Genetic Prospects: Essays on Biotechnology, Ethics, and Public Policy
While the collapse of the Soviet Union has diminished the force of George Orwell's 1984, the other great dystopian tract of the twentieth century, Alduous Huxley's Brave New World, is timelier than ever. The ongoing process of genetic science may well revolutionize medicine and human reproduction, and it may end by giving us the ability to transform the human species itself. This new power has raised hopes that we will solve a range of genetically based problems that afflict us. It has also evoked fears that we are on the verge of a 'post human' future in which precious but necessary norms regulating individual and social life will be set aside. Will we have the moral and political wisdom to avoid the pitfalls in using new biotechnologies? Genetic Prospects considers the resources from which the needed norms and maxims might be drawn, scrutinizing carefully the contributions of common sense, religion, and moral sentiment. Taken together, the essays in this volume apply philosophical analysis to address three kinds of questions: What are the implications of genetic science for our understanding of nature? What might it influence in our conception of human nature? What challenges does genetic science poses for specific issues of private conduct or public policy?
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Genetic Engineering and the Concept of the Natural
Unnatural Farming and the Debate over Genetic Manipulation
Genetic Engineering and Our Human Nature
Normal Humans Human Nature and Genetic Lessons
Stem Cell Research and the Legacy of Abortion
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abortion accept aesthetic all-natural American Life League argue artisanal behavior Bioethics biological normality biomedical body child claim conception of nature conceptions of normality concern consumers controversy cosmetic genetics cosmetic surgery creating crops debate develop discoveries disease distinct Eibert embryos ence environmental ethicist example farmers flavor food industry Francis Fukuyama Fukuyama genes genetic discrimination genetic engineering genetic enhancement genetic interventions genetic manipulation genetic predisposition genetic technology genetic therapies genome harmful conceptions human cloning human genetic human nature human normality identical individual Institute for Philosophy irrational issues Kass laws legislation Leon Kass means medicine nature's norms notion organic Perdita person Philosophy and Public Polixenes practice prenatal problem prohibited Public Policy question reproduction risk Robert Wachbroit sacred Sagoff scientific scientists sense socially normal specific stem cell research stigmatized suggests therapeutic cloning tion totipotent understanding University of Maryland University Press unnatural vitro fertilization women wrong