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OFFICE AND TENURE. SECTION 1. Under section 1 of the organic act of the Department the Secretary, whose appointment is made by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, is designated as the head of the Department of Labor, which is described in the act as An executive department of the Government.” By the same act his tenure of office is required to be like that of the heads of the other executive departments.

POWERS AND DUTIES.

SEC. 2. By including this Department among those specified in section 158 of the Revised Statutes and applying to it the provisions of Title IV of the Revised Statutes with the amendments thereto, the organic act assigned to the Secretary the following powers and duties:

1. Departmental regulations. To prescribe regulations not inconsistent with law for the government of the Department, the conduct of its officers and clerks, the distribution and performance of its business, and the custody, use, and preservation of the records, papers, and property appertaining to it."

2. Distribution of clerks. In his discretion to alter the distribution of clerks among the various bureaus and offices of the Department.?

By the organic act itself the Secretary has the following powers and duties:

3. Seal.—To cause a seal for the Department to be made, approved by the President, of which seal judicial notice shall be taken.

4. Facts about labor.—To employ any of the bureaus of the Department to collect, collate, and report statistics of the conditions of labor and its products and their distribution, and to rearrange the statistical work of the Bureau of Labor Statistics and distribute or consolidate the same. Also to call upon other Departments for statistical data and results obtained by them, and to collate, arrange, and publish any or all of the aforesaid statistical information.

1 R. S., sec, 161.

2 R. S., sec. 166.

5. Department property.—To have charge, in the premises occupied by or appropriated to the Department, of the library, furniture, fixtures, records, and other property appertaining to or acquired for use in its business.

6. Mediation in labor disputes.---To act as mediator and to appoint commissioners of conciliation in labor disputes whenever in his judgment the interests of industrial peace may require it to be done.

7. Executive authority.—To exercise all the power and authority and to perform all the duties possessed or exercised by the head of any executive department in and over any bureau, office, officer, board, branch, or division of the public service transferred to this Department by its organic act, or any business arising therefrom or pertaining thereto, or in relation to the duties performed by and authority conferred by law upon such bureau, officer, office, board, branch, or division of the public service, whether of an appellate or advisory character or otherwise.

8. Annual reports. To report to Congress annually at the close of each year, describing the work of the Department and giving an account of all moneys received and disbursed by him and by the Department.

9. Special reports.—To make such special investigations and reports as may be required of him by the President or Congress or as he himself may deem necessary.

10. Reports on coordination:—To investigate and report to Congress a plan of coordination of the activities, duties, and powers of the bureaus, commissions, and departments so far as they relate to labor and its conditions, in order to harmonize and unify such activities, duties, and powers with a view to further legislation to further define the duties and powers of the Department.

SEALS.

SEC. 3.-1. Department seal.—(a) The authorized seal of the Department of Labor is described as follows:

Or. on a fesse gules, between an anvil in chief and a plough in base proper, a pulley, a lever, and an inclined plane argent. Crest: An eagle displayed proper. Above the seal, placed circularly, the words “Department of Labor” and below in similar manner the words “United States of America,” all inclosed with a circle. (6) This seal is in the custody and charge of the Secretary. (c) It shall be used only for the authentication of such papers, records, or documents as may be authorized or required by law or to which it may be affixed by direction of the Secretary. (d) A printed copy shall appear upon the title page of all book and pamphlet publications

of the Department. (e) No impression or copy of the said seal shall be made or used for any other purpose.

2. Bureau seals.-(a) In cases other than those in which the Department seal is required, bureaus whose duties include the certification or authentication of official papers shall use an official seal of the same device as the Department seal, except that the legend “Department of Labor, U. S. A.,” shall appear in the upper arc of the circle and the name of the bureau in the lower. (6) The size of bureau seals shall be 13 inches in outside diameter.

DEPARTMENT FLAG.

SEC. 4. (a) The Department shall have a flag of white bunting, measuring 12 feet fly and 7 feet 6 inches hoist, with the seal of the Department in the center and a five-pointed blue star near each corner-one star for each bureau under the jurisdiction of the Department. (6) This flag shall be displayed as the Secretary may direct.

ARTICLE II.-ASSISTANT SECRETARY.

OFFICE. SECTION 1. Under section 2 of the organic act of the Department the Assistant Secretary is appointed by the President without confirmation by the Senate.

DUTIES.

SEC. 2.-1. Statutory. He performs such duties as the Secretary prescribes or as are required by law. The only duties required by law of the Assistant Secretary, other than such as the Secretary prescribes, are to perform the duties of the Secretary (unless otherwise directed by the President) in case of the death, resignation, or absence of the Secretary and until a successor to the latter is appointed or such absence terminates.

2. Prescribed by the Secretary.-The Assistant Secretary is required by the Secretary (a) to execute any administrative functions which are assigned to him by general order or special instructions; (b) to execute the functions of the Secretary with reference to immigration cases, subject to the approval of the Secretary; (c) to execute the functions of the Secretary with reference to the routine business of all the bureaus and other branches of the Department, subject to the approval of the Secretary; (d) to act as chairman of the Departmental Committee, of the Committee on Business Methods, and of the Advisory Committee on Printing and Publication; (e) to supervise the News-release Office and (f) to superintend the work of labor distribution.

ARTICLE III.-SOLICITOR.

OFFICE. SECTION 1. The Solicitor is an official of the Department of Justice appointed for and assigned to the Department of Labor.

AUTHORITY TO ACT AS SECRETARY OF LABOR.

Sec. 2.-1. Executive order.-In addition to his other duties the Solicitor acts as Secretary pursuant to and in accordance with the following Executive order made by President Wilson June 5, 1913:

Pursuant to the authority contained in section 179 of the Revised Statutes, I hereby authorize and direct John B. Densmore, Solicitor of the Department of Labor, to perform the duties of Secretary of Labor during the absence of the Secretary of Labor and the Assistant Secretary of Labor.

2. Duties as Solicitor.—The Solicitor is the chief law officer of the Department. His duties are to act as legal adviser to the Secretary and the chiefs of the various bureaus of said Department; to prepare and examine all contracts and bonds entered into or required by said Department; and to render such legal services in connection with matters arising in the administrative work of this Department as may be desired by the head of the Department or required of him by the Attorney General.

ARTICLE IV.-CHIEF CLERK.

AUTHORITY AND DUTIES. SECTION 1.-1. Statutory authority.—The organic act (sec. 2) provides that there shall be one Chief Clerk of the Department.

2. Duties.—The duties required by regulation of the Chief Clerk are that he, under the immediate direction of the Secretary, shall have (1) general supervision of the clerks and employees of the Department; (2) the superintendency of all buildings occupied by the Department in Washington, D. C.; (3) the direction of the watchmen, engineers, mechanics, firemen, laborers, and other employees connected with the care and protection of the Department buildings; (4) the care of the horses, wagons, and motor vehicles; (5) charge of the expenditure of appropriations for contingent expenses and rents; (6) charge of the receipt, distribution, and transmission of the mail; (7) custody of the records and files and library of the Secretary's Office; (8) charge of answering calls from Congress and elsewhere for copies of papers and records; (9) the duty of passing upon all appointment papers affecting the personnel of the Department; (10) charge of the enforcement of the general regulations of the Department; and (11) charge of all unassigned business of the Office of the Secretary. He serves also as secretary of the Departmental Committee and as a member of the Advisory Committee on Printing and Publication.

ARTICLE V.-DISBURSING CLERK.

SECTION 1. Statutory authority.—The organic act (sec. 2) provides that there shall be a Disbursing Clerk of the Department.

SEC. 2. Authority and duties.—The Disbursing Clerk is charged by the Secretary with the duty of preparing all requisitions for the advance of public funds from appropriations for the Department to disbursing officers authorized to pay vouchers for liabilities legally incurred by the Department and with the keeping of appropriation ledgers relating to the advance and expenditure of all appropriations. He is also charged with the payment of vouchers and accounts submitted from the various bureaus, offices, and services of the Department; the general accounting of the Department; and the issuing, recording, and accounting for Government requests for transportation issued to officials of the Department for official travel. He is required by law to account for all fees received through the Bureau of Naturalization for the naturalization of aliens and to deduct and withhold income tax from payments made to persons, firms, etc., who are subject to the act of October 3, 1913, and account for the same.

ARTICLE VI.—MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION IN LABOR

DISPUTES.

STATUTORY AUTHORITY.

SECTION 1.-1. Power.—The clause of the organic act of the Department under which the Secretary intervenes in labor disputes is as follows: “That the Secretary of Labor shall have power to act as mediator and to appoint commissioners of conciliation in labor disputes whenever in his judgment the interests of industrial peace may require it to be done."'ı

2. Executive clerk.—By the legislative, executive, and judicial appropriation act for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1915, approved July 16, 1914, the Secretary is authorized to appoint an executive clerk to aid him in exercising his powers of mediation and conciliation.

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SEC. 2.-1. Conservation of industrial interests.-In industrial disputes the Department must conserve primarily the interests of the wage earners of the United States. But it is the aim of the

1 Organic act of the Department, sec. 8.

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