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character, the President, upon a finding that the characteristics and working conditions of such offices or positions render them substantially the same as comparable offices or positions in the District of Columbia included within the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, may by Executive order extend the provisions of such Act to include them; and

(xii) Offices or positions in the Tennessee Valley Authority. (e) In carrying out the provisions of this title, and the provisions of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, there shall be no discrimination against any person, or with respect to the position held by any person, on account of race, creed, or color. (Nov. 26, 1940, Sec. 3, 54 Stat. 1212.)

227-4. Same; President authorized to exclude certain positions.— The President is authorized, after suitable investigation by the Commission, which shall include consultation with representatives of the heads of executive departments and independent agencies, in or under the jurisdiction of which the offices or positions hereinafter designated are located, and upon a finding that such action is necessary to the more efficient operation of the Government, to exclude, by Executive order, from the provisions of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended and extended under this Act,

Offices or positions on work which is financed jointly by the United States and a State, Territory, or possession of the United States (including the Philippine Islands), or political subdivision thereof, or cooperating persons or organizations outside the service of the Federal Government, and the pay of which is fixed under a cooperative agreement with the United States; offices or positions, none or only part of the compensation of which is paid from funds of the United States; offices or positions filled by inmates, patients, students, or beneficiaries in Government institutions; offices or positions outside the States of the United States and the District of Columbia filled by natives of Territories or possessions of the United States (including the Philippine Islands) or foreign nationals; emergency or seasonal offices or positions in the field service, or other field offices or positions, the duties of which are of purely temporary duration, or which are required only for brief periods at intervals; and offices or positions filled by persons employed locally on a fee, contract, or pice-work basis who may lawfully perform their duties concurrently with their private profession, business, or other employment and whose duties require only a portion of their time, where it is impracticable to ascertain or anticipate the proportion of time devoted to the service of the Federal Government. (Nov. 26, 1940, Sec. 4, 54 Stat. 1214.)

227-5. Same; allocation of offices or positions; initial compensation.When any extension of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, becomes effective under this Act,

(a) The allocations of offices or positions to services, grades, and classes shall be made as set forth in section 4 of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, and in accordance with a uniform procedure to be prescribed by the Commission; and

(b) The initial compensation of the incumbents of the offices or positions to which the provisions of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended, are extended under this Act, shall be fixed in accordance with section 6 of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended. (Nov. 26, 1940; Sec. 5, 54 Stat. 1215.)

227–6. Same; promotions; veterans' preference provision.—Nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the promotion of an officer or employee from an office or position in one class to a vacant office or position in a higher class at any time in accordance with civilservice laws, and when so promoted the officer or employee shall receive compensation according to the schedule established for the class to which he is promoted. Nor shall anything in this Act be construed to prevent the application of the existing veteran-preference provisions in civil-service laws, Executive orders, and rulings. (Nov. 26, 1940; Sec. 6, 54 Stat. 1215.)

RETIREMENT OF CIVIL SERVICE EMPLOYEES

233a. Employees included.-

(b) Superintendents of United States national cemeteries, and such employees of the offices of solicitors of the several executive departments, of the Architect of the Capitol, of the Library of Congress, of the United States Botanic Garden, of the recorder of deeds and register of wills of the District of Columbia, of the United States Soldiers' Home, of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, of the State Department without the continental limits of the United States who are United States citizens and not within the Foreign Service as defined in the Act of May 24, 1924, and amendments thereof, of the Indian Service at large whose tenure of employment is not intermittent nor of uncertain duration, and the Director, Assistant Directors, inspectors, and special agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice.

(g) This Act shall not apply to such employees of the Lighthouse Service as come within the provisions of section 6 of the Act of June 20, 1918, entitled “An Act to authorize aids to navigation and for other works in the Lighthouse Service, and for other purposes”, nor to members of the police and fire departments of the municipal government of the District of Columbia, nor to such employees or groups of employees as may have been before the effective date of this Act excluded by Executive orders from the benefits of the Act of May 22, 1920, and amendments thereof.

(h) The provisions of this Act may be extended by Executive order, upon recommendation of the Civil Service Commission, to apply to any employee or group of employees in the civil service of the United States not included at the time of its passage. The President shall have power, in his discretion, to exclude from the operation of this Act any employee or group of employees in the civil service whose tenure of office or employment is intermittent or of uncertain duration.

(i) Any officer or employee to whom the Act of July 13, 1937 (Public, Numbered 206, Seventy-fifth Congress, first session), applies who has failed to exercise the option provided thereby to come within the terms of the Retirement Act of May 29, 1930, as amended, may exercise such option within six months from the effective date of this Act. (May 22, 1920, sec. 1, 41 Stat. 614; July 3, 1926, sec. 3, 44 Stat. 905;

emphty-fifth Congped thereby to ded, may exercise. ed undeomputing and C sec. 6:1936, 49 st

May 29, 1930, sec. 3, 46 Stat. 470; June 23, 1936, 49 Stat. 1888; Aug. 4, 1939, sec. 1, 53 Stat. 1200; 5 U.S. C., sec. 693.)

234. Method of computing annuities.—(a) The annuity of an employee retired under the provisions of the preceding sections of this Àct shall be a life annuity, terminable upon the death of the annuitant and shall be composed of (1) a sum equal to $30 for each year of service not exceeding thirty: Provided, That such portion of the annuity shall not exceed three-fourths of the average annual basic salary, pay, or compensation received by the employee during any five consecutive years of allowable service at the option of the employee; nor shall such portion be less than an amount equal to the employee's purchasable annuity as provided in (2) hereof; and (2) the amount of annuity purchasable with the sum to the credit of the employee's individual account as provided in section 12 (a) hereof, together with interest at 4 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each year, according to the experience of the civil-service retirement and disability fund as may from time to time be set forth in tables of annuity values by the Board of Actuaries.

(b) The total annuity paid shall in no case be less than an amount equal to the average annual basic salary, pay, or compensation, not to exceed $1,600 per annum, received by the employee during any five consecutive years of allowable service at the option of the employee, multiplied by the number of years of service, not exceeding thirty years, and divided by forty.

(c) Any employee at the time of his retirement may elect to receive, in lieu of the life annuity herein described, an increased annuity of equivalent value which shall carry with it a proviso that no unexpended part of the principal upon the annuitant's death shall be returned.

(d) Any employee retiring under the provisions of section 1 of this Act may at the time of his retirement elect to receive in lieu of the life annuity described herein a reduced annuity payable to him during his life, and an annuity after his death payable to his beneficiary, duly designated in writing and filed with the Civil Service Commission at the time of his retirement, during the life of such beneficiary (a) equal to or (b) 50 per centum of such reduced annuity and upon the death of such surviving beneficiary all payments shall cease and no further annuity shall be due or payable. The amounts of the two annuities shall be such that their combined actuarial value on the date of retirement as determined by the Civil Service Commission shall be the same as the actuarial value of the single life increased annuity with forfeiture provided by this section: Provided,

That no election in lieu of the life annuity provided herein shall become effective in case an employee dies within thirty days after the effective date of retirement, and in the event of such death within this period, such death shall be considered as a death in active service.

(e) For the purpose of this Act all periods of service shall be computed in accordance with section 5 hereof, and the annuity shall be fixed at the nearest multiple of twelve.

(f) The term "basic salary, pay, or compensation," wherever used in this Act, shall be so construed as to exclude from the operation of the Act all bonuses, allowances, overtime pay, or salary, pay, or com. pensation given in addition to the base pay of the position as fixed

by law or regulation. (May 22, 1920, sec. 2, 41 Stat. 614; July 3, 1926, sec. 4, 44 Stat. 907; May 29, 1930, sec. 4, 46 Stat. 471; August 4, 1939, sec. 2, 53 Stat. 1001; 5 C. s. C., secs. 698, 698 notes.)

2358. Civil Service Retirement Act; computation of accredited service.Subject to the provisions of section 9 hereof, the aggregate period of service which forms the basis for calculating the amount of any benefit provided in this Act shall be computed from the date of original employment, whether as a classified or an unclassified employee in the civil service of the United States, or in the service of the District of Columbia, including periods of service at different times and in one or more departments, branches, or independent offices, or the legislative branch of the Government, and also periods of service performed overseas under authority of the United States, and periods of honorable service in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard of the United States; in the case of an employee, however, who is eligible for and receives retired pay on account of military or naval service, the period of service upon which such retired pay is based shall not be included; in the case of an employee who is eligible for and receives a pension on account of non-service-connected disability under laws administered by the Veterans' Administration the minimum period of service necessary to entitle him to pension shall not be included; but in the case of an employee who is eligible for and receives pension or compensation under laws administered by the Veterans' Administration on account of service-connected disability, all honorable military or naval service shall be included; and nothing in this Act shall be construed as to affect in any manner an employee's right to retired pay, pension, or compensation in addition to the annuity herein provided. (May 22, 1920, sec. 3, 41 Stat. 615; July 3, 1926, sec. 5, 44 Stat. 907; May 29, 1930, sec. 5, 46 Stat. 472; Oct. 14, 1940, sec. 1, 54 Stat. 1116; 5 U.S.C., sec. 707.)*

236a. Disability retirement; medical examinations required.—Any employee to whom this Act applies who shall have served for a total period of not less than five years, and who, before becoming eligible for retirement under the conditions defined in the preceding sections hereof, becomes totally disabled for useful and efficient service in the grade or class of position occupied by the employee, by reason of disease or injury not due to vicious habits, intemperance, or wilfull misconduct on the part of the employee, shall upon his own application or upon the request or order of the head of the department, branch, or independent office concerned, be retired on an annuity computed in accordance with the provisions of section 4 hereof: Provided, That proof of freedom from vicious habits, intemperance, or wilfull misconduct for a period of more than five years next prior to becoming so disabled for useful and efficient service, shall not be required in any case. No claim shall be allowed under the provisions of this section unless the application for retirement shall have been executed prior to the applicant's separation from the service or within six months thereafter: Provided, That any employee who heretofore has failed to file an ap

*This section of the Civil Service Retirement Act, as indicated, was amended October

14. 1940. by Section 1, Public, No. 846, 76th Congress. Section 5 of Public. No. 846. reads as follows: This Act shall take effect the 1st day of the month next succeeding the date of enactment. Any person separated from the service prior to such effective date may, upon request, have his claim for retirement adjudicated under the terms of this Act; but no increase in annuity shall be allowed prior to such effective date nor shall this Act be construed 80 as to reduce the annuity of any person separated prior to its effective date. (Oct. 14, 1940, Section 5, Public, No. 846, 76th Congress.)

plication for retirement within six months after separation from the service, may file such application within three months after the effective date of this Act. No employee shall be retired under the provisions of this section unless examined by a medical officer of the United States, or a duly qualified physician or surgeon, or board of physicians or surgeons, designated by the Civil Service Commission for that purpose, and found to be disabled in the degree and in the manner specified herein. The time limitation for execution of claims for retirement under the terms of this section may be waived by the Civil Service Commission in cases of employees who at the date of separation from service or within six months thereafter, are adjudged mentally incompetent, but the application in such cases must be filed with the Civil Service Commission within one year from the date of restoration of any such person to competency or the appointment of a fiduciary whichever is the earlier. In the case of any such person heretofore separated from service application may be filed within one year after the effective date of this Act.

Every annuitant retired under the provisions of this section, unless the disability for which retired be permanent in character, shall at the expiration of one year from the date of such retirement and annually thereafter, until reaching retirement age as defined in section 1 hereof be examined under the direction of the Civil Service Commission by a medical officer of the United States, or a duly qualified physician or surgeon, or board of physicians or surgeons designated by the Civil Service Commission for that purpose, in order to ascertain the nature and degree of the annuitant's disability, if any. If an annuitant shall recover before reaching retirement age and be restored to an earning capacity which would permit him to be appointed to some appropriate position fairly comparable in compensation to the position occupied at the time of retirement, payment of the annuity shall be continued temporarily to afford the annuitant opportunity to seek such available position, but not in any case exceeding one year from the date of the medical examination showing such recovery. Should the annuitant fail to appear for examination as required under this section, payment of the annuity shall be suspended until continuance of the disability shall have been satisfactorily established. The Civil Service Commission may order or direct at any time such medical or other examination as it shall deem necessary to determine the facts relative to the nature and degree of disability of any employee retired on an annuity under this section.

In all cases where the annuity is discontinued under the provisions of this section before the annuitant has received a sum equal to the amount credited to his individual account as provided in section 12 (a) hereof, together with interest at 4 per centum per annum compounded on June 30 of each year, the difference, unless he shall become reemployed in a position within the purview of this Act, shall be paid to the retired employee, as provided in section 12 (b) hereof, upon application therefor in such form and manner as the Civil Service Commission may direct. In case of reemployment in a position within the purview of this Act the amount so refunded shall be redeposited as provided in section 12 (b) hereof.

No person shall be entitled to receive an annuity under the provisions of this Act, and compensation under the provisions of the Act of Sep

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