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harness. To meet these requirements 3,254 wagons with necessary harness have been supplied and are on hand, making a deficiency of 316 wagons with harness. There are no draft animals.
CENSORSHIP OF INFORMATION IN TIME OF WAR.
At present there is no well-devised plan for regulating or controlling the censorship of messages that may come into the hands of Army and Navy officers in time of war. The General Staff of the Army has submitted in this regard the following recommendations:
(a) That an officer of the Army designated by the Secretary of War and an officer of the Navy designated by the Secretary of the Navy be directed to consult with representatives of the press associations and managers of leading newspapers of the country in drafting legislation authorizing the President to issue regulations for control of publication and censorship of telegraph, cable, wireless, and mail communications wherever such course may seem to him necessary for the defense of the country.
(6) That such draft, after approval by the Judge Advocate General of the Army, either be submitted to Congress at once or held ready to submit when conditions seem to warrant favorable action, as the President may deem proper.
(c) That whether or not such draft be now submitted, regulations to render an effective censorship be drawn up and careful plans be prepared for execution of the censorship under such regulations. These should include record of each cable, telegraph, and wireless station which would require supervision by a censor; list of all newspapers, periodicals, and correspondents ; selection of Army and Navy officers, preferably retired, and of experienced newspaper men as personnel of the censorate. Following the British plan, the Assistant Secretary of War could well be assigned as director of the censorate.
(d) In time of national peril and absence of legislation the President should at once direct a censorship of all communication by mail, cable, wire, or wireless; if necessary, declaring martial law to an extent necessary to effect arbitrary suppression of publication or communication of matter that might prove detrimental to national defense or useful to a possible enemy.
It is of vital importance that all these steps be taken before the occasion arises for application of a censorship. We may anticipate greater confusion and dissatisfaction than Great Britain experienced if no plans be prepared and no personnel be selected for execution thereof until the time arrives when censorship and control of the press become as necessary as in Europe in 1914.
The circumstances surrounding the present European war hare brought closely home to the American people the narrowness with which the United States has escaped being involved, and a feeling has arisen in every part of the country that the Nation should be prepared for defense. This feeling is stronger and more general than at any time since the Spanish War, and the War Department has prepared a policy for submission to the President which, if adopted, will go as far toward meeting the needs of the Nation as will be possible at this time. The President has not yet signified his wishes on this subject and the policy can not be printed until he gives his consent. Very respectfully,
H. L. SCOTT,
Major General, Chief of Staff. The SECRETARY OF WAR.
REPORT OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL.
September 15, 1915. Sir: The duties of The Adjutant General were assumed by me August 27, 1914, after the beginning of the fiscal year to be considered in this report, but for the sake of continuity and completeness, the data in this report have been compiled and are presented for the entire fiscal year. The report relates, on the one hand, to the organization and operations of the Army as shown by records transmitted to and filed in The Adjutant General's Office, and, on the other hand, to the business of that office as a bureau of the War Department.
AUTHORIZED STRENGTH OF THE ARMY.
The strength of the entire military establishment authorized by the President, under the statutory limitation of 100,000 enlisted men, on June 30, 1915, by branches of service, is shown in the following table:
Branches of service.
Total Regular Army..
25 23 17 13 183 2 601 248
3 7 67 809 262
25 23 17
13 6,586 4,613 2,190
5, 803 19,767 36, 945
632 6, 125
350 729 110
5,541 19,019 35,339
Includes the onlisted strength (6,000 mon) of the Quartormaster Corps, which men, under the provisions orthe act of Congress approved Aug. 24, 1912 (37 Stat. ..., 593), are not to be counted as a part of the onlisted force provided by law. Includes 97 officers of the Medical Reserve Corps assigned to active duty under the provisions of the act of Congress approved Apr. 23, 1908 (35 Stat. L., 66).
Authorized strength of the Hospital Corps, which, under the act of Congress approved Mar. 1, 1887 (24 stat. L., 435), is not to be counted as a part of the enlisted strength of the Army.
There was a temporary increase during the year of 2 major generals and 2 brigadier generals under the provisions of the act of Congress approved March 4, 1915 (38 Stat. L., 1065, 1190), an increase of 6 in the number of officers of the Medical Reserve Corps assigned to active duty under the provisions of the act of Congress approved April 23, 1908 (35 Stat. L., 66), an increase of 12 officers in the Corps of
Engineers under the provisions of the act of Congress approved February 27, 1911 (36 Stat. L., 957), and an addition of 60 officers for the aviation section of the Signal Corps authorized in the act of Congress approved July 18, 1914 (38 Stat. L., 514), a total increase of 82. There was a net reduction during the year of 2 officers because of the retirements and promotions among the additional officers who became such under the act of Congress approved March 3, 1911 (36 Stat. L., 1058), referred to elsewhere in this report. This makes a net increase of 80 in the authorized number of commissioned officers of the Regular Army.
There was an increase of 260 enlisted men for the aviation section of the Signal Corps (act of July 18, 1914), of 956 enlisted men in the Fifth Infantry and 301 enlisted men in the Twenty-ninth Infantry (stationed in the Canal Zone), and minor increases amounting to 312 enlisted men made from time to time during the year pursuant to orders of the War Department—a total increase of 1,829 enlisted men during the year. There was a decrease of 1,000 in the strength authorized for the Hospital Corps and minor decreases amounting to 298 enlisted men made from time to time during the year pursuant to orders of the War Department-a total decrease of 1,298. This makes a net increase in the authorized enlisted strength of the Regular Army during the year of 531 enlisted men.
There was no change in the authorized strength of the Philippine Scouts during the year covered by this report.
ACTUAL STRENGTH OF THE ARMY.
The actual strength of the entire military establishment on June 30, 1915, by branches of service, is shown in the following table:
Includes 97 first lieutenants of the Medical Reserve Corps on active duty. 2 Includes 3,993 enlisted men of the llospital Corps and 4,388 enlisted men of the Quartermaster Corps.
COMPARISON OF AUTHORIZED AND ACTUAL STRENGTII.
The table following is presented for the purpose of showing the authorized and the actual strength of the military establishment on June 30, 1915, and June 30, 1914, together with the increases during the year and the number of vacancies on each of those dates. The enlisted strength of the Hospital Corps and of the Quartermaster Corps is included in the figures shown in the table:
The large number of vacancies (218) in the commissioned officers personnel on June 30, 1915, is due to the fact that the 163 graduates from the Military Academy were not appointed until after the close of the fiscal year, although those appointments, when made, were made as of the date of graduation, June 12, 1915. Excluding these, the vacancies among commissioned officers on June 30, 1915, were 55, chiefly in the Medical Department, the Corps of Engineers, and the Signal Corps. All the vacancies in the enlisted strength were in the staff corps and departments and the miscellaneous, the enlisted strength of the line having been recruited to its authorized strength.
PHILIPPINE SCOUTS. There was no change made in the organization and authorized strength of the Philippine Scouts during the past fiscal year. The scouts are organized into 13 battalions of 4 companies each, a total of 52 companies of enlisted natives of the Philippine Islands, with a total authorized strength of 182 officers and 5,733 enlisted men.
GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF TROOPS. The geographical distribution of the Army on June 30, 1915, is shown in the following table:
Includes 97 first lieutenants of the Medical Reserve Corps on active duty.
SECOND LIEUTENANTS APPOINTED.
During the year ended June 30, 1915, no second lieutenants were appointed to the line of the Army, there being no vacancies available for appointments from sources other than the Military Academy. One civilian was appointed a probational second lieutenant in the Corps of Engineers, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved February 27, 1911 (36 Stat. L., 957).
Since June 30, 1915, the close of the fiscal year, 163 graduates of the United States Military Academy have been appointed to the Army as of the date of graduation, June 12, 1915, and assigned as follows: Twenty-three to the Corps of Engineers, 33 to the Cavalry arm, 11 to the Field Artillery arm, 31 to the Coast Artillery Corps, and 65 to the Infantry arm. The number of graduates not assigned to the Corps of Engineers exceeded the number of vacancies in the line of the Army on June 12, 1915, by 63, necessitating the commissioning of that number as additional second lieutenants under authority of “An act regulating the promotion of graduates of the United States Military Academy,” approved May 17, 1886 (24 Stat. L., 50). They were distributed as follows: Three to the Cavalry arm, 9 to the Field Artillery arm, 19 to the Coast Artillery Corps, and 32 to the Infantry arm.
On June 30, 1915, there remained of these additional second lieutenants 1 in the Cavalry arm, 9 in the Field Artillery, 10 in the Coast Artillery Corps, and 29 in the Infantry arm, the others having been assigned to fill vacancies occurring since the date of graduation of the class.
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS IN ACTIVE SERVICE.
On June 30, 1915, there were 4,616 commissioned officers on the active list of the Army. Of these 1,244 (including 64 chaplains) were general officers or oflicers of the staff corps and departments. Seven hundred and seventy-eight belonged to the Cavalry, 262 to the Field Artillery, 728 to the Coast Artillery Corps, and 1,604 to the Infantry.
Of the 1,244 general and staff officers, 1,099 were present for duty, 46 on leave, 5 absent sick, and 94, including officers detailed on the General Staff, on detached duty. Of the 3,372 line officers, 2,518 were present for duty, 97 on leave, 38 absent sick, and 719 on detached duty.
From the foregoing it appears that 25.33 per cent of the line officers and 11.66 per cent of the general and staff officers were absent from their commands. At the close of the preceding fiscal year 20.43 per cent of the line officers and 10.33 per cent of the general and staff officers were so absent.
The increase in the total number of officers absent from their commands at the end of this fiscal year, as compared with the preceding year, is due chiefly to the increase in the number of officers on detached service as shown in detail in the section of this report relating to " Officers on detached service."
In addition to the officers on the active list, there were 105 retired officers under assignment to active duty on June 30, 1915, as is more fully shown elsewhere in this report.