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ADMITTED. New States may be admitted by the Congress into

this Union..

Effeet of admission, n. 229. List of new States and dates

of admission, n 230.
ADOPTION of this Constitution. All debts contracted or engage.

ments entered into before the adoption of this Constitu.
tion, shall be as valid against the United States under this
Constitution as under the Confideration

This article explained, n. 287. When the States shall
have adopted the 14th constitutional amendment, n. 276,

p. 233, $ 5.
Advice and consent of the Senate. President shall have power,

by and with the to make treaties and appoint ambassadors
and all other officers.

When and how given, n. 175. When necessary to an
appointment, n. 179. Etfect of, in fixing tenure of ottice, n.
184, p. 179. & 1. To advise upon suspension, if the Senate
refuse to concur, Id. & 2. If the Senate fail to advise, the
ottice to remain in abeyance, n. 184, p. 180, $ 3. (See Ten-

ure of Office.)
AFFIRMATION. (See Onth or Affirmation, n. 242.)
AGE. Qualitication for a representative in Congress, 25 years.....

See remarks upon, n. 46.
AGR. Qualification for a senator in Congress. 30 years.....
AGE Qualification for President of the United States, 35 years...

35 years an indispensable requisite, n. 171.
AGE. Qualification for Vice-President of the United States, 35

years. Amendments.
AGREENENT or compact. No State shall, without the consent of

Congress, enter into any agreement or compact with an-
other State or a foreign power.

Relates to what prohibitions; may enter into what, n.

164.
ALABANA. Qualifications for suffrage in, n. 17, p. 58. Six repre-

sentatives, by the census of 1860, n. 24. Population of, in
every decade, n. 24, pp. 69–71. Did not vote in the Presi.
dential election of 1864, n. 167. Admitted as a State, n.
230, Ratified 18th amendment, n. 274. Rejected 14th
amendment, n. 275. One of the non-reconstructed States,
n. 276. Its provisional government defined, n, 276, p. 286,
$ 1. Action of its convention upon reconstruction, n.
277. Number of registered voters under the reconstruc-

tion laws. n. 27S.
ALIEX. A naturalized is a natural bornsubject, from birth, notes 274

to 276.
Aliex enemies. During war the inhabitants of each country are,

The inhabitants of the insurgent and rebel States
were not, during the rebellion, n. 213.
ALIENAGE is an indispensable element in the process of naturaliza-

tion, n. 274, p. 276.
ALIENS, or persons of foreign birth, not eligible as President or
Vice-President of the United States

.....:
Amnendments .......

Effect of naturalization upon, notes 93, 209. Of what suits
courts have jurisdiction. Cannot maintain a real action; de-
fined, n. 209. May take and hold real estate, n. 209, p. 204.
May be made citizens by revolution or general law. The
Constitution provides for naturalization of, n. 167. See
Citizen, notes 19, 30, 35, 68, 69, 170, 206, 220, 221, 274, 275,

277. Negroes born in United States cannot be, n. 274.
ALLEGATION. Citizenship of different States must be averred to

give jurisdiction, n. 206.
ALLEGIANCE. Defined, n. 221), p. 164. An alien is one born out

of, n. 209. Treason is a breach of, n. 215. Native born
owe allegiance to the United States, n. 220.

All persons
born in the, of the United States, are native citizens
thereof, n. 274. Paramount to the United States and
qualified to the States, n. 118, p. 129, Pref. p. xiii. Indians

1

n. 118

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85, 174

86, 137

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Art. sec. ch. PP
owe no to the t'nited States, n. 92, p. 112. “That I will
beur true faith and allegiance to the United States," n.
242, p. 251. Native born owe allegiance from their birth, n.
220, p. 225. Claim of allegiance to the Colonies and Great

Britain and how absolvell, n. 274. p. 278.
ALLIANCE. No State snall enter into any alliance..

1 10 1
This is a national power, n, 152. The samne under the

Conferleration, Art. VI. p. 11.
ALMIGHTY GOD. * Looking to the favor and guidance of," n. 3,

p. 53. Remark on this, 11. 5.
AMBASSADORS. The President shall nominate, and by and with

the advice and consent of the Senate appoint, ainbassa-
dors, &c

2 2
AMBASSADORS. The President shall receive ambassadors and other
public ministers...

2 8
The power to receive, and other public ministers, carries

along with it the power to receive cons..., n. 188.
AMBASSADORS. The juilicial power shall ertend to all cases affect-
ing ambassadors, other public ininisters, and consuls ..

2

87, 194
Defined, n. 195. By what suits they are affected, n. 202.
AMBASSADORS. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public

ministers, and consuls, the Supreme Court shall have
original jurisdiction

8 2 2
This clause explained, n. 210. N.. State under the Con.
federation to receive without the consent of Congress,
Art. VI. p. 11. The Congress might send and receive,

Art. IX. p. 14.
AMENDMENTS, as in other bills. All bills for raising revenue shall

originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate
Inay propose, or concur with, amendinents, as on other
bills

1 7 1 27, 70
AMENDMENTS to the Constitution. The Congress, whenever two.

thirds of buith houses shall deem it necessary, shall pro-
pose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the applica-
tion of the logislatures of two-thirds of the several States,
shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which,
in either case, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes,
as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legis-
latures of three-fourths of the several States, or by cine
ventions in three-fourths toereof, as the one or the other
mode of ratification may be proposed by the Consress;
provi led that no amendment, which may be maile prior to
the year 180s, shall, in any manner, affect the first and
fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article, and
that no State, without its consent, shall be deprived of its
equal suffrage in the Senate,

In what way they have been proposerl ; President's ap-
proval not necessary, n. 236 Date and history of the, notes
244, 274, 275. Twelfth annendment, relative to election of
President, pp. 46, 161. Compared with original Constitu-
tion, notes 165, 1636. For amendments, see pp. 43-50,

164, 25-294, notes 215-256.
Averica. The Confederacy shall be "The United States of."

Art. 1. p. 9.
AYERICA. ** We, the People of the United States." &c., " do ordain

40, 240

and establish this Constitution for the United States of."
Preamble..

United States of, defined, n. 18. Preamble of the

Constitution of the Confederate States of America, n. 6,
ANDERSON, JOSEPI. Presiding officer of the Senate, n. 38, p. 79.
ANNULATION. Legislative bodies incapable of, Dec. of Ind. p. 8.
APPEAL. In disputes between Stites, art. IX. p. 14.
APPELLATE jurisdiction. The Supreme Court shall have, both as
to law and fact. (See Supreme Court.)..

8 9 %
Detined; can only be exercised under acts of Congress,

n. 211.
APPOINT. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis.

29, 61

p. 51.

87. 204
session, n. 156.
APPORTIONED. Representatives and direct taxes to be apportioned

Art. sec.

cl.

Pp.
82, 164

27, 90

2

82, 164

29, 135

46, 164

24, 76

lature thereof may direct, a number of electors. (See
Electorx.).........

2 1 2
All the states now appoint electors by popular election,
n. 167. President's power to appoint (lefineid. n. 179, pp. 175,
176. To appoint and commission are not the same thing,
n. 179, p. 116. The power to appoint carries the power to
remove, n. 184, p. 17s; but this is restricted by the Civil
Rights Bill, n. 154, p. 179, § 1, 2. Duty of the President
to appoint commanders of military districts under the
reconstruction laws, n. 276, p. 252. $ 2. The cominanding
general of each district shall appoint boards of registration,

n. 276, p. 252, $ 4.
APPOINTED. No senator or representative shall, during the time

for which he was electeil, be appointed to any civil office
under the authority of the Uniteri States, which shall have
been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been
increased during such time..

1 6 2
To accept such otfice vacates his seat, n. 62, 63. (See

Office.)
APPOINTED. No senator or representative, or person holding an

office of trust or profit under the ľnited States, shall be
appointed an elector..

2 1
APPOINTMENT of officers of the militia reserved to the States re-
spectively...

1 8 16
This power discussed, n. 185. This power ceases when

the citizens are conscripten, 11. 118, p. 132.
APPOINTMENT of electors of President and Vice-President of the
United States. (See Appoint.) Amendments...

12
APPOINTMENTS. The erecutives of States may make temporary

appointments of Sentors in the recess of the legislatures
thereof to fill vacancies

1 3 2
He cannot make an appointment to fill a prospective

vacancy, n. 33.
APPOINTMENTS. The President shall nominate, and by and with

the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint, ambas-
sadors, other public ministers, and consuls, judges of the
Supreme Court, and all other oficers of the limited State's
whose appointments are thot nerein otherwise provided for,
and which shall be established by law. But the Congress
may by law vest the appointment of such interior officers,
as they think propier, in the President alone, in the courts
of law, or in the heads of departments.

2 2 2
This duty is imperative, n. 179, p. 175. Without a com-
mission there is no appointment Nomination and appoint.
ment are voluntary acts, n. 179, p. 176.

President may
make temporary, during suspension, n. 154, p. 179. & 2.
APPOINTMENTS. The President shall have power to fill up all

vacancies that may happen luring the recess of the Senate,
by granting commissions (or appointments), which shall
expire at the end of their next session.

2

8
The subject discussed and explained ; " Vacancy de-
fined, n. 185. Such appointments continue during the

35, 174

36, 192

among the several State's according to their respectivel 1 2 8
numbers, &c. Amendments

14
Defined, n. 23. (See Representatires.)
APPORTIONMENT. Ratio for, through each decade, notes 21, 280.

Direet taxes to be laid by the rule of, notes 22, 144. The,

of Representatives under census of 1500, n. 24.
APPRAISEMENT and stay laws unconstitutional, n. 160.
APIBENTICES are "persons held to service," n. 226.
APPROPRIATION of money to the use of armies shall not be for a

longer period than two years. May be for a shorter period,
n. 126.

1 8 12
APPLOPRIATioNs. No money shall be drawn from the Treasury

but in consequence of appropriations made by law, and a
regular statement and account of the receipts and expendi.

26. 67
45, 279

29, 130

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tures of all public money shall be published from time
to tinne

" Money" defined, and Confederate Constitution com-
pared, n. 149, p. 151. Money in the post-office is within

che restriction, n. 149, p. 152.
APPROVAL of President makes a bill law, n. 66.
APPROVED. Every bill which shall have passed the House of Rep-

resentativi's and the Senate, shail, before it become a law,
be presented to the President. If he approve, he shall
sign it. (See Veto.).

Every bill takes effect prospectively from the time it is

approved, n. 66.
APPROVED. Any bill returned by the President with objection,

may become a law is approved by two-thirds of both
houses of Congiess.

The veto power and its history, n. 67. Two-thirds of a

quorum is sutlicient. n. 68.
APPROVED. Every orilor, resolution, or vote to which the concur.

rence of the Senate and llouse of Representatives inity
be necessary (except on a question of adjournment), shall
be presented to the President of the United States to be
approved or disapproved by hiin....

A joint resolution becomes a law, n. 70.
ABE, Is 100 square meters, n. 102, p. 119, $ 2.
ARKANSAS. Qualification of suffrage in, n. 17, p. 60. Three rer-

resentatives, by census of 1860, n. 24, p. GS. Population of,
in each decade, n. 24, pp. 69, 70. Did not vote in the presi:
dential election of 1864, n. 167. Assigned to the eighth
judicial circuit, n. 197. Alimitted into the Union, n. 230.
Its history during the rebellion, n. 235. Ratified the 13th
amendment, n. 274; and rejected the 14th, n. 275. One
of the non-reconstructed States, n. 276, § 1. Its provisional
government defined, n. 276, p. 286. Number of registered

Voters, n. 278.
ARMED troops. For quartering large bodies of Dec. of Ind. p. 4.
ARMIES. Congress shall have power to raise and support

armies, but no appropriation of money to that use shall be
for a longer term than two years...

This power did not exist under the Confederation, n. 122.
The rights of enlistment and conscription; extent of
this power, n. 125. Limitation on appropriations for, n.

126.
ARMING Congress shall have power to provide for organizing,

arming, and disciplining the militia.

The extent of this power defined, n. 184, 185.
ARMS. The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be

infringed. Amenduients..

This is a national right; does not give the right to carry

concealed weapons, n, 249.
ARMY. Congress shall have power to make rules for the govern-

inent and regulation of the land and naval forces ...

* Rules" defined, n. 129. Defined; and rank and grade

in, n. 124.
ARMY. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the ariny.

Why this power was conferred. Need not command in

person. What rules he may establish, n. 175.
ABMT. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any

house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. Amend-
ments....

This relates to armies, n. 250.
ABMy or Navy. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or

otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or
indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arisinz in the
land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual ser-
vice, in time of wir or public danger. Amendments......

The extent of this exception detined and (liscussed, notes
118, 274,

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PP.
ARBEST. Senators and representatives shall, in all cases except

treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be priviloved from
arrest during their attendance at the sessions of their re-
spective houses, and is going to and returning froin the
same.

1 6 1 26, 88
The privilege extends to all civil process, n. 57. The
privilege commences from the election, n. 59, and pro-
tects the ineinber who loses his sent on contestation,
n. 60. All persons under military arrest, to be tried with.
out unnecessary delay, and how, n. 276. p. 292, § 4. When

the President may order military arrests, n. 165.
ABSENALS, &c. Congress shall have power to exercise exclu-
sive legislation over arsenals, &c....

1 8 17 30 136
Extent of jurisdiction (ver, defined and discussed. The
power to legislatu carries the power to make it effectual, n.

137.
ARTICLES of Confederation and perpetual Union, pp. 8, 21.

The preamble to, l'p. 8, 9. By what States, p. 9. Style
of, Art. I. p. 9.

Each Stite retnins its sovereignty, &c, Art. II. p. 9. A
firm league of friendship, Art III p. 10.

For common defense, the security of their liberties, and
general welfare, Art. III. p. 9. Who entitled to the priv-
ileges and iinmunities of free citizens, Art. IV. p. 10. Freo
ingress and egress, &c., Id. Fugitives from justice to be
delivered up, ld. Full faith and credit to acto, records,
and judicial proceedings, of the courts of each State,
Id.

Delegates to Congress to bo appointed, and how,
Id. Not less than two nor more than seven members,
Art. V. p. 10. Qualifications of delegates, Id. Each State to
maintain its delegates, Id. And have one vote, Id. Free-
dom of speech, of debate, and froin arrests, Id. In.
hibitions upon the States. Art. VI. pp. 11, 12, 13. Officers
under the rank of colonel to be appointed by the legis.
lature, Art. VII. All charges of war and other expenses,
how levied, Art. VIII. p. 13. The powers of the United
States in Congress, and mode of proceeding, Art. IX. pp.
14-19. To determine, peace and war, ambassadors, treaties,
captures, prizes, marque and reprisal, piracies, felonies,
and appeals. Art. IX. p. 14. Controversies between States
and the mode of hearing and settlement, Art. IX. pp. 14,
15.

And grants by different States, 1d. p. 16. Coin,
weights, and measures, Indians, post-offices, and postage,
Id. Officers above regimental, Art, IX. Pp. 16. 17. "A
Committee of the States," other committees, and civil etti.
cers. To borrow money, emit bills of credit, &c., Art. IX.
P: 17. The navy and army, Id. Quotas, how arranged,
Id. p. 18. Restrictions upon Congress, without the assent
of nine States, Id. What upon toujority, Id.

The power
and limitations on adjournment; veas and nays, and pub-
lication of journal, Art. IX. p. 19. The powers of the Com-
mittee of the States. Art. X. p. 19. Canada and other
States, how admittevi, Art. X. p. 19. The debts of the
government, how guarantied, Art. XII. p. 19. The States
to abide the deterininations of Congress, Art. XIII. p. 20.
Union perpetual, Id. Articles in violably observed, Id.
Alterations, how tnade, Id. Ratification of the articles,

p. 20; Signers, p. 21.
AETS. Congress shall have power to promote the progress of

science and useful arts, by securing, for limited times, to
anthurs and inventors, the exclusive right to their re-
spective writings and discoveries..

i 8 8 29, 121
To promote, progress, arts, science, and authors, defined,
n. 107. Art distinguished from science, n. 107, p. 122. In-
ventors defined, 108. Patents liberally construed, 108.

The laws on the subject, Id.
ASSEMBLE Congress shall assenble at least once in overy year,

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