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tive method of inquiry which has proved so suc- ersetshire, and Gloucestershire. In 1782 he cessful in other sciences. Mr. Hildreth's princi- laid the first stone of Surrey chapel, Blackfriar's pal work is his “ History of the United States" road, London, and for 50 years he was the (6 vols. 8vo., New York, 1849–56). This un- chief preacher there in the winter, spending the dertaking hé had projected during his life in summers in provincial excursions. He travelled college, and he gave to it many years of thor over most of England and Wales, and visited ough deliberation and study. The period cov. Edinburgh and Ireland. He preached always ered by the historian extends from the settle without notes, and his sermons were in a col. ment of America to the end of Monroe's first loquial, familiar strain, abounding in anecdotes, presidential term. Mr. Hildreth has also pub- and sometimes even in jokes and puns. He Iished a historical work on “ Japan as It Was and published several sermons and controversial Is” (12mo., 1855). He has been a liberal contrib- tracts, but his most celebrated work is his utor to various newspapers and periodicals, and “ Village Dialogues," first published in the his labors in editing and writing for cyclopædias “Evangelical Magazine" in 1801; the 34th edi. and works of a similar character would alone tion, with additions and corrections, was pubgive him the reputation of a voluminous author. lished in 1824. His memoirs were written by One specimen of these fugitive efforts may be the Rev. Edward Sidney (London, 1844), and seen in the article on John Hancock published by the Rev. W. Jones (1845). in the “Homes of American Statesmen.” Of HILL, ROWLAND, viscount, nephew of the late years Mr. Hildreth has been a member of preceding, a British general, born in Prees, the editorial staff of the “New York Tribune." Shropshire, Aug. 11, 1772, died at Hardwicke
HILL, a central co. of Texas, bounded W. by Grange, near Shrewsbury, Dec. 10, 1842. He the Brazos river, and drained by small tributa- entered the army at the age of 18, served at the ries of that stream; area in 1853, 890 sq. m., siege of Toulon as aide-de-camp to 3 successive since which time its boundaries bave been generals, in Egypt in command of the 90th changed; pop. in 1858, 2,366, of whom 508 regiment, and in the expedition to the Weser, were slaves. It consists mostly of rolling prai- and in 1808 arrived in the Peninsula with the rie, with a rich black soil, but poorly watered rank of major-general. He participated in the and rather thinly timbered. A range of hills memorable advance and retreat of Sir John passes near its E. boundary. It produces In- Moore, and rendered important services in cordian corn, wheat, and other grains, and good ering the embarkation of the British army at pasturage. Formed from Navarro and Ellis Corunna (1809). Returning to the Peninsula in counties in 1853. Capital, Hillsborough. the same year, he served throughout the war,
HILL, Isaac, an American journalist and with the exception of a few months in 1811, politician, born in Ashburnham, Mass., April 6, when he was incapacitated by illness, and dis1788, died in Washington, D. O., March 22, tinguished himself particularly at Talavera, Ar1851. In 1809 he settled at Concord, N. H.royo de Molinos, and Almaraz. His services where he established the “New Hampshire Pa- were rewarded by the thanks of parliament, and triot," of which he was the sole editor for many his elevation to the peerage in 1814 as Baron years. He served in the senate and lower house Hill of Almaraz and of Hawkestone. He closed of that state, and in 1830 was elected to the a brilliant military career at Waterloo, where U. S. senate, where he remained 6 years. In he commanded a division of the allied army. In 1836 he was elected governor of New Hamp- 1828 he was appointed commander-in-chief of shire, and continued in office by reëlection the army, a position he occupied with universal three terms. During the latter portion of his approbation until 1842, when, upon resigning life he was enthusiastically devoted to agricul- office, he was created a viscount. Lord Hill ture. For 10 years he published the “Farmer's possessed alınost every quality of a great comMonthly Visitor," a periodical that attained a mander, and was aptly called the “right arm of wide circulation.
the duke of Wellington," who bore frequent tesHILL ROWLAND, an English clergyman, born timony to his strategetic skill and high military at Hawkestone, near Shrewsbury, Aug. 12, 1744, capacity. His personal qualities gained him the died April 11, 1833. He was educated at Etan honorable title of the "soldier's friend;" and his and Cambridge. He early conceived a predi- humanity, impartiality, and care for the comfort lection for the views of the Methodists, and of his men, over whom he exercised a perfect while at Cambridge used to preach in the pris- control, rendered him perhaps the most popular ons and private houses. The influence of his soldier of his time in the British service. family, however, prevented him from joining HILL, ROWLAND, author of the cheap postage the Methodists, and he soon afterward took or system in Great Britain, born in Kidderminster ders in the church of England. Whitefield's rep- in Oct. 1795. He showed from his earliest age utation was then at its height, and during his a great fondness for figures, which was subseabsence from his chapel Hill frequently filled quently developed in the study of mathematics. his place. When Whitefield died, the Method. His first occupation was that of mathematical ists looked to Hill as his successor, but the repug- tutor in a school kept by his father and in private nance which bis family entertained for the new families, and for a number of years he devoted sect induced him to decline their offers. For 12 bimself to improving the system of school inyears, however, he preached in Wiltshire, Som- struction and organization, with a view of pre
paring pupils more thoroughly for the duties of printer of the "Fredonian" newspaper, whero active life. To his labors in this field the so he remained 4 years. He then entered an called “Hazlewood systern" of instruction is apothecary's shop, after a year's attendance at partly due. In 1833 he was appointed secre- school, and served in it 3 years. He was tary to the South Australian commission, in graduated at Harvard college in 1843; he comwhich capacity he aided in founding and organ- pleted his term of residence at the divinity izing the colony of South Australia. About this school in 1845, and was settled at Waltham tiine the defects in the postal arrangements of on Christmas of the same year. Mr. Hill is the kingdom began to occupy his attention, and a Unitarian of the Evangelical school, but so in 1837, after an extensive pedestrian tour in little sectarian, or strictly denominational, that! the lake district, during which the evils of the he has been invited to deliver the address besystem became fully apparent to him, he pub- fore the society of Christian inquiry in the lished a pamphlet on the subject entitled “Post orthodox college of Burlington. He has been Office Reform, its Importance and Practicabili- & frequent contributor to the periodical and ty." By his personal exertions he succeeded in occasional literature of the day, having written 1838 in having the matter referred to a special poems, reviews, translations, and essays for the committee of the house of commons, before Christian Examiner,” “Religious Magazine," whom he underwent a long and harassing ex- “Phonographic Magazine," "North American amination, the preparation of statistics and facts Review," and "Atlantic Montbly," and having for which involved much time and labor. In published sermons, lectures, and addresses, and Aug. 1838, the committee reported in favor of papers in the “Proceedings of the American As& uniform low rate of postage as recommended sociation for the Advancement of Science." He by Mr. Hill, and at the next session of parlia- has also written most of the mathematical artiment more than 2,000 petitions were presented cles for this cyclopædia. He has published an in its favor. In July, 1839, a bill to enable the "Elementary Treatise on Arithmetic," and two treasury to carry Mr. Hill's plan into effect was other works, entitled “Geometry and Faith," introduced by the chancellor of the exchequer and “First Lessons in Geometry." It is, howinto the house of commons, where it was passed ever, in his investigations in curves that he has by a majority of 102; and on Aug. 17 the pro- displayed the greatest originality and fertility. ject became a law. A temporary office under He has added to the number of known curves, the treasury was at the same time created to and simplified their expression; and by overstepenable Mr. Hill to inaugurate his plan, and on ping the common methods of using coördinates, Jan. 10, 1840, the uniform penny rate came into und introducing new combinations, he has vastly operation in all parts of the United Kingdom. extended the field of research. It is understood The post office authorities were, however, hos- that he has now in manuscript a work on curves tile to the change, and Mr. Hill found himself of great value and importance. In 1859 be sucwithout adequate support froin the existing ceeded the late Horace Mann in the presidency ministry or from that which succeeded it. His of Antioch college at Yellow Springs, Ohio. scheme, though only partially adopted, worked HILL, WILLIAM, D.D., an American clergywell; during the commercial depression wbich man, born in Cumberland co., Va., March 3, followed its adoption, the post office revenue 1769, died in Winchester, Va., Nov. 16, 1852. went on increasing, while every other source of He was educated at Hampden Sidney college, national income proved less productive than was one of the first converts in a widely exbefore. He was nevertheless dismissed from tended revival of religion in 1787, was gradbis office soon after the accession of the Peel uated in 1788, soon began the study of theolministry. In 1843 he was appointed one of the ogy under the Rev. John Blair Smith, the directors of the Brighton railway, in which president of the college, and was licensed to capacity he projected several useful improve- preach in 1790. Declining a pastorate, he laments. In the succeeding year a subscription bored two years with great vigor and success as was commenced for a testimonial to express the & missionary in southern Virginia, acquired a popular sense of the benefit his labors had con- high reputation as a pulpit orator, and in 1799 ferred upon the country, and ultimately £13,000 was appointed to deliver & funeral oration at was raised and presented to him. Upon the Harper's Ferry in commemoration of Washingreturn of the whigs to power in 1846 he was ton. In 1800 he took charge of the Presbyappointed secretary to the postmaster-general, terian church in Winchester, an office which he holding divided anthority with Col. Maberly; retained till 1834. Among those who made and 8 years later, on the transfer of the latter profession of religion under his ministry was to the audit office (April, 1854), he became sole the revolutionary officer, Major-General Morsecretary, a position which he still holds. gan. He removed from Winchester to the
HILL, THOMAS, an American clergyman and Briery Presbyterian church in Prince Edward mathematician, born in New Brunswick, N. J., co., the pastorate of which he exchanged after Jan. 7, 1818. His father, a tanner by trade, two years for that of the second Presbyterian was for many years judge of the superior court church in Alexandria. Disqualified by age for of common pleas; both of his parents were active labor, he returned in 1838 to Winchester, English. Mr. Hill was left an orphan at 10 where he passed the remainder of his life in reyears of age; at 12 he was apprenticed to the tirement, Ho was for several years engaged in
writing a history of the Presbyterian church in life of Capt. John Smith, which was republished the United States, only a part of which was pub- in England as an English work, and without lished. In the contest which resulted in the di- the author's name. For some time he was one vision of that church, he favored the new school. of the editors of the “ Jurist," and a contributor
HILLA, or HILLAH, a town of Asiatic Tur- to its pages. He wrote many articles in the key, in the eyalet of Bagdad, on both sides of “New England Magazine" while it was edited the Euphrates, and amid the ruins of Babylon; by Mr. Buckingham, and he has contributed to pop. about 10,000. It is a quiet, peaceable the “Christian Examiner” and the “North place, with well supplied bazaars, but greatly de- American Review.” For several years he has cayed from its importance under the Sassanide been one of the conductors of the “Boston shahs and the caliphs, when it was also remark- Courier.” In the summer of 1859 he embarked able for one of the most flourishing communities for Europe a second time, and returned in the of the Babylonian Jews.
autumn, baving travelled 'in England, Holland, HILLARD, GEORGE STILLMAN, an American and France. During his absence he wrote a author and journalist, born in Machias, Me., series of letters which were published in the Sept. 22, 1808. He was graduated at Harvard “Boston Courier." Mr. Hillard has served the college in 1828, having during his college course state as a member of the house of representaexcelled in every department of study, but be- tives and of the senate of Massachusetts. He ing perhaps most distinguished for the beauty has also been a member of the common council of his English composition, and the brilliancy of the city of Boston, and for 6 months its presof his declamation. In his senior year he was ident. He held for some time the office of city one of the editors of a college periodical called solicitor, and has been assiduously occupied in the “Harvard Register.” For some time after the labors of his profession. taking his bachelor's degree he was a teacher HILLEL, a rabbi and president (nasi) of the in the Round Hill school, Northampton, Mass. Sanhedrim of Jerusalem, who flourished in the He next entered the law school of Harvard latter half of the 1st century B. O. He is disuniversity, and afterward studied in the office tinguished from other rabbis of the same name of Charles P. Curtis, Esq., of Boston, and by the surname of Hazzaken (the Elder). He was admitted to the Suffolk bar in 1833. In is also called the Babylonian from his native 1835 he delivered the fourth of July oration country. Admired for his humanity, mildness, before the municipal authorities of that city. and love of peace, he is also celebrated as the In 1839 he edited the “Poetical Works" of reformer and great propagator of the study of Spenser, in 5 vols. 8vo., with a critical introduc- the traditional law, the results of which were tion. In 1840 he published a translation of afterward collected under the title of Mishna Guizot's essay on the “Character and Influence by one of his descendants and successors in the of Washington." In 1843 he was selected to presidency of the sanhedrim, Rabbi Jehudah deliver the annual oration before the Phi Beta the Holy. Hillel's school flourished especially Kappa society at Cambridge. In 1846 he deliv- during the reign of Herod the Great, the rival ered and published a lecture on the “Connection school being that of the austere Shammay. Bebetween Geography and History.” This was the side the legal decisions of Hillel, various sayings first exhibition in the United States of the prin- of his are preserved in the Mishna, as well as ciples of comparative physical geography, since numerous anecdotes in the Gemara, all of which unfolded by Mr. Guyot in his work on “Earth express his love of men, as well as of study. It and Man." In 1846 Mr. Hillard embarked for is he who, being applied to by a pagan for inEurope, and having completed his tour, returned struction in the Mosaic law, replied: ". Do not in 1847, and in the same year delivered a course to others what you do not like others to do to of 12 lectures before the Lowell institute in you,' is the essence; every thing else is but Boston. In 1850 he delivered an address before comment." —Another Hillel, who flourished the mercantile library association of Boston, about the middle of the 4th century, was the and in the following year the address before the author of the existing Jewish calendar. New York pilgrim society. In 1852 he was HILLER, FERDINAND, a German composer invited by the city authorities to deliver the dis- and pianist, born in Frankfort-on-the-Main, of course on Daniel Webster, whose death had Jewish parents, Oct. 24, 1811. At the age just taken place. In 1853 he edited the “Me- of 10 he made his appearance in public as a morial of Daniel Webster” for the city of Bos- pianist, and soon after became the pupil of ton. In the same year he published his “Six Hummel. In 1829 he went to Paris, where Months in Italy" (2 vols. 12mo.), repeated during a residence of 7 years he acquired a coneditions of which have since appeared both in the siderable repatation as a composer and pianist. United States and England. Mr. Hillard also The next few years of his life were passed alwrote a memoir of the late James Brown, of ternately in Italy and Germany, where he prothe firm of Little and Brown, Boston, which duced his operas Romilde, Die Zerstörung Jerut was printed for private distribution. Beside salems, Der Traum in der Christnacht, and these works, he has prepared a series of school Konradin, der letzte Hohenstaufe. In 1847 ho readers, and in 1856 edited a selection from the became musical director at Düsseldorf, and 3 writings of Walter Savage Landor. He con- years later chapelmaster at Cologne, where he tributed to Sparks's “ American Biography" a founded the Rhenish conservatory. He afterward gave concerts in London and Paris, hay. til 1851, when he declined being again a candiing directed the Italian opera in the latter city date. His first speech in congress was in favor during the season of 1851—'2, and produced there of giving notice to England of our wish to disa symphony entitled Es muss doch Frühling continue the joint occupancy of Oregon. In werden. His works are numerous, and embrace 1846 he voted for the ad valorem tariff, separata wide range. He ranks among the first living ing on that question from the great body of his pianoforte composers.
wbig friends. In common with the other repHILLHOUSE, JAMES, LL.D., & U. S. senator resentatives from the southern states, he opposed from Connecticut, born in Montville, Oct. 21, the Wilmot proviso, and he was a prominent 1754, died in New Haven, Dec, 29, 1832. He advocate of the compromise measures of 1850. was graduated at Yale college in 1773, of which In 1856 he was a candidate on the Fillmore institution he was treasurer from 1782 for about electoral ticket of Alabama, and in 1857 he was 50 years. He studied law, and took an active solicited to become the American candidate for part in the struggle of the revolution; was a congress; but he published a letter declining member of congress in 1791, and in 1794 was the nomination, and announcing his purpose to chosen a member of the U. S. senate, where he act with the democratic party. In 1855 a volremained for 16 years. Resigning his seat in ume of his speeches was published in New York. 1810, he was appointed commissioner of the HILLIARD, NICHOLAS, an English miniature school fund of Connecticut, and continued to painter, born in Exeter in 1547, died in 1619. act as such for 15 years.-JAMES ABRAHAM, an He was by profession a jeweller; but having a American poet, son of the preceding, born in taste for painting, he studied the works of HolNew Haven, Sept. 26, 1789, died at his residence bein, and became noted for his miniatures. He near New Haven, Jan. 4, 1841. He was grad- painted Mary, queen of Scots, Elizabeth several uated at Yale college in 1808. In 1812 he de- times, James I., and other eminent persons. livered before the Phi Beta Kappa society at HILLSBOROUGH. I. A S. co. of N. H., New Haven a poem entitled " The Judgment, a bordering on Mass., intersected in its E. part by Vision," descriptive of the scenes of the last the Merrimack river, and drained in the W. by day, which was immediately published (New the Contoocook; area, 960 sq. m.; pop. in York, 1812), and was commended by both 1850, 57,478. It has a gently diversified surAmerican and English critics. He engaged in face, but has few hills of great elevation. The commerce in New York; in 1819 he visited soil is fertile and well watered with running England, and published in London his drama streams and small lakes. The productions in of "Percy's Masque," which was reprinted in 1850 were 205,634 bushels of Indian corn, 110,New York with changes in 1820. In 1822 he 571 of oats, 340,719 of potatoes, 76,350 tons of removed to a country seat near New Haven, hay, and 1,014,774 lbs. of butter. Thero were where he passed the remainder of his life. In 16 cotton mills, 8 woollen factories, 13 machino 1825 he published his second drama, “Hadad;" shops, 18 grist mills, 96 saw and planing mills, and in 1839 a collected edition of his writings 2 paper mills, 23 tanneries, 84 churches, 10 appeared in Boston, under the title of “ Dramas, newspaper offices, and 12,733 pupils attending Discourses, and other Pieces." It included, be public schools. The county is traversed by the sido several polished prose compositions, “De- Concord, Contoocook valley, New Hampshire metria," a domestic Italian tragedy, which he central, Wilton, and Peterborough and Shirley had written in 1813.
railroads. Capitals, Amherst, Manchester, and HILLIARD, HENRY WASHINGTON, an Amer- Nashua. II. A W. co. of the peninsula of Florican lawyer, politician, and scholar, born in ida, bordering on the gulf of Mexico; area, Cumberland co., N. O., Aug. 8, 1808. During about 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1850, 2,377, of whom his childhood his father removed to Columbia, 660 were slaves. Its coast is deeply indented S. O. He was graduated at the South Carolina by Tampa bay, and it is drained by Hillsborough, college at the age of 18, and began the study of Alafia, and Manatee rivers. Its surface is low, law at Columbia, but soon afterward removed level, and in some places marshy, and is timto Athens, Ga. In 1829 he was admitted to bered with live oak and palmetto. The soil is the bar, and practised his profession in Athens very rich. The productions in 1850 were 16,for 2 years. In 1831 he was elected to a pro- 263 bushels of Indian corn, 26,256 of sweet fessorship in the university of Alabama, which potatoes, 5,575 lbs. of rice, 24,250 gallons of he held for 3 years. In 1838 he was elected to molasses, and 18 bales of cotton. There were the legislature from Montgomery co. He was 2 saw mills, 4 churches, and 120 pupils attenda member of the whig national convention at ing public schools. Harrisburg in 1840, where he zealously advo- HILLSDALE, a S. co. of Mich., bounded s. cated the nomination of Mr. Olay. In 1841 he by Ohio, and touching the N. E. extremity of was nominated for congress, but as the election Indiana; area 555 sq. m.; pop. in 1850, 16,that year was under the "general ticket sys- 159. It is drained by the head waters of St. tem,' he was defeated, though he received a Joseph's river of Lake Michigan, St. Joseph's of large majority in his own district. In 1842 he the Maumee, the Kalamazoo, and Grand river. was sent as chargé d'affaires to Belgium, where It has an undulating surface, heavily timbered in he remained 2 years. In 1845 he was elected the S. and supporting elsewhere a thin growth to congress, and was successively reëlected un- of oak and hickory. The soil is a rich sandy loam. The productions in 1850 were 216,126 the Hindoo Koosh is the extension of the same bushels of wheat, 247,520 of Indian corn, 186,- mountain group; and in the other direction, on 127 of oats, 108,102 of potatoes, 12,557 tons of the further side of the Bramapootra, the range hay, and 82,095 lbs. of wool. There were 8 under other names spreads out in the country grist mills, 24 saw mills, 2 iron founderies, 4 of Bootan and Assam, and extends toward the newspaper offices, 2 churches, and 5,628 pupils Chinese sea. The map of Hindostan exhibits & attending public schools. Iron ore and fine remarkable peculiarity in the structure of these sandstone are found in the county. It is inter- mountains. Unlike other ranges, which send sected by the Michigan southern and northern off at a greater or less angle with themselves the Indiana railroad. Capital, Hillsdale.
waters they divide, these admit along their N. HILLSDALE COLLEGE, an institution of slopes great streams to flow parallel with their learning in Hillsdale, Mich., under the patron- own course. Commencing near the central age of the Freewill Baptists. It was originally point of the range, they follow it in nearly opestablished at Spring Arbor by a vote of the posite directions. The one called the Sanpoo Michigan yearly meeting in 1844, and was char- (the main branch of the Brahmapootra) flows tered as a college in the following year. In 700 m. eastwardly, till in Bootan, where the 1850 it was removed to Hillsdale. The college mountains flatten away, it passes around them, is open to both sexes, which may pursue the uniting its waters with the vast floods poured same course of study, though an optional and out by the Ganges, that are gathered by its partially distinct course is arranged for females. branches from the S. slopes of the same ranges The faculty consists of the president, 5 profes- which on their N. side fed the Sanpoo. So the sors, and 2 tutors. The number of students in Indus starting from the same source flows N. W. 1859 was 44, of whom 3 were females. Con- along the enclosed valley of the N. E. slope, and nected with the college is a preparatory depart finds a passage through at last into the valley of ment, having in that year 713 students, of whom Cashmere, between which and the Arabian sea 270 were females. The college has $60,000 in- it receives as branches the great rivers whose vested in buildings, and an endowment secured sources are just across the mountains from those of $100,000. Its first president was the Rev. of the main stream. One of these branches, D. M. Graham, who held the office from 1844 the Sutlej, also heads on the N. side near the to 1848. He was succeeded by the present in- source of the Indus, but more among the moun. cumbent, E. B. Fairfield, LL.D.
tains; and this too passes N. W. 188 m. through HILTON, WILLIAM, an English painter, born a country of awful sublimity, till it finds a gap at Lincoln, June 3, 1786, died Dec. 30, 1839. by which it crosses the range. Thus the map He studied at the royal academy, and early de indicates an increasing elevation from each exvoted himself to historical painting, in which tremity to the portion midway along the group; he displayed a complete mastery of the human also high lands in Thibet, which forbid the figure, and singularly graceful composition. In spread of the rivers toward the N. E.; and again his choice of subjects, many of which are from a parallel system of elevations which direct the classic mythology, he evinced true poetic feel waters along longitudinal valleys. It also points ing. One of his best works is “Una and the out the rapid descent which the streams must Lion entering the Cave of Corceca," which has make on the southern slopes, reaching as they been engraved. He was a royal academician, do, in a comparatively short distance, the counand succeeded Fuseli as keeper of the academy. try of plains entered by the northern branches
HIMALAYA MOUNTAINS (Sanscrit, hema, after circuits of nearly 1,000 miles. The plains snow, and alaya, place of), a chain of moun of India at the E. extremity of the Himalaya tains bordering on Hindostan on the N., and are but little elevated above the level of the separating it from Thibet. Little was known sea; at the foot of the mountains they may be of the Himalaya, nor was it supposed that 850 feet above this level in the meridian of its summits rivalled those of the Andes in Calcutta, and in the Punjaub toward the W. elevation, until in 1802 the observations of extremity of the range the elevation may be Col. Crawford, who had resided for some 1,000 feet. From these plains the view of the time in Nepaul, were made public. Expedi- mountains is for the greater part of the time obtions were soon set on foot to explore the scured by the vapors falling upon the southern central portions of the range, and these estab- ridges; but after the cessation of the S. E, monlished its preeminence in the height of its peaks soons the snowy peaks are sometimes seen at a over all the other mountains of the world. The distance of about 200 m., at an angle of elevarange is an almost unbroken barrier, 150 m, in tion of only about 1° above a horizontal line. width, extending 1,440 m. from the great bend On approaching nearer to the chain, the distant of the Brahmapootra in lat. 28° N., long. 95° peaks are lost to view behind the nearer woodE., to the break in the valley of Cashmere, ed ones, and glimpses are rarely obtained that through which the river Sinde or Indus flows impress one with the vast magnitude and sta. on its way to the Arabian sea, in lat. 35° N., pendous height of the chain. Dr. Joseph D. long. 78° E. In the first half of its western Hooker, author of "Himalayan Journals," discourse the chain makes but 2° northing; it then tinguishes 4 parallel longitudinal belts of counbends N. W., making the other 50 of latitude in try in the structure of these mountains. The about as many of longitude, Across the Indus lowest on the S. sido extends from the plains