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formation on supply, demand, prices, and other conditions in this and other countries that affect the markets. Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 8, 42 Stat. 1003; June 15, 1936, sec. 2, 49 Stat. 1491; 7 Ú. S. C., secs. 2. 12.)

Registration of commission merchants and brokers; fees; rules and regulations; publication of harmful acts. The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized

(1) to register futures commission merchants and floor brokers upon application in accordance with rules and regulations and in form and manner to be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture;

(2) to refuse to register any person if such person has violated any of the provisions of this Act or any of the rules or regulations promulgated by the Secretary of Agriculture hereunder for which the registration of such person has been suspended (and the period of such suspension shall not have expired) or has been revoked; and

(3) to suspend or revoke the registration of any futures commission merchant who shall knowingly accept any order for the purchase or sale of any commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any contract market from any person if such person has been denied trading privileges on any contract market by order of the Secretary of Agriculture under the provisions of paragraph (b)) of section 6 of this Act and the period of denial specified in such order shall not have expired; and

(4) to fix and establish from time to time fees and charges for registrations and renewals thereof and for copies of registration certificates, not to exceed $10 each for such registration, renewal, or copy; and

15) to make and promulgate such rules and regulations as, in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture, are reasonably necessary to effectuate any of the provisions or to accomplish any of the purposes of this Act; and

(6) to communicate to the proper committee or officer of any contract market and to publish, notwithstanding the provisions of section 8 of this Act, the full facts concerning any transaction or market operation, including the names of parties thereto, which in the judgment of the Secretary of Agriculture disrupts or tends to disrupt any market or is otherwise harmful or against the best interests of producers and consumers. (Sec. 8a, added June 15, 1936, sec. 10, 49 Stat. 1500; 7 U. S. C., sec. 12a.)

315. Violations; penalties.-Any person who shall violate the provisions of section 4, section 4a, section 4b, section 4c, section 4d, section 4h, or section 4i of this Act, or who shall manipulate or attempt to manipulate the price of any commodity in interstate commerce, or for future delivery on or subject to the rules of any board of trade, or who shall corner or attempt to corner any such commodity, or who shall fail to evidence any contract mentioned in section 4 of this Act by a record in writing as therein required, or who shall knowingly or carelessly deliver or cause to be delivered for transmission through the mails or in interstate commerce by telegraph, telephone, wireless, or other means of communication false or misleading or knowingly inaccurate reports concerning crop or market information or conditions that affect or tend to affect the price of any commodity in

for not mviction there are all be deemed

interstate commerce, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both, together with the costs of prosecution. (Sept. 21, 1922, sec. 9, 42 Stat. 1003; June 15, 1936, secs. 2, 11, 49 Stat. 1491, 1501; 7 U. S. C., secs. 2, 13.)

317. No punishment for violations before first day of second month following passage of act.—[Now obsolete]

318–1. Separability provisions of Commodities Exchange Act.-If any provision of this Act which is amendatory of any section of the Grain Futures Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, the provisions of the section of the Grain Futures Act which is amended by such provision of this Act shall apply to such person or circumstances. No proceeding shall be abated by reason of any amendment to the Grain Futures Act made by this Act but shall be disposed of pursuant to this Act. (June 15, 1936, sec. 12, 49 Stat. 1501; 7 U. S. C., sec. 17a.)

318-2. Effective dates of Commodities Exchange Act.—All provisions of this Act authorizing the registration of futures commission merchants and floor brokers, the fixing of fees and charges therefor, the promulgation of rules, regulations, and orders, and the holding of hearings precedent to the promulgation of rules, regulations, and orders shall be effective immediately. All other provisions of this Act shall take effect ninety days after the enactment of this Act. (June 15, 1936, sec. 13, 49 Stat. 1501; 7 U. S. C., sec. 17a note.)

GRAIN STANDARDS ACT

335a. Establishment of grain standards by Secretary; promulgation.That the Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized to investigate the handling, grading, and transportation of grain and to fix and establish as soon as may be after the enactment hereof standards of quality and condition for corn (maize), wheat, rye, oats, barley, flaxseed, soy. beans, and such other grains as in his judgment the usages of the trade may warrant and permit, and the Secretary of Agriculture shall have power to alter or modify such standards whenever the necessities of the trade may require. In promulgating the standards, or any alteration or modification of such standards, the Secretary shall specify the date or dates when the same shall become effective, and shall give public notice, not less than ninety days in advance of such date or dates, by such means as he deems proper. (Aug. 11, 1916, sec. 2, 39 Stat. 482; July 18, 1940, 54 Stat. 765; 7 U. S. C., sec. 74.)

IMPORTATION OF ADULTERATED SEEDS ACT

354 to 359.—[These paragraphs were repealed by paragraph No. 630–256 post, effective on the 180th day after August 9, 1939; except that notices with respect to imported alfalfa and red clover seed promulgated by the Secretary of Agriculture under authority of these sections, which were in effect August 19, 1939, remain in full force and

effect as if promulgated under paragraphs 630–225 to 630–257, post.] (Aug. 9, 1939, title IV, sec. 419, 53 Stat. 1290; 7 U.S. C., secs. 111 to 116, and 1609.) (Cf. 7 U. S. C., secs 1551 to 1616, inclusive.)

INSECT PESTS GENERALLY 376–1. Control of insect pests or plant diseases, including grasshoppers, Mormon crickets and chinch bugs, authorized.—That the Secretary of Agriculture, in cooperation with authorities of the States concerned, organizations, or individuals, is authorized and directed to apply such methods for the control of incipient or emergency outbreaks of insect pests or plant diseases, including grasshoppers, Mormon crickets, and cinch bugs as may be necessary. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 1, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U.S. C., sec. 148.)

376–2. Same; administrative expenses.--Any sums which may be appropriated for such purpose shall be available for expenditure for the employment of persons and means in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, printing, rent outside the District of Columbia, gen. eral administration and supervision, surveys, and the purchase, transportation, and application of poison bait or materials and equipment for control of insect pests or plant diseases, including grasshoppers, Mormon crickets, and chinch bugs, and for the preparation of such poison bait or materials for application, and such other expenses as may be necessary. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 2, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U. S. C., sec. 148a.)

376–3. Same; materials and equipment purchasable without regard to 3709 R. S.-Materials and equipment for the control of such insect pests and plant diseases may be procured with any sums appropriated to carry out the provisions of this joint resolution without regard to the provisions of section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended, and the transportation thereof may be under such conditions and means as shall be determined by the Secretary of Agriculture to be most advantageous. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 3, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U. S. C., sec. 148b.)

376-4. Same; cooperation of States necessary.-In the discretion of the Secretary of Agriculture, no part of any sums appropriated to carry out the purposes of this joint resolution shall be expended for the control of incipient or emergency outbreaks of insect pests or plant diseases in any State until the State concerned has provided the organization or materials and supplies necessary for cooperation with the Federal Government. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 4, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U.S. C., sec. 148c.)

376–5. Same; restrictions on appropriations.--No part of the sums hereinafter authorized to be appropriated shall be used to pay the cost or value of farm animals, farm crops, or other property injured or destroyed. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec, 5, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U. S. C., sec. 148d.)

376–6. Same; appropriations authorized. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated annually such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this joint resolution. (Apr. 6, 1937, 50 Stat. 57, May 9, 1938, sec. 6, 52 Stat. 344; 7 U. S. C., sec. 148e.)

the coput the pur Agriculturof States hele plantontrol of indeoses of this no part of

NURSERY STOCK AND OTHER PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS

390a. Terminal inspection by States; forwarding by postmasters of packages for inspection and disposition thereof; violations; punishment; regulations.—That hereafter when any State shall provide for terminal inspection of plants and plant products, and shall establish and maintain, at the sole expense of the State, such inspection at one or more places therein, the proper officials of said State may submit to the Secretary of Agriculture a list of plants and plant products, and the plant pests transmitted thereby, that in the opinion of said officials should be subject to terminal inspection in order to prevent the introduction or dissemination in said State of pests injurious to agricul. ture. Upon his approval of said list, in whole or in part, the Secretary of Agriculture shall transmit the same to the Postmaster General, and thereafter all packages containing any plants or plant products named in said approved lists shall, upon payment of postage therefor, be forwarded by the postmaster at the destination of said package to the proper State official at the nearest place where inspection is maintained. If the plants or plant products (including seed) are found upon inspection to be free from injurious pests and not in violation of a plant-quarantine law or plant-quarantine regulation of the United States Department of Agriculture or of the State of destination pertaining to such injurious pests, or if infected shall be disinfected by said official, they shall upon payment of postage therefor be returned to the postmaster at the place of inspection to be forward 3 to the person to whom they are addressed; but if found to be infected with injurious pests and incapable of satisfactory disinfection or in violation of a plant-quarantine law or plant-quarantine regulation of the United States Department of Agriculture or of the State of destination pertaining to such injurious pests, the State inspector shall so notify the postmaster at the place of inspection who shall promptly notify the sender of said plants or plant products that they will be returned to him upon his request and at his expense, or in default of such request that they will be turned over to the State authorities for destruction.

On and after the passage and approval of this Act it shall be unlawful for any person, firm, or corporation to deposit in the United States mails any package containing any plant or plant product ad. dressed to any place within a State maintaining inspection thereof, as herein defined, without plainly marking the package so that its contents may be readily ascertained by an inspection of the outside thereof. "Whoever shall fail to so mark said packages shall be punished by a fine of not more than $100. The Postmaster General is hereby authorized and directed to make all needful rules and regula. tions for carrying out the purposes hereof. (Mar. 4, 1915, 38 Stat. 1113; June 4, 1936, 49 Stat. 1461; 7 U. S. C., sec. 166.)

PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS 408a. Rates, charges, and practices; orders.—Whenever after full hearing upon a complaint made as provided in section 309, or after full hearing under an order for investigation and hearing made by • So in original.

the Secretary on his own initiative, either in extension of any pending complaint or without any complaint whatever, the Secretary is of the opinion that any rate, charge, regulation, or practice of a stockyard owner or market agency, for or in connection with the furnishing of stockyard services, is or will be unjust, unreasonable, or discriminatory, the Secretary

(a) May determine and prescribe what will be the just and reasonable rate or charge, or rates or charges, to be thereafter in such case observed as both the maximum and minimum to be charged, and what regulation or practice is or will be just, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory to be thereafter followed; and

(b) May make an order that such owner or operator (1) shall cease and desist from such violation to the extent to which the Secretary finds that it does or will exist; (2) shall not thereafter publish, demand, or collect any rate or charge for the furnishing of stockyard services more or less than the rate or charge so prescribed; and (3) shall conform to and observe the regulation or practice so prescribed. (Aug. 15, 1921, sec. 310; 42 Stat. 166; Aug. 10, 1939, 53 Stat. 1351; 7 U. S. C., sec. 211.)

AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGES 477a. To extend benefits of section 21 of the Bankhead-Jones Act to Puerto Rico.—That the provisions of section 21 of the Act entitled "An Act to provide for research into basic laws and principles relating to agriculture and to provide for the further development of cooperative agricultural extension work and the more complete endowment and support of land-grant colleges”, approved June 29, 1935, and known as the Bankhead-Jones Act, be, and the same are hereby, extended to Puerto Rico in such amounts as are hereinafter authorized without diminution of the amounts authorized for payment to the States and the Territory of Hawaii, as provided in section 21 of that Act. (Aug. 28, 1937, sec. 1, 50 Stat. 881; 7 U. S. C., sec. 343f.)

477b. Same; appropriation.—To carry into effect the above provisions for extending to Puerto Rico, to the extent herein provided, the benefits of the said Bankhead-Jones Act, the following sums are hereby authorized to be appropriated: For the fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, $88,000; for the fiscal year following the first fiscal year for which an appropriation is made in pursuance of the foregoing authorization, the additional sum of $40,000; and for each succeeding fiscal year thereafter an additional sum of $40,000 until the total appropriations authorized by this section shall amount to $408,000 annually, the authorization to continue in that amount for each succeeding fiscal year. (Aug. 28, 1937, sec. 2, 50 Stat. 881; 7 U. S. C., sec. 343g.)

482-1. Extension work; additional appropriation.—That in order to further develop the cooperative extension system as inaugurated under the Act entitled “An Act to provide for cooperative agricultural extension work between the agricultural colleges in the several States receiving the benefits of the Act of Congress approved July 2, 1862, and all Acts supplementary thereto, and the United States Department of Agriculture”, approved May 8, 1914 (U. S. C., title 7, secs. 341-348), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the

atnd suppo the Bankico in such

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