cook Inlet area near Kenai, Alaska, and the North Slope oil pipeline and facilities in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska.
September 12–13, 1975.- The House Select Committee began 2 days of hearings in New London, Conn., and Boston on the impact from potential exploration and development of the Georges Bank area off New England.
September 26, 1975.—The Interior Department prepared a final environmental impact statement for the proposed program to accelerate oil and gas leasing.
September 26, 1975.—The House Select Committee held a public hearing in Ocean City, Md.
October 1975.-The Interior Department approved an accelerated offshore oil and gas leasing plan. The Department opened the way for six lease sales through 1978, including at least one each in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Alaskan frontier areas.
October 1, 1975.—The Interior Department established an OCS Advisory Board with members from the coastal States, the private sector, and the Federal Government. The purpose of the Board is to advise the Department on all aspects of exploration and development of OCS resources.
October 1, 1975.-The Interior Department published the final regulations banning joint bidding among the largest oil companies which produce more than 1.6 million barrels of oil and natural gas equivalent
October 15, 1975.—The California Coastal Zone Conservation Commission held up an oil company permit to drill 17 new wells in State waters within the 3-mile limit at Santa Barbara. The Commission noted that the proposed onshore facilities were unacceptable.
October 31, 1975.-The Interior Department issued a call for nominations for offshore tracts in the western Gulf of Alaska.
November 1975.—The Interior Department approved the first Atlantic offshore stratigraphic tests.
November 4, 1975.-The Interior Department published final regulations providing for new procedures for State governmental participation in OCS decisions, including a 60-day review and comment period on the lease development plan submitted by industry.
November 13, 1975.—The House Select Committee began 3 days of hearings in Washington, D.C. These hearings concluded the committee's public hearings schedule on H.R. 6218.
November 17, 1975.-The USGS revised OCS Order No. 2 in the Federal Register to update requirements for drilling procedures on the OCS in the Pacific area. The order included requirements for well casing and cementing, blowout prevention, mud program supervision and training, directional surveys, hydrogen sulfide, etc.
November 17, 1975.—The United States District Court in Los Angeles rejected a suit brought by the State of California to delay the Interior Department's planned OCS sale off the southern part of the State.
December 5, 1975.-The U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C. turned down a request for an injunction to halt the Interior Department's proposed OCS Sale No. 35 off southern California. The suit was brought by the State of California and a coalition of the State's cities and counties.
December 10, 1975.—The Interior Department released a draft environmental impact statement for proposed OCS sale No. 40 off the Mid-Atlantic Coast in the Baltimore Canyon Trough area.
December 11, 1975.—The Interior Department held OCS lease sale No. 35. 310,049 acres were sold off the coast of southern California with the high bids totaling $417,312,000. As an experiment, three of the tracts were sold with a fixed royalty of 331/3 percent-double the normal rate.
December 23, 1975.-The Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Russell E. Train, recommended to the Interior Department that it postpone indefinitely its scheduled OCS sale of tracts in the northern Gulf of Alaska. Train cited environmental uncertainties and the need for additional study in his letter to the Secretary of the Interior.
January 23, 1976.—The Chairman of the White House Council on Environmental Quality, Russell W. Peterson, asked the Interior Department to delay its scheduled OCS sale of tracts in the northern Gulf of Alaska.
January 23, 1976.- The Interior Department announced an amendment to the joint bidding ban previously promulgated. Under the amendment, major companies may be exempted from the restrictions in frontier high risk, or high cost areas.
January 27, 1976.–Public hearings were held in Atlantic City, New Jersey on the draft Environmental Impact Statement for the proposed OCS lease sale of tracts in the Mid-Atlantic Baltimore Canyon area.
February 1976.-A consortium of oil companies began a $9 million program of stratigraphic testing in the Baltimore Canyon and Georges Bank areas off the Atlantic coast.
February 2, 1976.A barge sank at the mouth of the Potomac, spilling 250,000 gallons of oil into the Chesapeake Bay. Besides polluting beaches and marshes, the spill caused the deaths of thousands of birds.
February 4, 1976.—By a 36–0 vote, the House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee reported out favorably H.R. 3981 (H. Rep. 94–878). The bill, prepared by the Oceanography Subcommittee, chaired by Representative John M. Murphy of New York, amends the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, including the creation of a $1.5 billion Coastal Energy Activity Impact program to provide Federal assistance to coastal States impacted by OCS and other coastal-related energy activities. The comparable Senate legislation is S. 586.
February 18, 1976.-Secretary of the Interior Thomas S. Kleppe announced the decision to move ahead with the northern Gulf of Alaska OCS sale, but reduced the area to be offered for sale from 1.8 million to 1.1 million acres. The Secretary noted that the tracts removed were those determined to be most environmentally or geologically hazardous.
February 18, 1976.—The Interior Department conducted OCS lease sale No. 41. Thirty-four tracts offshore Louisiana and Texas in the Gulf of Mexico were sold for accepted high bids totaling $175.976,493.
February 19, 1975.—The House Judiciary Committee held hearings on the OCS joint bidding ban.
March 2, 1976.—The Interior Department announced the availability of a list of 152 tracts totaling 865,364 acres which are being considered for a possible OCS lease in Alaska's lower Cook Inlet.
March 3, 1976.-Because of restrictions placed on its proposed onshore facilities by the California Coastal Zone Conservation Commission, Exxon Corp. declared its intention to conduct its Santa Barbara OCS extraction and shipping operations outside State waters. The Interior Department indicated that it would not withdraw its approval of the (Exxon) offshore terminal.
March 4, 1976.-The House Select Committee began markup of H.R. 6218.
March 5, 1976.—The Interior Department announced the publication of the final environmental impact statement on possible OCS development in the Santa Barbara Channel under existing law.
arch 11, 1976.-The House passed H.R. 3981, the Coastal Zone Management Act Amendments, by a 370–14 vote.
March 16, 1976.— The Interior Department announced that a list of 299 tracts had been tentatively selected for consideration in proposed OCS sale No. 45. The tracts, totaling 1.6 million acres, are located in the southeastern Bering Sea area offshore Alaska.
March 16, 1976.—The Interior Department asked for industry nominations of tracts for proposed OCS sale No. 47 in the Gulf of Mexico.
March 22, 1976.-The Senate disagreed with the House version of the Coastal Zone Management Act Amendments (H.R. 3981), requested a conference, and appointed Senate Conferees.
March 23, 1976.- The House insisted on its amendments to S. 586 and appointed its Conferees.
March 30, 1976.—A memorandum of understanding was signed between the Bureau of Land Management and the Wildlife Service in relation to interfacing activities associated with the OCS leasing proc