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the form of the Statute aforesaid is convicted, and for the offence aforesaid bath forfeited the sum of 10s. to the use of the poor of the parish of in the county aforesaid. In witness whereof 1 the said justice to this present record of conviction have set my hand and seal, at a foresaid, in the county aforesaid, the day and year above written.

Conviction (general.) Under 30 Geo. II. of an Alehouse Keeper for suffering Gaming

by Servants, &c. or for Servant, &c. found Gaming.

- to wit. Be it remembered, that on this day of in the 57th year of His Majesty's reign, A. B. is convicted before J.C. Esq. one of His Majesty's justices of the peace for the said county of — for [state the offence] and I the said J. C. do adjudge him to pay and forfeit the sum of Given under my hand and seal, this day of in the year aforesaid.

ALIENS. By Stat. 55, Geo. III. C. 54, Aliens to depart the kingdom within the time limited by proclamation issued for that purpose, and in default, any justice may cause them to be arrested and sent to the common gaol, until taken in charge for the purpose of being sent out of the kingdom ; aliens disobeying such proclamation, any justice may adjudge them to suffer imprisonment not exceeding oné month for the first, nor two months for the second offence, s. 2, 3. Justice to send copy of his convictions to the Secretary of State, with the particulars of the case, s. 5.

Aliens not to land in this kingdom without pera mission, and if so, they shall be taken into custody

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and carried before a justice, who shall commit them to gaol until His Majesty's pleasure be known, s. 7.

Masters of vessels wilfully neglecting to conform to the directions of this act, shall forfeit £40. for every alien so landed, to be recovered before a justice, one moiety of the penalty to the informer and the other to the King, s. 13.

Master of any vessel having aliens on board to give to the Inspector of Aliens, or the Collector or Comptroller of the Customs of any port to which his vessel shall arrive, a declaration stating the number, names, rank, &c. of the persons, under a penalty of L20. to be recovered before one or more justice or justices, on confession or oath of one or more witnesses and Inspectors; or Customhouse Officers to detain vessels until penalty paid,

s. 8.

An alien arriving in this kingdom, or who shall depart from any port or place in this kingdom, to make declaration in writing to Inspector, &c. of his name, rank, occupation, and other particulars; in default of which, or giving a false statement, to be imprisoned not exceeding one month, on conviction before one or more justices of the peace, s. 9. This act not to include mariners, certified by the master to be employed in navigating the vessel ; and if any master shall refuse to grant his certificate, a justice may summon, and if on the hearing the justice shall be of opinion that such certificate

should be granted, and such master should nevertheless refuse to grant, he shall be fined £20. to the King, and on non-payment be imprisoned not exceeding one month, s. 11.

No alien to depart from the place of arrival without a passport from a justice of the peace, who may refuse it upon sufficient grounds, and commit the alien to gaol until he shall transmit to the Secretary of State the particulars and causes of his refusal, s. 14; aliens wishing to change their residence, must likewise obtain a passport or license for that purpose from the mayor, chief magistrate, or justice of the peace from the county or town where resident, s. 15; and mayor, chief magistrate, or justice of the peace may require aliens to exhibit their passports, and may commit thein to gaol in case of refusal, s. 16.

Aliens being required by any proclamation to reside in a particular place, and disobeying the same, may be committed by one justice to gaol, and imprisoned not exceeding six months, s. 19.

Houses of aliens may be searched for arms, &c. by warrant of one justice, s. 21.

Aliens at large without license, may be imprisoned not exceeding six months, at the discretion of the justice before whom they shall be convicted, s. 23.

Persons receiving aliens as lodgers, to require their licenses, and shall send same to the next justice of peace, &c. or give notice that no license pro

duced, under a penalty of £10. half to be paid to the informer and half to the poor, s. 30. and such . persons having alien lodgers, shall give notice in writing to such justice, with a description, &c. of the alien, under a like penalty of £10. s. 32.

Penalties on this act under £40. to be recovered before one justice, and levied by distress and sale of the offender's goods, s. 46.

ALMANACKS. The act 55 Geo. III. c. 184, grants a new duty on almanacks.

Persons exposing to sale any almanack, unstamped, shall, on conviction before one justice, on the oath of one witness, be committed to the House of Correction for not more than three months ; any person may apprehend the offender, and carry him before such justice, and such person shall be entitled to 20s. on producing a certificate of the conviction under the hands of the justice, to be paid by the Receiver-General of the Stamp Duties, 16 Geo. II. c. 26, and 30 Geo. II. c. 19.

APPEAL. An appeal is granted by 17 Geo. III. c. 106, on certain conditions, from a conviction by a justice of peace to any quarter session to be holden within six months after such conviction. If the appellant lodge his appeal and the court dismiss it because the conditions have not been complied with, and

confirm the conviction, such judgment is conclusive, and the party cannot lodge a second appeal from the same conviction though within the six months allowed.-Rex v. the Justices of the West Riding of Yorkshire, 3 T. R. 776.-One of the conditions of the act requires the justice to give notice to the party convicted, of his right to appeal to the session; if the justice inform him of such right, and he enter into recognizance, the sessions are bound to receive the appeal, though he did not give the notice in writing.-Rex v. the Justices of Leeds, 4 T. R. 583.

Under Stat. 13, Geo. III. c. 78, no appeal lies to the quarter session against the allowance of the accounts of the surveyor of the highways, — Rex v. the Justices of the West Riding of Yorkshire, 5 T. R. 628, – and Rex v. M. Mitchell, 5 T. R. 701.-For further information respecting appeals to the sessions, see title “ Poor, &c.”

APPLES AND PEARS.

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The measure called the water measure, to be round, and in diameter eighteen inches and a half within the hoop, and eight inches deep, and such measure shall be heaped; and persons buying or selling apples or pears by any other measure, to forfeit 10s. half to the informer and half to the poor, on conviction, by oath of one witness before one justice, to be levied by distress and sale, 1 Ann,

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