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posed to have written some part of the tales which were published under the name of that princess. Des Periers is said to have indulged in excesses which ruined his health, and in the paroxysm of a fever he committed suicide in 1544. His works are, 1. The“ Andria" of Terence, translated into French rhyme, Lyons, 1537, 8vo. 2. “Cymbalum mundi, en Français, contenant quatres dialogues poetiques, fort antiques, joyeux, et facetieux," Paris, 1537, 8vo. This, which was the first edition, he published under the name of Thomas du Clevier. It was reprinted at Lyons in 1538, 8vo, also a rare edition. In 1711, Prosper Marchand published an edition in 12mo, with a long letter on the history of the work. Of this an English translation was published in 1712, 8vo. The last edition is that with notes by Falconet and Lancelot, wbich appeared in 1732, 12mo. 3. “Recueil des Cuvres de B. Desperiers," Lyons, 1544, 8vo. This is the only edition of his works which contains his poetry. 4. “ Nouvelles recreations et joyeux devis,” Lyons, 1558, 8vo, a collection of tales attributed to Des Periers, but which some think were the production of Nicolas Denisot, and James Peletier; and it is certain that there are some facts mentioned in them which did not occur until after the death of Des Periers. The reader may derive more information on this subject, if he think it interesting, from La Monnoye's preliminary dissertation to the edition of these tales published at Amsterdam (Paris) in 1735, 3 vols. 12mo.

PERINGSKIOLD (John), a learned Northern antiquary, was born Oct. 6, 1654, at Strengnes in Sudermania, and was the son of Lawrence Frederic Peringer, professor of rhetoric and poetry. Having acquired great skill in northern antiquities, he was in 1689 appointed professor at Upsal; in 1693, secretary and antiquary to the king of Sweden, and in 1719 counsellor to the chancery for antiquities. When appointed secretary to the king be changed his name from Peringer to Peringskiold. He died March 24, 1720. His principal works, which are very much valued by Swedish historians and antiquaries, are, 1.“ Snarronis Sturlonidae Hist. regum Septentrionalium,” with two translations, 1697, fol. 2. “ Historia Wilkinensium, Theodorici Veronensis, ac Niflungorum,” &c. copied from an ancient Scandinavian MS. with a translation, 1715, fol.


1 Letter by Marchand, as above.-- Biog. Universelle, art, Desperiers.

3. “ Hist. Hialmari regis," from a Runic MS. : this is inserted in Hickes's Thesaurus. 4. 6. Monumenta Sueco. Gothica," 2 vols. fol. 1710-1719, &c. &c. ?

PERINO DEL VAGA (otherwise PierInO BUONACCORSI), one of the most distinguished scholars and assistants of Raphael in the Vatican, was born in a Tuscan village in 1500. Vasari seems to consider him as the first designer of the Florentine school after Michael Angelo, and as the best of Raphael's pupils : it is certain, that in a general grasp of the art, none approached Julio Romano so near, equally fit to render on a large scale the historic designs of his master, to work in stucco and grotesque ornaments with Giovanni da Udine, or with Polidoro to paint chiaroscuros. The Immolation of Isaac in the Stanze, the taking of Jericho, Joseph sold by his Brethren, Jacob with the Vision, the Drowning of Pharaoh, with others among the frescos of the Loggia, are his. That he had much of the Florentine style may be seen in the works of his own invention, such as the Birth of Eve in the church of St. Marcello, at Rome, a high-wrought performance, with some Infants that have an air of life. At a monastery in Tivoli there is a St. John in the same style, with an admirable landscape, and many more in Lucca and Pisa.

But the real theatre of Perino's art is Genoa, where he arrived in 1528, to preside over the embellishments and decorations of the magnificent palace of prince Doria without the gate of St. Tommaso. Every thing in this mansion, whether executed by Pierino hiinself, or from his cartoons, breathes the spirit of Raphael's school, in proportion to the felicity or inferiority of execution; a nearer approach neither his powers nor principles permitted : eager to dispatch, and greedy to acquire, he debased much of his plan by the indelicate or interested choice of his associates. It is, however, to the style he introduced, and the principles he established, that Genoa owes the foundation of its school. Perino died in 1547, aged forty-seven.

PERION (JOACHIM), a learned doctor of the Sorbonne, was born at Cormery, in Touraine, in 1500. He took the Benedictine habit in the abbey of this name, 1517,

and died there about 1559, aged near sixty. Among his writings are four “ Dialogues,” in Latin, on the origin of the


" Niceron, vol. 1.--Bibl. Germanique, vol. III. p. 255. ? Pilkington, by Fuseli. See also our article of PENNI.

sixth year.

French language, and its resemblance to the Greek, Paris, 1555, 8vo; some tracts in defence of Aristotle and Cicero, against Peter Ramus, 8vo; Latin translations of some books of Plato, Aristotle, St. John Damascenus, &c.; “ Loci Theologici,” Paris, 1549, 8vo. He wrote in more elegant Latin than was common with the divines of that age; but his accuracy and critical skill have been in many respects justly called in question.'

PERIZONIUS (James), a learned German, was of a family originally of Teutorp, a small town in Westphalia : their name was Voorbrock; but being changed for Perizonius (a Greek word of similar import, implying something of the nature of a girdle) by one who published an

Epithalamium,” with this name subscribed, it was ever after retained by the learned part of the family. ANTHONY Perizonius, the father of the subject of this article, was rector of the school of Dam, professor of divinity and the Oriental languages, first at Ham, and afterwards at Deventer; at which last place he died in 1672, in his forty

He published, in 1669, a learned treatise, “ De Ratione studii Theologici.”

James, his eldest son, was born at Dam, Oct. 26, 1651. He studied first under Gisbert Cuper, at Deventer, and was afterwards, in 1671, removed to Utrecht, where he attended the lectures of Grævius. His father designed him for the church, but after his death he preferred the mixed studies of polite learning, history, and antiquity, and went, in 1674, to Leyden, where his preceptor was Theodore Ryckius, professor of history and eloquence in that city. He became afterwards rector of the Latin school at Delft, from which he was promoted in 1681 to the professorship of history and eloquence at Franeker. His reputation bringing a great concourse of scholars to this university, he was complimented by the addition to his stipend of an hundred crowns, and when on the death of Ryckius in 1690, Perizonius was offered the vacant professorship, the curators of Franeker were so desirous of his continuing with them that they added another hundred crowns to bis stipend. He was, however, in 1693, persuaded to go to Leyden to fill the place of professor of history, eloquence, and the Greek language; and in this employment continued till his death. He was a man of incredible diligence as well as accuracy, never committing any thing to the press without the strictest revisal and examination. Such uninterrupted application; is sajd by his biographers to have shortened his life, which, however, extended to sixty-six years. He died April 6, 1717, and left a will that savoured a little of that whim and peculiarity which sometimes infects the learned in their retirements. He ordered, that as soon as he should expire, his body should be dressed in his clothes, then set up in a chair, and that a beard should be made for him. Some

1 Niceron, vol. XXXVI. - Dict. Hist


this was done that a painter might finish his picture, already begun, in order to be placed over the manuscripts and books which he left to the library of the university. He was a man of a good mien, well made, of a grave and serious air, but far from any thing of pedantry and affectation ; and so modest, that he never willingly spake of himself and his writings.

He published a great many works in Latin relating to history, antiquities, and classical literature, among which are, 1. "M. T. Ciceronis eruditio," an inaugural oration, at his being installed professor of Franeker in 1681. 2. “ Animadversiones Historicæ, 1685," 8vo, a valuable miscellany of remarks on the mistakes of historians and critics. 3. “ Q. Curtius in integrum restitutus, et vindicatus ab immodica atque acerba nimis crisi viri clarissimi Joannis Clerici,” 1703, 8vo. To this Le Clerc replied, in the third volume of his “ Bibliotheque Choisée." 4.6 Rerum per Europam sæculo sexto-decimo maximè gestarum Commentarii Historici," 1710, 8vo. 5. " Origines Ægyptiacæ et Babylonicæ,”: 1711, 2 vols. 12mo, being an attack on the “ Chronological Systems” of Usher, Capellús, Pezron, but especially of sir John Marsham. Duker reprinted this work with additions in 1736. Perizonius wrote also several dissertations upon particular points of antiquity, which would have done no small credit to the collections of Græ. vius and Gronovius. Perizonius published an edition of “ Ælian's Various History," corrected from the manuscripts, and illustrated with notes, in 1701, 2 vols. 8vo. James Gronovius having attacked a passage in his notes, a controversy ensued, which degenerated at length into such personal abuse, that the curators of the university of Leyden thought proper to put a stop to it by their authority. The edition, however, was reckoned the best until that of Gronovius appeared in 1731, He wrote also large notes upon “ Sanctii Minerva, sive de causis linguæ Latinæ

Commentarius ;" the best edition of which is that of 1714, 8vo.

PERKINS (William), a learned and pious divine, was born at Marton in Warwickshire, in 1558, and educated in Christ's college, Cambridge. His conduct here was at first so dissolute that he was pointed at as an object of contempt, which recalled him to his senses, and in a short time, by sobriety and diligent application, he regained his character both as a scholar and a man, and took his degrees at the statutable periods with approbation. In 1582 he was chosen fellow of his college, and entered into boly orders. His first ministrations were confined to the prisoners in Cambridge jail. Recollecting what he had been himself, with all the advantages of education, and good advice, he compassionated these more ignorant objects, and prevailed opon the keeper of the prison to assemble them in a spacious room, where he preached to them every sabbath. This was no sooner known than others came to hear him; and so much was he admired, that he was immediately chosen preacher at St. Andrew's church, the first. and only preferment he ever attained.

While here, he was not only esteemed the first preacher of his time, but one of the most laborious students, as indeed his works demonstrate. During the disputes between the church and the puritans, he sided with the latter in principle, but was averse to the extremes to which the conduct of many of his brethren led. Yet he appears to have been summoned more than once to give an account of his conduct, although in general dealt with as his piety, learning, and peaceable disposition merited. Granger says that he was deprived by archbishop Whitgift, but we find no authority for this. He had been a great part of his life much asicted with the stone, which at last shortened his days. He was only forty-four years of age when he died in 1602. His remains were interred in St. Andrew's church with great solemnity, at the sole expence of Christ's college, and his funeral sermon was preached by Dr. Montague (who was also one of his executors) afterwards bishop of Bath and Wells, and of Winchester, who spoke highly of his learning, piety, labours, and usefulness. His works were collected and published in 1606, in 3 vols. fol. and are written in a better style than was usual in his

1 Niceron, vol. 1.- Moreri. Gen. Dict.-Chaufepie.--Saxii Onomast.

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