페이지 이미지


10th of December, 1801, aged sixty-three years, and was interred, according to his dying wish, in the vaults of St. Paul's cathedral. Some of the manuscript compositions he left have since been published by Mr. Page.

BATY (RICHARD), rector of the parish of Kirkandrews upon Esk, in Cumberland, was born in the parish of Arthuret, and received his academical education in the university of Glasgow, where he was admitted to the degree of A. M. in 1725. He afterwards became curate of Kirkandrews; and in this situation, his exemplary conduct, and faithful discharge of the ministerial duties, recommended him so effectually to lord viscount Preston, that on a vacancy, he presented him to the rectory in 1732, As there was no parsonage-house, nor glebe appropriated to the living, on its separation from Arthuret, he built the house contiguous to the old tower at Kirkandrews, with barns, stables, &c. entirely at his own expence, having first obtained a lease of the situation and farm there during his incumbency. The parish is divided by the river Esk; and as there is no bridge on this part of it, he established a ferry for the use of those coming to church. He likewise promoted the building of the school-house near Meadhope (endowed by lady Widrington and her sister), and for the information of those of maturer years, he printed, at Newcastle, 1750, a "Sermon on the Sacrament;" with prayers for the use of persons in private, and of families, which he distributed liberally among them. With the same views he published, in 1751, a small volume entitled " Seasonable advice to a careless world,” in essays, &c. and lastly, in 1756, " The young Clergyman's Companion in visiting the Sick;'? all these without his name. He was also skilful, and much consulted, as an oculist, but his advice and

applications were always gratuitous. His temper and manners were mild and conciliating, his company much in request, and his house presented a scene of hospitality to the utmost of his abilities. He died in 1758. ?

BAUDART (WILLIAM), a protestant divine, was born at Deinse in Flanders, in 1565, whence his parents being obliged to fly on account of their religion, he was brought first to Cologne, and afterwards to Embden, where he stu

| From an account communicated by Dr. Busby to the Monthly Magazine, 1802.

2 Hutchinson's Hist. of Cumberland, vol. II. p. 681.

died with great assiduity and success the learned languages of the East and West. When 'admitted into holy orders, the church of Sueek in Friesland, and that of Zutphen, invited him to become their pastor. The famous Synod of Dort, held in 1618 and 1619, appointed him, with Bogerman and Bucerus, to make a new translation of the Old Testament into Dutch. Bucerus died, and Baudart, after employing six years on the work, with his remaining colleague, died also at Zutphen in 1640. He was a man of uncommon industry, and so fond of literary emplayment that he chose for his motto “ Labor mihi quies.” Besides this translation of the Bible, he published a supplement ta Van Meteren's history, containing affairs ecclesiastical and political from 1602 to 1624. This was published in Dutch, at Zutphen 1624, 2 vols. fol. His popish critics object to him that his orthodoxy has interfered rather too much with his impartiality. He also published “ Polemographia Auriaco-Belgica,” a collection of two hundred and ninetyninę engravings, with some illustrative Latin verses under each, 1621, 4to. ; a similar collection of two hundred and eighty-five prints, representing the sieges, battles, &c. belong to the Belgic history, from 1559 to 1612, in oblong 4to; and a collection of memorable apophthegms. This, if the same with what Foppen calls “ Les Guerres de Nassau, was published in 1616."

BAUDELOT (CHARLES CÆSAR) DE DAIRVAL, an emi, nent French antiquary, was born at Paris, Nov. 29, 1648. He studied partly at Beauvais, under his uncle Hallé, an eminent doctor of the Sorbonne, and director of that school, and afterwards at Paris under Danet, author of the dictionaries which bear his name. His inclination was for medicine as a profession, but family reasons decided in favour of the law, in which he became an advocate of par, fiament, and a distinguished pleader. Happening to be obliged to go to Dijon about a cause in which bis mother was concerned, he amused his leisure hours in visiting the Jibraries and museums with which Dijon at that time abounded. He pleaded that cause, however, so ably, that the marquis de la Meilleraye was induced to intrust him with another of great importance which had brought him to Dijon, and our young advocate, now metamorphosed into an antiquary, laid out the fee he received from his

[ocr errors]

? Dict, Hist. Foppen Bibl. Belg.--Saxij Onomasticon,

noble client, in the purchase of a cabinet of books, medals, &c. then on sale at Dijon. With this he returned to Paris, but no more to the bar, his whole attention being absorbed in researches on the remains of antiquity. The notions he had formed on this subject appeared soon in his principal work on the utility of travelling, and the advantages which the learned derive from the study of antiquities. It was entitled “De l'utilité des Voyages,” 2 vols. 1686, 12mo, often reprinted, and the edition of Rouen in 1727 is said to be the best, although, according to Niceron, not the most correct. The reputation of this work brought him acquainted with the most eminent antiquaries of England, Holland, and Germany, and, when he least expected such an honour, he was admitted an associate of the academy of the Ricovrati of Padua, and was generally consulted on all subjects of antiquity which happened to be the object of public curiosity. In 1698 he printed a dissertation on Ptolomy Auletes, whose head he discovered on an ancient amethyst bitherto undescribed, in the cabinet of the duchess of Orleans, who rewarded him by the appointment of keeper of her cabinet of medals. In 1700, he wrote a letter to Mr. Lister of the royal society of London, describing an enormous stone found in the body of a horse. He afterwards published separately, or in the literary journals, various memoirs on antique medals, and in 1705 he was chosen a member of the academy of inscriptions and belles lettres. This honour inspirited his labours, and he became a frequent contributor to the memoirs of the academy. His last piece is entitled “Dissertation sur le guerre des Atheniens contre les peuples de l'isle Atlantique.” His health now began to decline, although for some time it was not discovered that his disorder was a dropsy of the chest, which proved fatal June 27, 1722. His character is represented by all his biographers as being truly amiable. He bequeathed to the academy, what he valued most, his books, medals, bronzes, and antique marbles. Two of the latter of great value, which were brought from Constantinople by M. Nointal, and are supposed to be more than two thousand

years old, contain the names of the Athenian captains and soldiers who were killed, in one year, in different expeditions. These afterwards became the property of M. Thevenot, the king's librarian, who placed them at his country-house at Issy. Thevenot's heirs, who had little faste for antiquities, were about to have sold them to a

stone-cutter for common purposes, when Baudelot heard of the transaction, and immediately went in pursuit of the treasure. Having purchased them, he had them placed in a carriage of wbich he never lost sight until they were deposited in a house which he then occupied in the faubourg of St. Marceau, and when he removed to that of St. Germain, he conveyed them thither with the same care, and placed them in a small court. Here, however, they were not quite safe. A considerable part of the house happened to be occupied by a young lady who had no taste for antis quities, and soon discovered that these marbles were an incumbrance. In order to make Baudelot remove them, she pretended to hire the dustmen to take them away. Baudelot, returning home at night, was told of this project, and although it was then late, would not go to sleep until he had seen them deposited in his apartment. They are now in the museum of antiquities in the Louvre.?

BAUDERON (BRICE), a French physician, born at Parey in the Charolais, practised at Macon for several years, where he died in 1623, aged eighty-one. He is best known by a Pharmacopæia, published under the title of “Paraphrase sur la Pharmacopée,” which was long a very popular work. It was first printed at Lyons in 1588, and reprinted in 1596, 1603, and 1628, 8vo, and translated into Latin, under the title of " Pharmacopæia e Gallico in Latinum versa à Philemone Hollando," with additions, Lond. 1639, fol. and Hague, 1640, 4to, and often reprinted in this form. He published also “ Praxis Medica in duos tractatus distincta," Paris, 1620, 4to. Haller calls this “ Praxis de febribus." 2

BAUDIER (MICHAEL), of Languedoc, historiographer of France under Louis XH1. was one of the most fertile and heavy writers of his time, but we have no particulars of his life. He left behind him many works composed without either method or taste, but which dbound in particulars not to be found elsewhere. 1. “ Histoire générale de la Religion des Turcs, avec la Vie de leur prophéte Mahomet, et des iv premiers califes ;” also, “ Le Livre et la Théologie de Mahomet," 1636, 8vo, a work translated from the Arabic, copied by those who wrote after him, though they have not vouchsafed to cite him. 2. “ His;

1 Chaufepie.--Moreri. Dict. Hist-Saxii Onomasticon. 3 Dict. Hist.--Manget and Haller.GevDict.

toire du Cardinal d'Amboise," Paris, 1651, in 8vo. Sirmond, of the Academie Françoise, one of the numerous fatterers of the cardinal de Richelieu, formed the design of elevating that minister at the expence of all those who had gone before him.

before him. He began by attacking d'Amboise, and failed not to sink him below Richelieu. Baudier, by no means a courtier, avenged his memory, and eclipsed the work of his detractor. 3. " Histoire du Marechal de Toiras," 1644, fol. 1666, 2 vols. 12mo; a curious performance which throws considerable light on the reign of Louis XIII. 4. “ The Lives of the Abbé Suger, and of Cardinal Ximenes, &c." The facts that Baudier relates in these different works are almost always absorbed by his reflections, wbich have neither the merit of precision nor that of novelty to recommend them. Moreri informs us that he wrote a history of Margaret of Anjou, queen of Henry VI. of England, that the manuscript was in the library of the abbey of St. Germain des Pres, at Paris, among the collection of M. de Coislin, bishop of Metz; and that this history was translated and published in English, without any acknowledgment by the translator, or any notice of the original author.'

BAUDIUS (DOMINIC), professor of history in the university of Leyden, was born at Lisle, April 8, 1561. He began his studies at Aix la Chapelle, whether his parents, who were Protestants, had retired during the tyranny of the duke of Alva. He went afterwards to Leyden and Geneva, where he studied divinity: after residing here some time, he returned to Ghent, and again to Leyden, where he applied to the civil law, and was admitted doctor of law, June 1585. Soon after, he accompanied the ambassadors from the states to England, and during his residence here became acquainted with several persods of distinction, particularly the famous sir Philip Sidney.

He was admitted advocate at the Hague, the 5th of Jaruary 1587; but being soon tired of the bar, went to France, where he remained ten years, and was much esteemed, acquiring both friends and patrons. Achilles de Harlai, first president of the parliament of Paris, got him to be admitted advocate of the parliament of Paris in 1592. In 1602, he went to England with Christopher de Harlai, the president's son, who was sent ambassador thither by Henry

1 Moreri...Dict. Hist.

« 이전계속 »