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published, were received immediately from confidential friends of General Washington, or from gentlemen who in respectable official situations, were members of his family during his military command.

It has been the endeavour of the author to display the character of the man who is the subject of the work, by exhibiting in a connected view his actions and his writings; and he has, as far as possible, mąde this exhi. bition in the person of General Washington.

He bas not conceived that he was writing for men of erudition, but for the unlettered portion of the community; and he has for their benefit more particularly studied simplicity of style. Should he be so happy as to obtain their approbation, he will receive an ample reward of his labour.

He entertains no expectation of acquiring, literary fame by this publication, but he hopes to escape the dis, grace of having written an useless booki

Worcester, Massachusetts,

October, 1807.

CHAPTER. V.

Progress and issue of the Northern Campaign-Plan to dis

place General Washington--His Correspondence on the Subject--Letter of General Gates-Remonstrance of the Legislature of Pennsylvania against closing the CampaignObservations of the Commander in Chief

upon

it-Sufferings of the army for the want of Provisions and ClothingMeasures adopted by the Commander in Chief to obtain Supplies—Methods taken to recruit the Army--Sir Henry Clinton appointed Commander in Chief of the British Forces, He evacuates Philadelphia, and marches through New Jersey to New York-General Washington pursues him-Battle of Monmouth-Thanks of Congress to the General and Army General Lee censured--He demands a Court Martial, and is suspended from his command-French Fleet appears on the American Coast Expedition against Rhode Island-It fails—Disaffection between the American and French Offi. cers Measures of the Commander in Chief to prevent the ill consequences of it-Army goes into Winter Quarters in the High Lands

169 Country against the incursions of the British-Sir Henry Clinton moves up the Hudson, rakes possession of Stony and Verplank Points, and fortifies them-Arrangements made for assaulting these posts General Wayne carries Stony Point by storm-The attack upon Verplank failsCongress vote their thanks to General Washington and to the brave Troops employed in this service-They vote General Wayne a medal_Evils of short Inlistments-Plan of the General's to remedy them—The Army in two Divisions erect huts for winter quarters, one near West Point, and the other at Mofristown in New Jersey-The troops suffer through the scarcity of Provisions—Colonel Wadsworth resigns his OfficeConfusion in the Commissary's department—The Commander in Chief is necessitated to apportion supplies of Meat and Flour upon the Counties of New Jersey-The winter excessively cold, and the waters around New York frozen over ; but the Commander in Chief is too weak to avail himself of this opportunity to assail the British Posts--Expedition to Staten Island fails 207

CHAPTER VI.

Plan formed by Congress and the French Minister for the in

vasion of Canada and Nova Scotia-General Washington's objections to it-Delinquency of the United States to prepare for the approaching campaign--The exertions of the General His Letter on the State of the Nation—The Remonstrances of Officers belonging to the New Jersey Brigade to the Legislature of that State-Letters of the Commander in Chief on the Subject-Expedition against the Indians under General Sullivan-He destroys their Towns -The American Army posted for the defence of the High Lands on the North River, and for the protection of the support the War-Supplies apportioned upon the States Exertions of the Commander in Chief-Mutiny in part of the Army_The British make an excursion into New Jersey -The American Troops bravely resist them-The Court of France promises a Naval and Land Armament to act in America -- Preparation to co-operate with it--A French Squadron arrives on the American Coast-Count Rochambeau lands at Newport with five thousand Men-The Amc. rican and French Commanders meet at Hartford to settle the Plan of the Campaign-The Second Division of the French Troops fails--General Arnold becomes a Traitora He corresponds with Major André-André comes on shore

CHAPTER VII.

Amount of Paper Emission--Congress destitute of Means to

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