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RELATION OF IMPORT DUTY TO IMPORT PRICE
OF FRESH AND FROZEN GROUNDFISH FILLETS

1939-1948 (Protective effect)

1939 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 The protective effect of the import duty to import prices represented 32.9 percent in 1939, but has decreased to 12.2 percent in 1948. It ceases to be effective as a protective duty.

AVERAGE PRICE OF COD AS LANDED IN UNITED STATES AND CANADA, 1936-1945

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CENTS PER POUND

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1936 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

45 The average price of cod landed in the U. S. rose from 2.06 cents in 1936 to 6.06 cents in

1945, whereas the Canadian average price of cod rose from 1.27 cents to only 3.6 cents in the same period. Later figures are not available. These increases have resulted in Canada enjoying a competitive position on raw material cost more than twice as favorable in 1945 as in 1936.

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United States groundfish processing costs increased from 7.3 cents per pound in 1939 to

18.1 cents per pound in 1944, whereas similar Canadian costs increased from 6.7 cents per pound in 1939 to 13.5 cents per pound in 1944. The difference in processing cost favored Canadian production to the extent of only 0.6 cents per pound in 1939, but in 1944 had increased to 4.6 cents per pound. Processing costs from 1944 to 1948 are not available, but a projection on the basis of United States and Canadian all-industry-wage da ta indicates very little change with a differential of 4 cents per pound in 1948.

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34-38 39

40
41 42
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46 47 48 AVE.

EST. Total exports have decreased from an average in 1934-38 of 118,300,000 pounds to 71,600,000 EXPORTS OF SARDINES FROM THE UNITED STATES 1934-1938 AVERAGE AND 1939 TO 1948 ANNUAL

pounds for the first 9 months of 1948, with the yearly estimate of 86,000,000 pounds for 1948. Of these totals the amount exported to Europe in 1934-38 average represented 61.900.000 pounds, whereas at the end of 9 months in 1948 it had dropped to 13,900,000 pounds, with an estimated yearly total in 1948 of 17.000.000. Such sharp declines indicata a nonexistent export market in the near future.

MILLION POUNDS

34-38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48
AVE.

EST. Exports have decreased from 42,820,000 pounds in 1934–38 average to a 10-month total

in 1948 of 15,800,000 pounds, with an estimated yearly total in 1948 of 20,000,000 pounds. At the present rate the sardines-export market will have soon disappeared.

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E. C. A.'s visualized purchases of fishery products amounted to $31,100,000, but actual

fishery purchase allocations only amounted to $800,000.

Mr. Jackson. The next witness will be Captain McHugh of the Atlantic Fisherman's Union. He can answer the question you asked about wages.

Captain McHugh?
STATEMENT OF PATRICK J. McHUGH, SECRETARY-TREASURER,

ATLANTIC FISHERMAN'S UNION

Mr. McHugh. My name is Patrick McHugh, secretary and treasurer, Atlantic Fisherman's Union. This union is composed of approximately 4,500 fishermen of New England.

In answer to your question, sir, as to the reason for the difference in price, I have a letter here from Newfoundland, which we recently received. They were asking us to help them to organize, because of the conditions they have to work under down there.

In Newfoundland the fishermen get 3 cents a pound for fish. We up here get an average of about 9 cents per pound. On our boats

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