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of Atar fith, composed of a central nucleus, upon his education; after which he went to the furrowed like the hell of the com:non scallop, and university of Montpelier, where he was crrated purting into five principal rays, from each of which A M. in 1705. Ile then began the study of me, fue fereral traniverte procelles, covered with a dicine; and, in two years, obtained the degree of tury dossn.
M. B. having written a dillertation on the cause ASTROPODIA, the star-stone. See ASTERIA, of fermentation, which he defended in a very ijiN..
rited manner. On the 25th of January 1703, he ASTROP-WELLS, a village in Northampton- was created M. D. after which, be applied to the fare, near Banbury, famous foț its mineral wa. study of medical authors, ancient and modern, ter, which is recommended as excellent in female with uncommon affiduity. In 1710, he pubiinubitructions, the gravel, hypochondriac, and fi- ed a treatise on muscular motivil, from which he milar disorders. It is a brilk, ipiritueus, pleasant obtained great reputation. In 1717, he wiis aptaited chalybeate, and it is alto gently purgative. pointed to reach medicine at Montpelier; which It shouid be drauk from three to five quarts in the he did with uncommon perspicuity and clogiance. frenos).
His faine foon rote to such a height, that the king ASTROSCOPE, an astronomical instrument, afligned him an annual salary, and appointed him comporal of two cone's, on whofe surface the to fuperintend the mineral waters in Languedoc. coattellations, with their stars, are delineated, by But, as Montpelier did not afford fufficient means whereof the fars may cally be known it fcope for his aspiring genius, he went to Paris, #33 invented by William Schukhard, formerly with a great stock of MSS. which he intended to proftitor of mathematics at Tübingen, who pub publith, after subjecting them to the examinabed a treatise on it in 1698.
tion of the learned. Soon after, however, he ASTROSCOPIA, the art of examining the stars left it, having, in 1929, accepted the orlice of by telescopes. Huygens improved ibis art conti- first physician to the king of Poland. His itay detably, in his Aftroscopia Compendiaria, wh re in Poland, however, was but of Mort duration, be thews how to manage the largest glasses with and he again returned to Paris. Upon the out help of a tube.
death of the celebrated Geoffroy, in 17.1, be ASTROSCOPY: 'n? (2575, a ftar, and oxo7iw, was appointed Regius Profcftor of Medicine at to view. Obfervatioin ji the itars. Diit.
Paris. Ile taught the practice of phylic with so ASTROTHEMATA, in astrology, the positions great applufe, as to draw trom other universities of the stars in a theme of the heavens.
a great concourse of medical students, foreigners * ASTRO-THEOLOGY. n./ (from otru, a as well as ratives of France. He was equaliy ceir, and theologia, divinity.) Divinity founded on lebrated as a practitioner; and, even at an advanthe observations of the celestial bodies. That the ced age, he perlifted with unwearied afliduity in dieral and annual revolutions are the motions of that intense itudy which first raised his reputathe terraqueous globe, not of the fun, I fhew in tion. Hence he has been enabled to transmit to the preface of my djłro-Tbeology. Derkanı. pofterity, many valuable moments of his medi
ASTROTHESIA, (fron asap, and today, to cal erudition. He died, univerially regretted, on place, is used by fome for a conitellation. the 15th of May 1756, in the Sad year of his ASTROTHESY. See ARATUS, N° 5.
age. ASI'RUC, John, a celebrated physician, author ASTRUM, or ASTRON, : constellation, crafá a Treatise on the Venereal Datease, and other femblage of stars: in which tente it was dit inurks, was born in 1684, at the little tower of guited from asler, which denotes a fingle fiar. Sasoy, in Languedoc. His fathe: was a prote- ASTORA, a town of Italy, in the Canpaoni VOL. III. Part I.
di Roma, which has a good harbour, and a forti. Santillana, and St Andero. It is divided into two fied town. Cicero lost his life in it, and prince unequal parts, called Conradin, last heir of the house of Hohenstaufen, 1. ASTURIAS DE ONIEDO, which is largest, and was taken prisoner in 1268.
lies to the welt; and, ASTURIA, an ancient kingdom of Spain, sub- 2. ASTURIAS DE SANTILLANA, which lies east. dued by Augusus emperor of Rome. See the ward, and is mountainous and woody. two next articles.
ASTURIAS, in zoology, a name by which some ASTURIANS, the brave inhabitants of Astu- authors have called the golhawk. ria, who, along with those of Cantabria, allerted ASTURIUS. See ASTERIUS. their liberty long after the rest of Spain had fub- ASTWICK, the name of 4 villages, viz. 1. in mitted to the Roman yoke. So great was their Bedfordshire, near Bizlefirade : 2. in Bucks, desire of liberty, that, after being closely shut up near Newport : 3. in Hertfordshire, near Buntby the Roman army, they endured the most ter- ingford: and, 4. in Yorkshire, 5 miles NW. of rible calamities of famine, even to the devouring Settle. of one another, rather than submit to the enerny. ASTYAGES, son of Cyaxares, the last king of At length, however, the Asturians were for fur- the Medes. He dreamed, that from the womb of rendering: but the Cantabrians opposed this mean his daughter Mandane, married to Cambyses king fure, maintaining that they ought all to die sword of Pertia, there fprung up a vine that spread itself in hand, like brave men. Upon this the two na- over all Alia. She being with child, he resolveu tions quarrelled, notwithstanding their desperate to kill the infant as soon as born. Its name was fitua'ion; and a battle ensuing, 10,000 of the Af. Cyrus; but Harpagus bring font to destroy it preturians were driven to the entrenchments of the served it; which Aityages hearing of long after, Romans, whom they beggtut, in the most moving he caused Harpagus to eat his own son. Harpamanner, to receive them on any terms they pleat gus, in revenge, called in Cyrus, who dethroned ed. But Tiberius, the emperor's son-in-law, re- his grandfather, and thereby ended the monarehy fusing to admit them into the camp, fome of iheie of the Medes. Thus the old tyrant lost his king. unhappy people put an end to their lives, by falls dom, by the very barbarous means he took to ing on their own swords; others, lighting great preferve it. See MEDIA and Persia. fires, threw theindelves into them, while some ASTYANAX, the only son of Hector and Anpoisoned themselves, by drinking the juice of a dromache. After the taking of Troy, he was venomous herb. The campaign being put an end thrown from the top of a tower, by Ulyfies's to by winter, the next year the Alturians íum- orders. mon d all their strength and resolution against the ASTYNOMI, in Grecian antiquity, magistrates Romans; but, not withstarding their utmost efforts in Athens, correiponding to the ædiles of the Roof valour and detpair, they were entirely defeated mans; they were ten in number. See Ædile. in a most bloody battle, which lasted two days, ASTYNOMUS, one of the sons of king Priam, and, for that time, entirely subdued. A few years Nain by Achilles. afterwards they rebelled, in conjunction with the ASUNDER adv. (afundra", Jax.) Apart; Cantabriaus ;. but were foon reduced by the Ro- separately; not together.-Two indirect lines, the mans, who massacred most of the young men that further that they are drawn out, the further they were capable of bearing arms. This did not pre- go usunder. Spencer on Ireland. vent them from revolting new, in a Mort time ASYCTOS. See ABSYNTHUSQ afterwards; but without success, being obliged to (1.) ASYLA, the plural of AsyLUM. See 2. fubmit to the Roman power, till the fubvertion of The asyla of altars and temples were very ana that empire by the Goths. The modern Aftu- cient; and likewife those of tombs, ftatues, and rians value themselves much on being defcended other monuments of confiderable personages.from the ancient Goths. Even the poor peasants, Thus, the temple of Diana at Ephesus was a re. who are tain to seek work in other provinces, call fuge for debtors ; the tomb of Theseus for slaves. themfelves illustrious Goths and Mountaineers, think. Ainong the Romans, a celebrated asylum was 0ing it iznominious to marry, even with great and pened by Romulus between the mounts Palatine rich families of another race! This pride is Nat- and Capitoline, in order to people Rome, for all tered, by the respect paid them by the rest of the forts of people indiscriminately, fugitive Naves, nation, and the privileges bestowed upon them by debtors, and criminals (every kind. It had a the government.
timple dedicated to the god ASYLÆUS. The ASTURIAS, anciently the kingdom of Afuria, Jews had their alyla; the most remarkable of is now a principality of modern Spain. It is which were, the fix cities of refuge, the temple, bounded by Bitcay on the E. Gailicia on the W. and the altar of burnt offerings; which protected Cattile and 'Old Leon on the S. and the sea on the those who had incurred the lath of the law, but N. Its greatest length is about 120 miles, and its not for any deliberate crime. But it was custobreadth 54. On the S. it is separated from Caitile. mary among the Heathens, to allow refuge and and Old Leon by high mountains covered with impunity, even to the vileit and most flagrant ofwoods. The province is tolerably fertile, and fenders; fome out of superitition, and others for produces excellent wines and horses, but is thinly the like of peopling their cities. They had an Tuhabited. It has mines of gold, lapis lazuli, and idea, that a criminai who fled to the temple or ai. ve milion. The hereditary prince of Spain is tir, submitted his crime to the punishment of the styled Prince of th. uriis. The moit iemark- gods; and, that it would be impicty in man to able places in this principality are Oviedo, Gyo:1, take vengeance out of their hands. It was by
this means, and with such inhabitants, that The Curves are said to be tifymptotical, when they conbes, Athens, an 1 Rome, were first stocked. We tinually approach, without a pollibility of meeting. esen read of asylumns at Lyons and Vienne, a- ASYNDE TON. n. f. [zove story of a, priv. mong the ancient Gau's; and there are some ci- and ouvoiw, to bind together.] A figure in gramDes in Germany, which fill preserve the ancient mar, when a conjunction copulative is omitted in right of aiyium. Hence, on the medals of seve. a tentence; as in veni, vidi, vici, & is left out. ral ancient cities, particnlarly in Syria, we moet * AT. prep. Lai, Saxon] 1. At before a place,
. [ with the infcription AT 10!, to which is added, notes the nearners of the place; as, a man is at 15241. The emperors Honorius and Theodofius the house before he is in it.-This custom conti. granting the little immunities to churches, the bi- nued among many, to say their prayers at founhops and monks laid hold of a certain tract or tains. Stiliig.fleet. 2. it before a word fignityterritory, without which they fixed the bounds ing time, notes the co-exiftence of the time with of the secular jurisdiction; anci lo well did they the event; the word time is sometimes included manage their privileges, that convents in a litt e in the adjective; we coinmonly say at a minute, time became next akin to fortrefles; where the at an bour, on a day, in a month. We thought mot notorias villains were in safety, and braved it at the very first align of cold affection. Hooker. the power of the magistrate. Thele privileges, 3. At before a casual word fignifies nearly the at length, were extended, not only to the chur- same as with, noting that the event accompanies, ches and church-yards, but also to the bithops or immediately succeeds, the action of the cause. houses; whence the criminal could not be remo
At his touch, ved, without a legal ailurance of life, and an en- Such functity hath Heav’n giv’n his hand, tire remission of the crime. The reason of the They prefently amend. Shakesp. Macbeth. extension was, that they might not be obliged to 4. At before a superlative implies in the fate; as, live altogether in the churches, &c. where several at best, in the ttate of most perfection, c.-Conof the occasions of life could not be decently Tider any man as his personal powers, they are performed. But at last, these afyla were stripped not great; for, at greatest, they must still be liof most of their immunities, because they ferved mited. South. 5. before a person, is seldom to make guilt more daring. In Britain, particu- used otherwise than ludicrously; as, he longed to larly, they were entirely abolished, as protecting be at him, that is, to attack him. 6. At before a criminals, although there are still some privileged fubstantive sometimes signifies the particular conplaces of refuge, for debtors ; such as the Abbey dition or circumstances of the person ; as, at peace, e HOLY-ROOD-HOUSE, near Edinburgh, and its in a state of peace.precincts. See SANCTUARY.
Under pardon, 17.) * ASYLUM. n. f. [Lat. movies, from a, not, You are much more at talk for want of wisdom, and ross, to pillage. A place, out of which he Than prais'd for harmless mildness. Sbakelp: that has fled to it, may not be taken; a fan&tua- 7. At before a substantive sometimes marks em: Ty; a refuge; a place of retreat and security.- ployment or attention.-We fud some arrived to So sacred was the church to some, that it had the that sotuithnefs, as to own roundly what they Fight of an asylum, or sanctuary. Ayliffe's Parerg. would be at. South. 8. At is sometimes the same
(3.) ASYLUM, in geography. See ASSYLUM. with furnised with, after the French a.ASYLUS, the gad fly. See Asilus.
Infusé his breait with magnanimity, ASYMBOLIC, (from e, negative, and oupesho, And make him naked foil a man at arms. Shak. 2 hot, shot free. Bailey.
9. At sometimes notes the place where any thing ASYMMETRAL, incommensurable.
is, or acts.ASYMMETRY. n. f. [from a, without, and Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpet. Team 92, symmetry]_i. Contrariety to fymme
Shakespeare. try; disproportion. --The asymmetries of the brain, 10. At sometimes signifies in consequence of.as well as the deformities of the legs or face, may Impeachments at the prosecution of the house of be re&tified in time. Grew. 2. This term is fome commons, bave received their determinations in times used in mathematicks, for what is more u. the house of lords. Hale. II. At marks somefually called incommensurability; lvben between times the effect proceeding from an act.two quantities there is no common measure.
Reft in this tomb, rais'd at thy husband's ASYMPHONY, (from a privative, and evapora, coft.
Dryden. barmony) a disorder in Descant.
12. At sometimes is nearly the same as in, noting (..) * ASYMPTOTE. n. f. [from & priv. ovr, situation; as, he was at the bottom, or top of the with, and slow, to fall; which never meet; incdin- hill. She hath been known to come at the head cident.] Afymptotes are right lines, which approach of these rascals, and beat her lover. Swift. 13. At nearer to some curve; byt which, though they and sometimes marks the occasion, like on.their curve were infinitely continued, would never
Ot hers, with helpful care, meet; and may be conceived as tangents to their Cry'd out aloud, Beware, brave youth, beware? curves at an infinite distance. Chamb.- Asymptote Al this he turn'd, and, as the buil crew near, lines, though they may approach ftill nearer toge- Shunn'd, and receiv'd him on his pointed spear. ther, till they are nearer than the least allignable
Dryden. distance, yet, being ftill produced infinitely, will 14. At sometimes seems to fignify in the power of, Dever meet. Grew.
or, obedient to.(2) ASYMPTOTES. See CONIC SECTIONS.
But thou of all the kings, Jore's care below, ASYMPTOTIC. See next article.
Art least at my command, and muít my foe. ASYMPTOTICAL. adj. (from asymptote.]
15. At sometimes notes the relation of a man tó originally a city of the Locri, but torn from the an action. --To make pleasure the vehicle of health, continent in the time of an earthquake, ard duis a doctor at it in good earnest. Collier of Friindo ring an eruption of mount Ætna; in the 4th year Jhip. 16. At fometimes imports the manner of of the 93d Olynıpiad, in the reign of artaxerxesan action.-One warms you by degrees, the other Mnemon. fets you on fire all at once, and never intermits (2.' ATALANTA, in fabulous hitory, the dauglihis heat. Dryden's Fabies. 17. át, like the Treoch ter of Schaneus, king of Scyros. Being refolved chez, means fometimes application to, or d-pne against mariage, and at the same time very 'wiit dence on.-The worst authors might endeavour to of foot, the, to get rid of her numerous suitors, please us, and in that endeavour deserve fome declared that the would marry none tut the man thing at our hands. Pope. 18. At all. In any who was willing to risk his life for ber, by striving mann. r; in any degree.
to outrun her, and to forfeit it it he failed. This Nothing more true than what you once let fall, several attempted and suffered accordingly. But Most women have no characters at all. Pope. Hippomenes, being furnished by Venus with three
* ATABAL. n. L. A kind of tabour used by golden apples, dropt them at proper distances the Moors.-
during the race, and while the looped to gather Children shall beat our atabals and drums, them, gained both the race and the princess. The And all the noisy trades of war no more succefstul lover, however, proving ungrateful to Shail wake the peaceful morn. Dryd. Don Sebajt. the goddiis, they were both afterwards turned in
ATABALIPA, or ATAHUALPA, the last of the to lions. iocas. On the death of bis father, in 1529, he (3.) ATALANTA, the daughter of Jasus and succeeded in the throne of Quito, while his bro- mother of Parthenopæus, by Meleagar. Sce MEther Huascor obtain d the kingdom of Peru. Not long after a difereement took place, and howili- ATALANTIS, ATLANICA, or ATLANTIS. ties commenced betwixt them, in wnich Fivalcar See ATLAP.715. was defeated. The Spaniards taking advantage ATALAUA, a iown of Portuguese Efremaof these disturbances, with Pizarro as tveir kvad- dura, teated on an eminence, with a strong fort, er, invaded Peru, where they were entertained s miles S. of Tomcr, and ecualy near the Tajo. with no little hospitality by the king and the peo- Lon. 7. 36. W. Lat. 39. 25. N. plu; but instead of making any return for his ATAMASCO Lily, a species of AMARYLLIS. kindness, they, with their visual treachery, held ATANTA, in botany, a name given by the him in captivity. The inca, as a ranfum, oticred people of Guirea to a kind of fumoch, çalled, by to give the Spaniards a room full of gold, and Petiver, rkus Guincense trifoliutium fcabium, from when they had got the treasure in their poteílion, its being trifoliate, and having rough and seriated they with the utmost baseness, burnt ihe unhappy leaves. This somewhat retembles the hoary trimonarch at the stake', in 1533.
foliate African fumach of Pluckenet ; but it dita ATABULUS, in physiology, a provincial wind fers in this, that its leaves are edged with prickles, in Apulia, of a dry pinching quality, and very whereas those of Pluckenet's kind are only decply noxious in its effects. The ancient naturalists finuated. The people of Guinea are very fond of speak of the Atabulus in terms of horror, on ac- it, for its medicinal virtues; they give it as a recount of the ravages it made among the fruits of forative boiled in water. t e earth, which it scorched or withered up.
ATARAXIA. n. f. [arævače ] Exemption ATABYRIS, a very high mountain in the illand * ATARAXY. Šfrom vexation; tranquillity. of Rbodes, on which, according to Strabo and -The fcepticks affected an indifitrent equipon. Diodorus Siculus, stood a temple of Jupiter Ata derous neutrality, as the only means to their ata. byrius, whofe worhip a colony of Rhodians car- raxia, and freedom from pallionate di urbances. ried into Sicily, where they built a temple to hiin, Glanville's Scepfis. at Agrigentum.
ATAKGATIS FANUM, the temple of the god ATABYRIUS, an epithet of Jupiter.
dess ATERGATIS, in Bambyce, which was ex: (..) ATACAMA, a chain of mountains in S. tremely rich. Cratlus, in his march against the America, which separate Peru from Quito, and Parthians, spent several days in weighing the trea where the cold is so violent that pallengers are Şure. fcmctimes frozen to death.
ATARNEA, or ? an ancient town of Myfia, fi ( :.) ATACIMA, a detert of Peru.
ATARNYA, Stuated between Adramytti (3.) ATACAMA, a harbour of Peru. Lon. 80. um and Piane, memorable for the marriage o 20. W. Lat. 0. 22. S,
Aristotle with the fifter of Hermias, the prince of it ATACAPA, a town in Louisiana.
ATAULFUS, the first king of the Goths ir ATAD, a Canaanite, rendered memorable by Spain, established his government there, abou his thrething floor. See next article.
A. D. 404, and died, A. D. 416. See SPAIN. Arab's THEESHING FLOOR, a place beyond ATAXY, [from á negative, and tači, order, Jordan, where the funcral procellion of the Israel. the want of order. With phyficians, it signifie ites and Egyptians, who attended Jacob's buriai, irregularity of crises and paroxysms of severs. fiopt and atonithed the Cinzanites with the mag- ÀTAYADA, a river of Spain, in Old Caftilo nificence of the folemity. It was afterwards which fall into the Duero. named ABEL-MIZRAIM, or the mourning of the ATCHIAM, a village, 3 m. SE. of Shrewsbury Egyptians, from this circumstance.
ATCHE, in commerce, the smallest silver coi (1.) ATALANTA, an illand in the Euripus of current in Turkey, with one third of a penn Endvagnar the Locri Opuntii, said to have been fiering: