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the discharge of our necessary affairs; and let not what we call necessary affairs encroach upon the time which is due to devotion. To every thing there is a season, and a time for every purpose under heaven. If we delay till to-morrow what ought to be done to-day, we overcharge the morrow with a burden which belongs not to it. We load the wheels of time, and prevent them from carrying us along smoothly.

3. He who every morning plans the transactions of the day, and follows out that plan, carries on a thread which will guide him through the labyrinth of the most busy life. The orderly arrāngement of his time is like a ray of light, which darts itself through all his affairs. Lut where no plan is laid, where the disposal of time is surrendered merely to the chance of incidents, all things lie huddled together in one chaus,' which admits néither of distribution nor review.

4. The first requisite o for introducing order into the managemènt of time, is to be impressed with a just sense of its value. Let us consider well how much depends upon it, and how fast it flies away. The bulk of men are in nothing more capricious and inconsistent than in their appreciation of time. When they think of it as the měasure of their continuance on earth, they highly prize it, and with the greatest anxiety seek to lengthen it out.

5. But when they view it in separate parcels, they appear to hold it in contempt, and squander it with inconsiderate confusion. While they complain that life is short, they are often wishing its different periods at an end. Covetous' of every other possession, of time only they are prodigal.' They allow every idle man to be master of this property, and make every frivolous occupation welcome that can help them to consume it,

6. Manhood is disgraced by the consequences of neglected youth. Old age, oppressed by cares that belonged to a former period, labors under a burden not his own. At the close of life, the dying man beholds with anguish that his days are finishing, when his preparation for eternity is hardly commenced. Such Chaos, (

k os), an empty space, 2 Requsite, (rèk'wi zit), that which without limit; that. confusion, or is required by the nature of things; confused mass, in which matter is something necessary. supposed to have existed before it Covetous, (kův'et us), very dewas separated into different kinds, sirous to obtain ; excessively eager and reduced to order by the creating to obtain and possess. power of God.

*Prod'igal, extravagant; wasteful. 1 Cụn'ic, a surly, snarling man. 2 Vigilant, (vig'i lant), attentive to The Cynics were a sect of philoso- discover and avoid danger, or to prophers in ancient Greece, who affected vide for safety ; circumspect; wake to despise all the refinements of life. ful; watchful. The sect was founded by Antisthenes, 8 Dis în' ter ěst ed něss, fairness; and supported by Diogenes. The not favoring one's self. name is derived from the Greek Szar, to burn to hardness and word for “ dog," because they lived dryness the surface of; to make cal. more like dogs than men. Hence, lous; to dry up. . any person, despising the common Mo rõse', severe; gruff; of 2 coutesies of life, is called a cynic. sour temper; ill-humored.

are the effects of a disorderly waste of time, through not attending to its value. Every thing in the life of such persons is misplaced. Nothing is performed årīght, from not being performed in due season.

7. But he who is orderly in the distribution of his time, takes the proper method of escaping those manifold evils. He is justly said to redeem the time. By proper mănagement he prolongs it. He lives much in little space; more in a few years than others do in many. He can live to God and his own soul, and at the same time attend to all the lawful interests of the present world. He looks back on the past, and provides for the future.



I. .

M HE cynic' is one who never sees a good quality in a man,

I and never fails to see a bad one. He is the human owl, vigilanto in darknèss, and blind to light; mousing for vermin, and never seeing noble game. The cynic puts all human actions into only two classes-openly bad, and secretly bad.

2. All virtue and generosity and disin’terestedness' are merely the appearance of good, but selfish at the bottom. He holds that no man does a good thing, except for profit. The effect of his conversation upon your feelings is to chill and sear* them; to send you away sour and morose. His criticisms and

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innuendoes' fall indiscriminately upon every lovely thing, like frost upon flowers..

3. “Mr. A,” says some one, “is a religious man.” He will answer : “ Yes; on Sundays.“Mr. B has just joined the church :” “ Certainly: the elections are coming on.” The minister of the Gospel is called an example of diligence : It is his trade. Such a man is generous :—" of other men's money." This man is oblīging :-"to lull suspicion and cheat you.That man is upright :-“because he is green.

4. Thus, his eye strains out every good quality, and takes in only the bad. To him, religion is hypocrisy,' honesty a preparation for fraud," virtue only want of opportunity, and undeniable purity asceticism. The live-long day he will sit wifin sneering lip, uttering sharp speeches in the quietest manner, and in polished phrase transfixing every character which is presented: “ His words are softer than oil, yet are they drawn swords.”

5. All this, to the young, seems a wonderful knowledge of human nature : they honor a man who appears to have found out mankind. They begin to indulge themselves in flippanto sneers; and with supercilious brow, and impudent tongue, wagging to an empty brain, call to naught the wise, the long-tried and the venerable.

6. I do believe, that man is corrupt enough ; but something of good has survived his wreck; something of evil, religion has restrained, and something partially restored ; yět, I look upon the human heart as a mountain of fire. I dread its crater.' I tremble when I see its lāva roll the fiery stream.

7. Therefore, I am the more glad, if upon the old crust of

1 In'nu ěn' do, a hint carefully 6 As cět' i cism, the practice of given; a sly suggestion.

undue severity and self-denial in ? In dis crim' i nate ly, without religious things. distinction.

• Flip' pant, of smooth, fluent, 3 Hỳ poc' ri sy, the putting on of and rapid speech ; inconsiderate, an appearance of virtue, goodness, or pert; empty. religion, which one does not possess; ? Crā' ter, the cup, mouth, or a feigning to be what one is not. hollow top of a volcano.

* Fraud, (fråd), the act of deceiv- & Lā' va, the melted rock that is ing with a view to gain an unlawful thrown out by a volcano, from its or unfair advantage; a trick thought. top or fisured sides. It flows out fully used by which the right or in streams sometimes miles in interest of another is injured. length

past eruptions,' I can find a single flower springing up. So far from rejecting appearances of virtue in the corrupt heart of a depraved race, I am eager to see their light, as ever măriner was to see a star in a stormy night.

8. Moss will grow upon gravestones ; the ivy will cling to the mõldering pile ; the mistletoe ' springs from the dying branch; and, God be praised, something green, something fair to the sight and grateful to the heart, will yět twine around and grow out of the seams and cracks of the desolate temple of the human heart!




' M ANY years since, two pupils of the University of Warsaw

I were passing through the street in which stands the column of King Sigismund,“ round whose pedestal may be seen seated a number of women selling fruit, cakes, and a variety of eatables, to the passers-by. The young men paused to look at a figure, the oddity of which attracted their attention.

2. This was a man apparently between fifty and sixty years of age. His coat, once black, was worn threadbare ; his broad hat overshadowed a thin, wrinkled face ; his form was greatly emaciated, yet he walked with a firm and rapid step. He stopped at one of the stalls benēath the column, purchased a half-penny worth of bread, ate part of it, and putting the remainder into his pocket, pursued his way toward the palace of the lieutenant of the kingdom, who, in the absence of the Czar,' Alexander, exercised royal authority in Poland.

I E rūp'tion, that which bursts Sigismund III., surnamed De Vasa, forth in a sudden or violent manner. born 1566, and died 1632.

: Mistletoe, (miz' zl to), an ever. Pěd' es tal, the base or foot of a green plant that grows upon some column, statue, vase, lamp, or the other tree or plant from which it like ; the part on which an upright derives its nourishment.

work stands. s War saw, the capital of the Emaciated,(e måshi åt ed), thin; kingdom of Poland, a dependency wasted. of Russia.

Czar, (zår), emperor of Russia. * Sigismund, (sig' is můnd), the This word is from Cæsar, a title Dame of three kings of Poland. given to the emperors of Rome.


203 3. “Do you know that man ?” asked one student of the other. “I do not ; but, judging from his costūme',' and mournful countenance, I should guess him to be an undertaker." “ Wrong, my friend; he is Stanislaus Staszic.”?

4. “Staszic!” exclaimed the student, looking after the man, who was then entering the palace. “How can a mean, wretchedlooking man, who stops in the middle of the street to buy a morsel of bread, be rich and powerful ?” “Yet, so it is,” replied his companion ; “under this unpromising exterior is hidden one of our most influential ministers, and one of the most illustrious' men of Europe."

5. The man whose appearance contrasted so strongly with his social position, who was as powerful as he seemed insignificant, as rich as he appeared poor, owed all his fortune to himself—to his labors, and to his genius. Of low extraction,' he left Poland while young, in order to acquire learning. He passed some years in the Universities of Leīpsicó and Gottingen,' continued his studies in the College of France, under Brisson’and D’Aubanton; gained the friendship of Buffon ;visited the Alps and the Apennines ; and finally returned to his native land, stored with rich and varied learning.

6. He was speedily invited by a nobleman to take charge of the education of his son. Afterward, the Government wished to profit by his talents; and Staszic, from grade to grade, was raised to the highest posts, and the greatest dignities. His economicalo habits made him rich. Five hundred serfs culti

Cós tūme', a fixed manner, mode, Gottingen, (gết' ting en), a town or style, especially of dress ; clothing. of Hanover, capital of the princi. 3 Staszic, (ståsh' its).

pality of Gottingen. Its university, 3 Il lăs' tri oŭs, possessing luster, founded 1734, was, down to 1831, or brightness; characterized by true the chief of the German universities, greatness, nobleness, etc.

and the number of its students, from • Extraction, (eks tråk' shun), 1822 to 1826, averaged one thousand source; birth ; origin. : four hundred and eighty-one, annu

o Leipsic, (lip' sik), the second city ally. In 1845, it had only six hunof Saxony, and one of the chief seats dred and thirty-three students. of commerce in Germany. The uni. Brisson, (bre són'). versity, founded 1409, with a library 8 Bŭf fon, an eminent naturalist, of one hundred and ten thousand vol- born in 1707, and died in 1788. umes, and about one hundred profes- E`co nom’ic al, guarding against sors and private teachers, is attended loss or waste; prudent in expending by above nine hundred students. monoy.

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