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I am told that many virtuous Matrons, who formerly have been taught to believe that this artificial Sporting of the Face was unlawful, are now reconciled by å Zeal for their Cause, to what they could not be proinpied by a Concern for their Beauty. This way of declaring War upon one another, puts me in mind of what is reported of the Tygress, that several Spots rise in her Skin when she is angry, or as Mr. Cowley has imitated the Verses that stand as the Motto of this Paper,
She swells with angry Pride, And calls forth all her spots on ev'ry side. WHEN I was in the Theatre the Time above-mentioned, I had the Curiosity to count the Patches on both Şides, and found the Tory Patches to be about Twenty stronger than the Whig; bur to make Amends for this Imall Inequality, I the next Morning found the whole Pupper-Thew filled with Faces spotted after the Whiggish Manner. Whether or no the Ladies had retreated bither in order to rally their Forces I cannot tell; but the nexo Night they came in so great a Body to the Opera, that they out-numbered the Enemy.
THIS Account of Party-Patches will, I am afraid, appear improbable to those who live at a Distance from the fashionable World: but as it is a Distinction of a very lingular Nature, and what perhaps may never meet with a Parallel, I think I Mould not have discharged the Office of a faithful SPECTATOR, had I not recorded it.
I have, in former Papers, endeavoured to expose this Party-Rage in Women, as it only serves to aggravate the Hatreds and Animosities that reign among Men, and in a great measure deprives the Fair Sex of those peculiar Charms with which Nature has endowed them.
WHEN the Romans and Sabines were at War, and just upon the Point of giving Battel, the Women, who were allied to both of them, interposed with so many Tears and Intreaties, that they prevented the murual Slaughter which threarned both Parties, and united them together in a firm and lasting Peace.
I would recommend this noble Example to our British Ladies, at a Time when their Country is torn with fa inany unnatural Divisions, that if they continue, it will
be a Misfortune to be born in it. The Greeks thought it fo improper for Women to interest themselves in Competitions and Contentions, that for this Reason, among others, they forbad them, under Pain of Death, to be present at the Olympick Games, notwithstanding these were the publick Diversions of all Greece.
A S our English Women excel those of all Nations in Beauty, they Thould endeavour to outshine them in all other Accomplishments proper to the Sex, and to diftin. guish themselves as tender Mothers, and faithful Wives, rather than as furious Partizans. Female Virtues are of a Domestick. Turn. The Family is the proper Province for private Women to shine in. If they muft be fhewing their Zeal for the Publick, let it not be againft those who are perhaps of the same Family, or at least of the same Religion or Nation, but against those who are the open, professed, undoubted Enemies of their Faith, Liberty, and Country. When the Romans were pressed with a Foreigu Enemy, the Ladies voluntarily contribu. ted all their Rings and Jewels to assist the Government under a publick Exigence, which appeared so laudable an Action in the Eyes of their Countrymen, that from thenceforth it was permitted by a Law to pronounce publick Orations at the Funeral of a Woman in Praise of the deceased Person, which till that Time was peculiar to Men, Would our English Ladies, instead of sticking on a Patch against those of their own Country, shew themselves so truly publick-spirited as to sacrifice every one her Necklace against the Common Enemy, what Decrees ought not to be made in Favour of them?
SINCE I am recollecting upon this Subject such Paf, fages as occur to my Memory out of ancient Authors, I cannot omit a Sentence in the celebrated Funeral Ora. tion of Pericles, which he made in Honour of those brave Athenians that were Nain in a Fight with the Lacedemonians. After having addressed himself to the feveral Ranks and Orders of his Countrymen, and shewn them how they should behave themselves in the Publick Cause, he turns to the Female Part of his Audience; · And as « for you (lays he) I shall advise you in very few Words : • Aspire only to those Virtues that are peculiar to your Sex; follow your natural Modefty, and think it your
greatest Commendation not to be talked of one way
Monday, June 4.
Caput domina venale fub hafta. Juv. D ASSING under Ludgate the other Day, I heard a P Voice bawling for Charity, which I thought I had
somewhere heard before. Coming near to the Grate, the Prisoner called me by my Name, and desired I would throw something into the Box : I was out of Countenance for him, and did as he bid me, by putting in half-a-Crown. I went away refleding upon the strange Conftitution of lome Men, and how meanly they behave themselves in all sorts of Conditions. The Per. fon who begged of me is now, as I take it, Fifty : I was well acquainted with himn till about the Age of Twentyfive; at which Time a good Estate fell to him by the Death of a Relation. Upon coming to this unexpe&ed good For. tune, he ran into all the Extravagancies imaginable; was frequently in drunken Disputes, broke Drawers Heads, talked and swore loud, was uninannerly to those above him, and infolent to those below himn. I could not but remark, that it was the same Bareness of Spirit which worked in his Bebaviour in both Fortunes : The same little Mind was insolent in Riches, and shameless in Poverty. This Accident made me iure upon the Circumstance of being in Debt in general, and solve in my Mind what Tempers were most apt to fall into this Error of Life, as well as the Misfortune it must needs be to languill. under such Pressures. As for my self, my natural Aversion to that sort of Conversation which makes a Figure with the Generality of Mankind, exempts me from any Temprations to Expence; and all my Buliness lies within a very narrow Compass, wbich is only to give an honest Man who takes care of my Estate, proper Vouchers for his quarterly Payments to me, and observe what Linnen my Laundress brings and takes away with her once a Week : My Steward brings his Receipt ready for my Signing; and I have a pretty Implement with the refpe&tive Names of Shirts, Cravats, Handkerchiefs and Stockings, with proper Numbers to know how to reckon with my Laundress. This being almost all the Business I have in the World for the Care of my own Affairs, I ang at full Leisure to observe upon what others do, with relation to their Equipage and Oeconomy.
When I walk the Street, and observe the Hurry abous me in this Town,
Where with like Haste, tho' different Ways, they runz Some to undo, and some to be undone ;
I say, when I behold this vaft Variety of Persons and Humours, with the Pains they both take for the Accomplishment of the Ends mentioned in the above Verses of Denham, I cannot much wonder at the Endeavour after Gain, but am extreamly astonished that Men can be so insensible of the Danger of running into Debt. One would think it imposible a Man who is given to con. tra&t Debts should know, that his Creditor has from that Moment in which he transgreffes Payment, so much as that Demand comes to in his Debtor's Honour, Liberty and Fortune, One would think he did not know, that his Creditor can say the worst Thing imaginable of him, to wit, That he is unjust, without Defamation; and can seize his Person, without being guilty of an Affault. Yet such is the loose and abandoned Turn of soine Mens Minds, that they can live under these constant Appre, hensions, and fill go on to encrease the Cause of them. Can there be a more low and servile Condition, than to be ashamed, or afraid, to see any one Man breathing? Yet he that is much in Debt, is in that Condition with relation to twenty different People. There are indeed Circumstances wherein Men of honest Natures may be come liable to Debts, by some unadyised Behaviour in any great Point of their Life, or mortgaging a Man's Honesty as a Security for that of another, and the like; but these Instances are so particular and circumstantiated, that they cannot come within general Considerations ;
For one such Case as one of these, there are ten, whero a Man, to keep up a Farce of Retinue and Grandeur within his own House, shall shrink at the Expectation of furly Demands at his Doors. The Debtor is the Creditor's Criminal, and all the Officers of Power and State, whom we behold make so great a Figure, are no other than so many Persons in Authority to make good his Charge against him, Human Society depends upon his having the Vengeance Law allors hiin; and the Debtor owes his Liberty to his Neighbour, as much as the Murderer does his Life to his Prince.
OUR Gentry are, generally speaking, in Debt; and many Families have put it into a Kind of Method of being so from Generation to Generation, The Father mortgages when his Son is very young : and the Boy is to inarry as soon as he is at Age to redeem it, and find Portions for his sisters. This, forsooth, is no great Inconvenience to him ; for he may Wench, keep a pubJick Table, or feed Dogs, like a worthy English Gen. tleman, till he has out-run half his Eftate, and leave the same Incumbrance upon his First-born, and so on, till one Man of more Vigour than ordinary goes quite through the Estate, or some Man of Sense comes into it, and scorns to have an Estate in Partnership, that is to tay, liable to the Demand or Insult of any Man living, There is my Friend Sir ANDREW, tho' for many Years a great and general Trader, was never the Defendant in a Law-Suit, in all the Perplexity of Business, and the Iniquity of Mankind at present. No one had any Com lour for the least Complaint against his Dealings witla him. This is certainly as uncommon, and in its Proportion as laudable in a Citizen, as it is in a General never to have suffered a Disadvantage in Fight. How different from this Gentleman is Jack Truepenny, who has been an old Acquaintance of Sir ANDREW and my self from Boys, but could never learn our Caution. Jack has a whorish unrelisting good Nature, which makes him incapable of having a Property in any Thing. His Fortune, his Reputation, his Time and his Capa. city, are at any Man's Service that comes first. When he was at School, he was whipped thrice a Week for Faults he took upon him to exsuse others; since he