What is a Context?: Linguistic approaches and challenges
Rita Finkbeiner, Jörg Meibauer, Petra B. Schumacher
John Benjamins Publishing, 2012. 10. 23. - 253페이지
Context is a core notion of linguistic theory. However, while there are numerous attempts at explaining single aspects of the notion of context, these attempts are rather diverse and do not easily converge to a unified theory of context. The present multi-faceted collection of papers reconsiders the notion of context and its challenges for linguistics from different theoretical and empirical angles. Part I offers insights into a wide range of current approaches to context, including theoretical pragmatics, neurolinguistics, clinical pragmatics, interactional linguistics, and psycholinguistics. Part II presents new empirical findings on the role of context from case studies on idioms, unarticulated constituents, argument linking, and numerically-quantified expressions. Bringing together different theoretical frameworks, the volume provides thought-provoking discussions of how the notion of context can be understood, modeled, and implemented in linguistics. It is essential for researchers interested in theoretical and applied linguistics, the semantics/pragmatics interface, and experimental pragmatics.
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anaphora argued argument aspects of context assigned assume assumptions Berkum Cambridge cognitive context communication conception of context construal construct construed context effects context-dependent contribution conversational implicatures Default Semantics deﬁned deﬁnition deixis diﬂerent discourse referent Discourse Representation Theory discussion enrichment entity event evoked example expressions faithfulness constraints Fetzer ﬁgure figure(e ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst frame FrameNet GCIs grammatical Grice Gricean Gumperz hearer identiﬁed idiom illocutionary force IMAs indexical inferences inﬂuence interaction jaszczolt journal Kasia Knoeferle language comprehension language processing Levinson lexical linguistic markedness meaning aspects Meibauer metaphysical notion of context numeral ofthe Oxford participants particular perspective pragmatic proposition quantiﬁer question Recanati referential reﬂected relation relevant roll(e Sauerland scalar implicatures Section sentence situation speaker speciﬁc speciﬁc semantic roles speech acts Sperber Stalnaker structure studies syntactic Tanenhaus thematic role theoretical tion Underdeterminacy variables verb visual context visual context effects words world knowledge Yatsushiro