The Struggle for Constitutional Power: Law, Politics, and Economic Development in Egypt
Cambridge University Press, 2007. 6. 11.
For nearly three decades, scholars and policymakers have placed considerable stock in judicial reform as a panacea for the political and economic turmoil plaguing developing countries. Courts are charged with spurring economic development, safeguarding human rights, and even facilitating transitions to democracy. How realistic are these expectations, and in what political contexts can judicial reforms deliver their expected benefits? This book addresses these issues through an examination of the politics of the Egyptian Supreme Constitutional Court, the most important experiment in constitutionalism in the Arab world. The Egyptian regime established a surprisingly independent constitutional court to address a series of economic and administrative pathologies that lie at the heart of authoritarian political systems. Although the Court helped the regime to institutionalize state functions and attract investment, it simultaneously opened new avenues through which rights advocates and opposition parties could challenge the regime. The book challenges conventional wisdom and provides insights into perennial questions concerning the barriers to institutional development, economic growth, and democracy in the developing world.
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activism administrative courts al-Mahkama al-Wafd amendment Arab Republic Article authoritarian authoritarian regimes authoritarian rulers Awad al-Murr bureaucratic Cairo candidates Center for Human challenge Chief Justice citizens constitutionality Court of Cassation decision democracy democratic Douglass North economic electoral fraud EOHR established executive foreign government’s guarantees human rights groups human rights movement human rights organizations Ibn Khaldun Ibrahim interests investment investors Islamist issued judges judicial institutions judicial reform judicial review judicial support network judiciary Lawyers legislation litigation Minister monitoring Mubarak Muhammad Muslim Brotherhood Nagib Nasser Nasserist Party NGOs ofthe opposition activists opposition parties People’s Assembly People’s Assembly elections percent political parties Political Parties Committee President presidential decree property rights regime’s Republic of Egypt role rule of law Sadat SCC justices SCC rulings Security Courts social state’s Supreme Constitutional Court Supreme Court Syndicate tion University Press Wafd Wafd Party
7 페이지 - Article 63. At the inaugural meeting of the ordinary session of the National Assembly, the President of the Republic shall give a statement of the general policy of the State. He may also give other statements on public matters which he deems necessary to communicate to the National Assembly. Article...
6 페이지 - The number of elected members and the conditions of membership are determined by the law. The method and the rules of the election are defined by the law. The President of the Republic may appoint a number of members not exceeding ten. One half of the members of the Assembly at least must be of workers and farmers.
5 페이지 - In the case of the President's resignation, permanent disability or death, the First Vice-President temporarily assumes the Presidency. The National Assembly then proclaims, by a two-thirds majority vote, the vacancy of the office of President. The President is chosen within a maximum period of sixty days from- the date- of- the vacancy of the presidential office.