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ught up the cuisite skill al value, and "WILLIAM

had wrought up the raw materials, which he had găthered from books, with such ěx'quisite skill and felicity,' that he had added a hundred-fold to their original value, and justly made them his own.

WILLIAM WIRT.

III.
29. ANECDOTE OF CHIEF-JUSTICE MARSHALL.

TT is not long a sĩnce ă gentleman was traveling in one of the I counties of Virginiä, and, ăbout the close of the day, stopped at a public house, to obtain refreshment and spend the night. He had been there but a short time, before an old man alighted from his gig, with the apparent intention of becoming his fellow-guest at the same house.

2. As the old man drove up, he observed that both of the shafts of his gig were broken, and that they were held together by withes formed from the bark of a hickory sapling. Our traveler observed further, that he was plainly clad, that his knee-buckles were loosened, and that something like negligence pervaded his dress. Conceiving him to be one of the honèst yeomanry? of our land, the courtesies of strangers passed between them, and they entered the tavern.

3. It was åbout the same time, that an addition of three or four young gentlemen was made to their number-most, if not all of them, of the legal profession. As soon as they became comfortably accommodated, the conversation was turned by one of the latter upon a display of eloquence' which he had that day heard at the bar. It was replied by the other, that he had witnessed, the same day, a degree of eloquence no doubt equal, but that it was from the pulpit.

Fe lic' i ty, the state of being “Per vād'ed, passed through; happy ; blessedness; a skillful or appeared in all parts. happy turn.

? Yeo'man ry, the common people. | ? Lăng, see Note 5, p. 16.

8 Courtesies, (kểr te sez), acts of 3 Apparent, (ap pår' ent), perceiv. civility or politeness. able to the eye; that may be seen • El' o quence, such an utterance seeming.

of one's thoughts, feelings, or de- Withes, willow twigs; bands of sires, as awakens a perfect sympatwigs or bark of any green tree. thy, or corresponding emotions in a • 3ăp?ling, a young tree.

listener.

ANECDOTE OF CHIEF-JUSTICE MARSHALL

113

4. Something like a sarcastic' rejoinder was made to the eloquence of the pulpit; and a warm and able altercation ensued, in which the merits of the Christian religion became the subject of discussion. From six o'clock until eleven, the young champions wielded. the sword of argument, adducing, with ingenuity and ability, every thing that could be said, pro and con.

5. During this protracted' period, the old gentleman listened with all the meekness and modèsty of a child, as if he was adding new information to the stores of his own mind; or, perhaps, he was observing, with philosophic eye, the faculties of the youthful mind, and how energies are evolved ® by repeated action ; or, perhaps, with pātriotic emotion, he was reflecting upon the future destinies of his country, and on the rising generation on whom these future destinies must devolve; or, most probably, with a sentiment of moral and religious feeling, he was collecting an argument, which (characteristic of himself) no art would be “able to elude, and no force to resist.” Our traveler remained a spectator, and took no part in what was said.. . 6. At last, one of the young men, remarking that it was impossible to combat with long and established prejudices, wheeled šround, and with some familiarity exclaimed, “Well, my old gentleman, what think you of these things ?” If, said the traveler, a streak of vivid lightning had at that moment crossed the room, their ămāzement could not have been greater than it was with what followed.

7. The most eloquent and unanswerable appeal was made by the old gentleman, for nearly an hour, that he ever heard or read. So perfect was his recollection, that every argument urged against the Christian religion was met in the order in which it was advanced.

Sar căs' tic, severely taunting; • Chăm' pi ons, those who fight, tending to ridicule or disgrace. contend, or dispute.

2 Rejoin'der, a reply to an answer. Pro and con, for and against.

• Al' ter cā' tion, an angry dis- Pro trăct'ed, extended; lengthy. pute between two parties, in which 8 E volved', unfolded or unrolled ; each uses severe language.

opened and enlarged; emitted or * Discussion, (dis kúsh' un), de- thrown out. bate; the act of reasoning; the Prěj' u dic es, opinions formed thorough examination of a subject before knowledge ; judgments with. in all of its parts.

out reason.

8. Hume's' sophistry' on the subject of miracles' was, if possible, more perfectly answered than it had already been by Campbell. And in the whole lecture there was so much simplicity and force, pāthos and energy, that not another word was uttered. An attempt to describe it, said the traveler, would be an attempt to paint the sunbeams.

9. It was now matter of curiosity and inqui'ry, who the old gentleman was. The traveler concluded that it was the preacher from whom the pulpit eloquence was heard ; but no-it was the CHIEF-JUSTICE OF THE UNITED STATES.

SECTION VIII.

30. CHILDREN.

“TTEAVEN lies ăbout us in our infancy,” says Wordsworth."

II And who of us, that is not too good to be conscious of his own vices, has not felt rebuked and humbled under the clear and open countenance of a child ?—who that has not felt his impurities foul upon him in the presence of a sinless child ?

2. These feelings make the best lesson that can be taught a man ; and tell him in a way, which all else he has read or heard never could, how paltry is all the show of intellect compared with a pure and good heart. He that will humble himself and go to a child for instruction, will come away a wiser man.

3. If children can make us viser, they surely can make us better. There is no one more to be envied than a good-natured man watching the workings of children's minds, or overlooking

1 Hume, David Hume, a distin. Soph' ist ry, false reasoning. guished historian and philosopher Mir' a cles, wonders or wonderof Great Britain, was born at Edin- ful things; events or acts beyond, or burgh, Scotland, April 26th, 1711. contrary to, the laws of nature. Though a confirmed skeptic, his - William Wordsworth, (wêrdz'. private character was excellent, and werth), the distinguished English his death, which occurred in Au- poet, born April 7th, 1770, and died gust, 1776, peaceful.

April 23d, 1850.

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their play. Their eagerness, curious about every thing, making out by a quick imagination' what they see but a part of-their fanciful combinations and magico inventions, creating out of ordinary circumstances and the common things which surround them strānge events and little idealworlds, and these all working in mystery to form matured thought, are study enough for the most acute minds, and should teach us, also, not too officiously to regulate what we so little understand. .

4. The still musing and deep abstraction, in which they sometimes sit, affect us as a playful mockery of older heads, These little philosopherso have no foolish system, with all its pride and jargon,' confusing their brains. Theirs is the natural movement of the soul, intense with new life and busy after truth, working to some purpose, though without a noise.

5. When children are lying about seemingly idle and dull, we, who have become case-hardened by time and satiety, forgět that they are all sensation, that their outstretched bodies are drinking in from the common sun and air, that every sound is

taken note of by the ear, that every floating shadow and pass:ing form come and touch at the sleepy eye, and that the little

circumstances and the material world about them make their best school, and will be the instructors and formers of their characters for life.

6. And it is delightful to look on and see how busily the whõle acts, with its countless parts fitted to each other, and moving in harmony. There are none of us who have stolen softly behind a child when laboring in a sunny corner digging a liliputian' well, or fencing in a six-inch barn-yard, and listened to his soliloquies’ and his dialogues with some imaginary being, without our hearts being touched by it. Nor have we observed the flush which crossed his face when finding himself betrayed, without seeing in it the delicacy and propriety of the after man.

1 Im åg'i nā' tion, the image-mak 5 Ab străc' tion, deep thought, ing power; the power to create or causing disregard or forgetfulness of

form again an object of sense before things around us ; absence of mind. I noticed or seen.

| Phi 18sẽ pher, one who searches 2 Măg'ic, pertaining to the hid- into the reasons of things ; a wise - den wisdom supposed to be possessed person by the Māgī, or “wise men from the Jargon, (jår'gon), senseless noise; East" who brought gifts to the in- confused talk. fant Jesus ; seemingly requiring • Sa ti' e ty, excess of gratificamore than human power.

tion, which excites loathing; full3 I dē' al, living only in fancy or ness beyond desire. Jimagination; imaginary.

'Har mo ny, agreement; just į • A cūte, sharp at the end; keen; adaptation of parts where all fit shrewd.

together.

7. A man may have many vices upon him, and have walked lòng in a bad course, yet if he has a love of children, and can take plěasure in their talk and play, there is something still left in him to act upon-something which can love simplicity and truth.

8. I have seen one, in whom some low vice had become a habit, make himself the plaything of a set of riotous children with as much delight in his countenance as if nothing but goodnèss had ever been expressed in it; and have felt as much of kindness and sympathy' toward him as I have of revolting toward another, who has gone through life with all due propriety, with a cold and supercilious4 bearing toward children, which makes them shrinking and still.

9. I have known one like the latter attempt, with uncouth condescension, to court an open-hearted child, who would draw back with an instinctive aversion; and I have felt as if there were a curse upon him. Better to be driven out from among men than to be disliked by children.

R. H. DANA.

II.

31. SCENES OF CHILDHOOD. T ONG years had elapsed since I gazed on the scene,

Which my fancy still rõbed in its freshness of greenThe spot where, a school-boy, all thoughtless, I stray'd, By the side of the stream, in the gloom of the shade.

Lil'i pū'tian, diminutive; small. 3 Sým' pa thy, kindness of feel. DEAN SWIFT wrote a work called ing toward sufferers ; fellow-feeling. “Gulliver's Travels,” with the design Sū'per cil' i oŭs, overbearing; of bringing into ridicule the extrava- haughty : proud.. gant stories of travelers, in which he 6 E lăpsed, slided. slipped, or glid. describes the island of Liliput, whose ed by ; passed away silently. inhabitants were only a few inches Făn' cy, a picture of any thing high. Hence the word Liliputian. formed in the mind; that power by

Sol lil' o quy, a talking to one's which the mind forms an image of self, when alone or in company. picture of something.

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