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Stat. 1, c. 15, s. 1.; but this act not to extend to ineasures sealed and allowed by the Fruiterers' Company of London, s. 2.
[For robbing Orchards, &c. see “ Wood.”] -... **** APPRENTICES.
By Stat. 54 Geo. III. c. 96, the act of 5 Eliz, is repealed so far as respects the prohibition of persons carrying on any trade, &c. unless they had served an apprenticeship for seven years: but this act does not affect or in any wise alter the customs or orders of the City of London respecting apprentices.
Justices of peace may hear and redress complaints between masters and their apprentices, 5 Eliz. C. 4.-2 and 3 Ann, c. 6.—and 20 Geo. II. c. 19:—and by the first statute, if the dispute cannot be adjusted, the justice may bind over the parties to the sessions, and the apprentice may there be discharged by order under the hands and seals of at least four justices.
Overseers of the poor, with the assent of two justices, may bind poor children apprentices,— 43 Eliz. c. 2;_and by 2 Ann, c. 6, parish boys bound apprentices may be turned over to the sea service.-By 18 Geo. III. no such poor child shall continue an apprentice after the age of 21.
By 42 Geo. III. C. 46, overseers must keep a register book of all children bound apprentice by them; each entry to be signed by the justices according to the form set forth in the following Schedule:
Overseer refusing or neglecting to provide such book, or make such entry, or altering, destroying, defacing, or obliterating the same, or not making a true entry, or shall refuse to produce such book to the justice, or shall not deliver the same to his successor within fourteen days after his appointment; or if such successor shall refuse to receive the same, then such person so offending shall forfeit £5. for every such offence, on conviction before any two justices of the place where offence committed, on confession or oath of one witness, to be recovered by distress and sale, or in default, to be committed for not exceeding one calendar month, unless penaltysooner paid; and a like entry to be made of every apprentice assigned under 32 Geo. III. c. 57.
In parish indentures officers of the parish must be parties, and justices must signify their assent, or indentures are void; and it is proper that the justices should sign their assent together, but it is sufficient if one magistrate signs alone, provided he is present at the signing by the other.3 T. R. 380.
By 51 Geo. III. c. 80, 81, If parish indentures are signed by two only of the churchwardens or overseers, they are valid ; and by 54 Geo. III. c. 107, indentures are valid, though executed by a person who at the time of signing the said indentures acted as churchwarden, &c. of a township, hamlet, or chapelry, provided such person shall
have been sworn into the office of churchwarden, &c. of the parish wherein the township, &c. is contained ; and an indenture of apprenticeship exea cuted by the overseer of a township which has no churchwardens, is valid, though the churchwardens of the parish in which such township is situate do not join in the execution.—16 East. 228.
Money given for placing poor children apprentice shall be einployed in corporate towns by the corporation, and in other places by the minister, constables, and churchwardens, - James I. c. 3.
Two justices, by 20 Geo. II. c. 19, on complaint from apprentices with whom no more than £5. were paid, may summon the master, and on proof of ill usage may discharge the apprentice whether the master be present or not, if service of summons be proved; or on complaint of the master the apprentice may be discharged from his indentures on proof on oath of ill-behaviour, s. 4.-On complaint of the master against the apprentice, and proof upon oath, they may commit the offender, for not more than three months, to the house of correction.—32 Geo. III. c. 57. Chitty's App. 93. And it is not necessary that the complaint should be on the oath of the master ; but the complaint must be made by him, and the fact may be proved on the oath of another person.-12 East's Rep. 248.
Two justices on complaint of apprentice, whether parish apprentice or otherwise, with whom not
more than £10. is given, of ill usage by master, may fine such master not exceeding 40s. 33 Geo. III. c. 57, to be levied in case of default by distress and sale; such fine may at the discretion of the justices imposing it, be paid as a recompense to the apprentice, s. 1; and for want of distress, offender may be committed to the house of correction not exceeding ten days, ib.
A justice, by 6 Geo. III. c. 25, may compel apprentice absenting himself from his master's service, to serve for such term as he shall have absented himself, or make satisfaction. This does not extend to apprentices with whom a premium of
£10. has been paid; nor to those whose apprenticeship shall have been expired seven years.
Covenants for the maintenance of parish apprentices, with whom no more than £5. is given, shall continue in force no longer than three months after the master's death.–32 Geo. III. c. 47, s. 1. but two justices, on application to them for that purpose, may order that the apprentice serve the residue of his term to the widow, husband, son, daughter, brother, sister, or administrator, s. 2. And if no application, or the justices should think fit, the apprenticeship shall be at an end, s. 4. To extend to such parish apprentices only as shall be living with the master, s. 5. And two justices may order the necessary sums for maintenance, &c. of such apprentice, to be levied by distress, s. 9.
Parish apprentices, with whom no more than