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unless such order is suspended, modified, or set aside by the Secretary or is suspended, modified, or set aside by a court of competent jurisdiction. Any such order of the Secretary, if regularly made, shall be final, unless before the date prescribed for its taking effect application is made to a court of competent jurisdiction by the commission merchant, dealer, or broker against whom such order is directed to have such order set aside or its enforcement, operation, or execution suspended or restrained. (June 10, 1930, sec. 10, 46 Stat. 535; 7 U. S. C., sec. 499j.)

583. Injunctions; application of injunction laws governing orders of Interstate Commerce Commission.-For the purposes of this Act the provisions of all laws relating to the suspending or restraining of the enforcement, operation, or execution, or the setting aside in whole or in part, of the orders of the Interstate Commerce Commission are made applicable to orders of the Secretary under this Act and to any person subject to the provisions of this Act. (June 10, 1930, sec. 11, 46 Stat. 535; 7 U. S. C., sec. 499k.)

584. General provisions; violation of provisions of act; report to Attorney General; proceeding in Federal courts.—The Secretary may report any violation of this Act for which a civil penalty is provided to the Attorney General of the United States, who shall cause appropriate proceedings to be commenced and prosecuted in the proper courts of the United States without delay. The costs and expenses of such proceedings shall be paid out of the appropriation for the expenses of the courts of the United States. (June 10, 1930, sec. 12, 46 Stat. 536; 7 U. S. C., sec. 4991.)

585. Investigations; book inspection; suspension of license for refusing inspection.-(a) In the investigation of complaints under this Act, the Secretary or his duly authorized agents shall have the right to inspect such accounts, records, and memoranda of any commission merchant, dealer, or broker as may be material for the determination of any such complaint. If any such commission merchant, dealer, or broker refuses to permit such inspection, the Secretary may publish the facts and circumstances and/or, by order, suspend the license of the offender until permission to make such inspection is given.

Hearings. (b) The Secretary, or any officer or employee designated by him for such purpose, may hold hearings, sign and issue subpoenas, administer oaths, examine witnesses, receive evidence, and require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of such accounts, records, and memoranda as may be material for the determination of any complaint under this Act.

Disobedience to subpoena. (c) In case of disobedience to a subpoena, the Secretary or any of his examiners may invoke the aid of any court of the United States in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of accounts, records, and memoranda. Any district court of the United States within the jurisdiction of which any hearing is carried on may, in case of contumacy or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to any person, issue an order requiring the person to appear before the Secretary or his examiner or to produce accounts, records, and memoranda if so ordered, or to give evidence touching any matter pertinent to any complaint; and any failure to obey such order of the court shall be punished by the court as a contempt thereof.

Depositions; production of accounts, etc. (d) The Secretary may order testimony to be taken by deposition in any proceeding or investigation or incident to any complaint pending under this Act at any stage thereof. Such depositions may be taken before any person designated by the Secretary and having power to administer oaths. Such testimony shall be reduced to writing by the person taking the deposition or under his direction and shall then be subscribed by the deponent. Any person may be compelled to appear and depose and to produce accounts, records, and memoranda in the same manner as witnesses may be compelled to appear and testify and produce accounts, records, and memoranda before the Secretary or any of his examiners.

Witness fees; mileage. (e) Witnesses summoned before the Secretary or any officer or employee designated by him shall be paid the same fees and mileage that are paid witnesses in the courts of the United States, and witnesses whose depositions are taken and the persons taking the same shall severally be entitled to the same fees as are paid for like service in the courts of the United States.

Incriminatory testimony; immunity. (f) No person shall be excused from attending, testifying, answering any lawful inquiry, or deposing, or from producing any documentary evidence, before the Secretary or any officer or employee designated by him, in obedience to the subpoena of the Secretary or any such officer or employee, in any cause or proceeding, based upon or growing out of any alleged violation of this Act, or upon the taking of any deposition herein provided for, upon the ground or for the reason that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of him may tend to incriminate him or subject him to a penalty or forfeiture. But no natural person shall be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing, concerning which he is compelled under oath so to testify, or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, before the Secretary or any officer or employee designated by him, in obedience to the subpoena of the Secretary, or any such officer or employee, or upon the taking of any such deposition, or in any such cause or proceeding: Provided, That no person so testifying shall be exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury committed in so testifying. (June 10, 1930, sec. 13, 46 Stat. 536; 7 U. S. C., sec. 499m.)

586. Inspection and grading service.—(a) The Secretary is hereby authorized, independently and in cooperation with other branches of the Government, State, or municipal agencies and/or any person, whether operating in one or more jurisdictions, to employ and/or license inspectors to inspect and certify, without regard to the filing of a complaint under this Act, to any interested person the class, quality, and/or condition of any lot of any perishable agricultural commodity when offered for interstate or foreign shipment or when received at places where the Secretary shall find it practicable to provide such service, under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, including the payment of such fees and expenses as will be reasonable and as nearly as may be to cover the cost for the service rendered: Provided, That fees for inspections made by a licensed inspector, less the percentage thereof which he is allowed by the terms of his contract of employment with the Secretary as compensation for his services,

shall be deposited into the Treasury of the United States as miscellaneous receipts; and fees for inspections made by an inspector acting under a cooperative agreement with a State, municipality, or other person shall be disposed of in accordance with the terms of such agreement: Provided further, That expenses for travel and subsistence incurred by inspectors shall be paid by the applicant for inspection to the United States Department of Agriculture to be credited to the appropriation for carrying out the purposes of this Act: And provided further, That official inspection certificates for fresh fruits and vegetables issued by the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to any law shall be received by all officers and all courts of the United States, in all proceedings under this Act, and in all transactions upon contract markets under Commodities Exchange Act (7 U. S. C., Supp. 2, secs. 1 to 17 (a)), as prima-facie evidence of the truth of the statements therein contained;

Violation a misdemeanor. (b) Whoever shall falsely make, issue, alter, forge, or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, issued, altered, forged, or counterfeited, or willingly aid, cause, procure or assist in, or be a party to the false making, issuing, altering, forging, or counterfeiting of any certificate of inspection issued under authority of this Act, the Produce Agency Act of March 3, 1927 (7 U. S. C., sec. 491–497), or any Act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture; or shall utter or publish as true or cause to be uttered or published as true any such false, forged, altered, or counterfeited certificate, for a fraudulent purpose, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500 or by imprisonment for a period of not more than one year, or both, at the discretion of the court. (June 10, 1930, sec. 14, 46 Stat. 537; Apr. 13, 1934, sec. 15, 48 Stat. 588; Aug. 20, 1937, sec. 12, 50 Stat. 730; 7 U. S. Č., sec. 499n.)

587. Rules, regulations, and orders by Secretary of Agriculture; appointment, removal, and compensation of officers and employees; expendi. tures; appropriations; abrogation of inconsistent statutes.—The Secretary may make such rules, regulations, and orders as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act, and may cooperate with any department or agency of the Government, any State, Territory, District, or possession, or department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, or any person; and shall have the power to appoint, remove, and fix the compensation of such officers and employees not in conflict with existing law, and make such expenditures for rent outside the District of Columbia, printing, binding, telegrams, telephones, law books, books of reference, publications, furniture, stationery, office equipment, travel, and other supplies and expenses, including reporting services, as shall be necessary to the administration of this Act in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, and as may be appropriated for by Congress; and there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for such purpose. This Act shall not abrogate nor nullify any other statute, whether State or Federal, dealing with the same subjects as this Act; but it is intended that all such statutes shall remain in full force and effect except in so far only as they are inconsistent herewith or repugnant hereto. (June 10, 1930, sec. 15, 46 Stat. 537; 7 U. S. C., sec. 4990.)

588. Liability of licensees for acts of agents. In construing and enforcing the provisions of this Act, the act, omission, or failure of any agent, officer, or other person acting for or employed by any commission merchant, dealer, or broker, within the scope of his employment or office, shall 'in every case be deemed the act, omission, or failure of such commission merchant, dealer, or broker as that of such agent, officer, or other person. (June 10, 1930, sec. 16, 46 Stat. 538; 7 U.S.C., sec. 499p.)

589. Separability. If any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of the Act and of the application of such provision to other persons and circumstances shall not be affected thereby. (June 10, 1930, sec. 17, 46 Stat. 538; 7 U. S. C., sec. 499q.)

590. Short title.--This Act may be cited as the “Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act, 1930.” (June 10, 1930, sec. 18, 46 Stat. 538; 7 U. S. C., sec. 499r.)

TOBACCO CONTROL 616–1. Consent of Congress to production and commerce compacts be. tween States; uniformity; price control, etc.—That the Congress of the United States of America hereby consents that any of the States in which tobacco is produced may negotiate a compact or compacts for the purpose of regulating and controlling the production of, or commerce in, any one or more kinds of tobacco therein: Provided, That all State acts authorizing such compact or compacts shall be essentially uniform and in no way conflicting: Provided further, That any compact, compacts, agreement, or agreements negotiated and agreed upon by the States referred to in the Act of the General Assembly of Virginia, approved March 13, 1936 (known as the Tobacco Control Act), or by any other State or States producing any type or types of tobacco referred to in said Act, which is in conformity with said Act and relating to the type or types of tobacco specifically referred to in said Act, shall become effective to the extent and in the manner provided for in said Act without further consent or ratification on the part of the Congress of the United States of America: Provided, however, That nothing herein contained shall be construed as preventing the Congress of the United States of America from hereafter withdrawing its consent to any compact or agreement entered into pursuant to this Act: Provided further, That nothing in this Act shall be construed to grant the consent of Congress to negotiate any compact for regulating or controlling the production of, or commerce in, tobacco for the purpose of fixing the price thereof, or to create or perpetuate monopoly, or to promote regimentation, but such consent shall be limited to compacts for the regulation and control of production of, or commerce in, tobacco in order thereby to enable growers to receive a fair price for such tobacco. (Apr. 25, 1936, sec. 1, 49 Stat. 1239; 7 U. S. C., sec. 515.)

616–2. Definitions.—As used in this Act, unless otherwise stated or unless the context or subject matter clearly indicates otherwise

“Person" means any individual, partnership, joint-stock company, corporation, or association.

"State Act” means any Act of a State legislature authorizing a compact or compacts pursuant to the consent given in this Act.

“Commission” means the tobacco commission created by any State Act.

“Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture of the United States.

"Kind of tobacco" means one or more types of tobacco as classified in Service and Regulatory Announcement Numbered 118 of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the United States Department of Agriculture as listed below according to the name or names by which known:

Types 11, 12, 13, and 14, known as flue-cured tobacco.
Type 31, known as Burley tobacco.

Types 21, 22, 23, 24, 35, 36, and 37, known as fire-cured and dark air-cured tobacco.

Types 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, and 46, known as cigar-filler tobacco. Types 51, 52, 53, 54, and 65, known as cigar-binder tobacco. Types 61 and 62, known as cigar-wrapper tobacco. “Association" means any association of tobacco producers or other persons engaged in the tobacco industry, or both, formed under the laws of any State for the purpose of stabilizing the marketing of tobacco and providing crop protection to producers of tobacco in any State or States. (Apr. 25, 1936, sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1240; 7 U. S. C., sec. 515a.)

616_3. Secretary authorized to make advances to compacting States; repayment. The Secretary is authorized to make advances from time to time, from the funds hereinafter provided, to the tobacco commission established by the State act of each State which enters into a compact or compacts under the consent given by this Act in such amounts as the Secretary shall determine to be required for the payment of administrative expenses incurred by such commission, and under such terms and conditions with respect to the expenditure thereof as the Secretary shall stipulate: Provided, That each State act creating such commission shall provide for the repayment to the Secretary of such advances from any funds received by the commission from the sale of marketing certificates with respect to tobacco, prior to the use of such funds for any other purpose. (Apr. 25, 1936, sec. 3, 49 Stat. 1240; 7 U. S. C., sec. 515b.)

616-4. Designation of persons to deal with compacting States. The Secretary shall, upon the request of the Commission of any compacting State, designate such tobacco producers or other persons engaged in the tobacco industry and such officials of the United States Department of Agriculture as he deems advisable to meet with the tobacco commissions for the different States for the purpose of advising in connection with the administration of any compact or compacts entered into pursuant to this Act. (Apr. 25, 1936, sec. 4, 49 Stat. 1240; 7 U. S. C., sec. 515c.)

616–5. Loans to associations of tobacco producers.— The Secretary, from the funds hereinafter provided, is authorized to make loans for administrative purposes, upon terms and conditions stipulated by him, to such association of tobacco producers as may operate with respect to the 1936 crop in the Georgia Tobacco Belt, in a manner similar to that embodied in State Acts providing for compacts under the consent given in this Act. (Apr. 25, 1936, sec. 5, 49 Stat. 1240; 7 U. S. C., sec. 515d.)

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