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rate levied, or overseers appointed, may appoint an overseer or overseers for the special purposes of this act. s. 8. and may call for parliamentary or parochial assessments to aid them in the execution of the act. s.9. · Parish officers are authorized to enter on any lands to ascertain their value. s. 10.
Justices of division to certify to the justices at the general or quarter sessions the value of the property so ascertained. s. 11.
Justices authorized to issue warrants to levy the county rate in the usual manner. s. 12, and in places where the poors' rate does not apply separately, justices may order county rate to be levied as in cases where there is no poors' rate. s. 13.
Parishes aggrieved by the rate may appeal to the justices at the general or quarter sessions. s. 14. the expense of which to be paid by the parish appealing. s. 15.
Justices in general or quarter sessions may compensate persons employed in the execution of this act out of the money assessed. s. 16.
High constables to give security to the justices of the peace of the county for the due collecting and payment of the rate, and in default, justices may authorize parish officers to collect the same. s. 19.
All penalties if not immediately paid, to be levied by distress and sale, by warrant of one justice, or in default offender to be committed to the common gaol for not exceeding three calendar months, unless penalty sooner paid. s. 22.
Justice's Precept to High Constable to collect County Rate.
, in the said
To the High Constable of the Hundred of —
– to wit. These are, in His Majesty's name, to command you within eight days after receipt hereof, to demand, collect and receive of and from the churchwardens and overseers of the poor of the several parishes and places hereunder-named, (being within your said hundred,) the several and respective sums of money hereunder set down and expressed opposite to and against the names of such parishes and places; the said several sums being respectively charged and assessed thereon in and by a rate or order made at the last general quarter sessions of the peace, held at — in and for the said county, for and towards one general rate or assessment made for raising such sum and sums of money within the division of the said county, as may be sufficient to answer the ends and purposes mentioned and contained in an act of parliament made in the 12th year of the reign of his late Majesty King George the Second, intituled “ An Act for the more easy assessing, collecting and levying of County Rates;” and that upon the receipt of the said several sums of money, you pay the same at or before the next general quarter sessions of the peace, to be held at , in and for the said county, into the hands of G. B. M. Esq. the treasurer appointed to receive the same. And if any of the churchwardens and overseers of the said several parishes and places shall refuse or neglect to pay the same within thirty days next after you shall have demanded the same, in writing given to the said churchwardens or overseers of the poor or any of them, or left at their or any of their dwelling-house or houses, or affixed on any of the church doors of such parish or places to which such churchwardens or overseers shall belong, that then you inform us or some other of His Majesty's justices of the peace for the said county, thereof, that such further proceedings may be had and taken as the law directs. And therefore fail not at your peril.
Given under our hands and seals at in the said county, the day of , in the year of our Lord 1817. :
High Constable's Warrant to levy the Rate. To the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of the parish
of me in the said county. to wit. By virtue of an order of His Majesty's justices of the peace in and for the said county in their general quarter sessions assembled, you are hereby required in thirty days time from your receipt of this precept, or otherwise, having had due notice thereof, to pay to me, out of the money by you col. lected or to be collected for the relief of the poor of your parish, the sum of £— being the proportion of your said parish for and towards the general county rate, for repairing of bridges, repairing of the gaol, and for the relief of prisoners there, and for the relief of the prisoners in the King's Bench and Marshalsea prisons; for repairing and furnishing the house of correction, with the salary of the keeper thereof, the treasurer's salary, the coroner's fees, the charges concerning va. grants, soldiers' carriages, convicting and transporting felons, and other county charges. Herein fail not at your peril.
Given under my hand at in the said county, the day of — , 1817.
J. C. High Constable. DEER. See “ GAME.”
DISSENTERS. By the act of toleration, 13 and 14 Çar. II. c. 4, and by 19 Geo. III. c. 44, no dissenting mipister shall be liable to the penalties of former acts, who shall, at the sessions where he lives, take the oaths of allegiance and supremacy, and subscribe the declaration against popery, and also the following declaration, viz.
“I, A. B. do solemnly declare, in the presence of Almighty God, that I am a Christian and a Protestant, and as such, that I believe that the Scrip.
tures of the Old and New Testament, as commonly received among Protestant churches, do contain the revealed will of God, and that I do receive the same as the rule of my doctrine and practice." He may preach in any other county at a meeting duly registered, on producing, (if required), a certificate of his qualification. 10 Ann, c.2, s. 9. and he is exempted from the offices of churchwarden, overseer, or any other parochial office, and from serving in the militia, either personally or by substitute. 1 Wm. and Mary, c. 18, s. 11.-19 Geo. III. c. 44.42 Geo. III. c. 90, s. 43. Any person disturbing a meeting-house, duly licensed, or misusing the preacher, shall find sureties in £50. to answer the šame at the sessions, in default may be committed, and on conviction of the offender at the sessions, he shall forfeit £20. to the King. 1 Wm. and Mary, c. 18, s. 18.
By 52 Geo. III. c. 155, the acts of 13 and 14 Car. II. c.1. 17 Car. II. c. 2. and 22 Car. II. c. 1. are repealed, and the following regulations substituted. ---All places for religious worship shall be certified and registered, and any person knowingly permitting such assembly to meet in any place not registered, to forfeit not exceeding £20. nor less than 20s. 8. 2. Any person preaching in a place, without the owner's consent, to forfeit not inore than £30, nor less than 40s. 5. 3. Preachers, and persons resorting to religious assemblies so certified and registered, exempt from penalties, in
1 Wm. and Mary, and preachers on taking the oaths in 19 Geo. III. c. 44, from civil offices and the militia. s. 9.
Penalty on providing a false certificate of having taken the oath, £50.
Persons disturbing religious congregations, shall enter into recognizance with two sureties in £50. to answer complaint at the sessions; in default thereof to be committed till the sessions, and if convicted, to forfeit £50. s. 12.
Offenders to be convicted before two justices, and pecuniary penalties to be levied by distress; in default thereof, the party to be committed to prison for
any time not exceeding three months. s. 15. but appeal allowed to the next quarter sessions. s. 16. Penalties to be sued for in six months. s. 17.
By 53 Geo. III. c. 160, so much of the act 1 IV. and M. as provides that that act should not extend to give any ease, benefit, or advantage to persons denying the Trinity, is repealed. s. 1.
The provisions of another act 9 and 10 W. intituled “ An Act for the more effectually suppressing Blasphemy and Profaneness so far as relates to Persons denying the Trinity,” is also repealed. s. 2.
DISTRESS. A distress is the taking or distraining a personal chattel, to procure satisfaction for a wrong committed. The most usual distress is for rent in arrear ; but the penalties and duties imposed by acts