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"It would introduce a composure of mind, and lay a solid basis for wisdom and knowledge, by which they would be better enabled to serve God, and to help their neighbours.” These particulars are taken from her funeral sermon, preached at Barnes, where she died in her 25th year, June 12, 1697, by the rev. John Prade, and reprinted in that useful collection of such documents,

66 Wilford's MemoFials." She was interred at the East end of the churchyard of Barnes, with a monument and inscription, of which no traces are now to be found, but the inscription is preserved in Aubrey.'

BAYNES (John), was born in April 1758, at Middleham, in Yorkshire; where his father, who afterwards retired from business, then followed the profession of the law.

Mr. Baynes received his education at Richmond, under the rev. Mr. A. Temple, author of three discourses, printed in 1772; of “Remarks on the Layman's Scriptural Confutation; and letters to the rev. Thomas Randolph, D.D. containing a defence of Remarks on the Layman's Scriptural Confutation," 1779, 8vo. At school he soon 'distinguished himself by his superior talents and learning, and by the age of fourteen years was capable of reading and understanding the Greek classics. From Richmond he was sent to Trinity college, Cambridge; where, before he had arrived at the age of twenty years, he obtained the medals given for the best performances in classical and mathematical learning. In 1777 he took the degree of B.A.; and determining to apply himself to the study of the law, he about 1778, or 1779, became a pupil to Allen Chambre, esq. and entered himself of the society of Gray’s-inn. In 1780 he took the degree of M. A. and about the same time was chosen fellow of the college. From this period he chiefly resided in London, and, warmed with the principles of liberty, joined those who were clamorous in calling for reformation in the state. He was a member of the constitutional society, and took a very active part at the meeting at York, in December, 1779.' In his political creed he entertained the same sentiments with his friend Dr, Jebb; and, like him, without hesitation renounced those of his party whom he considered to have disgraced themselves by the unnatural coa

? Ballard's Memoirs.--Wilford's Memorials, p. 281.-- Lysons's Euvirons, vol. Bi

lition between lord North and Mr. Fox. We are told, however, that if the warmth of his political pursuits was not at all times under the guidance of discretion, he never acted but from the strictest principles of integrity. He had a very happy talent for poetry, which by many will be thought to have been misapplied, when devoted as it was, to the purposes of party. He wrote many occasional pieces in the newspapers, particularly in the London Courant, but was very careful to conceal himself as the writer of verses, which he thought would have an ill effect on him in his profession, a species of caution not much calculated to prove that independence of spirit for which men of his stamp contend. There is great reason to believe that he wrote the celebrated Archæological epistle to Dr. Milles, dean of Exeter. It is certain this excellent performance was transmitted to the press through his hands; and it is more than probable, that the 'same reason which occasioned him to decline the credit of his other poetical performances, influenced him to relinquish the honour of this. It is a fact, however, which should not be suppressed, that he always disclaimed being the author of this poem ; and when once pressed on the subject by a friend, he desired him to remember when it should be no longer a secret, that he then disowned it. Mr. Baynes had many friends, to whom he was sincerely attached, and by whom he was greatly beloved. Scarce any man, indeed, had so few enemies. Even politics, that fatal disuniter of friendships, lost its usual effect with him. As he felt no rancour towards those from whom he differed, so he experienced no malignity in return. What he conceived to be right, neither power por interest could deter him from asserting. In the autumn before his death, when he apprehended the election for fellows of Trinity college to be irregularly conducted, he boldly, though respectfully, with others of the society, represented the abuse to the heads of the college; and when, instead of the expected reform, an admonition was given to the rea monstrants, to behave with more respect to their superiors, conscious of the rectitude of their intentions, he made no scruple of referring the conduct of himself and his friends to a higher tribunal, but the matter was not decided before bis death. It was his intention to publish more correct edition of lord Coke's tracts; and we are


informed he left the work nearly completed. His death is supposed to have been occasioned by an intense application to business, which brought on a putrid fever, of which he died, universally lamented, August 3, 1787, after eight days illness. In the ensuing week he was buried near the remains of his friend Dr. Jebb, privately, in Bunbill-fields burying-ground.'

BAYNES (PAUL), an English divine of considerable eminence at Cambridge, was a native of London. He received his school-education at Withersfield, in Essex, and was afterwards admitted of Christ college, Cambridge, where his behaviour was so loose and irregular that his father left what he meant to bestow on him, in the hands of Mr. Wilson, a tradesman of London, with an injunction not to let him have it, unless he forsook his evil courses. This happy change took place not long after his father's death, and Mr. Wilson delivered up his trust. In the interim, although his moral conduct was censurable, such was his proficiency in learning, that he was elected a fellow of his college ; and after his reformation, having been admitted into holy orders, he was so highly esteemed for his piety, eloquence, and success, as a preacher, that he was chosen to succeed the celebrated Perkins, as lecturer of St. Andrew's church. In this office he continued until silenced for certain opinions, not favourable to the discipline of the church, by Abp. Bancroft's visitor, Mr. (afterwards archbishop) Harsnet; and Mr. Baynes appealed, but in vain, to the archbishop. On another occasion he was summoned by Dr. Harsnet, then bishop of Chichester, to the privy-council, but acquitted bimself so much to the satisfaction of all present, that he met with no farther trouble. During his suspension from the regular exercise of his ministry, he employed bimself on his writings, none of which, if we may judge from the dates of those we have seen, were published in his life-time. He died at Cambridge, in 1617. His works are: 1. “ A commentary on the first chapter of the epistle to the Ephesians, handling the controversy of Predestination,” London, 1618, 4to. 2. “The Diocesan's Trial, wherein all the sinews of Dr. Downham's defence are brought into three heads, and dissolved," 1621. Help to true happiness, explaining

3. "6

1 Gent. Mag. vol. LVII.


the fundamentals of Christian religion,” London, 12mo, 3d edit. 1635. 4. “ Letters of consolation, exhortation, direction, with a sermon of the trial of a Christian's estate, 1637, 12mno. 5. “A Commentary on the epistle to the Epbesians," Lond. fol. 1643.1

BAYNES (RALPH), an English prelate, was a native of Yorkshire, and educated in St. John's college, Cambridge, where he attained considerable reputation, as an expounder of the Scriptures, and as a Greek and Hebrew scholar. Having taken his degree of D. D. he went over to Paris, and was for some time royal professor of Hebrew. He remained abroad during the latter part of the reign of Henry VIII. and the whole of Edward VI. but upon the accession of queen Mary, with whose principles he coincided, he was consecrated bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. When queen Elizabeth succeeded, he was deprived, and for some time imprisoned, but lived afterwards in the bishop of London's bouse. He died in 1559, of the stone. Fuller says, in allusion to the persecutions he occasioned in his diocese, that although he was as bad as Christopherson, he was better than Bonner.

He wrote “ Prima Rudimenta in linguam Hebraicam," Paris, 1550, 4to, and “ Comment. in proverbia Salomonis, lib. III." ibid. and same year, fol. ?

BAYNES (Sir THOMAS), an eminent physician, and professor of music at Gresham-college, in London, was born about the year 1622, and educated at Christ's colJege, in Cambridge, under the tuition of the learned Dr. Henry More, where he took the degree of B. A. about the year 1642. In 1649, he took the degree of M. A. and commenced the study of physic. He went into Italy in company with Mr. Finch (afterwards sir John), with whom he had contracted the strictest friendship; and at Padua they were both created doctors of physic. Upon the restoration of king Charles II. in 1660, Mr. Baynes and Mr. Finch returned into England, and the same year were created doctors of physic at Cambridge. On the 26th of February following, Mr. Baynes, together with sir John Finch, was admitted a fellow extraordinary, i. e. one be

Clarke's Lives, at the end of his Martyrology, p. 22.-Cole's MS Athena in Brit. Mus.

Tanner, Bale, apd Pits.Godwin.--Strype's Annals.-Cranmer, p. 320

Fond the then limited number, of the college of physicians
of London. Dr. Petty having resigned his professorship
of music in Gresham-college, Dr. Baynes was chosen to
succeed him, the 8th of March, 1660; and the 26th of
June following, he and his friend sir John Finch were ad-
mitted graduates in physic at Cambridge, in pursuance of
the grace passed in their favour the year before. In March
1663, they were elected F. R. S. upon the first choice
made by the council, after the grant of their charter, of
which they had been members before ; and May 15, 1661,
had, with several others, been nominated a committee for
a library at Gresham college, and for examining of the
generation of insects. In March 1664, Dr. Baynes ac-
companied sir John Finch to Florence, where that gentle-
man was appointed his majesty's resident, and returned
back with him into England in 1670. Towards the end of
the year 1672, sir John being appointed the king's am-
bassador to the grand signor, Dr. Baynes was ordered to
attend him as his physician, and before he left England,
received from his majesty the honour of knighthood. Nine
years after, sir Thomas still continuing in Turkey, the
Gresham committee found it necessary to supply his pro-
fessorship, by chusing Mr. William Perry in his room, but
of this he never heard, as he died at Constantinople about
a month after, Sept. 5, 1681, to the inexpressible grief
of his affectionate friend, sir John Finch, who died Nov.
18, 1682, and according to his own desire, was interred
at Cambridge, in the chapel of Christ's college, whither
the remains of sir Thomas had been brought. Dr. Henry
More inscribed a long epitaph to their menories, com-
memorating their many virtues and steady friendship.
They jointly left four thousand pounds to that college, by
which two fellowships and two scholarships were founded,
and an addition made to the master's income. Sir John
was supposed to have paid most of the money, though he
was willing that sir Thomas should share with him in the
honour of this donation, as in all his other laudable actions.

This instance of a long and inviolably mutual attachment,
may be added to the histories of human friendship, which
are so rare, and so gratifying when they do occur. Is it
not probable that these two gentlemen imbibed something
of the noble enthusiasm they were inspired with from their
tutor, Dr. Henry More ; who was a man of the warmest.

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