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according acquired action adapted advantage amount animals appear Asa Gray become bees believe birds breeds called cause cells characters climate closely Cloth colour common considered continued cross descendants developed difficulty distinct domestic doubt edition effects eggs existence extremely fact favourable females flowers forms genera genus give given greater groups habits Hence highly important improved increase individuals inhabitants inherited insects instance instincts intermediate kind known larger less living look males manner means modified namely natural selection naturalists nearly nest never object observed occasionally occur organs origin parent perfect period pigeons plants points present preserved principle probably produced races rank rarely reason relation remarked resemble respect seeds seems seen shown side slight sometimes species structure struggle supposed tend tion tree variability variations varieties vary whole widely young
223 페이지 - If it could be proved that any part of the structure of any one species had been formed for the exclusive good of another species, it would annihilate my theory, for such could not have been produced through natural selection.
71 페이지 - Several writers have misapprehended or objected to the term Natural Selection, Some have even imagined that natural selection induces variability, whereas it' implies only the. preservation of such variations as arise and are beneficial to the being under its conditions of * life.
xxi 페이지 - As many more individuals of each species are born than can possibly survive ; and as, consequently, there is a frequently recurring straggle for existence, it follows that any being, if it vary however slightly in any manner profitable to itself, under the complex and sometimes varying conditions of life, will have a better chance of surviving, and thus be naturally selected.
xv 페이지 - In the distant future I see open fields for far more important researches. Psychology will be based on a new foundation, that of the necessary acquirement of each mental power and capacity by gradation. Light will be thrown on the origin of man and his history.
140 페이지 - It is well known that several animals, belonging to the most different classes, which inhabit the caves of Carniola and of Kentucky, are blind. In some of the crabs the foot-stalk for the eye remains, though the eye is gone; — the stand for the telescope is there, though the telescope with its glasses has been lost. As it is difficult to imagine that eyes, though useless, could be in any way injurious to animals living in darkness, their loss may be attributed to disuse.
51 페이지 - Nothing is easier than to admit in words the truth of the universal struggle for life, or more difficult — at least I have found it so — than constantly to bear this conclusion in mind.
337 페이지 - Cloth, $2.00. DIFFERENT FORMS OF FLOWERS ON PLANTS OF THE SAME SPECIES. With Illustrations. 12mo. Cloth, $1.50. THE POWER OF MOVEMENT IN PLANTS. By CHARLES DARWIN, LL. D., FRS, assisted by FRANCIS DARWIN.
136 페이지 - The limbs divided into great branches, and these into lesser and lesser branches, were themselves once, when the tree was small, budding twigs; and this connection of the former and present buds by ramifying branches may well represent the classification of all extinct and living species in groups subordinate to groups.
136 페이지 - The affinities of all the beings of the same class have sometimes been represented by a great tree. I believe this simile largely speaks the truth. The green and budding twigs may represent existing species ; and those produced during each former year may represent the long succession of extinct species.