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Istronomical, Historical, Political, Financial, Commercial,

Agricultural, Educational, and Religious.

A GENERAL VIEW

OP

THE UNITED STATES,

INCLUDING EVERY DEPARTMENT OF

THE NATIONAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS:

TOGETHER WITH

A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF FOREIGN STATES.

EMBRACING

EDUCATIONAL, RELIGIOUS AND INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS ; FACTS RELATING TO PUBLIC

INSTITUTIONS AND SOCIETIES; MISCELLANEOUS ESSAYS;

IMPORTANT EVENTS; OBITUARIES; ETC.

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US 10105,15

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Entered according to Act of Congresa, in the year 1869,

BY 0. D. CASE & COMPANY, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the District of

Connecticut.

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PREFACE.

This work, the initial volume of a proposed annual publication, has been prepared to meet an increasing demand for information respecting the affairs of the General and State Governments, public institutions, finances, resources, and trade of this country; the political, financial, and social condition of other countries; and various other subjects relating to social and political economy.

Unwearied pains has been taken to collect full and authentic information. By means of official documents, an examination of official records, the aid of national and state officers, and an extensive private correspondence with persons in every state and territory in this country, and with officers of government, and others, in foreign countries, a large amount of matter has been collected, digested, and arranged in a form convenient for reference and study.

Part I. or the Astronomical Department, has full calendar pages, embracing the sun's rising and setting, moon's phases, length and increase of days, and beginning and end of twilight for eight different parallels; the different eras corresponding with 1869; the Jewish and Mahommedan calendars, and other important celestial phenomena. There is a full tide-table, and a table of latitude and longitude and difference of time, for the most important places in the world.

Part II. contains a full list of the principal officers of the General Government, and of the different sessions of Congress from the first Congress to the present time; the Governors of the several States and Territories from their organization; the Members of the fortieth Congress, committees and officers, and of the forty-first as far as elected; an account of the different departments of government, with the principal officers in each department; a full list of Ministers and Consuls to Foreign Countries, and of Foreign Ministers and Consuls in the United States ; Collectors of Customs, Assessors and Collectors of Internal Revenue, an account of the Coast Survey, LightHouse Board and Districts, with officers of each; the Army and Navy, and Army and Navy Lists, U. S. Military and Naval Academies, Military Divisions, Districts and Departments; Freedmen's Bureau; Postal service, Postal regulations, and rates of Domestic and Foreign postage; Judiciary; an account of the Pension Office, Public Lands, and Patent Office; the Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Education, lists of Colleges and Collegiate Institutions, and Professional Schools; Library of Congress; Smithsonian Institution; U. S. Mint and officers; proceedings of Congress,

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