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on the late Transactions respecting Falkland's Islands," in which, upon materials furnished to him by ministry, and upon general topicks expanded in his richest style, he successfully endeavoured to persuade the nation that it was wise and laudable to suffer the question of right to remain undecided, rather than involve our country in another war. It has been suggested by some, with what truth I shall not take upon me to decide, that he rated the consequence of those Islands to Great Britain too low. But however this may be, every humane mind must surely applaud the earnestness
“ Though of no high extraction himself, he had much respect for birth and family, especially among ladies. He said, adventitious accomplishments may be possessed by all ranks; but one may easily distinguish the born gentlewoman.'
“He said, 'the poor in England were better provided for, than in any other country of the same extent; he did not mean little Cantons, or petty Republicks. Where a great proportion of the ople (said he,) are suffered to languish in helpless misery, that country must be ill policed and wretchedly governed : a decent provision for the poor is the true test of civilization.—Gentlemen of education, he observed, were pretty much the same in all countries; the condition of the lower orders, the poor especially, was the true mark of national discrimination.'
“When the corn-laws were in agitation in Ireland, by which that country has been enabled not only to feed itself
, but to export corn to a large amount; Sir Thomas Robinson observed that those laws might be prejudicial to the corn-trade of England. Sir Thomas, (said he,) you talk the language of a savage : what, Sir ? would you prevent any people from feeding themselves, if by any honest means they can do it.'
“It being mentioned that Garrick assisted Dr. Brown, the authour of the * Estimate,' in some dramatick composition, 'No, Sir; (said Johnson,) he would no more suffer Garrick to write a line in his play, than he would suffer him to mount his pulpit.'
"Speaking of Burke, he said, 'It was commonly observed he spoke too often in parliament; but nobody could say he did not speak well, though too frequently and too familiarly.'
Speaking of economy, he remarked, it was hardly worth while to save anxiously twenty pounds a year. If a man could save to that degree, so as to enable him to assume a different rank in society, then, indeed, it might answer some purpose.
“He observed, a principal source of erroneous judgement was, viewing things partially and only on one side ; as for instance, fortune hunters, when they contemplated the fortunes singly and separately, it was a dazzling and tempting object; but when they came to possess the wives and their fortunes together, they began to suspect they had not made quite so good a bargain.
Speaking of the late Duke of Northumberland living very magnificently when Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, somebody remarked, it would be difficult to find a suitable successor to him: then, exclaimed Johnson, he is only fit to succeed himself:
“ He advised me, possible, to have a good orchard. He knew, he said, a cler. gymnan of small income, who brought up a family very reputably, which he chiefly fed with apple dumplins.
“He said, he had known several good scholars among the Irish gentlemen; but scarcely any of them correct in quantity. He extended the same observation to Scotland,
duplicated. There are also many errors of the press; and Boswell himself became so bewildered with his “corrections and auditions,” his “errata,” his “ additional corrections," and " additional index,"that the whole offered a unique specimen of typographical confusion. The above
passage is thus jumbled :
• Talking reverently of the SUPREME BEING he uttered these sentences :
“Do you consider, Sir ?
“In the first place—the idea of a CREATOR."
with which he averted the calamity of war; a calamity so dreadful, tnat it is astonishing how civilised, nay, Christian nations, can deliberately continue to renew it. His description of its miseries in this pamphlet, is one of the finest pieces of eloquence in the English language. Upon this occasion, too, we find Johnson lashing the party in opposition with unbounded severity, and making the fullest use of what he ever reckoned a most effectual argumentative instrument, contempt. His character of their very able mysterious champion, Junius, is executed with all the force of his genius, and finished with the highest care. He seems to have exulted in sally. ing forth to single combat against the boasted and formidable hero who bade defiance to "principalities and powers, and the rulers of this world."
This pamphlet, it is observable, was softened in one particular, after the first edition ; for the conclusion of Mr. George Grenville's character stood thus : " Let him not, however, be depreciated in his grave. He had powers not universally possessed : could he have enforced payment of the Manilla ransom, he could have counted it." Which, instead of retaining its sly, sharp point, was reduced to a mere flat unmeaning expression, or, if I may use the word,-truism:
Speaking of a certain Prelate, who exerted himself very laudably in building churches and parsonage-houses; however, said he, I do not find that he is esteemed a man of much professional learning, or a liberal patron of it ;-yet, it is well, where a man possesses any strong positive excellence.-Few have all kinds of merit belonging to their character. We must not examine matters too deeply.—No, Sir, a fallible being will fail somewhere.?
Talking of the Irish clergy, he said, Swift was a man of great parts, and the instrument of much good to his country:—Berkeley was a profound scholar, as well as a man of fine imagination ; but Usher, he said, was the great luminary of the Irish church ; and a greater, he added, no church could boast of; at least in modern times.
“We dined tête-à-tête at the Mitre, as I was preparing to return to Ireland, after an absence of many years. I regretted much leaving London, where I had formed many agreeable connexions : "Sir, (said he,) I don't wonder at it; no man, fond of letters, leaves London without regret. But remember, Sir, you have seen and enjoyed a great deal ;-you have seen life in its highest decorations, and the world has nothing new to exhibit.—No man is so well qualified to leave public life as he who has long tried it and known it well. We are always hankering after untried situations, and imagining greater felicity from them than they can afford. No, Sir, knowledge and virtue may be acquired in all countries, and your local consequence will make you some amends for the intellectual gratifications you relinquish.' Then he quoted the following lines with great pathos :
• He who has early known the pomps of state,
Contented could I die.'" He then took a most affecting leave of me; said, he knew it was a point of duty hat called me away. We shall all be sorry to lose you, said he: laudo tamen.''
" He had powers not universally possessed : and if he sometimes erred, he was likewise sometimes right."
Mr. Strahan, the printer, who had been long in intimacy with Johnson, in the course of his literary labours, who was at once his friendly agent in receiving his pension for him, and his banker in supplying him with money when he wanted it; who was himself now a Member of Parliament, and who loved much to be employed in political negociation; thought he should do eminent service, both to government and Johnson, if he could be the means of his getting a seat in the House of Commons. With this view, he wrote a letter to one of the Secretaries of the Treasury, of which he gave me a copy in his own hand-writing, which is as follows :
“ SIR,—You will easily recollect, when I had the honour of wait. ing upon you some time ago, I took the liberty to observe to you, that Dr. Johnson would make an excellent figure in the House of Commons, and heartily wished he had a seat there. My reasons are briefly these :
“ I know his perfect good affection to his Majesty, and his government, which I am certain he wishes to support by every means in
“He possesses a great share of manly, nervous, and ready eloquence; is quick in discerning the strength and weakness of an argument; can express himself with clearness and precision, and fears the face of no man alive.
“ His known character, as a man of extraordinary sense and
Cor, et Ad.-After line 2, read,
" TO BENNET LANGTON, ESQ. “ DEAR SIR, -After much lingering of my own, and much of the ministry, I have, at length got out my paper.. But delay is not yet at an end : Not many had been dispersed, before Lord North ordered the sale to stop. His reasons I do not distinctly know. You may try to find them in the perusal. Before his order, a sufficient number were dispersed to do all the mischief, though, perhaps, not to make all the sport that might be expected from it.
“Soon after your departure, I had the pleasure of finding all the danger past with which your navigation was threatened. I hope nothing happens at home to abate your satisfaction ; but that Lady Rothes, and Mrs. Langton, and the young ladies are all well.
“ I was last night at THE CLUB. Dr. Percy has written a long ballad in many fits; it is pretty enough. He has printed, and will soon publish it. Goldsmith is at Bath, with Lord Clare. At Mr. Thrale's, where I am now writing, all are well. I am, dear Sir,
“Your most humble servant, “ March 20, 1771."
“ SAM. JOHNSON, *" Thoughts on the late Transactions respecting Falkland's Islands."
• By comparing the first with the subsequent editions, this curious circumstance of ministerial authourship may be discovered.
unimpeached virtue, would secure him the attention of the House, and could not fail to give him a proper weight there.
“ He is capable of the greatest application, and can undergo any degree of labour, where he sees it necessary, and where his heart and affections are strongly engaged. His Majesty's ministers might therefore securely depend on his doing, upon every proper occasion, the utmost that could be expected from him. They would find him ready to vindicate such measures as tended to promote the stability of government, and resolute and steady in carrying them into execution. Nor is any thing to be apprehended from the supposed impetuosity of his temper. To the friends of the King you will find him a lamb, to his enemies a lion.
“For these reasons, I humbly apprehend that he would be a very able and useful member. And I will venture to say, the employment would not be disagreeable to him; and knowing, as I do, his strong affection to the King, his ability to serve him in that capacity, and the extreme ardour with which I am convinced he would engage in that service, I must repeat that I wish most heartily to see him in the House.
“ If you think this worthy of attention, you will be pleased to take a convenient opportunity of mentioning it to Lord North. It his Lordship should happily approve of it, I shall have the satisfaction of having been, in some degree, the humble instrument of doing my country, in my opinion, a very essential service. I know your good-nature, and your zeal for the publick welfare, will plead my excuse for giving you this trouble. I am, with the greatest respect, Sir, “ Your most obedient and humble servant,
“ WILLIAM STRAHAN.1 “New-street, March 30, 1771.".
This recommendation we know was not effectual; but how, or for what reason, can only be conjectured. It is not to be believed that Mr. Strahan would have applied, unless Johnson had approved of it. I never heard him mention the subject; but at a later period of his life, when Sir Joshua Reynolds told him that Mr. Edmund Burke had said, that if he had come early into parliament, he certainly would have been the greatest speaker that ever was there, Johnson exclaimed, “ I should like to try my hand now.”
It has been much agitated among his friends and others, whether he would have been a powerful speaker in Parliament, had he been brought in when advanced in life. I am inclined to think, that his extensive knowledge, his quickness and force of mind, his vivacity and richness of expression, his wit and humour, and above all his poignancy of sarcasm, would have had great effect in a popular assembly; and that the magnitude of his figure, and striking peculiarity of his manner, would have aided the effect. But I remember it was observed by Mr. Flood, that Johnson having been long used to sententious brevity and the short flights of conversation, might have failed in that continued and expanded kind of argument, which is requisite in stating complicated matters in publick speaking; and as a proof of this he mentioned the supposed speeches in Parliament written by him for the magazine, none of which, in his opinion, were at all like real debates. The opinion of one who is himself so eminent an orator, must be allowed to have great weight. It was confirmed by Sir William Scott, w tioned, that Johnson had told him, that he had several times tried to speak in the Society of Arts and Sciences, but “had found he could not get on.” From Mr. William Gerard Hamilton I have heard, that Johnson, when observing to him that it was prudent for a man who had not been accustomed to speak in publick to begin his speech in as simple a manner as possible, acknowledged that he rose in that society to deliver a speech which he had prepared ; “but (said he,) all my flowers of oratory forsook me." I however cannot help wishing, that he had “tried his hand " in parliament; and I wonder that ministry did not make the experiment.
Sir J. Varkins states that Mr. Thrale
applied directly to Lord North
I at length renewed a correspondence which had been too long discontinued :
To Dr. JOHNSON.
“ Edinburgh, April 18, 1771. “ MY DEAR SIR,- I can now fully understand those intervals of silence in your correspondence with me, which have often given me anxiety and uneasiness ; for although I am conscious that my veneration and love for Mr. Johnson have never in the least abated, yet I have deferred for almost a year and a half to write to him."
In the subsequent part of this letter, I gave him an account of my comfortable life as a married man,' and a lawyer in practice at the
1“ I am fully sensible of my happiness against fits of passion or gloom as I in being married to so excellent a woman, ought to be, but that is really owing to 80 sensible a mistress of a family, so her great goodness. There is something agreeable a companion, so affectionate childish in it, I confess; I ought not to and peculiarly proper helpmate for me. indulge in such fits : it is like a child I own I am not so much on my guard that lets itself fall purposely to have the