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POLITICAL MANUAL,

COMPRISING

NUMEROUS IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS

CONNECTED WITH THE

POLITICAL HISTORY OF AMERICA,

SOMPILED BBOM OFFICIAL RECORDS, WITH BIOGRAPHICAL

SKETCHES AND COMMENTS.

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INDIANAPOLIS, IND.:
ASHER & ADAMS, Publishers.

1 8 6 5.
FR

PUBLIC LIBRARY

102199A

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATION

R 1923

Entered according to Act of Congress in the yote 1864, by

ASHER & ADAMS,

In the Clerk's office of the District Court for the District of

Indiana.

FORMATION OF THE ORIGINAL UNION,

On Monday, the 5th of September, 1774, there were assem bled at Carpenter's Hall, in the city of Philadelphia, a number of men who had been chosen and appointed by the several colonies in North America to hold a Congress for the purpose of discussing certain grievances imputed against the mothercountry. This Congress resolved on the next day that each colony should have one vote only. On Tuesday, the 20 July, 1776, the Congress resolved, “That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, Free and Independent States," etc., etc.; and on Thursday, the 4th July, the whole Declaration of Independence having been agreed upon, it was publicly read to the people. Shortly after, on the 9th September, it was resolved that the words “United Colonies” should be no longer used, and that the “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA " should thenceforward be the style and title of the Union. On Saturday, the 15th November, 1777, "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union of the United States of America” were agreed to by the state delegates, subject to the ratification of the state legisla-tures severally. Eight of the states ratified these articles on the 9th July, 1778; one on the 21st July; one on the 24th July; one on the 26th November of the same year; one on the 223 February, 1779; and the last one on the 1st March, 1781. Here was a bond of union between thirteen independent states, whose delegates in Congress legislated for the general welfare, and executed certain powers, so far as they were permitted by the articles aforesaid. The following are the names of the Presidents of the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1788: Peyton Randolph, Virginia........

5th Sept., 1774 Henry Middleton, South Carolina.

22d Oct., 1774 Peyton Randolph, Virginia...........

10th May, 1775 John Hancock, Massachusetts ...

24th May, 1776 Henry Laurens, South Carolina .......

1st Nov., 1777 John Jay, New York.........

10th Dec., 1778 Samuel Huntingdon, Connecticut....

28th Sep., 1778 Thomas McKean, Delaware.................................. 10th July, 1781 John Hanson, Maryland ............

5th Nov., 1781 Elias Boudinot, New Jersey

4th

1782 Thomas Miffin, Pennsylvania

3d 1782

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