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nandri et Philemonis Reliquiæ,” were purchased at Dr. Askew's sale by the university of Cambridge, and printed in the ninth volume of Mr. Maty’s review. In 1807, the rev. Dr. Charles Burney presented to his learned friends a quarto volume, magnificently printed, of inedited letters of Dr. Bentley, &c. under the title “ R. Bentleii et doctorum virorum Epistolæ, partim mutuæ. Accedit Richardi Dawesii ad Joannem Taylorum epistola singularis.” Grævius is Dr. Bentley's principal correspondent in this interesting volume, which does so much honour to the munificent spirit of its editor, himself tali studio facillime princeps.
Dr. Bentley married a daughter of sir John Bernard, of Brampton, in Huntingdonshire, by whom he had one son, Richard, of whom in the next article, and two daughters, Elizabeth and Joanna. Elizabeth first married Humphrey Ridge, esq. and after his decease the rev. Dr. Faveli, rector of Witton, near Huntingdon. Joanna, the Phebe of Dr. Byron's celebrated pastoral (first published in the Spectator), married the rev. Denison Cumberland, afterward bishop of Kilmore, in Ireland, and father, by this lady, of Richard Cumberland, esq. the late dramatic and miscellaneous writer.
We shall now attempt a catalogue of Dr. Bentley's works, not hitherto noticed, and of the principal of those published respecting his controversies, as far as the latter can be ascertained. His first publication, as already' noticed, was his epistle to Dr. Mill, under the title : 1.“ Johannis Antiocheni Cognomento Malalæ Historia Chronica e MSS. Cod. Bibliothecæ Bodleianæ, nunc primum edita, cum interp. et notis Edm. Chilmeаdi et triplice indice rerum, autorum et vocum barbarum. Præmittitur dissertatio de autore, per Humfredum Hodium, S. T. B. Coll. Wadhami Socium. Accedit Epistola Richardi Bentleii ad Cl. V. Jo. Millium, S. T. P. cum indice scriptorum, qui ibi emendantur," Oxonii, 1691, 8vo. 2. His 6 Sermons at Boyle's Lectures," 1693-4, 4to. His controversy with Mr. Boyle on the edition of Phalaris, which produced in 1697, 3. His. “ Dissertation upon the Epistles of Themistocles, Socrates, Euripides, Phalaris, and the Fables of Æsop," at the end of the second edition of Wotton's 6 Reflections on ancient and modern learning.” This occasioned Mr. Boyle's work, “ Dr. Bentley's Dissertation on the Epistles of Phalaris and the Fables of Æsop exa
mined, 1698; usually known by the title of “ Boyle against Bentley.”. Dr. Bentley then published, 4. “ Dr. Bentley's answer to the above,” commonly known by the name of “ Bentley against Boyle," a curious piece, interspersed with a great deal of true wit and humour. This was for some time a scarce book; but it was reprinted in 1777, by Bowyer and Nichols, with the advantage of several valuable notes and observations, either collected from, or communicated by, bishops Warburton and Lowth, Mr. Upton, Mr. W. Clarke, Mr. Markland, Dr. Salter, Dr. Owen, and Mr. Toup. These were the several pieces which appeared in this great dispute, excepting some few that were published against the doctor, hardly any of which are now known, except “A short review of the controversy between Mr. Boyle and Dr. Bentley,” 1701, 8vo. ; and previous to that, “ A short account of Dr. Bentley's humanity and justice to those authors who have written before him, with an honest vindication of Thomas Stanley, esq. and his notes on Callimachus. To which are added some other observations on that poet, in a letter to the honourable Charles Boyle, esq. with a Postscript, in relation to Dr. Bentley's late book against him. To which is added an Appendix, by the bookseller, wherein the doctór's misrepresentations of all the matters of fact, wherein he is concerned, in his late book about Phalaris's Epistles, are modestly considered, with a letter from the honourable Charles Boyle on that subject," Lond. 1699, 8vo. 5. “Annotationes, in Callimachum ultra, 1697. Collectio fragmentorum Callimachi et Annotationes ad eadem.” Of this an edition was published in 1741, 8vo. 6. “ Remarks upon a late discourse on Free-thinking (by Collins) in two parts, by Phileleutherus Lipsiensis,” Lond. 1713, 8vo; 1719, 1725. 7. “ Q. Horatius Flaccus ex recensione, et cum notis et emendationibus R. Bentleii,” Camb. 1711, 4to; Amst. 1713 and 1728, 8vo; Leipsic, 1763, 2 vols. 8.“ Proposals for printing a new edition of the Greek Testament,” Lond. 1721, 4to. Of the pamphlets pro and con respecting his disputes with his college and with the university, a very correct catalogue may be seen in Gough's « British Topography.” ?
Biog. Brit.-Dodsley's Poems, vol. VI. where is the only specimen of Bentley's poetry.--Stillingfleet's Life, 8vo. p. 149.----Bp. Newton's Life, 8vo. p. 9, 18, &c. Cumberland's Life, 4to.--Bowles's edition of Pope's Works.--Gent. Mag. see Index, and vol. LXXI.-Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. III. Whiston's LifeLeland's Deistical Writers, &c. &c.
BENTLEY (RICHARD), only son of the preceding, was a man of various and considerable accomplishments, with wit, genius, and elegant manners; but was imprudent in his conduct, frequently involved in distresses, and reduced to situations uncongenial with his feelings, and unfavourable to the cultivation and encouragement of his talents. He was educated at Trinity college, Cambridge, lived for some years after his marriage in the South of France, and in the island of Jersey, and afterwards, about 1763, at Teddington, near Twickenham, in consequence of his intimacy with Mr. Horace Walpole. His nephew informs us that “ they carried on, for a long time, a sickly kind of friend. ship, which had its hot fits and cold fits, was suspended and renewed, but never totally broken.” Mr. Bentley was the designer of many of the gothic embellishments of Strawberry-hill, and made also the designs for an edition of Gray's works, printed there. In one of these he personifies himself as a monkey, sitting under a withered tree with a pallet in his hand, while Gray reposes under the shade of a flourishing laurel. - Such a design,” says Mr. Cumberland, “ with figures so contrasted, might flatter Gray, and gratify the trivial taste of Walpole ; but in my poor opinion it is a satire on copper-plate, and my uncle has most completely libelled both his poet and his patron, without intending so to do.” In Walpole, he certainly did not find a very liberal patron, yet it is said that he enjoyed a place of about £100 a year by that gentleman's means, and had also the profits of the “ Lucan," printed at Strawberry-hill, amounting to about £40. For the translation of “ Hentzner's Account of England,” on which Mr. Walpole employed him, he was promised £100; but this, according to Mr. Cole's account, his patron reserved for his family.
About the conclusion of the last reign, his nephew, Mr. Cumberland, brought him acquainted with the celebrated Bubb Doddington, afterwards lord Melcombe, and by his means he got some situation under administration, which he does not specify. He adds, however, that there was not a man of literary talents in the kingdom, who stood so high in favour with the premier, lord Bute, as Mr. Bentley, and though, when his lordship went out of office, Mr. Bentley lost every place of profit that could be taken from him, he continued to enjoy a pension of £500 per annum, in which his widow had her life, and received it many years
after his decease. It was in consequence of this connection that he wrote in 1765, “ Patriotism," a satirical poem, attacking Wilkes and his friends; reprinted in Dilly's Repository, vol. IV. Before this he had composed his drama of “ The Wishes,” which was privately rehearsed at lord Melcombe's villa, but was unsuccessful on the stage. Mr. Bentley in 1761 wrote his poetical “ Epistle to lord Melcolmbe," and Mr. Cumberland regrets that, if it be in the hands of any of Mr. Bentley's family, it should be withheld from the public, not knowing that Mr. Bentley published it himself in the St. James's Chronicle in April 1763, in consequence of Lloyd, the poet, having printed an incorrect copy in his “ St. James's Magazine.' Mr. Bentley's other dramas were, “ Philodamus,” 1767, which was also unsuccessful; and the “ Prophet," a posthumous comedy, 1788, performed for a few nights. He died in Abingdon-street, Westminster, Oct. 23, 1782."
I Cumberland's Life.-Cole's MS Athenæ.-Davies's Life of Garrick, vol. I. p. 335.-Lord Orford's Works, vol. V. p. 261-353.
Those marked thus * are new.
4 Bartolocci, Jul.
5 Barton, Eliz.
ib. Baskerville, Sir Simon.... 105
de Beauval 115
48 Bassompierre, Francis
63 Bastwick, Dr. John. 127
· Bate, George