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the Great; and the same year, having been named pro. fessor of eloquence at Leyden, he settled in that university. He read lectures on history after the death of Morula, and was permitted also to do the same on the civil law. In 1611, the states conferred upon him the office of historiographer in conjunction with Meursius; and in consequence thereof he wrote “ The history of the Truce.” Baudius is an elegant prose-writer, as appears from his “ Letters," many of which were published after his death. He was also an excellent Latin poet: the first edition of his poems was printed in 1587; they consist of verses of all the different measures : he published separately a book of iambics in 1591, dedicated to cardinal Bourbon. Some of his poems he dedicated to the king of England ; others to the prince of Wales, in the edition of 1607, and went over to England to present them, where great respect was paid to him by several persons of rank and learning.

Baudius was a strenuous advocate for a truce betwixt the States and Spain : two orations he published on this subject, though without his name, had almost brought him into serious trouble, as prince Maurice was made to believe he was affronted in them, and the author was said to have been bribed by the French ambassador to write upon the truce.

In consequence of these suspicions he wrote to the prince and his secretary, in order to vindicate himself, and laments his unhappy fate in being exposed to the malice of so many slanderers, who put wrong interpretations on his words : “ It is evident (says he) that through the malignity of mankind, nothing can be expressed so cautiously by men of any character and reputation, but it may be distorted into some obnoxious sense. For what can be more absurd than the conduct of those men, who have reported that I have been bribed by the ambassador Jeannin, to give him empty words in return for his generosity to me? as if I, an obscure doctor, was an assistant to a man of the greatest experience in business.” Some verses, which he wrote in praise of the marquis of Spinola, occasioned him also a good deal of trouble: the marquis came to Holland before any thing was concluded either of the peace or truce; and though Baudius had printed the poem, yet he kept the copies of it, till it might be seen more evidently upon what account this minister came, and gave them only to his most intimate friends. It being

known however that the poem was printed, he was very near being banished for it.

Baudius was a man of considerable learning, and wrote in Latin with great purity and elegance. But he was conceited and ambitious beyond all just claiins, and disgraced his latter years by intemperance, and vagrant amours, although a married man. This exposed him to ridicule, and injured his reputation in the republic of letters. He died at Leyden, August 22, 1613.

His works are: 1, " Oratio in Plinii Panegyricum;" Leyden, 1603, 4to. 2. “ Poemata,” ibid. 1607, 8vo. often reprinted; but less admired than his letters. 3. •• Oratio. ad Studiosos Leydenses, ob cædem commilitonis, tumul. tuantes,” ibid. 1609, 8vo, a very elegant address. “ Monumentum consecratum Honori et Memoriæ Britanniarum principis Henrici Frederici,” ibid. 1612, 4to. 5. “ De Induciis Belli Belgici,” ibid. 1613, 4to; 1617, 8vo. 6. “ Epistolæ,” ibid. 1615, 24mo, and often reprinted; certainly the most entertaining of his works, and a very faithful picture of his character. This work, to be found in every library, every catalogue, and almost every stall, has the addition of the whole of his orations, a treatise on Usury and a short life and portrait prefixed."

BAUDOT DE JUILLI (NICHOLAS), born at Vendôme in 1678, was the son of a collector of excise, settled at Sarlat, where he became sub-delegate of the intendant. The functions of this office and the charms of literature filled up the course of his long life, which terminated in 1759, at the age of 81. We have several historical works by him, written with method and ingenuity. 1. “ L'Histoire de Catherine de France, reine d'Angleterre,” which he published in 1696. Though the whole of this be true in regard to the principal events, the author afterwards allowed, what may indeed be easily discovered, that it is very tinctured with romance.

2. “ Germaine de Foix," an historical novel, 1701. 3. “ L'histoire secrette du Connétable de Bourbon," 1706. 4. “ La Relation historique et galante de l'invasion de l'Espagne par les Maures, 1722, 4 vols. in 12mo.. These three works are nearly of the same species with the first; but there are others by him of more regular and authentic composition, as, “ l'His

I Gen. Dict. Frebeyri Theatrum.-Foppen Bibl. Belg.

." Illust. Holland. et Westfrisiæ ordinum Alma Academia Leidensis," 1614, 4to. p. 209,-- Blount's. Censura.-Saxii Onomasticon.

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toire de la conquête d’Angleterre par Guillaume duc de Normandie;" 1701, in 12mo;

“ L'Histoire de Philippe Auguste,” 1702, 2 vols. 12mo; and that of “ Charles VII." 1697, 2 vols. 12mo. Its principal merit lies in the inethod and style, as the author consulted nothing but printed books. We have likewise by him, “ L'Histoire des hommes illustres,” extracted from Brantôme; “ L'Histoire de la vie et du règne de Charles VI.” 1753, in 9 vols. 12mo. “L'Histoire du règne de Louis XI.1756, 6 vols. 12mo. “ L'Histoire des révolutions de Naples," 1757, 4 vols. 12mo. These three last works appeared under the name of Mad. de Lussan, who, as will be noticed in her article, shared the profits with him. His general style is easy, perhaps approaching to negligence, and in the hurry of so much compilation, we cannot wonder that there are inaccuracies in facts, or at least, in dates.'

BAUDOUIN (BENEDICT), a divine of Amiens, the place of his birth, acquired the notice of the learned by his dissertation “ De la chaussure des Anciens," published in 1615, under the title of “ Calceus antiquus et mysticus, 8vo. This work was the occasion of the false notion that he was the son of a shoemaker, and had followed the trade himself, to which he intended to do honour by this puòlication. Such is the brief notice of this author in the last edition of this Dictionary. It is necessary, however, to add that he was esteemed a man of learning in his day, was principal of the college of Troyes; and on his return to Amiens, accepted the charge of master of the Hotel-Dieu, and died here Nov. 1632. Whether he was the son of a shoemaker, and bred to that business himself, seems doubtful. The Dict. Hist. asserts it on the authority of Daire in his “ Hist. Litt, de la ville d'Amiens," p. 161. The continuator of Moreri contradicts it, on the authority of La Morliere in his “Antiquités de la ville d'Amiens," and informs us that the “ Calceus antiquus” was a work compiled by the author as an exercise on a curious question in ancient manners and dress. From la Morliere, we learn also that Baudouin translated Seneca's tragedies into French verse, which translation was published at Troyes in 1629.*

BAUDOUIN (FRANCIS), in Latin BALDUINUS, a famous civilian, was born at Arras the first of January, 1520. He studied for six years in the university of Louvain, after

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which he was some time at the court of Charles V. with the marquis de Bergue, and then he went to France, where he gained the friendship of the most learned men, and among others of Charles du Moulin, at whose house he lodged. The curiosity of knowing the mosť famous ministers induced him to travel into Germany; where he became acquainted with Calvin at Geneva, Bucer at Strasburgh, and others of the reformed clergy. On his return to Paris he. was invited to a professorship of civil law at Bourges, which office he filled for seven years with reputation enough to alarm the jealousy of his colleague Duarenus, and then went to Tubing, where he likewise intended to have taught civil law; but hearing that Du Moulin designed to return to that university, he remained at Strasburgh, and gave lectures for about a year. Thence he went to Heidelberg, and was professor of civil law and history near five years, until he was sent for by Anthony of Bourbon, king of Navarre, who made him preceptor to his natural son.

About this time an idea was, entertained of reconciling 'the Romish and Protestant churches, and Baudouin was recommended to the king of Navarre, as likely to promote such an attempt, which however did not succeed, and only served to involve Baudouin in disputes with the reformers, who saw at once the impracticability of the scheme, without injuring the reformation already successfully begun. Baudouin carried his pupil to Trent, but on the king of Navarre's death, returned to France with him, and found his estate and library pillaged.

At this time, his old friend the marquis de Bergue, and several other lords of the low-countries, engaged Maximilian de Bergue, archbishop of Cambray, to procure Baudouin the professorship of civil law, intending to make use of his advice in affairs of state and religion ; for they knew that he was of opinion, that the laws against sectaries ought to be moderated. In consequence of this we fiud him next, professor of civil law in the university of Doway. He was very civilly received by the duke of Alva, who was then preparing his cruel proceedings for St. Bartholomew day; but, as he was afraid of being chosen one of the judges of those persons, whom they designed to put to death, he desired leave of absence under pretence of fetching his wife and his library thither; and having obtained it, he returned to Paris, where he read public lectures upon several passages of the Pandects with the applause of a

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large audience. He accepted the professorship of civil
law, which was offered him by the university of Bezançon;
but understanding upon his going thither that the empe-
ror had prohibited that university from erecting this pro-
fessorship, he refused to read any lectures, though he was
solicited to it. He then returned to Paris, and agreeably
to the advice of Philip de Hurault, which was to teach
civil law in the university of Angers, he went thither,
where he continued his lectures for four years, till the duke
of Anjou, who was proclaimed king of Poland, sent for
him to Paris at the time when the embassy from Poland.
was received there. He was designed for the professor-
ship of civil law in the university of Cracow; and it is
thought he would have attended the new king into that
country, if death had not prevented him. He died in the
college of Arras, at Paris, Oct. 24, 1573. Baudouin ap-
pears to have been of unsettled principles in religion. Af-
fecting to be displeased with some things in popery, Cal-
vinism, and Lutheranism, he allowed his mind to dwell on
the hopes of forming a' new sect out of them all. He was,
however, a man of extensive learning and commanding
eloquence, and often employed in political negociations,
in the conduct of which be gave much satisfaction, yet it
is supposed that he did not die rich, and it is certain that
he never had any great preferments.

His principal works, written in a pure style, are, 1. « Leges de re Rustica, et Novella Constitutio prima," &c. Louvain, 1542, 4to, Basil, 1543. Prolegomena seu prefata de jure civili,” Paris, 1545, 4to. 3. Commentarii in libros quatuor instituti juris civilis," Paris, 1546, folio; reprinted 1582, 1584. 4. “ Juris Civilis Catechesis,” Basil, 1557, 8vo. 5. “ Disputationes duæ de jure civili, cum Papiniani vita," Heidelberg, 1561, 8vo. 6. « Notæ ad libros I. et II. Digestorum,” Basil, 1557, 8vo, with many other works on different parts of civil law. 7. “ De Institutione Historiæ Universæ," Paris, 1551, 4to. 8. “ Historia Carthaginensis collationis," relative to the ancient controversy between the Catholics and the Dona. tists, ibid. 1566, 8vo. 9. An edition of “ Optatus de schismate Donatistarum," &c. ib. 1569, 8vo. 10. “ De Le. gatione Polonica, oratio," ib. 1573, 4to. 11. “ Apologia triplex adversus Joannem Calvinum ac Theodoram Bezam," 1562, 1564, 8vo, &c. '

1 Gen. Dict.—Moreri..Dupin...Foppen Bibl. Belgoro Sax, in Balduinus. Niceron, vol. XXVIII,

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