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been appointed successor to his father, and had occasionally lectured in the professor's chair, Dr. Beattie resumed that employment himself, and continued it, although with intervals of sickness and depression, until the unexpected death of his second and last child, in 1796. His hopes of a successor, of his name and family, had probably been revived in this youth, who exhibited many proofs of early genius, and for some time before his death had prosecuted his studies with great assiduity. But here too he was compelled again to subscribe to the uncertainty of all human prospects. From this period he began to withdraw from society, and brooded over the sorrows of his family, until they overpowered his feelings, and abstracted him from all the comforts of friendship and all power of consolation. Of the state of his mind, sir William Forbes has given an instance so extremely affecting, that no apology can be necessary for introducing it here.
« The death of his only surviving child completely unhinged the mind of Dr, Beattie, the first symptom of which, ere many days had elapsed, was a temporary but almost total loss of memory respecting his son. Many times he could not recollect what had become of him, and after searching in every room of the house, he would say to his niece, Mrs. Glennie, “You may think it strange, but I must ask
you if I have a son, and where he is?' She then felt herself under the painful necessity of bringing to his recollection his son Montagu's sufferings, which always restored him to reason.
And he would often, with many tears, express his thankfulness that he had no child, saying, How could I have borne to see their elegant minds mangled with madness! When he looked for the last time on the dead body of his son, he said, I have now done with the world :' and he ever after seemed to act as if he thought so.”
The last three years of his life were passed in hopeless solitude, and he even dropt his correspondence with many of those remote friends with whom he had long enjoyed the soothing interchange of elegant sentiment and friendly attachment. His health, in this voluntary confinement, gradually decayed, and extreme and premature debility, occasioned by two paralytic strokes, terminated his life, on the 18th of August, 1803. His reputation was so well founded and so extensive, that he was universally lamented as a loss to the republic of letters, and particularly to the
university to which he had been so long a public benefactor and an honour. . Of his general character a fair estimate may be formed from his works, and it is no small praise that his life and writings were in strict conformity. No man ever felt more strong impressions of the value of the virtues he recommended than Dr. Beattie. Although he disdained the affectation of feeling, and the ostentation of extraordinary purity, he yet more abhorred the character of those writers whose professions and practice are at variance. His zeal for religious and moral truth, however censured by those to whom religion and truth are adverse, originated in a mind fully convinced of the importance of what he prescribed to others, and anxious to display, where such a display was neither obtrusive nor boastful, that his conviction was sincere, and his practice resolute.
BEATUS. See RHENANUS.
BEAU (CHARLES LE), first professor of rhetoric in the college of the Grassins, and afterwards professor in the college-royal, secretary to the duke of Orleans, perpetual secretary and pensionary of the academy of inscriptions, was born at Paris, Oct. 19, 1701 (Saxius says 1709), and died in that city, March 13, 1778. He was married, and left only one daughter. This honest and laborious academician, the rival of Rollin in the art of teaching, idolized by his scholars, as that famous professor was, had perhaps a more extensive fund of learning, and particularly in Greek and Latin literature. His history of the Lower Empire, in 22 vols. 12mo, 1757, forming a continuation of Crevier's History of the Emperors, is the more esteemed, as in the composition of it he had many
difficulties to overcome, in reconciling contradictory writers,, filling up chasms, and forming a regular body out of a heap of mishapen ruins. It is strongly characterized by a judicious series of criticism, couched in a polished and elegant style. The logician sometimes appears too conspicuously ; but in general it is read with pleasure and profit. The first volume of an English translation of this work was published
| Life prefixed to his poems, in the late edition of the “ English Poets.” The more copious and minute life of Dr. Beattie lately published by sir William Forbes exhibits him in the character of an epistolary writer,
His letters embrace a very large portion of the literary history of his time, but it may be doubted whether they have always the ease and vivacity which are expected in this species of composition. They are valuable, however, as exhibiting many lesser traits of his character, and as disclosing its lesser infirmities.
in 1770, but, we believe, not continued. The memoirs of the academy of belles lettres are enriched with several learned dissertations by the same author, particularly on medals, on the Roman legion, on the Roman art of war, and thirty-four biographical eloges, distinguished for truth and impartialiiy. The religious sentiments, the sound principles, the sweetness of manners, and the inviolable integrity of M. le Beau, which inspired his friends and disciples with so much attachment to him when alive, occasioned them to feel a long and lasting regret at his departure. Several little anecdotes might here be related that do honour to his heart. A place in the academy of belles lettres had been designed for him. Bougainville, the translator of the Anti-Lucretius, who applied for it, with fewer pretensions, and a less consummate knowledge, dreaded such a formidable competitor as M. le Beau, to whom, however, from his known character, he was not deterred from making his wishes known. The professor felt for his embarrassment, and hastened to the friends who had promised him their votes, desiring they might be transferred to the young student. “ It is one of the smallest sacrifices,” said he, “ I should be ready to make in order to oblige a man of merit.”. M. le Beau was received at the election following; and M. Capperonier, surprised at his extensive erudition, and affected by his generosity, exclaimed, “ He is our master in all things !" On another occasion, when highly praised for his acquisitions, he said, “I know enough to be ashamed that I know no more." Thierrat published Le Beau's Latin works, Paris, 1782, 2 vols. 8vo, consisting of orations, poetry, and fables; the last inferior to his other productions.'
BEAU (John LEWIS LE), younger brother to the above, professor of rhetoric in the college of the Grassins, and member of the academy of inscriptions, was born at Paris, March 8, 1721, and died March 12, 1766. He filled with distinguished merit the functions of academician and professor. He is author of a discourse in which, after having shewn the pernicious effects of poverty to men of letters, and what dangers they have to dread from riches, he concludes, that the state of a happy mediocrity is the fittest for them. He published an edition of “Homer,” Greek and Latin, 2 vols. 1746; and the “ Orations of Cicero,"
1 Dict. Hist.Saxii Onomasticon.
in 3 vols. 1750. To both he has subjoined copious annotations, and wrote several papers in the Memoirs of the academy.
BEAU (JOHN BAPTISTE LE), a learned French Jesuit, and classical antiquary, was born in 1602, in the comtat Venaissin, and entered among the Jesuits in 1619. He taught rhetoric for seven years at Toulouse, and was afterwards rector of the college of Rhodez. He died in the college of Montpellier, July 26, 1670. His works, which discover much valuable literary research, are, 1. "Diatribæ duæ, prima de partibus templi Auguralis; altera, de mense et die victoriæ Pharsalicæ,” Toulouse, 1637, 8vo, and inserted in Grævius's Roman antiquities, vol. V. and vol. VIII. 2. “ Diatriba de Pharsalici conflictus mense et die, cum accessionibus et prefatione Henrici Leonardi Schurzfleischii,” Wirtemberg, 1705, 8vo. 3. “ Brèviculum expeditionis Hispaniensis Ludovici XIII.” Toulouse, 1642, 4to. 4. “ Otia regia Ludovici XIV. regis Christianissimi, sive Polyænus Gallicus de veterum et recentium Gallorum stratageniatibus,” Clermont, 1658, 8vo, Francfort, 1661, 8vo. 5. “La Vie de M. François D'Estaing, eveque de Rhodez,” Clermont, 1655, 4to, and an abridgment of the same in Latin, 12mo. “ Historia de vita Bartholomæi de Martyribus,” Paris, 4to. 7. “ Speculum veri antistitis in vita Alphonsi Torribii archiepiscopi Limensis in Peruvia,” Paris, 4to.
BEAUCAIRE DE PEGUILON (FRANCIS), in Latin BELCARIUS PUGUILIO, bishop of Metz, a man of some note in the sixteenth century, was born April 15, 1514, of one of the most ancient families of the Bourbonnois. The progress he made in polite literature induced Claude de Lorraine, the tirst duke of Guise, to choose him to be preceptor to cardinal de Lorraine, his second son, an appointment which very naturally, we will not say very justly, attached him to the family of Guise, and made him too partial in his writings to their character. He attended his pupil to Rome, where he became acquainted with Paul Jovius, in whose history he afterwards pointed out some
On his return from Italy, the cardinal of Lorraine procured him in 1555 the bishopric of Metz, but according to Beza (Hist. Ecclesiast. lib. xvi. p. 439), this was little
more than a titular preferment, the cardinal reserving the revenues, or the greater part of them, to himself. According to the same author, Beaucaire, with two other bishops, came to Metz, and occasioned an alarm among the inhabitants of the reformed religion, some of whom thought proper to retire for safety from the city. Beza, however, adds that Beaucaire only wrote a small tract in
“ Sanctification,” and “ The Baptisın of Infants,” which was soon answered. Some time after his promotion, his patron, the cardinal, carried him with him to the council, on the day that the fathers of the council had appointed as a thanksgiving for the battle of Dreux, fought Jan. 3, 1563, and here Beaucaire pronounced an oration, which was much applauded, and is inserted at the end of the thirtieth book of his “ History of his own times.” This work he began in 1568, when he resigned his bishopric to his patron, and retired to his castle of la Chrete in Bourbonnois. He died Feb. 14, 1591. His history, which extends from 1461 to 1580, or according to Bayle from 1462 to 1567, according to either account is not very properly called a history of his own times. The title of the publication, however, is “ Rerum Gallicarum Commentaria, ab. A. 1462 usque ad A. 1566," Lyons, 1625, fol. Saxius doubts whether he be the same Francis Bellicarius, who translated the first book of the Greek Anthology into Latin, as asserted by Fabricius, and which was published at Paris, 1543, 4to. His other works are so differently and confusedly spoken of, that we shall refer our readers to his biographers, rather than attempt to reconcile them. His tract on the baptism of infants, above alluded to by Beza, may perhaps be “Traité des enfans morts dans le sein de leurs meres,” 1567, 8vo, the question being, whether children dying in the womb, and consequently without baptism, are saved, which he was disposed to answer in the negative. The Calvinists held that children dying in infancy are saved, an opinion, we presume, that will seldom be denied.
BEAUCHAMPS (JOSEPH), a member of the national Institute of France, and an astronomer of considerable fame, was born at Vesoul, June 29, 1752. He was originally intended for the church, and in "1767, entered the order of the Bernardines, but his turn for astronomy induced him
1 Gen. Dict.-Moreri,-Diot. Hist.-Saxii Onomastieon.