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This arrangement was completed in December, 1913, and since that date 15,901 applications for campaign badges and the Army of Cuban Pacification badge have been received in this office. In 13,568 of these cases, the service was verified and certificates were issued accordingly, and in 2,333 cases the applications were denied. The campaigns and service for which these certificates were issued are as follows: Civil War, 5,214; Spanish War, 3,305; Philippine insurrection, 3,995; Indian wars, 668; China campaign, 281; Army of Cuban Pacification, 105. In addition to these, certificates for purchase of certificate of merit badges were issued in 13 cases.
By authority of the President, the issue of an “Army of Cuban Occupation Bådge” was provided for in General Orders, No. 40, War Department, June 28, 1915. The badge is for issue to officers and enlisted men who rendered service with the Army of Cuban Occupation between July 18, 1898, and May 20, 1902. Arrangements have been made also with the United States Mint at Philadelphia by which former officers and soldiers, who would be entitled to receive the badge if still in service, will be enabled to purchase it for 50 cents upon certification by The Adjutant General that they rendered the requisite service. The order concerning these badges was not distributed generally until July, 1915, and, consequently, none of the badges, or certificates for their purchase, were issued prior to the close of the last fiscal year.
PHILIPPINE SERVICE MEDAL.
The “ Philippine service medal,” authorized by the act of Congress approved June 29, 1906 (34 Stat. L., 621), is issued “to each of the several oflicers and enlisted men and families of such as may be dead, who, having volunteered and enlisted under the calls of the President for the War with Spain, served beyond the terms of their enlistment to help to suppress the Philippine insurrection, and who subsequently received an honorable discharge from the Army of the United States, or who died prior to such discharge."
The medals are issued by the Quartermaster General of the Army on data furnished by The Adjutant General.
Up to and including June 30, 1914, statements as to whether or not service upon which the application was based was such as to authorize the issue of that medal had been made by The Adjutant General's Oflice in 7,380 cases. During the past fiscal year similar statements were made in 98 cases, making a total of 7,478 applications for Philippine service medals received since the enactment of the legislation before cited. In 6,455 of these cases the service was found to be such as to come within the provisions of the law, and in the remaining 1,023 cases the service was found to be such as to preclude the issue of the medal.
H. P. McCain,
The SECRETARY OF WAR,
REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL.
Washington, September 9, 1915.
Owing to the reduction of the amount of mileage originally allotted to this department, the inspection of the Military Establishment was only approximately complete. This inspection included the Military Academy, the service schools, the garrisoned posts and commands, camps of maneuver and instruction, the staff offices at department headquarters, the general hospitals, the armories and arsenals, the depots of the supply departments, the recruit depots and main recruiting stations, the disciplinary barracks and its branches, the biennial inspections of such ungarrisoned posts and national cemeteries as were due, the required inspections of Army transports upon arrival at or departure from ports, the cable boats, mine planters, and harbor boats of the Quartermaster Corps. Numerous inspections of unserviceable property presented for condemnation and the inspection of the money accountability of all disbursing officers of the Army were also made. The prescribed annual inspections of the Soldiers' Home, District of Columbia, and of the headquarters and 10 branches of the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers were also included in the year's work.
In addition to the numerous and varied inspections regularly assigned to the department and enumerated above, the officers of the Inspector General's Department made a number of special investigations during the year, under orders of the War Department and of department commanders, and assisted in the annual tactical inspection of troops imposed upon department and brigade commanders by Army Regulations 193 and 194.
SHORTAGE OF OFFICERS.
Not long ago Congress authorized 200 extra officers for the service in order to remedy a shortage of officers available for duty with troops. Since then so many more have been taken for duty away from troops, on account of increasing demands for other duty, that the conditions are becoming a serious menace to the efficiency of organizations. This condition should be recognized in future legislation and officers provided for instruction of militia and other duties, in addition to those for the troops.
ANNUAL TEST RIDE.
It is believed that several vears' trial has shown that the annual test ride for field officers has failed to accomplish any good purpose, and should be abandoned. The daily exercise now required under the direction of the post commander where daily drills and routine work are not sufficient will, without additional cost and waste of time, accomplish the purpose for officers serving at posts. For other officers a certain amount of exercise each month would be more bene
ficial. The monthly reports of such officers should include a statement that the required amount of exercise has been taken.
While the obstacle ride is not difficult for an ordinary rider with a safe cross-country horse, still it subjects officers more than 45 years old to unnecessary risk of permanent injury. Officers who have taken this ride for a number of years and who have arrived at the age of 45 should be safeguarded against accident and excused from the ride, as they are from other minor duties of youthful officers, especially as the older officers would, in case of war, be eliminated from regimental duties.
It is illogical to subject officers of many years' service to the same physical tests as are applied to those possessing the elasticity of youth. The field officer is now subject to the same test as the junior officers in the obstacle ride, and, in addition, takes the 90-mile test ride.
FREQUENT CHANGES OF COMPANY COMMANDERS.
The reports of inspections of garrisoned posts and commands received in this oflice show that many troops, batteries, and companies had frequent changes of commanders during the fiscal years 19111914, inclusive. The reports for the fiscal year 1915 do not show any decided improvement in this respect.
Paragraph 265, Army Regulations, provides that the details of captains on detached service away from their arm of the service will be limited, so far as practicable, to those required by law. The details required by law and the restrictions placed upon them by the laws governing detached and foreign service practically nullify this regulation.
THE LINE OF THE ARMY.
So far as reported, mobile troops generally are properly equipped and ready for field service.
Coast Artillery matériel as a rule is well cared for, and the Coast Artillery troops are reported eflicient.
The present organization of machine gun companies and troops is reported as insatisfactory.
The hot weather in that portion of Texas where the Second Division is stationed begins in May and lasts well into October, the humidity being at all times excessive. Notwithstanding this, and the further fact that the troops have been under canvas for about two and a half years, the health of the men has remained good. This has been accomplished by the strictest observance of sanitary precautions and constant supervision and care by trained oflicers with men already under excellent discipline.
From several territorial departments come reports of a lack of facilities, more especially with respect to infantry, for making minor repairs to certain equipments, etc. With the prospect of an increase in the Army, the matter of keeping down cost is very important. It has been suggested as a remedy that provision be made whereby skilled men from the Ordnance Department and the Quartermaster Corps, supplied with all necessary machines, tools, etc., be stationed
at all large posts and permanent camps to make the needed repairs on the spot. This, it is believed, would effect some saving to the Government.
The tactical inspection of troops by their tactical commanders has worked out well and has been productive of good results.
Reports received show that the troops generally are well instructed.
Instruction in signaling and in fencing with the saber and the bayonet has been adversely criticised. The signaling by flag, while accurate, is slow. It is reported that time enough is not devoted to it to produce experts in sending and receiving messages. The two-arm semaphore code has been commended as producing better results, as it is more rapid and more easily learned, but it is applicable only to interior communication at moderate distances. The general-service code used with the signal flag is capable of application to many means of signaling, and the continued use of the flag is recommended as a means of preserving a knowledge of the code.
Lack of efficiency in fencing is partly attributable to the inadequacy of the outfits, but its chief deficiency is the lack of competent instructors.
AMMUNITION ALLOWANCES FOR THE RIFLE.
One inspector reported that in the inspection of his department he found the infantry officers united in the opinion that there should be an increase in the ammunition allowances sufficient to give better and more thorough training to the soldier, especially in collective and field firing
It is believed that the efficiency of the recruiting service has been greatly increased under the present depot system, which serves to eliminate many men who would otherwise be a burden to the service. The greatest care in the enlistment of recruits appears to be maintained at all the depots, the administrative work is in every case satisfactory and commendable, as is also the thorough manner in which the affairs of all the depots are managed by the bureau having the matter in charge. The appearance and bearing of the men at all inspection ceremonies showed that the regulations for the instruction of recruits are being carefully carried out.
The quality of the recruits furnished during the past fiscal year appears, as a rule, to have been very satisfactory.
There is a disposition to get rid of property partially worn, so that in the event of an active campaign the equipments held by
organizations be new and fully serviceable. The principle of having equipment all in condition for full serviceability on entering a campaign is a correct one. It is believed, however, that a considerable saving could be effected, particularly in the matter of such equipment as harness for field artillery and horse equipments, if the following plan were adopted :
If property submitted for the action of an inspector be found not sufficiently serviceable to be taken into a campaign, but still should have a certain amount of seviceability for the purposes of garrison or field training in time of peace, such property should be placed on a status of " limited serviceability” (L. S.). It should then be continued in service and carried on the unit equipment accountability as extra property. The placing of property on the “limited serviceability" list should be authority for its replacement by new, in the same manner as it would be replaced if it were “inspected and condemned ” (I. C.). When no longer of any use in the service this “limited serviceability” property should again be presented to an inspector or survey officer for the purpose of having it finally condemned and destroyed or sold.
It is believed that such a system would go far to counteract the tendency to eliminate slightly worn material and equipment, and provide every organization with equipment capable of full service. While this system would be particularly applicable to harness and horse equipments, it is probable that there are many other expensive articles of equipment to which it might be applied.
Inspection reports show that the laws and regulations with reference to accounting for public funds have generally been complied with by disbursing officers. There were but few cases of shortage of funds, and action has been or is being taken to place the responsibility.
As a rule the post exchanges have been efficiently conducted. Some cases suggested closer supervision on the part of the exchange officer and a more thorough audit by the post-exchange council.
The food now furnished the enlisted men is said to be excellent, especially as compared with conditions that prevailed some years ago. This is due to some extent, to improvements in the ration, but is said to be more especially due to better cooks, many of whom are graduates of cooking schools.
Reports indicate that the present shoe is superior in design and general form to any previously issued. It is thought, however, that while suitable for garrison use, it is not strong enough to stand the