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TABLE 4.-Transactions of New York clearing house for forty-four years.

[blocks in formation]

Per ct.

5. 2 5.4

4.8

1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897

50 48 50 50 46 47 50 50 50 50 49 55 58 58 59 59 61 62 61 59 59 59 59 58 57 59 59 61 62 64 62 64 64 65 61 64 65 64 05 65 66 67 661 66

$47, 044, 900
48, 884, 180
52, 883, 700
64, 420, 200
67, 146, 0181
67,921, 714
69, 907, 435
68, 900, 605
68, 375, 820
68, 972, 508
68, 586, 763
80, 363, 013
82, 370, 200
81,770, 200
82, 270, 200
82, 720, 200
83, 620, 200
84, 420, 200
81, 420, 200
83, 370, 200
81, 635, 200
80, 435, 200
81, 731, 200
71, 085, 200
63, 611, 500
60, 800, 200
60, 475, 200
61, 162, 700
60, 962, 700
61, 162, 700
60, 412, 700
58, 612, 700
59, 312, 700
60, 862, 700
60, 762, 700
60, 762, 700
60, 812, 700
60, 772, 700
60, 422, 700
60, 922, 700
61, 622, 700
62, 622, 700
60, 622, 700
59, 022, 700

$5, 750, 455, 987 $297, 411, 494 $19, 104, 505 $988, 078
5, 362, 912, 098 289, 694, 137, 17, 412, 052 940, 565
6, 906. 213, 328 334, 714, 489' 22, 278, 108 1,079, 724
8, 333, 226, 718 365, 313, 902, 26, 968, 371 1, 182, 246
4,756, 664, 386 314, 238, 911 15, 392, 736 1,016, 954
6, 448, 005, 956 363, 984, 683 20, 867, 333 1, 177, 944
7, 231, 143, 057 380, 693, 438 23, 401, 757 1, 232, 018
5, 915, 742, 758 353, 383, 944 19, 269, 520 1, 151, 088
6, 871, 443, 591 415, 530, 331 22, 237, 682 1, 344, 758
14, 867, 597, 849 677, 626, 483 48, 428, 657 2, 207, 252
24, 097, 196, 656 885, 719, 205 77, 984, 455 2, 866, 405
26, 032, 384, 342 1,035, 765, 108 84, 796, 040 3,373, 828
28, 717, 146, 914 1,066, 135, 106 93, 541, 195 3, 472, 753
28, 675, 159, 472 1, 144, 963, 451 93, 101, 167 3, 717, 414
28, 484, 288, 637 1, 125, 455, 237 92, 182, 164 3, 642, 250
37, 407, 028, 987 1, 120, 318, 328 121, 451, 393 3, 637, 397
27, 804, 539, 406 1,036, 484, 822 90, 274, 479 3, 365, 210
29, 300, 986, 682 1,209, 721, 029 95, 133, 074 3,927, 666
33, 844, 369, 568 1,428, 582, 707 109, 884, 317 4,638, 256
35, 461, 052, 826 1,474, 508, 025 115, 885, 794 4, 818, 654
22, 855, 927, 636 1,286, 753, 176 74, 698, 574 4, 205, 076
25, 061, 237, 902 1, 408, 608, 777 81, 899, 470 4, 603, 297
21,597, 274, 247 1, 295, 042, 029 70, 349, 428 4,218, 378
23, 289, 243, 701 1,373, 996, 302 76, 358, 176 4,504, 906
22, 508, 438, 442 1, 307, 843, 857 73, 785, 747 4,274, 000
25, 178, 770, 691 1, 400, 111, 063 82, 015, 540 4,560, 622
37, 182, 128, 621 1,516, 538, 631121, 510, 224 4,956, 009
48, 565, 818, 212 1,776, 018, 162 159, 232, 1915, 823, 010
46, 552, 846, 161 1, 595, 000, 245 151, 637, 935 5, 195, 440
40, 293, 165, 258 1,568, 983, 196 132, 543, 307 5, 161, 129
34, 092, 037, 338 1,524, 930, 994:11,048, 982 4, 967, 202
25, 250, 791, 440 1, 295, 355, 252 82, 789, 480 4, 247, 069
33, 374, 682, 216 1,519,565, 385 109, 067,589 4,965, 900
31, 872, 848, 786 1,569, 626, 325 114, 337, 209 5, 146, 316
30, 863, 686, 609 1,570, 198, 528 101, 192, 415! 5, 148, 192
34, 796, 465, 529 1, 757, 637, 473 114, 839, 820 5, 800, 784
37, 660, 686, 572 1,753, 040, 145 123, 074, 139 5,728, 889
34,053, 698, 770 1,584, 635, 500 111, 651, 471 5, 105, 526
36, 279, 905, 236 1,861, 500, 575 118, 561, 782 6,083, 335
34, 421, 380, 870 1, 696, 207, 176 113, 978, 082 5, 616, 580
24, 230, 145, 368 1,585, 241, 634 79, 704, 426 5, 214, 611
28, 264, 379, 126 1,896, 574, 349 92, 670, 095 6, 218, 277
29, 350, 894, 884 1, 843, 289, 239 96, 232, 442 6, 043, 571
31, 337, 760, 948 1,908, 901, 898 103, 424, 954 6,300,006

:::

4.4 6.7 5.6 5.3 6.0 6.0 4.6 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.0 3.0 3. 7 4.1 4.2 4.1 5.6 5.6 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.6 4.1 3.6 3.4 3.9 4.5 5.1 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.0 4.7 4.6 5.1 4.9 6.5 6. 71 6.3 6.01

Total.....

267, 467, 400 31, 134, 201, 773, 780 353, 215, 844, 719,284, 127, 116 23, 947, 177

4. 69

1 The capital is for various dates, the amounts at a uniform date in each year not being obtainable. 2 Yearly average for forty-four years. 3 Totals for forty-four years.

TABLE 5.-Clearing-house exchanges for years ending September 30, 1882–1897.

Year.

New York.

Boston.

Philadelphia.

Chicago.

Total for United States.

1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1893 1896 1897

$46,552, 846, 161 $3, 753, 496, 901 $2, 760, 946, 905 $2, 373, 903, 487 $61, 054, 353, 584 40, 293, 165, 258 3, 540, 980, 659 2,794, 181, 748 2, 507, 022, 178 53, 536, 061, 332 34, 092, 037, 338 3, 314, 358, 919 2, 664, 317, 901 2, 349, 152, 846 47, 387, 408, 275 25, 250, 791, 440 3, 365, 702, 730 2, 244, 194, 406 2, 248, 230, 189 37, 770, 110, 819 33, 374, 682, 216 4, 008, 565, 266 2, 785, 875, 450 2, 560, 369, 272 48, 211, 643, 771 34, 872, 848, 786 4, 408, 269, 993 3, 186, 188, 935 2, 887, 276, 059 52, 126, 704, 488 30, 863, 686, 609 4, 288, 878, 016 3, 155, 190, 237 3, 089, 288, 194 48, 651, 654, 957 34, 796, 465, 529 4,758, 029, 298 2, 663, 592, 024 3, 327, 108, 659 53, 501, 411, 510 37, 660, 686, 572 5, 102, 281, 307 2, 755, 523, 735 3,907, 046, 008 58, 845, 279, 505 34, 053, 698, 770 4,795, 594, 052 4, 338, 693, 169 3, 372, 915, 551 57, 181, 347, 284 36, 279, 905, 236 4, 901, 096, 976 4, 959, 861, 142 3, 671, 149, 047 61, 017, 839, 067 34, 421, 379, 870 4,864, 779, 750 4,970, 913, 387 3,656, 677, 140 58, 880, 682, 455 24, 230, 145, 368 4,095, 995, 060 4,263, 560, 459 2, 962, 542, 206 45, 028, 496, 746 28, 264, 379, 126 4, 629, 303, 920 4,541, 435, 624 3, 395, 864,543 51, 111, 591, 928 29, 350, 894, 884 4, 554, 116, 109 4,538, 505, 883 3, 383, 903, 806 51, 977, 799, 114 31, 337, 760, 948 4,952, 927, 911 4, 318, 121, 413 3, 106, 510, 779 54, 030, 253, 695

TABLE 6.Extent to which banks in different sections issue currency in excess of that

corresponding to the minimum bond deposit permitted by law.

[blocks in formation]

TABLE 7.Value in gold of $100 in currency in the New York market, 1862–1878, aver

aged by months.
[Bureau of Statistics, “Finance, Commerce, and Immigration,” October, 1895, page 518.]

Periods. 1862. 1863. 1864. 1865. 1866. 1867. 1868. 1869. 1870. 1871. 1872. 1873. 1874. 1875. 1876. 1877. 1878.

Jan
Feb
Mar

Apr

97.6 68.9 64.3 46.3 71.4 74.3 72.2 73.7 82.4 90.3 91.7 88.7 89.7 88.9 88.6 94.0 97.9 96.6 62.3 63.1 48.7 72.3 72.8 70.7 74.4 83.7 89.7 90.7 87.6 89.1 87.3 88.2 94.8 98.0 98.2 64.7 61.4 57.5 76.6 74.1 71. 7 76.2 88.8 90.1 90.8 86.6 89.2 86.6 87.5 95.4 98.8 98.5 66.057.9 67.3 78.6 73.7 72.1 75. 2 88.4 90.4 90.0 84.9 88.2 87.1 88.5 94.2 99. 4 96.8 67.2 56.71 73,7 75.9 73.0 71.6 71.8 87.2 89.7 88.0 85.0 89.91 86.3 88.8 93.5 99.3 93.9 69.2 47.5 71.4 67.2 72.7 71.4 72.4 88.6 89.0 87.8 85.8 90.0 85.5 88.9 94.9 99. 2 86.6 76.6138.7 70.4 66.0 71.7 70.1 73.5 85.6 89.0 87.5 86.4 91.0 87.1 89.3 94.9 99.5 87.3 79.5 39.4 69.7 67.2 71.0 68.7 74.5 84.8 89.0 87.4 86.7 91.2 88.1 89.9 95.2 99.5 84.4 74.5 44.9 69.5 68. 7 69.7 69.6 73. 1 87.1 87.3 88.1 88.7 91.2 86.4 90.9 96.8 99. 6 77.8 67.7 48.3 68.7 67.4 69. 7 72.9 76.8 88.7 88.3 88.3 91.8 91.0 85.9 91.2 97.3 99.5 76.3 67.6 42.8 68.0 69.5 71.6 74.4 79.2 89.8 89.9 88.6 92. 1 90.2 87.2 91.7 97.3 99.8 75.6 66.2 44.0 68.4 73.2 74.2 74.0 82.3 90.3 91.5 89.1 90.9 89.6 87.8 92.6 97.3 99.9

Мау.
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct..
Nov
Dec

10n July 11, 1864, $100 in greenbacks was worth only $35.09 in gold.
TABLE 8.-Paper currency of each denomination outstanding May 31, 1898.'

Treasury

Denomination.

United
States notes.

National-
bank notes.

notes of

1890.

Gold cer-
tificates.

Silver cer-
tificates.

Total.

One dollar
Two dollars
Five dollars
Ten dollars.
Twenty dollars
Fifty dollars.
One hundred dollars..
Five hundred dollars..
One thousand dollars
Five thousand dollars.
Ten thousand dollars.
Fractional parts ....

Total .
Unknown, destroyed..

Net.

$2,522, 938 $15, 826, 939

2, 169, 048 10, 466, 076
62, 818, 662 31, 162, 655
81,077, 861 29, 683, 900
69, 344, 232 9, 289, 460
14, 648, 375 263, 850
25, 466, 400 2, 264, 400
15, 484,500
74, 124, 000

3,024, 000
15, 000
10,000

$349, 640

$30, 884, 224 $49, 583, 741 168, 508

18, 804, 414 31, 608, 046 71, 658, 670

109, 256, 375 274, 896, 362 70, 319, 400

124, 697, 316 305, 778, 477 52, 556, 260 $4, 697, 894 80, 597, 470 216, 485, 316 10, 741, 800 2, 667, 855 22, 750, 335 51, 072, 215 21,731, 900 3, 645, 400 10, 255, 870 63, 363, 970 111, 500 3, 410, 500

192, 500

19, 199, 000 28,000

5, 539, 500 294, 000 83, 009, 500 5, 205, 000

5, 220, 000 12, 320, 000

12, 330, 000 30, 691

30, 691 227, 696, 369 37, 486, 149 397, 732, 504 1, 112, 577, 318

1,000,000

347, 681, 016 101, 981, 280

1,000,000

346, 681, 016 101, 981, 280 227, 696, 369 37, 486, 149 397, 732, 504 | 1, 111, 577, 318

TABLE 9.-Items of national bank statements, 1863–1897.

[blocks in formation]

1863.
1864.
1865.
1866..
1867
1868
1869..
1870-
1871..
1872.
1873.
1874.
1875.
1876..
1877..
1878..
1879.
1880.
1881.
1882
1883..
1884.
1885.
1886..
1887.
1888..
1889.
1890.
1891
1892.
1893..
1894..
1895.
1896.
1897

66
508
1,513
1, 644
1, 642
1, 643
1, 617
1, 615
1, 767
1, 919
1,976
2, 004

088
089
080
053
048

090
2, 132

269
2, 501
2, 664
2, 714
2, 852
3, 049
3, 140

290
3, 540
3, 677
3, 773
3, 781
3,755
3, 712
3,676
3, 610

$7, 188, 393
86, 782, 802
393, 157, 206
415, 472, 369
420, 073, 415
420, 634, 511
426, 399, 151
430, 399, 301
458, 255, 696
479, 629, 174
491, 072, 616
493, 765, 121
504, 829, 769
499, 802, 232
479, 467, 771
466, 147, 436
454, 067, 365
457, 553, 985
463, 821, 985
483, 104, 213
509, 699, 787
524, 271, 345
527, 524, 410
548, 240, 730
578, 462, 765
592, 621, 656
612, 584, 095
650, 447, 235
677, 426, 870
686, 573, 015
678, 540, 339
668, 861, 847
657, 135, 499
648, 540, 325
631, 488, 095

$128, 030
7,992, 678
71,063, 659
85, 952, 764
100, 447,033
114, 091, 645
126, 852, 635
132, 670, 058
143, 121, 386
156, 881, 301
174, 829, 631
180, 442, 544
187,321, 030
178, 647, 498
167, 348, 800
157, 833, 994
156, 087, 470
166, 658, 274
184, 512, 809
193, 157, 761
203, 552, 441
210, 289, 275
205, 960, 161
223, 752, 686
245, 364, 608
262, 954, 991
282, 261, 630
310, 570, 531
330, 861, 160
340, 524, 180
350, 225, 444
334, 121, 082
336, 888, 351
336, 342, 835
334, 752, 001

$45, 260, 504
171, 321, 903
280, 253, 818
293, 887, 941
295, 769, 489
293, 593, 645
291, 798, 640
315, 519, 117
333, 195, 927
339, 081, 799
333, 225, 298
318, 350, 379
291, 544, 020
291, 874, 236
301, 888, 092
313, 786, 342
317, 350, 036
320, 200, 069
314, 721, 215
310, 517, 857
289, 775, 123
268, 869, 597
228, 672, 610
167, 283, 343
151, 702, 810
128, 450, 600
122, 928, 085
131, 323, 302
143, 423, 298
182, 959, 726
172, 331, 978
182, 481, 611
209, 944, 019
198, 920, 670

$331, 843, 200
338, 640, 150
340, 487, 050
339, 480, 100
340, 857, 450
364, 475, 800
382, 016, 400
388, 330, 400
383, 254, 800
370, 321, 700
337, 170, 400
336, 810, 950
347, 556, 650
357, 313, 300
357, 789, 350
363, 385, 500
357, 631, 750
351, 412, 850
327, 435, 000
307, 657, 050
258, 498, 950
189, 083, 100
171, 867, 200
146, 471, 700
139, 969, 050
150, 035, 600
163, 275, 300
206, 463, 850
199, 642, 500
208, 682, 765
237, 291, 650
227, 483, 950

$94, 974, 650
80, 322, 900
74, 177, 750
44, 607, 950
37, 705, 300
45, 841, 150
27, 622, 300
23, 629, 850
28, 005, 250
28, 087, 150
47, 840, 150
44, 991, 700
94, 722, 450
71, 146, 750
43, 620, 400
56, 406, 750
37, 425, 750
30, 674, 050
30, 419, 600
31, 786, 400
32, 432, 400
34, 671, 350
60, 715, 050
48, 501, 200
30, 684, 000
24, 871, 950
20, 164, 250
17, 576, 950
25, 888, 200
26, 118, 350
25, 135, 500
32, 490, 750

$1, 446, 608
44, 801, 497
18, 072, 013 $189, 988, 496

9, 226, 832 205, 793, 579
12,798, 044 100, 550, 850
13, 003, 713 92, 453, 475
23, 002, 406 83, 719, 295
18, 460, 011 79, 324, 577
13, 252, 998 109, 414, 735
10, 229, 757 111, 831, 104
19, 868, 469 113, 132, 663
21, 240, 945 122, 846, 946

8, 050, 330 125, 268, 734
21, 360, 767 113, 420, 847
22, 658, 820 99, 330, 684
30, 688, 607 97, 118, 600
42, 173, 731 95, 966, 696
109, 346, 509 64, 295, 458
114, 334, 736 59, 898, 441
102, 857, 778 71, 958, 517
107, 817, 984 80, 642, 997
128, 609, 475 91, 244, 659
176, 478, 336 88, 538, 119
158, 277, 491 68, 667, 322
165, 085, 964 79, 941, 255
178, 098, 236 90, 054, 461
164, 326, 449 99, 697, 093
195, 908. 859 86, 759, 731
183, 515, 076 113, 335, 608
209, 116, 379 118, 262, 945
224, 703, 860 121, 729, 352
237, 250, 655 165, 644, 028
196, 237, 311 143, 866, 685
200, 808, 632 142, 334, 730
239, 387, 702 149, 494, 929

$8, 497, 682
122, 166, 537
549, 081, 254
598, 017, 554
568, 212, 337
603, 084, 550
523, 029, 491
515, 228, 299
631, 314, 216
628, 858, 027
640, 015, 999
683, 815, 255
679, 361, 881
666, 237, 499
630, 377, 388
668, 352, 174
736, 884, 369

887, 883, 067
1, 086, 942, 370
1, 138, 071, 777
1,066, 830, 383

993, 001, 670
1, 120, 147, 797
1, 191, 759, 420
1, 277, 196, 205
1, 408, 833, 600
1, 525, 592, 874
1,597, 070, 082
1, 610, 039, 150
1,783, 184,728
1, 468, 321, 602
1, 744, 736,512
1, 716, 865, 788
1, 614,728, 109
1, 871, 274, 362

$5,466, 088
93, 238, 658
487, 170, 136
603, 314, 705
609, 675, 215
657, 668, 848
682, 883, 107
715, 928, 080
831, 552, 210
877, 197, 923
944, 220, 116
954, 394, 792
984, 691, 434
931, 304, 714
891, 920, 594
833,988, 451

878, 503, 097
1, 040, 977, 268
1, 173, 796, 083
1, 243, 203, 210
1, 309, 244, 782
1, 245, 294, 093
1, 306, 143, 9990
1, 450, 957, 055
1,587, 549, 134
1,684, 180, 624
1, 817, 257, 703
1, 986, 058, 320
2, 005, 463, 206
2, 171, 041, 088
1, 843, 634, 168
2,007, 122, 191
2,059, 408, 402
1,893, 268, 839
2,066, 776, 114

TABLE 10.-Increase of note-issuing power under proposed law.
[Computed by the actuary of the Treasury Department.]

Loanable

Loanable Loanable Capital stock

power under power under (Feb. 18, 1898).

power under
existing law.

proposed law proposed law
at beginning. after 8 years.

Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont..
Massachusetts.

Boston..
Rhode Island
Connecticut

Total of New England States

$11, 121, 000

5, 815, 000 6,985, 000 43, 877, 500 49, 350, 000 19, 337, 050 21, 541, 070 158, 026, 620

$8, 644, 042 4,519, 837 5, 429, 245 34, 104, 752 38, 358, 273 15, 030, 147 16, 743, 271 122, 829, 667

$14, 234, 880

7,443, 200 8, 940, 800 56, 163, 200 63, 168, 000 24, 751, 424 27, 572, 570 202, 274, 074

$19, 128, 120 10, 001, 800 12, 014, 200 75, 469, 300 81, 882, 000 33, 259, 726 37, 050, 640 271, 805, 786

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

24, 567, 967 38, 008, 600 1, 204, 772 1,050, 872 11, 227, 694 31, 642, 312 16, 256, 644 9, 560, 446 1, 619, 823 2, 912, 205 10, 293, 615

195, 872
2, 156, 930
150, 697, 752

3, 611, 439
2, 604, 638
2,060, 548
1, 475, 262
2, 460, 843

582, 954

893, 863 2, 607, 747

664, 568

668, 454 1,787, 726 14, 489, 936

893, 863

831, 681 6,443, 507 2, 331, 816 6, 634, 017 51,042, 862

7,991, 636 5, 763, 720 4, 559, 720 3, 264, 560 5, 445, 520 1, 290, 000 1, 978,000 5, 770, 600 1, 470, 600 1, 479, 200 3, 956, 000 32, 064, 309 1,978, 000 1, 840, 400 14, 258, 628

5, 160, 000 14, 680, 200 112, 951, 093

Ohio

Cincinnati

Cleveland Indiana ... Illinois.

Chicago. Michigan

Detroit Wisconsin

Milwaukee.. Minnesota

St. Paul

Minneapolis Iowa.

Des Moines
Missouri.

St. Louis
Kansas City
St. Joseph...

Total of Middle States.

27,967, 030 7, 800, 000 9,775, (100 13, 732, 000 17,796, 000 18, 950,000 8, 595, 000 3, 300, 000 6, 810, 000 3, 250, 000 4, 815, 000 3, 800,000 4,500,000 12, 090, 000

800,000 3, 615, 000 8, 400,000 2, 300,000

350,000
158, 645, 030

1, 555, 000
1, 635, 000
5, 875, 000

800,000
3, 750, 000
8, 517,100
2,555, 000

860, 000
4,907, 000

600,000
250,000

660, 000
31,964, 100

21, 737, 989
6, 062, 722
7,597, 834
10, 673, 499
13, 832, 332
14,729, 304
6, 680, 653
2, 561, 998
5, 293, 222
2, 526, 134
3, 742, 565
2, 953, 634
3, 497, 724
9, 397, 218

621, 818
2, 809, 838
6,529, 085
1, 787, 726

272, 045 123, 310, 340

5, 497, 264
4, 289, 280
3, 393, 280
2, 429, 440
4,052, 480

960, 000
1, 472, 000
4, 294, 400
1,094, 400
1, 100, 800
2, 944, 000
23, 861, 811
1, 472, 000
1, 369, 600
10, 611, 072

3, 840,000 10, 924, 800 84,056, 627 35, 797, 798

9,984, 000 12, 512, 000 17,576, 960 22, 778, 880 24, 256, 000 11, 001, 600 4, 224, 000 8, 716, 800 4, 160, 000 6, 163, 200 4, 864, 000 5, 760, 000 15, 475, 200 1, 024, 000 4, 627, 200 10, 752, 000 2, 944, 000

448, 000 203, 165, 638

48, 103, 292 13, 416, 000 16, 813,000 23, 619, 040 30, 609, 120 32, 594, 000 14, 783, 400

5, 676, 000 11, 713, 200 5, 590,000 8, 281, 800 6, 536, 000 7,740, 000 20, 794, 800 1, 376, 000 6, 217, 800 14, 448, 000 3, 956, 000

602, 000 272, 869, 452

North Dakota
South Dakota..
Nebraska..

Lincoln.

Omaha.
Kansas
Montana.
Wyoming.
Colorado.
New Mexico.
Oklahoma
Indian Territory

Total of Western States.

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TABLE 10.- Increase of note-issuing power under proposed law-Continued.

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United States 4 per cent bonds of 1907, at 110 net, are taken as a basis.

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