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vationes anatomico-chirurgico-medicæ,” Halle, 1731, 8vo. In this there are many judicious reflections and cases, accompanied by figures descriptive of some instruments of his invention. 4. “ Tractatus de morbis venereis,” Leipsic, 1764, 8vo, a posthumous work. Bassius published also in German, “ Notes on the Surgery of Nuck," Halle, 1728, 8vo."

BASSOL (John), a native of Scotland in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, applied in youth to the study of polite literature and philosophy, after which he studied divinity at Oxford, under Duns Scotus, with whom he went to Paris, in 1304. After continuing his studies for some time at that university, he entered into the order of the Minorites, in 1313. Being sent by the general of the order to Rheims, he studied medicine, and taught there for seven or eight years, with much credit, upon “ the Master of the Sentences.” In 1322 he was sent to Mechlin, in Brabant, where he spent the remainder of his days in teaching theology, and died in that city in the year 1347. We have of his, “ Commentaria seu Lecturæ in quatuor Libros Sententiarum,” Paris, 1517, fol. a work which was in such high reputation in his day as to procure him from his brethren the schoolmen, the title of “Doctor Ordinatissimus," in allusion to his method and perspicuity. In the same volume are “Miscellanea Philosophica et Medica." ?

BASSOMPIERRE (FRANÇOIS DE), colonel-general of the Swiss guards, and marshal de France in 1622, was born in Lorraine of a family of distinction, April 22, 1579. He served in the war of the Savoy in 1600, and in 1603 went into Hungary, where he was solicited to serve under the emperor, but he preferred the service of France. In 1617 he commanded the ordnance at the siege of ChateauPorcien, and a short time after was wounded at the siege of Rhetel. He served afterwards, as marshal of the camp, at the battle of Pont-de-Ce, the sieges of St. John d’Angeli, of Montpellier, &c. In 1622, when made a marsbal of France, he was colonel of the Swiss, and at the same time sent as ambassador extraordinary to Spain. In 1625 he served in the same capacity in Swisserland, and in 1626 in England. He was also at the siege of Rochelle, and, as on all other occasions, was distinguished for skill and

i Dict. Hist.-Haller, Bibl. Anat. 9 Mackenzie's Scotch Writers, rol. I.-Cave, vol. II.-Dupin.

bravery, but the cardinal de Richelieu, who had to complain of his caustic tongue, and who dreaded all those by whom he thought he might one day be eclipsed, caused him to be imprisoned in the Bastille in 1631. Bassompierre had foreseen the ascendancy which the capture of Rochelle, the bulwark of the Protestants, would give to that minister; and therefore was heard to say on that occasion : “ You will see that we shall be fools enough to take Rochelle." He passed the time of his confinement in reading and writing. One day as he was busily turning over the leaves of the Bible, Malleville asked him what he was looking for? A passage that I cannot find,” returned the marechal, “a way to get out of prison.” Here also he composed his “ Memoirs,” printed at Cologne in 1665, 3 vols. Like the generality of this sort of books, it contains some curious anecdotes, and a great many trifles. They begin at 1598, and terminate in 1631. His detention lasted twelve years, and it was not till after the death of Richelieu that he regained his liberty. There is also by him a “ Relation of his embassies,” much esteemed, 1665 and 1668, 2 vols. 12mo; likewise “ Remarks on the history of Louis XIII.” by Dupleix, in 12mo, a work somewhat too satirical, but curious. Bassompierre lived till the 12th of October 1646, when he was found dead in his bed. He was a great dealer in bons mots, which were not always delicate. On his coming out of the Bastille, as he was become extremely corpulent, for want of exercise, the queen asked him, “Quand il accoucheroit ?” – “Quand j'aurais trouvé une sage femme," answered he; which will not bear a translation, as the wit turns on the double meaning of sage femme, which signifies either a midwife, or a sensible woman. Louis XIII. asked him his age, almost at the same time: he made himself no more than fifty. The king seeming surprised : “Sir,” answered Bassompierre, I subtract ten years passed in the Bastille, because I did not employ them in your service.” Although he had been employed in embassies, negociation was not his principal talent ; but he possessed other qualities that qualified him for an ambassador. He was a very handsome man, had great presence of mind, was affable, lively, and agreeable, very polite and generous. After bis liberation from the Bastille, the duchess of Aiguillon, niece of the cardinal de Richelieu, offered him five hundred thousand livres to dispose of as he should think proper : "Madam,” said Bassompierre,


as he thanked her, " your uncle has done me too much harm, to allow me to receive so much good of you." He spoke all the languages of Europe with the same facility as his own. Play and women were his two predominant passions. Being secretly informed that he was to be arrested, he rose before day, and burnt upwards of six thousand letters, which he had received from ladies of the city and the court. 1

BASTA (GEORGE), an able military commander, origi. nally of Epirus, was born at Rocca near Tarentum. The duke of Parma, under whom he served, was highly satisfied with the success of all the affairs he entrusted him with. In 1596 he threw provisions into Fère, besieged by Henry IV. an enterprise which was executed with a secrecy and celerity that did him great honour, and the emperor afterwards engaged him in his service. He signalized himself in Hungary and in Transylvania, where he conquered and reduced the rebels. He died about 1607, leaving two works which have preserved his memory, 1. “ Maestro di campo generale,” Venice, 1606. 2. “Governo della Cavalleria leggiera," Francfort, 1612. Naude, in bis treatise on Military Study, recommends these treatises, as having acquired and deserving universal approba

tion. 2

a libel.

BASTARD (THOMAS), a clergyman and poet, was born at Blandford in Dorsetshire, and educated at Winchesterschool, from whence he removed to New college, Oxford, where he was chosen perpetual fellow in 1588, and two years after took the degree of B. A. but indulging too much his passion for satire, he was expelled the college for

Not long after, he was made chaplain to Thomas, earl of Suffolk, lord treasurer of England, through whose interest he became vicar of Bere Regis, and rector of Almer in his native county, having some time before taken the degree of M. A. He was a person of great natural endowments, a celebrated poet, and in his latter years an excellent preacher. His conversation was witty and facetious, which made his company be courted by all ingenious

He was thrice married, as appears from one of his epigrams. Towards the latter end of his life, being disordered in his senses, and brought into debt, he was confined in the prison of All-Hallows parish in Dorchester,


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where dying in a very obscure and mean condition, he was buried in the church-yard belonging to that parish, April the 19th, 1618.

His poetical performances are, 1. “Chrestoleros ; seven bookes of Epigrames,” London, 1598, 12mo, of which an account may be seen in the Censura Literaria, vol. IV. 2. “ Magna Britannia,” a Latin poem in three books, dedicated to king James I. London, 1605, 4to. Besides which, there is in the king's library, “ Jacobo regi I. carmen gratulatorium.” Under this head we may mention his libels, two of which Mr. Wood met with in his collection of libels or lampoons, written by several Oxford students in the reign of queen Elizabeth. One of them is entitled “ An admonition to the city of Oxford,” or his libel entitled “Mar-prelate's Bastardini ;" wherein he reflects upon all persons of note in Oxford, who were suspected of criminal conversation with other men's wives, or with common strumpets. The other, made after his expulsion, and in which he disclaims the former, begins thus: “ Jenkin, why man? why Jenkin? fie for shame," &c. But neither of these were printed. He also published “ Five Sermons," Lond. 1615, 4to; and in the same year a collection of " Twelve Sermons,” 4to. Warton speaks of him as an elegant classical scholar, and better qualified for that species of occasional pointed Latin epigram, established by his fellow collegian, John Owen, than for any sort of English versification. 1

BASTIDE (JOHN FRANCIS DE LA), a very industrious French writer, was born at Marseilles, July 15, 1724, and after studying in his own country, came to Paris, where he engaged in a great variety of literary enterprises. He was editor of the “ Bibliotheque universelle des Romans," Paris, 1775—1789, 112 vols. 12mo, and the “ Choix des anciens Mercures,” 1757-1764, in 108 vols. 12mo.

He also published, 1. “ L'etre pensant,” a kind of romance, Paris, 1755, 12mo. 2. Les choses comme ont doit les voir,” ibid. 1758, 8vo, in which he endeavours partly to excuse, and partly to reform, what is wrong in morals and manners. 3. “Le Nouveau Spectateur," 2 vols. 8vo, an attempt at a periodical essay in the manner of the Spectator, but without the materials which a free country fur

Biog: Brit.-Ath. Ox. vol. II.-Cens. Lit. vols. 11. and IV.-Phillips's The. atrum, edit. 1800, p. 269.-Ritson's Bibl. Poetica. ---Warton's Hist. of Poetry, vol. IV. p. 70, 71.




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nishes. 4. “ Aventures de Victoire Ponty,” Amsterdam and Paris, 1753, 2 vols. 12mo. 5. “Confessions d'un Fat," Paris, 1749, 12mo. 6. “Le Depit et le Voyage," a poem with notes, and “ Lettres Venitiennes,” Paris, 1771, 8vo. 7. “ Le Monde comme il est,” ibid. 1760, 4 vols. 12mo. 8. “ Le Tombeau Philosophique,” Amsterdam, 1751, 12mo. 9. “Les Tetes Folles," Paris, 1753, 12mo. 10. “ Varietés Litteraires, Galantes, &c. ibid. 1774, 8vo. « Le Tribunal de l'Amour," ibid. 1750, 12mo. 12. La Trentaine de Cythere,” Paris, 1753, 12mo. In the opinion of his countrymen, there are few of these works which rise above mediocrity, although the author generally pleases by his sprightly manner. The Dict. Hist. to which we are chiefly indebted for this article, does not mention the time of his death. There was another la Bastide, called the elder, who published, in 1773, two volumes of a history of French literature, but how far connected with the author we know not. ?

BASTON (ROBERT), a poet of some note in the fourteenth century, and author of several works, was born in Yorkshire, not far from Nottingham. In his youth he became a Carmelite monk, and afterwards prior of the convent of that order at Scarborough. Bale says that he was likewise poet laureat and public orator at Oxford, which Wood thinks doubtful. Edward I. (not Edward II. as Mr. Warton says) carried him with him in his expedition to Scotland in 1304, to be an eye-witness and celebrate his conquest of Scotland in verse. Holinshed mentions this circumstance as a singular proof of Edward's presumption and confidence in his undertaking against Scotland, but it appears that a poet was a stated officer in the royal retinue when the king went to war.

On this occasion Baston was peculiarly unfortunate, being taken prisoner, and compelled by the Scots to write a panegyric on Robert Bruce, as the price of his ransom. This was the more provoking, as he had just before written on the siege of Stirling castle in honour of his master, which performance is extant in For-, dun's Scoti-chronicon. His works, according to Bale and Pits, were written under these titles: 1. “ De Strivilniensi obsidione;" of the Siege of Stirling, a poem in one book.

. 2. “ De altero Scotorum Bello,” in one book. 3. “ De Scotiæ Guerris variis,” in one book. 4. “ De variis mundi

1 Dict. Hist.

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