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agriculture held inadmissible.-Alsworth v. Rep- | after the institution of an action for breach of pert, 167 S. W. 1098. warranty, defeat recovery by tendering the buyer the purchase price and demanding return of the goods.-Thompson v. O. A. Crenshaw Grain Co., 167 S. W. 699.

$ 364 (Mo.App.) Where defendants failed to comply with a warranty requiring them to notify plaintiff within 10 days if the machine did not comply with the warranty, the court erred in charging that defendants' failure to offer to return the machine within the time could not be considered except to determine whether the machine was satisfactorily doing the work warranted. Brooks Tire Mach. Co. v. Wells, 167 S. W. 604.

(F) Actions for Damages.

§ 384 (Ky.) In an action for breach of a contract of sale by the buyer, who agreed to remove the property, the seller may recover the cost incident to removal, in addition to the difference between the contract price and market value at the time of breach, or the differ

ence between the contract price and the price at which the seller is compelled to sell, if there is no market value.-Louis P. Hyman & Co. v. H. H. Snyder Co., 167 S. W. 146.

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(D) Actions and Counterclaims for Breach of Warranty.

§ 425 (Ark.) Where goods delivered were not as warranted, the buyer, after acceptance and payment of the purchase price, may bring an action for breach of warranty.-Thompson v. O. A. Crenshaw Grain Co., 167 S. W. 699.

§ 440 (Tex.Civ.App.) In an action for the agreed price of machinery sold under a written order stating the price, evidence that the machinery in good condition was worth less than half the price held inadmissible.-A. S. Cameron Steam Pump Works v. Lubbock Light & Ice Co., 167 S. W. 256.

§ 429 (Mo.App.) Where there is a written warranty with conditions precedent annexed thereto, the buyer, to make a successful defense of failure of consideration, must prove a compliance with such conditions.-Brooks Tire Mach. Co. v. Wells, 167 S. W. 604.

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tion.

§ 103 (Ky.) Under Ky. St. § 3219, as amended by Acts 1906, c. 79, and section 4372, and Acts 1912, c. 137, §§ 26, 28, 29, 31, though board of commissioners of second class city may levy tax of only 40 cents on the $100, where the amount certified by the board of education would require a greater rate, it must in ad

§ 430 (Ark.) Where a buyer accepted goods

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88 (Mo.) Where a contract for sale of real es- § 76 (Mo.) Const. art. 4. § 53, par. 32, protate was not tainted by fraud or overreaching, hibits a statute which, while wholly local, conthe court should at the suit of the purchaser tains provisions for classification which will

167 SOUTHWESTERN REPORTER

1294

make the act artificially a general law.-State 28, to justify provisions for counties and cities
ex rel. Garesche v. Roach, 167 S. W. 1008; which may subsequently have the requisite pop-
Same v. Drabelle, Id. 1016.
laws.-State ex rel. Garesche v. Roach, 167 S.
ulation, and provisions repealing conflicting
W. 1008; Same v. Drabelle, Id. 1016.

Const. art. 4, § 53, par. 32, imposes on the
courts the duty to determine whether a statute
is local, though it contains provisions for a
classification; and a statute containing a mere
classification for purpose of legislation, without
regard to necessity therefor, must be adjudged
local.-Id.

VI. CONSTRUCTION AND OPERA-

Where the Legislature has adopted a general
law applicable to a subject, the court, in de-
termining the validity of a subsequent special
law on the subject, need not determine the
necessity of a special law, or the applicability
or lack of applicability of a general law.-Id.

The nonpartisan judiciary act, providing for
the manner of nominating and electing candi-
dates for judges for the circuit courts in coun-
ties and cities having 350,000 inhabitants or
more, is a local and special law for the filling
of a public office, and is violative of Const. art.
4, § 53, par. 32.-Id.

III. SUBJECTS AND TITLES OF ACTS.

649.

§ 109 (Mo.) Under Const. art. 4, § 28, the ti-
tle of an act must refer in a comprehensive
§ 207 (Mo.) The general provisions of a stat-
manner to the subject-matter, but need not ute yield to special provisions, where there
necessarily refer to subordinate matters con- in one part are inconsistent with the more spe-
nected therewith or reasonably within the pur-cific provisions in another part.-State ex rel.
is a conflict, and where the general expressions
view of the statute.-State v. Hurley, 167 S. Garesche v. Roach, 167 S. W. 1008; Same v.
Drabelle, Id. 1016.

W. 965.

$109 (Mo.) The object of Const. art. 4, §
28, is to have the title of the bill to indicate
the general contents thereof.-State ex
Garesche v. Roach, 167 S. W. 1008; Same v.
rel.
Drabelle, Id. 1016.

§1102 (Mo.) Laws 1911, p. 89, entitled "An
act to amend section 794 of article 6 of chapter
6 of the Revised Statutes of 1909 of Missouri,
entitled 'Herding by nonresidents,' by adding
certain words thereto," and which contains pro-
visions applying to residents, as well as nonres-
idents, violates Const. art. 4, § 28.-State v.
Sloan, 167 S. W. 500.

$1102 (Mo.) Laws 1893, p. 173 (Rev. St.
1909, §§ 6539 to 6544, inclusive), held to con-
tain provisions amounting to a general statute
regulating the dealing in and use of explosives,
with no connection with the title or other provi-
sions of the act relative to the protection and
preservation of fish, and hence to violate Const.
art. 4, § 28.-State v. Hurley, 167 S. W. 965.
$125 (Mo.) The title of the nonpartisan judi-
ciary act is sufficient, within Const. art. 4, §

UNITED STATES.

CONSTITUTION.

Amend. 14..

STATUTES AT LARGE.
1887, Feb. 4, ch. 104, § 20,
24 Stat. 386. Amended
by Act 1906, June 29,
ch. 3591, § 7 (11), (12),
34 Stat. 595..
.1178

1898, July 1, ch. 541, §
64a, 30 Stat. 563.
870
1906, June 29, ch. 3591, §
7 (11), (12), 34 Stat.
595
.1178
1908, April 22, ch. 149, 35
Stat. 65.. .83, 279, 933
1908, April 22, ch. 149, §
1, 35 Stat. 65...
1908, April 22, ch. 149 (§
9 added by Act 1910,
April, 5, ch. 143, § 2, 36
Stat. 291).

83

192

TION.

(A) General Rules of Construction.
ute, must, if possible, give effect to the whole
§ 206 (Mo.) The court, in construing a stat-
and every part thereof, provided the interpreta-
tion reached is reasonable, and not in conflict
with the legislative intent.-State ex
Drabelle, Id. 1016.
Garesche v. Roach, 167 S. W. 1008; Same v.
rel.

§ 206 (Mo.App.) Limitations by implication
are not favored, and statutes should be con-
strued so as to give all parts an operative ef-
fect if possible; this being particularly true
where a new remedy is provided which, it is
claimed, impliedly takes away an existing rem-
edy.-Joplin Supply Co. v. Smith, 167 S. W.

§ 226 (Mo.App.) Where a statute is adopted
intended to adopt the construction there made,
from another state, it is presumed that it was
and hence decisions of the state from which
the statute was adopted are at least very per-
suasive, if not binding.-Joplin Supply Co. v.
Smith, 167 S. W. 649.

|

1901.

§ 228 (Mo.App.) The purpose of a proviso in
an act is not to create new rights or to take
away old rights already existing, but to restrict
the preceding portion of the statute of which it
S. W. 649.
forms a part.-Joplin Supply Co. v. Smith, 167

to the immediate preceding parts of the clause
A proviso should be construed with reference.
to which it is attached.—Id.

STATUTES CONSTRUED.

1910, April 5, ch. 143, §
2, 36 Stat. 291.....

REVISED STATUTES.
$ 905.

& 2410.

COMPILED STATUTES

Page 677
Page 3169
Page 3447

83 Art. 12, § 5...

VII. PLEADING AND EVIDENCE.
city granted to it by public act need not be
$279 (Tex.Civ.App.) The charter powers of a
pleaded in an action by it.-O'Connor v. City
of Laredo, 167 S. W. 1091.

COMPILED STATUTES
SUPP. 1911.
Page 1307
Page 1322
Page 1325

812
631

812
.....1178
870

ARKANSAS.

CONSTITUTION 1868.

83 Art. 2, 18.....

.1178
..83, 279, 933

83

CONSTITUTION 1874.

482

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854

706
96
483
73
482
706

96

481

481
95
854

937
141

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414
891

REVISED STATUTES 1889.
384
891 § 1996
....1026
381
395 REVISED STATUTES 1899.
146
42786433
... 973
871 REVISED STATUTES 1909.
.871 $$ 99, 240, 241.
463
.1182

375

871

§§ 498-500

§3219. Amended by Laws
1906, ch. 79..

3705

§ 3720b, subsec. 184.

3860
4077

88 4148, 4151, 4152,
$8 4226, 4230a.

4303

4372

4426a, subsec. 3.
4643

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872

.404, 426, 928

375

375

426

420

875

132

411

415 $ 1760
42688 1795, 1800..

1848

1864

§ 1890

427 $8 1905, 1912.
$1921
§ 1961

REVISED STATUTES 1879. | 1911, pp. 286, 292, §§ 9,
22
$669
....1026

1913, p. 163, §§ 1, 2.
1913, p. 334.

[graphic]

910
396

937

905

381

893 $ 2778

$ 2783
2784
4112859

898

$8 2868, 2869.
685 $ 3145
384 $3163
1244462
148 4472
1244496
3744530
1314572
§ 4579
3965115
.139, 676 5231
148 5243
1245263
409 5285

4154 905
.872, 909

687
396

396

374

937

....

8794. Amended by Laws
1911, p. 89.

$ 2389

§ 2415

$ 2543

....

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§ 2029. Amended by Laws
1191, p. 140..
2038
$ 2048

S$ 2074, 2078.

2081

2082

§ 2294, subsec. 7..

$2344

4268 6537-6544, 6546.
683 6948

7068
§ 7109

$$ 7238, 7239.

7404

7412

7413

7615

§ 7828

§ 8304

88 5308, 5309, 5313..
5862

6283

6383

535
.443, 1182
429
..1119
552
.643, 1155
649

649

532

593

974

645

.447, 1176, 1198
.1176
974

447

MISSOURI.

CONSTITUTION.
22.
28.

§ 11323

Art. 2,
573 10712
Art. 2,
.573, 631
Art. 2, 30.
999
Art. 4, 28....500, 965, 1008
Art. 4, 53, subsec. 32...1008

$$ 8862, 9110..

$ 9241, 9254, 9255..
$ 9347

9403

9407

9619

10085

TENNESSEE.
CONSTITUTION.

500
.1042

$$ 5078, 5088.
593 $$ 5090, 5111.
.1142 $5919

.1123 2017
.1039

LAWS.

.1042 1897, ch. 78. Amended by
.1119
Laws 1905, ch. 414.....
1905, ch. 414.

582

1907, ch. 82, § 8.
1907, ch. 602, § 2, sub-
sec. 2..

1911, ch. 32.

113
859

1913 (2d Ex. Sess.) ch. 1 867
1913 (2d Ex. Sess.) ch. 2 689
1913 (2d Ex. Sess.) ch. 2,
4...

689

S$ 10180, 10181, 10692,

SHANNON'S CODE.
81574, subsec. 3....
$4702

TEXAS.
CONSTITUTION.
Art. 1, § 17..
Art. 1, § 19..
Art. 3, § 44..
Art. 5, $ 8..

Art. 5, § 11..
Art. 10, & 1..
Art. 16, § 23..

Art. 16, §§ 50, 52.
Art. 16, § 58...

658
955

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587
649
.1008

578

1050 400PENAL

612

PENAL CODE 1911.
.598, 612 Art. 606
598 Art. 750
.598, 612 Art. 815
973 Art. 1131
.1081

995 Arts. 986-988

608
.1166
1139
1186

113
867

688

695

111

695

689

457

980

552, 573 Art. 683

529

497 CODE OF CRIMINAL
552
PROCEDURE 1911.

429
.1008 Art. 22

520

505 Art. 87
Art. 743
965 Art. 743.
Amended by
.1162 Laws 1913, ch. 138..... 360
.1047 Art. 772

Arts. 794, 795.

244
56

CODE OF CRIMINAL
PROCEDURE 1895.

864
864

474

170

192

219

173

308

822

363

210
776

965 Art. 1830

500 Art. 1830, subd. 26.

663 Art. 1833

535 Art. 1882

.1155 REVISED STATUTES 1911.
.1145

727

727
342
366

353
.1112
301

733

348
292
1
183

Arts. 1231, 1235.

Art. 1521, subd. 6. Amend-

ed by Laws 1913, ch. 55 35
Art. 1585

Art. 1589, subd. 3.

Arts. 1636, 1639.

Art. 1829.

LAWS.
1893, p. 173.
1911, p. 89.
1911,
p. 139
1911, p. 140.

REVISED STATUTES 1855.
Ch. 2, art. 3, § 25....... 533

Amended by
Laws 1913, ch. 127. ... 792

6
35

1
801
209
199

make the act artificially a general law.-State 28, to justify provisions for counties and cities
ex rel. Garesche v. Roach, 167 S. W. 1008; which may subsequently have the requisite pop-
Same v. Drabelle, Id. 1016.
ulation, and provisions repealing conflicting
laws.-State ex rel. Garesche v. Roach, 167 S.
W. 1008; Same v. Drabelle, Id. 1016.

Const. art. 4, § 53, par. 32, imposes on the
courts the duty to determine whether a statute
is local, though it contains provisions for a
classification; and a statute containing a mere
classification for purpose of legislation, without
regard to necessity therefor, must be adjudged
local.-Id.

VI. CONSTRUCTION AND OPERA-

Where the Legislature has adopted a general
law applicable to a subject, the court, in de-
termining the validity of a subsequent special
law on the subject, need not determine the
necessity of a special law, or the applicability
or lack of applicability of a general law.-Id.

The nonpartisan judiciary act, providing for
the manner of nominating and electing candi-
dates for judges for the circuit courts in coun-
ties and cities having 350,000 inhabitants or
more, is a local and special law for the filling
of a public office, and is violative of Const. art.
4, § 53, par. 32.-Id.

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STATUTES AT LARGE.
1887, Feb. 4, ch. 104, § 20,
24 Stat. 386. Amended
by Act 1906, June 29,
ch. 3591, § 7 (11), (12),
34 Stat. 595.
.1178
1898, July 1, ch. 541, §
64a, 30 Stat. 563.. 870
1906, June 29, ch. 3591, §
7 (11), (12), 34 Stat.
595
.1178
1908, April 22, ch. 149, 35
Stat. 65.. .83, 279, 933
1908, April 22, ch. 149, §
1, 35 Stat. 65.
1908, April 22, ch. 149 (§

83

9 added by Act 1910,
April, 5, ch. 143, § 2, 36

TION.

(A) General Rules of Construction.
§ 206 (Mo.) The court, in construing a stat-
ute, must, if possible, give effect to the whole
and every part thereof, provided the interpreta-
tion reached is reasonable, and not in conflict
with the legislative intent.-State ex rel.
Garesche v. Roach, 167 S. W. 1008; Same v.
Drabelle, Id. 1016.

[blocks in formation]

STATUTES CONSTRUED.

1910, April 5, ch. 143, §
2, 36 Stat. 291........ 83
REVISED STATUTES.
$ 905..
2410.

COMPILED STATUTES

Page 677
Page 3169
Page 3447

VII. PLEADING AND EVIDENCE.
§ 279 (Tex. Civ.App.) The charter powers of a
city granted to it by public act need not be
pleaded in an action by it.-O'Connor v. City
of Laredo, 167 S. W. 1091.

1901.

COMPILED STATUTES
SUPP. 1911.
Page 1307
Page 1322
Page 1325

812
631

812
.1178
870

ARKANSAS.

CONSTITUTION 1868.

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.1178

1911, p. 230.
1911, p. 256.
..83, 279, 933 1913, p. 1088.
83

157

DIGEST.

LAWS.

KENTUCKY.
CONSTITUTION.

854

706

96
483
73
482
706

96

481

481

95

854

937

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