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courts over persons held in military service discussed;
ruling in Vallandigham's case; act of 3d March, sus-
pending the writ; President's proclamation, n. 141, p. 143.
Invalidity of the writ in Mrs. Sorratt's case; suspension
of the writ does not authorize arrest, but denies the writ
to the prisoner; this denied in contempt cases, n. 141,
p. 141. Minors above eighteen may enlist in the navy with-
out consent of parents or guardians; Stanbery's opinion
in Gormley's case; demarcation between the powers of
the United States and the State courts; the whole sub-
ject discussed, n. 141, pp. 141-146.

(See labeas Corpus.)
Writ of right. The hubeas corpus is a, n. 141.
Writings. Exclusive right to writings may be secured by authors

for a limited time

Object of this power of Congress; "author" defined;

copyrights, how secured ; limitation of the power, 107.
WYTILE, GEORGE, of Virginia. Signed the Declaration of Inde-

pendence, p. 8.
Yeas and nays of the members of either house of Congress, on

any question. shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those
present, be entered on the journal....

* Yeas and nays" detined, n. 51, p. 83.
Yras and nays. Votes in the two houses of Congress, on passage

of any bill, order, resolution, or vote, returned with ob-
jections by the President, shall be taken by yeas and
nays

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(Bee Vato Votos)

2&3

27, 91

INDEX TO THE SUPPLEMENT.

Those wishing to consult the analytical index will turn to the preceding
pages, and as every noun and phrase in the Constitution are there made
leading words, and the clause where they occur is reprinted, the system
is more perfect than is possible in any mere abridgement. The following
index is therefore chiefly devoted to the notes of the supplement. Where
not otherwise indicated, the references are to the numbers of the notes
where the subject is found; and in connection with them the reader is
advised in all cases to consult the original texts.

A.

P. 337.

ABANDONMENT. To serve as a member of the legislature pending a contest for a seat, does

not seem to be an abandonment of the contest. 356.
ABILITY. The President's oath to execute to the best of his ability. Art. II, sec. 1, cl.

7, p. 406.
ACCEPTANCE. As may by cession of particular States and acceptance of Congress, become

the seat of government of the United States. Art. I, sec. 8, cl. 17. p. 366.
Account. A regular statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of all pube

lic money shall be published from time to time. "Art. I, sec. 9, cl. 7, p. 393.
ACCUSATION. And the accused shall be informed of the nature and form of the accusa-

tion. Art. VI, p. 474. This clause clearly defined. 491.
ACCUSED. The accused shall be confronted with the witnesses against him, and shall

have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor. Art. VI, p. 474.
ACTs. Full faith and credit shall be given in each State to the public acts, records, and

judicial proceedings of every other State. Art. IV, sec. 1, p. 477.
ADJOURN. Neither House, without the consent of the other, shall adjourn, &c. Art.

I, sec. 5, cl. 4, p. 361.
ADJOURNMENT. Less than a majority may adjourn from day to day. Art. I, sec. 5, cl. 1,

In case of disagreement between the two Houses with respect to time, the
President may adjourn to such time as he shall think proper. Art. II, sec, 3, p.

420.
ADMIRALTY. To all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction. Art. III, sec. 2, cl. 1,

p. 429. This refers to a system co-extensive with the whole country. 446. The

laws of the States giving liens cannot be enforced in admiralty. Id.
ADVICE. Treaties are made by and with the advice of two-thirds of the Senators pres.

ent; and the President shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent
of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls,

and all other officers. Art. II, sec. 2, cl. 2. p. 412.
AFRICAN. Not allowed to acquire citizenship prior to the XIVth amendment. 500.
AGE, For a Representative. Art. I, sec. 2, cl. 2, p. 305. For Senator. Art. I, sec. 3, cl.

3, p. 312.

No person shall be eligible to the Presidency who shall not have attained the
age of thirty-five years. Art. II, sec. 1, cl. 4, p. 404.

Twenty-one years of age recognized as the year of male citizens being entitled
to yote. Art. XIV, sec. 2, p. 488.

( 613)

P. 439.

AGREEMENT. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, enter into any, or into a

compact with another state or with a foreign power. Art. I, sec. 10, el. 3, p. 37.
Aid. In adhering to the enemies of the United Staies, giving them aid and comfort

Art. III, sec. 3, cl.1, p. 443.
ALIEN ENEMY. May be sued during war. 377.
ALIENS Further rights of suffrage given to.
ALLIANCE. Vo State shall enter into any. Art. I, sec. 10, cl. 1, p. 393.
ALTER. The word defined as to the power of Congress over elections. 332.
AMBASSADORS. The President appoints ambassadors, other public ministers and co7.

suls, and all other officers. Art. II. nec. 2, cl. 2, p. 412.

The President shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers. Art. II,
sec. 3, p. 420. Senators are not. 336, p. 341.

To all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministors and consuls. Art.
III, sec. 2, cl. 1, p. 429. This does not prevent the giving original jurisdiction to
the inferior courts to suits against consuls and vice-consuls. 414. It is in the
power of Congress to give original jurisdiction to the inferior courts in suits
against consuls and vice-consuls. 414. Consuls pot ambassadors. 445.

In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, &c., the

Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction. Art. III, sec. 2, cl. 2, p. 4:39.
AMENDMENTS. Fifteenth erased the word "white" as a requisite for suffrage. 299.

Art. XII, in regard to the election of President and Vice-President P. 401.
The Congress may provide for amendments to the Constitution, &c.

Art. V, p.
459.

The first ten amendments to the Constitution were not intended to limit the
power of the State governments with respect to their own citizens, but to operate

upon the National Government alone. 483, 484, 488, 490, 491, 493.
APPEAL. When none lies in habeas corpus cases, 396.
APPELLATE JURISDICTION. In what cases the Supreme Court has. Art. III, sec. 2, cl. 2,

Where it is appellate it is to review the proceedings of inferior jurisdiction,

438.
APPLICs rios. On application of the Legislature or of the Executive when the Legislature

cannot be convened, the United States shall protect each State against domestic
violence. Art. IV, sec. 4, p. 458.

If the Legislature be in session, the call should come from it. 476.

The power to suppress rebellion i found in this grant. 476.
APPOINTMENTS. The President shall appoint the judges of the Supreme Court, and all

other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not otherwise pro-
vided for, and which shall be established by law. But appointments of interior
officers may be vested in the courts of law or in the heads of departments. Art.
II, sec. 2, cl. 2, p. 412.

The power of, and removal are not executive powers. 408.

The distinction between removal and appointment. 425.
APPORTIONED. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States accord.

ing to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each
State, excluding Indians not taxed. Art. I, sec. 2. cl. 3, p. 305. Criticism upon.
302. How far the clause furnishes a principle. 304. Not changed by emancipa.
lion until the new census. 304. Defined. 304. The number and apportionment

according to the last census including fractions. 606.
APPROPRIATION.No appropriation of money for the use of the armies shall be for a

Tonger term than two years. Art. I, sec. 8, cl. 12, p. 366. Congress thus reserves
the power to prevent an improper ise of money by the President. 380. The

reason of limitations of, to two years. 380.
ARBITRARY Power. None in America. 352, p. 359. But something like it. Id.
ARMIE.. Congress has power to raise and support armies. Art. I, sec. 8. 12, p. 366.

The power is plenary, but it does not anthorize the President to suspend the

habeas corpus. 379. The control over, by the United States is plenary. 379.
Arms. The right of the people to keep and bear arins shall not be infringed. Art. II,

p. 469. This only restricts the powers of the National Government. 484.
ARMY AND Navy. The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Nary

of the United States. Art. II, sec. 2, el. 1, p. 407.
ARREST. The privilege from. does not exclude the service of process where no impris-

onment, restraint of liberty, or bail is required. 355.
ARSENALS. Exclusive legislation over. Art. I, sec. 8, cl. 17, p. 366.
ARTICLES. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State. Art. I,

sec. 9, cl. 5, p. 392.
A RTS Congress has the power to promote the progress of science and useful arts, &c.

Art. I, sec. 8, el. 8, p. 365.

Assigned INSTRUMENTS. How far the subject of federal jurisdiction. 454.
ATTAINDER. (See Bill of ATTAINDER.) No attainder of treason shall work corruption of

blood or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. Art. III, sec.

3, el. 2, p. 113.
ATTENDANCE. "Of absent members may be compelled hy less than a majority, in such,

manner and under such penalties as each House shall provide. Art. I, sec.5,
cl. 1, p. 337, n. 461.

During the attendance of Senators and Representatives at the session of their
respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same, they shall be
privileged from arrest in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the

peace. Art. I, sec, 6, el. 1, p. 361, n. 39.5.
AUTHORITY. To the States is reserved the authority of training the militia according to

the discipline prescribed by Congress. Art. 1, sec. 8, el. 16,

Congress may exercise exclusive authority over all places purchased, &c.
for forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings. Art. I,
sec, 8, c. 17, p. 366.

Fugitive shall, on the demand of the executive authority of the State from

which he fled, be delivered up. Art. IV, sec. 2, cl. 2, p. 453.
AUTHORS. Congress may secure to them, for a limited time, exclusive right to their

writings. Art. I, sec. 8, cl. 8, p. 365.

B.

P. 476.

p. 427.

Bail. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed. Art. VIII,
BANKRUPTCY. Congress shall have power to establish uniforin laws on the subject of

bankruptcies throughout the United States. Art. I, sec.8, cl. 4, p. 365.
BEHAVIOR. The judges shall hold their offices during good behavior. Art. III, sec. 2,
BELKNAP's Case. P. 432.
BILL OP ATTAINDER. (See ATTAINDER.) No hill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be

passed. Art. I, sec. 9, cl. 3, p. 390 The term defined. 397. The confiscation act
was not . 397.

No State shall pass any bill of attainder. Art. I, sec. 10, cl. 1. p. 393.
Bills. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives,

but the Senate may propose or concur in amendments as in other bills, Art I,
sec. 7, cl. 1, p. 363. Every bill shall be sent to the President for his approval or
objections, and can only be passed over the latter by a two-thirds vote. If he

return it not, it may become a law. id., cl. 2. The practice after yeto. 367.
Bills of CREDIT. No State shallemit. Art. I, sec. 10, cl.1, p. 393. Congress mav author.

ize the emission thereof. 362. Treasury notes and bank notes are. Id. The
amounts issued under different acts of Congress. Id. Further defined. Id,

State bank notes were not.
BLESSINGS OF LIBERTY. In the preamble. P. 301.
Bonds. After town or county, have been issued and circulated the question becomes

commercial, 388.
BOUNDARIES. The question of boundary between two States is within the original juris.

diction of the Supreme Court. 417.
BOUNTies. Including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties, &c. Art.

XIV. sec. 4, p. 496.
BREACH. Of the peace, treason, and felony not among the privileges from arrest. Art.

I. sec. 6, el. 1, p. 361.
BRIBERY. All civil officers of the United States shall be removed from office on im-

peachment for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and mis.

demeanors. Art. II, sec. 4, p. 423.
Buildings. Exclusive legislation over, needful. Art. I, sec. 8 cl. 17, p. 366.
BURDEN OF Proof. As to qualification of members. 318.

C.

CABINET. The heads of departments are not expected to be. 416. The practice under

Washington and Adams. Id. What of the proceedings may be proved. Id.
CABINET OFFICERS. Those who have been temporarily appointed. 422.
Capitation. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid unless in proportion to the

census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken. Art. I, sec. 9, cl. 4,
CAPTURED AND ABANDONED PROPERTY, Right to, during the civil war. 378.

P. 392.

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